Premium Essay

The Basic of the Civil Right Movement

In: Historical Events

Submitted By SILVERLADY50
Words 1943
Pages 8
The Basics on the Civil Right Movement
Because large segments of the populace--particularly African-Americans, women, and men without property--have not always been accorded full citizenship rights in the American Republic, civil rights movements, or "freedom struggles," have been frequent features of the nation's history. In particular, movements to obtain civil rights for black Americans have had special historical significance. Such movements have not only secured citizenship rights for blacks but have also redefined prevailing conceptions of the nature of civil rights and the role of government in protecting these rights. The most important achievements of African-American civil rights movements have been the post-Civil War constitutional amendments that abolished slavery and established the citizenship status of blacks and the judicial decisions and legislation based on these amendments, notably the Supreme Court's Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka decision of 1954, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Moreover, these legal changes greatly affected the opportunities available to women, nonblack minorities, disabled individuals, and other victims of discrimination.
The modern period of civil rights reform can be divided into several phases, each beginning with isolated, small-scale protests and ultimately resulting in the emergence of new, more militant movements, leaders, and organizations. The Brown decision demonstrated that the litigation strategy of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) could undermine the legal foundations of southern segregationist practices, but the strategy worked only when blacks, acting individually or in small groups, assumed the risks associated with crossing racial barriers. Thus, even after the Supreme Court declared that public school segregation was...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Civil Rights Final

...They were denied basic rights, trapped in their own home for life, and discriminated against in the work place. Then the 1960s came along and with it, the thought that women could have a say in their government that they could perhaps leave home without feeling guilty about leaving their children alone and that they could earn wages just like men. Women in the 1960s were stereotyped to only be capable of being a housewife and a child bearer. The women’s liberation movement of the 1960s helped all these changes come about, through its record number of policies and radical ways. Most women feminists were radicals. They formed groups that researched to find the cause of the problem and put an end to the barriers of segregation and discrimination based on sex. Women feminists were committed to the study the situation of women, instead of just taking action. In this movement women had to see the fight for women as their own, not as something to help and they had to see the truth about their own loves before they could fight in a radical way for anyone else. Women were denied basic rights in most aspects of society from political rights to reproductive rights; women in the U.S fought vigorously for equality. “The women’s rights movement began in the nineteenth century with the demand by some women reformers for the right to vote, known as suffrage, and for the same legal rights as men” (Women’s rights, nd). Before the 1960’s in many jobs, including the entire civil service,......

Words: 1109 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Civil Rights Movement Consequences

...Have you ever imagined the struggle of African-Americans for basic human rights? The civil rights movement refers to the reform movement in the United States beginning in 1954 to 1968, leading primarily by African-Americans to gain full equal rights and voting rights for black citizens of the United States. There are several reasons cause the civil rights movement and have a few consequences behind. First and foremost, African-Americans were devoid of basic human rights is a reason causes the civil rights movement. At that time, African-Americans didn’t have fair social status and were treated less favorably. On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested and fined for refusing to relinquish her seat on a public bus to a white man, a violation...

Words: 1412 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

African Americans During the Civil Rights Movement

...African Americans during the Civil Rights Movement Destiny McClenningham Anderson University Introduction: “Vulnerable Populations” are subgroups who possess specific characteristics that distinguish them from others in the population (Jansson, 2005).The group I choice to focus on was African Americans. African or black Americans are define is an ethnic group of citizens or residents of the United States with total or partial ancestry from any of the native populations of Sub-Saharan Africa(Foner & Garraty,1991). The time I choice to focus on with my group was the civil rights movement. This era play a key role in African American history. What is the African American history leading up to this time? What was going on during this era? What social policy was affected during this time? History: There was a lot of history leading up to the civil rights movement. In the late 1950s and 1960s there was an increase in racial violence and protests in the South(Jansson). A 100 years after the Emancipation Proclamation African Americans in the South still inhabited a unequal world(Foner & Garraty). “Jim Crow” laws at the local state levels barred them from businesses, schools, public bathrooms, transportations, and theaters from juried and legislatures(Foner & Garraty). In 1954 the U.S. Supreme Court shut down the “separate but equal” doctrine that formed the basis for state-sanctioned discrimination(Foner & Garraty). This event draw national and......

Words: 1444 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Black Civil Rights

...To what extent did the black power movement hinder the success of the civil rights movement? The black power movement branched off from the civil rights movement; however it had a very different approach then the civil rights movement. The civil rights movement had a peaceful nonviolent approach to the improvement of the black condition in America, where as the black power movement believed in using militancy and self-defence if provoked. The black power movement can be seen as a failure and an obstruction to the civil rights movement however the black power movement also had its success. An example of the success are the impact black power had on troubled black youths of the ghetto and the impact it had on black culture whereas an example of its failures among many are the division of the civil rights movement the alienation of white liberals and the corruption within the black power itself. The most important reason why the Black Power Movement was a failure to a fairly large extent was because it divided up the Civil Rights Movement. The Civil Rights Movement had, by the time the BPM emerged, achieved quite a lot, it had managed to get the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 passed. This proves that the movement had been successful and through the emergence of the Black Power Movement, members of the Civil Rights Movement got divided up over whether this was right or not. On the one hand, Martin Luther King, the head of SCLC one of the top......

Words: 1747 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Same-Sex Marriage and the Civil Rights Movement

...“Same-Sex Marriage and the Civil Rights Movement” Shelby Atkinson COM/170 April 27, 2015 Vanessa D. Hayden “Same-Sex Marriage and the Civil Rights Movement” Is the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s and the fight for same-sex marriage the same? African Americans fought discrimination and unfair treatment, segregation and hate for being who they were. Same-sex couples are doing the same thing, now in fighting for equality, rights, and liberties that America owes them all. Same-sex couples may not have been enslaved, but doesn’t that mean same-sex couples don't feel hurt all the same by not being allowed to be with someone they love or in danger because of it. Just because they didn't endure the years of hardship that African Americans doesn't mean same-sex couples don't have their fair share of discrimination for extremely illegitimate reasons. It boils down to people’s blatant fear of change and allowing anything new to blossom. Marriage equality is the same fight as the Civil Rights Movement because it will benefit everyone, end discrimination, and make a better future for our country. Marriage equality will benefit everyone like the Civil Rights Movement did in the 1960’s. Federal, state, and local government will benefit the same ways it did after the Civil Rights Movement. There are 1,138 benefits, rights, and protections available to married couples, but not to same-sex couples until marriage equality is approved everywhere. Marriage equality will create......

Words: 901 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Labor Movement Dbq

...The opening phrase on ‘Labor’ in history.com reads like this : “The labor movement in the United States grew out of the need to protect the common interest of workers. For those in the industrial sector, organized labor unions fought for better wages, reasonable hours and safer working conditions. The labor movement led efforts to stop child labor, give health benefits and provide aid to workers who were injured or retired.” The factors that led to the rise of labor unions: An in depth analysis of the factors that led to the rise of labor unions in the United States only reveals that the basic need and the primary objective of the workering people was to secure economic and legal protection from their exploiting employers. The origins of the...

Words: 1784 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Home

...HUMAN RIGHTS, CIVIL RIGHTS Civil rights, equality, freedom. These are things that African Americans have fought for since their enslavement. But long after black slavery had been abolished, racism had always remained and to this day still has a subtle affect in the Deep South. In the 1960's, though, the movement towards civil rights had its strongest impact on America. In that time, its outlook on approaching the matter had changed dramatically, as did its goals and support. Ultimately, these new approaches, along with support from unexpected sources, led to a new definition that are deeper then the jurisdiction of the government, human rights. These rights are something that a man has by dint of his having been born. The civil rights movement was a time when a people who where oppressed for many years, rose up against the odds and achieved their freedom. An admirable aspect of the civil rights movement was the un-achievable victory that the African Americans sought after and made. Through determination, persistence, and courage, the African Americans won their independence. They stared down the lions throat and managed to escape with only a few scars and should be honorably admired for their integrity and will to fight for what is right. What is the reason for so much hatred? The African Americans were frustrated by the unending prejudice, racism, and inequality received from the "white man." When Rosa Parks was asked to give up her seat to a white woman, she refused......

Words: 713 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Is Gay Marriage Acceptable

...illegal. There are numerous issues surrounding the question of legalizing same-sex marriage. In the wake of recent state, and federal court decisions here in America, the argument over gay marriage has reached a crucial time here in America. With socialist as President and many other socialists in congress America is at a cross roads when it comes to this issue. There have been debates if gay marriage is right according to the Bible, and even if it’s legal according to the U.S. Constitution. What is marriage? Merriam- Webster defines it as “the state of being united to a person of the opposite sex as husband or wife in a consensual and contractual relationship recognized by law.” The United States does not recognize this by “law” so therefore legally same sex marriages can not legally occur. Could homosexuality be a moral issue? Is homosexuality immoral? This is a question being asked by Christians. Is the question of whether or not same-sex couples have the right to marry truly a civil rights issue -- are homosexual couples being denied basic civil rights by not being allowed to legally marry? What about the children? These and many others issues remain...

Words: 1966 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

The Importance Of Black Studies

...American culture as the root and foundational source. field and subject that deals with and is devoted to the study academic subject.  Black studies is critical due to the fact that so many supposed authorities on black studies only know half of our history themselves. We must go deeper and start right from the beginning and critical dissect, study and “peel back the layers“ that are continuously evolving in thought and practice of African and African American people. Dispora is the dispersing of people from their original homeland, in this case African people. African diaspora is the dispersing of communities throughout the world as a  result of the movement of peoples from Africa, predominantly to America, the Caribbean and South America,...

Words: 973 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Civil Rights

...Civil Rights Movement from 1942 to 1970 The Civil rights movement was a movement within the United States of America in the 1940s to 1970s and led primarily by Blacks. Which was an effort to establish gender and racial equality for all African Americans worldwide. The aim of this movement was to remove racial discrimination, restore economic and to gain back freedom as being an African American. This movement produces many great leaders, and social changes that resulted as organized within the civil rights takin place. Helped the African American people also urge them to pursue their American dreams. The Civil Rights Act was a congressional act that prohibited discrimination in employment or the use of public places on the basis of race, sex religion, or national origin (Schaller G-4). This was the most massive issue in which the Black Americans struggle to end the segregation to be able to get all the rights deserved as citizens. Over the years passed by many was practicing in nonviolent protestation between all the Americans was being discriminated against. This may have included local government businesses, and at times even the whole communities got involved mobilized for a massive expansion of the movement in the coming decades (Schaller, 993). After the Cold War the African Americans needed to have alliances with the whites, legal resources, and leadership. This than put into Action the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Civil......

Words: 1657 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Same Sex Marriage

...Equality in Marriage for Gay and Lesbians. Growing support for same-sex marriage allowing same-sex couples the right to marry legally has been significant. Support for same-sex marriage has increased up to 70% from 51% back in 2003 with the millennial generation, according to the Pew Research Center March 13-17, 2013. There has been an increase with generation x and baby boomers. Reasons for the increase in the support of same-sex marriage can range from, knowing someone gay or a lesbian, and recognizing same-sex couples should be able to marry whoever he or she love regardless of sexual preference not to mention infringement of one’s civil rights. Homosexuality is as natural as heterosexuality, and there is not one societal benefit for denying same-sex unions. Seems the argument against same-sex marriage it is forbidden in the Bible and thinking of the act itself. Acceptance continues to increase among generations, marriage equality will be law and such unions will be recognized. Historically marriage is seen as a heterosexual privilege, not even interracial marriage was acceptable and many people continue to believe this, regardless of the many changes in today’s world. Times have changed and advocates argue same-sex couples deserve right to the same benefits of marriage appreciated by heterosexual couple, and by denying same sex marriage is unconstitutional discrimination. On the other hand the oppositions argues changing the acceptable definition of......

Words: 671 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Rosa Park

...Sometimes ordinary people make a huge difference in our community. One ordinary person who changed everything was Rosa Parks. Rosa Parks stood up for African Americans at a time when people were afraid to fight for their own basic rights. Through her actions, Rosa Parks changed the segregation rules between black and white people. People were not brave to fight for their rights, but Rosa Parks became one of the first African American ladies who fight for the black community and their equal rights to end segregation. Rosa Parks was born on February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama. Her full name is Rosa Louic McCauley. Her parents were Leona and James McCauley. She had a brother named Sylvester. Her father left to find work when she was 2 years old and she didn't see him again for many years. Park's mother took her two children to live with her parents on a small farm in Pine Level, Alabama. Rosa Park's grandparents were slaves. Rosa parks hobby was she liked to sew (Rosa Parks Civil Right Pioner 6). During her early life, Rosa Parks started school when she was 6 years old. In 1919, white children and African American children went to different schools. White children rode the buses, but African American children had to walk. The white children who rode the bus would throw trash at African American children who had to walk. In 1924, Rosa Parks attended class at the Montgomery Industrial School. Years later, Rosa Parks left school to take care for......

Words: 972 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Civil Rights

...Introduction The Civil Rights Movement reached its peak in the 1950s and 1960s. An abundance of unfair events created a desire to secure equality for all Americans. Numerous historical leaders poured their lives into fighting for the basic privileges and rights of U.S. citizenship. Many African-American men and women, along with whites, organized and led the movement to fight against injustice. The eight resources below provide information about several historical leaders that made an impact on the Civil Rights Movement. These resources may be used to create assignments to help students develop a deeper understanding of the Civil Rights Movement. Furthermore, students will benefit from meaningful classroom discussions about these heroic leaders. Important People There are numerous well-known historical figures that influenced the Civil Rights Movement leading up to the signing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 by President Lyndon B. Johnson. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is probably one of the most powerful leaders involved in the fight for civil rights. Coretta Scott King worked and marched alongside her husband, Dr. King and continued his fight for justice after his death. In addition, Thurgood Marshall became the first African-American judge on the Supreme Court appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson. In 1947, Jackie Robinson became the first African-American to play Major League Baseball which contributed significantly to the Civil Rights Movement. ......

Words: 1982 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Gke1 Task 2

...Salt March to protest against Britain. Mohandas Gandhi was shocked by the treatment of Indian immigrants in South Africa, so he joined the struggle to obtain basic rights for them. (BBC, 2013) He developed a non-violent way to address the wrong doings with speeches and protest, which attracted millions of followers, including the South African government. During his time, Gandhi led three major movements that he turned into political weapons. They were the Non-Cooperation Movement, the Civil Disobedience Movement, and the Quit India Movement. (Indian independence movement, n.d.) The Civil Disobedience Movement caused for the whole nation to join Gandhi in his fight against the British. This started the negotiating of the Indian Independence, but at this point the British were still not ready to let go. (Maps of India, 2004) After 15 more years, and a few more arrest, Gandhi finally had the chance to talk to Britain’s new government about the independence the nation craved. He sensed they wanted more power, so he distanced himself from the negotiations. Even so, the government eventually conceded too many of Gandhi’s demands, which led to the Indian Independence Act 1947. (Indian independence movement, n.d.) opposition One of Gandhi’s protests that was a significant political change was the Civil Disobedience Movement, which included the Salt March. It was a non-violent march protesting the British Salt Tax because the British were not compromising with the pleas for the......

Words: 901 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Indian Classical Music and Jazz

...music has had a strong influence on jazz. Both styles of music rely heavily on human expression, paths for spiritual advancement, and improvisation. Indian music’s influence on jazz can date back to the early 1960s. With the modifications of the United States Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, a new flood of Southeast Asian immigrants entered the country. Coincidentally, the 1960s was a decade of political turmoil with the free jazz and civil rights movement. This was a major factor in the influence of carnatic music on jazz. Many of the improvisation techniques jazz musicians use today came from the roots of Carnatic music. To understand how Indian Classical music influenced jazz, one needs to understand the varying styles of classical music. There are two styles of classical music--Hindustani and Carnatic. Hindustani music is played primarily in North India while Carnatic music is played in the South. Both styles of music are based off of musical scales known as ragas. These ragas are combinations of the basic seven notes in the mother scale: Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Da Ni Sa. Both Hindustani and Carnatic music are monophonic; they use a tampura to keep tune while the instruments and vocalist play over it. A primary difference between the two...

Words: 963 - Pages: 4