Premium Essay

The "Banking" Concept of Education Explored

In: English and Literature

Submitted By Krohlos1
Words 1243
Pages 5
Thomas Krohl Essay #1: Final Draft

What is the key ingredient of a good education? Education itself is undoubtedly an important component of success. So important that frequently students graduate college with debt the size of mortgages. But is it a quality education; and what dictates a quality education? Paulo Freire, a Brazilian ideologist believes he knows. He asserts that a solid education can easily be acquired if students and teachers have a strong relationship. One in which questions and conversation can flow freely. In our educational system today however, this is not always the case.
There is a method of teaching occurring in almost every school in the nation where the teachers play the role of the ‘all-knowing.’ This teacher prefers to force-feed information to students whose only job is to take detailed notes on everything the teacher is saying. No questions or differing opinions are allowed. Freire, coined this student-teacher phenomena ‘Banking Education.’ He thoroughly investigated this in a published essay he called “The ‘Banking’ Concept of Education”. His essay attempts to bring to light the flaws in our traditional education system and offer a potential solution. He writes, “Education thus becomes an act of depositing, in which the students are the depositories and the teacher is the depositor. Instead of communicating, the teacher issues communiques and makes deposits which the students patiently receive, memorize, and repeat. This is the ‘banking’ concept of education, in which the scope of action allowed to the students extends only as far as receiving, filing, and storing the deposits (216).”
The banking teaching method outlined by Freire reminded me of my Chemistry lessons back in high school. My classroom was filled with roughly 20 students. The desks were aligned in four rows of five which were pointed directly toward a...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Banking Concept Response Paper

...Response to “The ‘Banking’ Concept of Education” In response to Freire’s essay, I will be stating what I think is the best concept for education and why I agree or disagree with Freire. What if education today was fully based upon the banking concept? Would education be the same with or without the banking concept, even with the higher level of education? Age groups, the level of education a student is in, and the way that he or she learns intertwines with both problem-posing and the banking concept. I personally think that the banking concept and the problem-posing concept have negative and positive results. My thoughts on the banking concept contradict one another, because it has elements that do not relate to certain age groups but it also has great points about education. I think that age plays a huge role in education because the older a student becomes the higher education and higher knowledge is gained. Students are not always ignorant when it comes to learning new material in education. Freire states, “The teacher knows everything and the students know nothing;” (pg. 217). This quote is true yet untrue; a student in kindergarten cannot give information about World War II, while a student in high school could participate in the class and inform the teacher and his or her peers. I agree with the parts of problem-posing concept, because elements that are included allow the students to interact with the teacher. Freire says, “In problem-posing education, people......

Words: 587 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Challenges Facing Banking Industry in Kenya

... ii ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I wish to thank the almighty God who has sustained me throughout this project I would also wish to thank my supervisor Mr. Geoffrey Kinyua for his valuable patience and assistance in accomplishing this project I would also wish to thank the technical staff of K.C B jogoo road branch for their help and cooperation iii ABSTRACT With reference to K.C.B this research is carried out to investigate the challenges facing the banking industry in Kenya. The specific objectives are; to investigate whether theft cases in banks are a major problem, to establish if ATM card skimming is a problem to the banking industry in Kenya, to determine if high interest rates are affecting the banking industry in Kenya negatively, to find out if mobile money transfer services are becoming a competition to banks in Kenya. The sample design was stratified random sampling so as to obtain data...

Words: 4741 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Accounting Perspectives

...Accounting- MMPA 516 Journal This Journal provided me an opportunity to express my views and critically analyze the different aspects to which accounting relates. It had been a great experience and a great approach to express ones opinion. 2014 Harleen Kaur Juneja 300289064 6/3/2014 Critical Perspectives on Accounting- MMPA 516 Journal This Journal provided me an opportunity to express my views and critically analyze the different aspects to which accounting relates. It had been a great experience and a great approach to express ones opinion. 2014 Harleen Kaur Juneja 300289064 6/3/2014 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION Page 2 2. ACCOUNTING IN ITS WIDER SENSE Page 3 3. ACCOUNTING AND EDUCATION Page 4 4. ACCOUNTING AND WAR Page 8 5. ACCOUNTING AND GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS Page 11 6. ACCOUNTING AND CSR Page 13 7. REFERENCES Page 15 INTRODUCTION In this course I was surprised to see the other face of accounting. Till date I use to see the stereotypical accounting course that teaches us on a pattern to make us number crunchers who can arrange, categorize, and report details in a manner so unreasoned that only other accounting student can understand them. I had not seen to possess the more important reasoning skills that are necessary for the real life problem solving and business leadership, except to my exception in the MMPA 511 course taught by Arun Elias who allowed us to......

Words: 5799 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

Hybrid Product for Zenith Bank

...14 1.0 : Introduction Zenith Bank Nigeria Plc was founded in May 1990 with the headquarters in Victoria Island, Lagos State Nigeria under the management of Macaulay Pepple, who was the pioneer chairman and Jim Ovia, who was the chief executive officer ( However, they are rated the second biggest Finance Industry in Nigeria and the best bank for a consistent 2 year period from 2008-2010 as well as the most respected bank in Nigeria ( Since 1990, Zenith Bank has operated in Nigeria and now operates in five other African countries in addition to the United Kingdom. It offers varied financial services such as current account, savings, commercial letter of credit, credit cards, mortgage, loan,investment banking and other financial products and services ( For several years, Zenith Bank has consistently announced profits from its wide ranging operations as a result of the growing opportunity offered by the Nigerian market. Nigeria is a nation of 150 million people with less than 50% bankable population as of 2000 (CBN, 2010). In 2010, over 65% of the population have become customers to one bank or another, thus presenting a growth opportunity for financial institutions such as Zenith ( While the Nigerian market holds tremendous opportunity for existing operators like Zenith, the financial industry in the country is driven by a range of macro-economic factors which holds both positive and negative implications......

Words: 3489 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Shared Values

...Business Policy Assignment: “Creating Shared Value” CITIBANK & HSBC 9/26/2013 D Siddhartha Reddy-014 PGDM-Finance Executive Summary How to reinvent capitalism and unleash a wave of innovation and growth by Michael Porter and Mark Kramer Shared Value is a new form of capitalism. The idea of shared value was initially explored by the authors in December 2006 HBR. Shared value is not social responsibility, philanthropy, or even sustainability, but a new way to achieve economic success. In the article Porter & Kramer criticize neoclassical thinking on the trade-off between societal needs and economic success, and the way the concept of ‘externalities’ have shaped corporate and policy strategy. Article says that corporations should aim at creating shared value rather than only profits; this would lead to innovation and redefining of the capitalism, which as it stands is at logger heads with the society and looks at CSR as a philanthropic act done to please others. Article also questions the current perspective of viewing maximization of economic value of firm and achieving social obligations as a tradeoff. Article says that companies do face several internal cost caused due to social harms created by the company’s activities which comes back to bite the economic value created by the companies. Shared value then has not to be looked at as ‘sharing’ value which is already created by companies with society; rather it is increasing the pie of value created by......

Words: 1920 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Spdb's Green Finance

...corporate banking specialist for 5 years, thus my genuine acknowledgement of some complaints voiced by the public. Still, however inadequate my knowledge on the banking matter is, I must point out the fact that commercial banks, especially public-listed ones, are mainly responsible to their shareholders and profit-maximization is their prime goal. Commercial banks are not charities, and companies should be rather proud when its profit is “embarrassingly high”. Nevertheless, modern society grants commercial banks and other corporations alike personae, banks are expected to behave with a conscience as well. Profiting does, rather than diminish welfare of others, promote collective well-being. In the following sections, I will further illustrate how SPDB, the company I serve in, profits economically through promoting the welfare of the society. All data cited can be found in disclosed materials on SPDB’s website. 2. Inclusive Finance The financial mechanism of our country has gone through dramatic changes and innovations to pay more attention and allocate more resources on the underdeveloped and the underprivileged. SPDB, as one of the major banks in China, introduces its inclusive finance policy in order to ensure every enterprise and individual would have equal opportunities to partake in the rapid economic development of our nation. In the past few years, small and medium enterprise (SME) finance, agro-finance and mobile finance have been the spear tips of this banking......

Words: 3380 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

A Key Concept in Information Systems

...A Key Concept in Information Systems Strayer University - CIS109 A Key Concept in Information Systems In this paper we will provide an overview and history of computer and network security. We will identify one current use of computer and network security and provide an example of this concept in practical use. A discussion of attitudes towards computer and network security will be made and justifications towards the attitude. We will explain the fundamental strengths and weaknesses toward computer and network security and will provide expert views regarding computer and network security. An overview of the origin and history of computer and network security. Lately enthusiasm for security was energized by the wrongdoing submitted by Kevin Mitnick. Kevin Mitnick carried out the biggest computer related wrongdoing in U.S. history. The misfortunes were eighty million in United States dollars, and licensed innovation and source code from a mixture of organizations. From that point forward, data security came into the spotlight. Open systems are being depended upon to convey budgetary and individual data. Because of the development of data that is made accessible through the web, data security is moreover needed to develop. Because of Kevin Mitnick's offense, organizations are underscoring security for the protected innovation. The web has been a driving power for information security change. Web conventions in the past were not developed to secure themselves. Inside of......

Words: 2196 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Customer Satisfaction

...Customer Satisfaction in the Mobile Telecommunications Industry In Nigeria Author: | Dr. Samuel Eniola | Title: | Customer Satisfaction in the Mobile Telecommunications Industry In Nigeria | Translated title: | Customer Satisfaction in the Mobile Telecommunications Industry In Nigeria | Abstract: | Customer satisfaction is a fundamental marketing construct in the last three decades. In the past, it was unpopular and unaccepted concept because companies thought it was more important to gain new customers than retain the existing ones. However, in this present decade, companies have gained better understanding of the importance of customer satisfaction (especially service producing companies) and adopted it as a high priority operational goal. This study aimed at investigation the overall customer satisfaction of the mobile telecoms industry in Nigeria, factors influencing satisfaction and the relationship between satisfaction and demographics. The results obtained in this research indicated that 57% of the respondents were satisfied and 5% highly satisfied. The combination of network quality, billing, validity period and customer support (mobile services attributes) showed strong relationship with satisfaction while age, gender, location and employment variables showed weak relationship. | Subject: | Företagsekonomi - Business Administration\Management Control Företagsekonomi - Business Administration\Marketing Företagsekonomi -......

Words: 5256 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay


...the shortest good definitions of marketing is “ meeting needs profitably.”    3 ALTERNATIVE PHILOSOPHIES THAT CAN GUIDE ORGANIZATIONS IN THEIR EFFORTS TO CARRY OUT THEIR MARKETING GOAL(S)  THE PRODUCTION CONCEPT The production concepts, one of the oldest concepts in business, holds that consumers prefer products that are widely available and inexpensive. Managers of production– oriented businesses concentrate on achieving high production efficiency, low costs, and mass distribution. This orientation makes sense in developing countries such as China, where the largest PC manufacturer, Lenovo, takes advantage of the country’s huge and inexpensive labor pool to dominate the market. Marketers also apply the production concept when they want to expand the market. THE PRODUCT CONCEPT The product concept proposes that consumers favor products offering the most quality, per-formance, or innovative features. However, managers are sometimes caught in a love affair with their products. They might commit the “ better mousetrap” fallacy, believing a better product will by itself lead people to beat a path to their door. A new or improved product will not necessarily be successful unless it’s priced, distributed, advertised, and sold properly. THE SELLING CONCEPT The selling concept holds that consumers and businesses, if left alone, won’t buy enough of the organization’s products, so the organization must undertake an aggressive selling effort. It is practiced most aggressively......

Words: 2756 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Mobile Banking

...Problems and prospects of mobile banking in Bangladesh S.M. Sohel Ahmed (Corresponding author) Lalmatia Mohila College Lalmatia, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh. E-mail: Shah Johir Rayhan Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh. E-mail: Md. Ariful Islam Regional Statistical Officer Dinajpur, Bangladesh. Samina Mahjabin Department of Management & Finance Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh Abstract The main objective of the study is to find out the problem and prospect of mobile banking in Bangladesh. For this research primary data were used. This study adopts with descriptive in nature. Total respondents were 120 within that 61 % respondents think it saves time than traditional banking, the highest number of respondents use mobile banking for ‘Air-time top-up’ service, that is 21%, out of 120 respondents 56% replied it is less costlier than traditional banking, 100% respondents did agree that it is speedy, and 38% respondents are upper class. Although this concept is new in Bangladesh but its potentiality is high. From this research, other researchers and policy makers will get an insight about the problems and prospects of mobile banking in Bangladesh. Key words: Problem, prospect, Mobile banking. 1. INTRODUCTION E-business has been continuously growing as a new industry during the last decade (Van Hoeck, 2001). The banking industry has been......

Words: 7353 - Pages: 30

Premium Essay

Marketing Concept

...CHAPTER 1 AN INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR Consumer behaviour has changed dramatically in the past few decades. Today, consumers can order online many customised products ranging from trainers to computers. Many have replaced their daily newspapers with customised, online editions of these media and are increasingly receiving information from online sources. Students choosing a university no longer rely on receiving prospectuses through the post; instead, they have online access to all the pertinent information about a university’s courses and teaching staff and, in some cases, can visit, virtually, actual classes. People wanting to sell their old computers or grandmother’s antique table no longer need to advertise in the local newspaper or rely on a pricey auctioneer; instead, they can sell these items via online auctions or their own personalised online advertisement. Consumers who want out-of-print books no longer have to visit out-of-the-way shops with hundreds of poorly organised dusty shelves, and those who wish to purchase a book published in another country no longer have to call foreign publishers or deal with the bureaucratic nightmare of overseas delivery; instead, they can visit online stores where they can easily locate and place orders for the books they seek. Television viewers can now avoid the advertisement breaks by using the ‘skip’ feature of their recorders and order on demand previously shown television programmes as well as films.......

Words: 8990 - Pages: 36

Premium Essay

Total Quality Managment

...Chapter One INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The concept of quality has existed for many years, though its meaning has changed dramatically and evolved over time. In the early twentieth century, quality management meant inspecting products to ensure that they met specifications. In the 1940s, during World War II, quality became more statistical in nature. Statistical sampling techniques were used to evaluate quality, and quality control charts were used to monitor the production process. In the 1960s, with the help of so-called “quality expert,” the concept took on a broader meaning. Quality began to be viewed as something that encompassed the entire organization, not only the production process. Since all functions were responsible for product quality and all shared the costs of poor quality, quality was seen as a concept that affected the entire organization. Before the dramatic change, quality was still viewed as something that needed to be inspected and corrected. To survive, companies had to make major changes in their quality programs. Many hired consultants and instituted quality training programs for their employees. A new concept of quality was emerging. One result is that quality began to have a strategic meaning. Today, successful companies understand that quality provides a competitive advantage. They put the customer first and define quality as meeting or exceeding customer expectations. Competition based on quality has grown in importance and has......

Words: 14734 - Pages: 59

Premium Essay

Mobile Money Services in Kenya

...THE IMPACT OF MOBILE MONEY SERVICES ON THE PERFORMANCE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN AN URBAN TOWN IN KENYA BY KENNETH M. NYAGA A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AWARD OF MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (CORPORATE MANAGEMENT) IN THE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND PUBLIC MANAGEMENT AT KCA UNIVERSITY NOVEMBER, 2013 DECLARATION I declare that this dissertation is my original work and has not been previously published or submitted anywhere for award of a degree. I also declare that this contains no material written or published by other people except where due reference is made and author duly acknowledged. Student Name: ______________________ Sign: __________________________ Registration Number: ________________ Date: ___________________ I do hereby confirm that I have examined the master’s dissertation of: Kenneth Miriti Nyaga And have certified that all revisions that the dissertation panel and examiners recommended have been adequately addressed. Signed _______________________________ Date ___________________ Dr. Okonga-Wabuyabo, Brigitte M. Dissertation Supervisor ii ABSTRACT Since the launch of mobile money services in Kenya in 2007, the number of subscriptions has grown to approximately 48% of entire the Kenyan population. This overwhelming uptake has been attributed to the affordability and accessibility of the service, especially among low income earners. The main challenges of mobile money...

Words: 20382 - Pages: 82

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting the Consumers' Adoption Intention of E-Wallet in Malaysia

...Abstract E-Wallet had been receiving enormous attention globally due to its high innovativeness as a secondary option to leather wallet. Usage of credit cards, cash or checks had been reduced due to the advancement of technology and emergence of e-Wallet. E-Wallet is an easy-to-use, convenient electronic prototype which acts as a secure global payment system by using only a mobile smartphone. This study is directed towards developing a model to explain the consumer's’ intention to adopt e-Wallet in the social context. It adopts Consumer Need for Uniqueness Theory based on the concept of Counter-Conformity Motivation (CCM) also known as Need For Uniqueness. Many researchers had explored the relationship of consumer’s intention to adopt on the technological usage context. However, little research in social context had been carried out. Therefore, this paper aims to examine the factors affecting the consumer adoption intention in social context. This paper found that CCM, self-identity and word-of-mouth (WOM) are the salient determinants in this study of knowledge of consumer adoption intention in e-Wallet. Keywords: e-Wallet, intention to adopt, counter-conformity motivation, need for uniqueness 1.0 Introduction According to the historical evidence, the first use of money is assumed to have started around 600 BC in term of coins (Davies and Davies, 2002). However, the world is evolving, due to the rapid change in technology. Most of the consumers have changed......

Words: 5991 - Pages: 24

Free Essay


...Lichtenstein & Williamson: Consumer Adoption of Internet Banking UNDERSTANDING CONSUMER ADOPTION OF INTERNET BANKING: AN INTERPRETIVE STUDY IN THE AUSTRALIAN BANKING CONTEXT Sharman Lichtenstein Deakin University, Australia Kirsty Williamson Monash University and Charles Sturt University, Australia ABSTRACT This paper reports key findings from an interpretive study of Australian banking consumer experiences with the adoption of internet banking. The paper provides an understanding of how and why specific factors affect the consumer decision whether or not to bank on the internet, in the Australian context. A theoretical framework is provided that conceptualizes and links consumer-oriented issues influencing adoption of internet banking. The paper also provides a set of recommendations for Australian banks. Specifically, the findings suggest that convenience is the main motivator for consumers to bank on the internet, while there is a range of other influential factors that may be modulated by banks. The findings also highlight increasing risk acceptance by consumers in regard to internetbased services and the growing importance of offering deep levels of consumer support for such services. Gender differences are also highlighted. Finally, the paper suggests that banks will be better able to manage consumer experiences with moving to internet banking if they understand that such experiences involve......

Words: 12503 - Pages: 51