Free Essay

The Battle of Jutland

In: Historical Events

Submitted By AlsaH
Words 639
Pages 3
The Battle of Jutland took place on May 31st 1916 between the German High seas fleet and the British Royal Navy. It was the largest naval battle of the First World War with the Royal Navy launching the first super battleship HMS. Dreadnought and a similar battle cruiser HMS. Invincible. Both sides claimed victory but nothing had changed, the British Navy still claimed the seas and the blockade was never broken but they suffered more casualties than the German High Seas Fleet. The blockade of the North Sea gave the allies an advantage as it caused an estimate of 424,000 deaths by starvation because of the reduction in raw materials and foodstuffs to the central powers.

The decision to create the high seas fleet was the ambition of the Kaiser Wilhelm II to have a fighting fleet that would rival non other than that of Britain's. The British royal navy was the biggest in the world. Responsible for world wide colonization and the transport of commerce around the world. It was the ruler of the waves. There was also the North Sea that was Germany’s only gateway to the open seas and it could be blockaded. That did happen once the war began, the British navy blockaded the North Sea which effectively cut off any imports of raw materials and supplies to Germany. It was connected to the larger war strategies of the Allies as the the blockade would bring the Germans to an eventual Armistice due to the effects on the people of Germany, and the arrival of the Americans into the War.

It was the German High Seas Fleet that set up a trap to lure in a part of the British Royal Navy to destroy it due to the distant blockade set up. The Plan was to conduct a publicized cruiser sweep along the coasts of Norway and Sweden, the British battlecruisers would certainly move away from base after the cruiser. German submarines would be ready offshore and the High seas fleet would ambush the British battle cruisers and destroy them in order to break through the blockade. It was not a successful plan. The British Navy was able to break the German codes and so when the time came, not one battle cruiser, but the entire Royal Navy of more than 100 ships was set out. It was confronted with about 40 German Ships. During the main battle the British used the changes in the weather which bought on early darkness in the battle to their advantage, scoring decisive blows. But the Germans, although considerably outnumbered, did retaliate with the sinking of many British ships including the Queen Mary and the Invincible in just a few minutes. Both sides suffered severe casualties with the Royal Navy losing 14 ships and 6000 men and the Germans 9 ships and 2,500 men.

Specifically the Battle of Jutland had no winners, but it did contribute in ending the larger war itself and eventually the high seas fleet all together. Each side claimed its own victory. The German High Seas fleet was not successful in breaking the blockade by the Royal Navy but had sunk more British ships. If it had been successful it would have had a big impact on the British troops in France in terms of arms and left the North Sea for invasion. Nothing had changed as the Battle had not affected the British Naval superiority nor did it break the blockade of the North Sea.

Recently there have been scans of the Battle Area that show the battered wreck of HMS Invincible one of the war ships that was destroyed during the Battle in 1916. The ensigns flown by British warships at the battle of Jutland are being prepared for display at the National museum of the Royal Navy in London.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

World Wars Analysis

...(sykes-pilot aggreement) - agree to divide middle east equally btween them - t.e lawerence war at sea - blockades - battle of jutland -both sides claimed victory - stalemate verdun - "they shall not pass" versus "bleed them white" somme - br. prime minister replaced because of heavy br. losses - asgwith --> lloyd george - lloyd george (convoy system) - group together merchant ships, protected by battleships 1917 us enter the war - april - zimmerman telegram - asked mexico to help russia trying to get out of the war - lack of resources and food - tsar forced to give up his crown - formed a temporary gov't - communist revolution ----------------------------> lenin: -promise people peace, land, bread; -communist - treaty of brest-litovsk - peace treaty between gr. and russia - lost huge quantityi of land (russia) 1918 operation michale...

Words: 519 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Bi Manager

...World War One The first world war started for many reasons like competion of the colonies, military technology development, economic competition and different national interests. Many historians believe that Germany caused World War One. But the first world war was triggered on June 28, 1914, when Austrian Empire Franz Ferdinand was murdered by a Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip. On July 28, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. After that Germany declared war on Russia and France in the beginning of August. Russia and France became allies. On August 4th The United Kingdom declares war on Germany, after Germany invades Belgium. Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia and Serbia declares war on Germany on August 6. On August 19th President Woodrow Wilson announces the United States will remain neutral. In early November The United Kingdom announces that the North Sea is a military area, effectively creating a blockade of goods into Germany. Allied countries An alliance is an agreement made between two or more countries to give each other help if it is needed. When an alliance is signed, those countries become known as Allies. But allies changed in the war many times. The war divided Europe into two armed camps. On one side was the Triple Alliance made up of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy, and their enemy was the Triple Entente of France, Russia and Great Britain. As other countries began to join sides, the Triple Alliance became known as the Central......

Words: 1105 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Importance of Technology for the Course and Outcome of Ww1

...The best example of the trench warfare and the usage of barbed wire and machine guns is the battle of Somme in 1916. Even though general Haig used the...

Words: 1482 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Book Review: War by Lawrence Freedman

...BOOK REVIEW: WAR (SECTION A, B AND C) Freedman, Lawrence.War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. The book War compiled by Lawrence Freedman was published by Oxford University Press Incorporated, New York in 1994. It comprises brief extracts and anecdotes on war. Freedman produced this book for those baffled by the phenomenon of war and to provide possible answers to the following key questions:What are the causes of war? How wars have been fought in the past and what are the prospects forthe future? Are there basic principles which should shape the conduct of war if it is to be successfully prosecuted? In what ways can the conduct of war be moral? Freedman uses contributions from historians, political scientists, philosophers, sociologists, economists and practitioners as material for the book in order to provide an interdisciplinary approach to answer the above questions. The author uses extracts of war starting from early nineteenth century and those that have a documentary bias as his choice of material for the book. It features some Anglo-Saxon experiences of war including materials from major powers and those who have been the receiving end of their campaigns in the Third World. The book has seven topical sections with a total of 97 extracts/articles. After the first section on the experience of war, the author devotes the second section to illustrate the causes of war. He focuses the next two sections on the phenomenon from sociological and ethical......

Words: 1638 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

History of World War !

...n late June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo, Bosnia. An escalation of threats and mobilization orders followed the incident, leading by mid-August to the outbreak of World War I, which pitted Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire (the so-called Central Powers) against Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy and Japan (the Allied Powers). The Allies were joined after 1917 by the United States. The four years of the Great War–as it was then known–saw unprecedented levels of carnage and destruction, thanks to grueling trench warfare and the introduction of modern weaponry such as machine guns, tanks and chemical weapons. By the time World War I ended in the defeat of the Central Powers in November 1918, more than 9 million soldiers had been killed and 21 million more wounded. WORLD WAR I BEGINS (1914) Though tensions had been brewing in Europe–and especially in the troubled Balkan region–for years before conflict actually broke out, the spark that ignited World War I was struck in Sarajevo, Bosnia, where Archduke Franz Ferdinand, nephew of Emperor Franz Josef and heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, was shot to death along with his wife by the Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip on June 28, 1914. The assassination of Franz Ferdinand and Sophie set off a rapid chain of events: Austria-Hungary, like many in countries around the world, blamed the Serbian government for the attack and hoped to use the......

Words: 1860 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Battle of the 73rd Easting

...Battle of the 73rd Easting Headed due east on the afternoon of February 26, 1991, VII Corps was advancing with a front of four armored/mechanized divisions. In the center of this front, leading the way and conducting reconnaissance for the corps, was the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment (ACR). The 2nd ACR’s job was to locate the forward elements of the IRG divisions suspected to be in the area, fix them in place, then pass the heavy divisions of VIII Corps through their lines so that they could smash the elite Iraqi units with a single killing blow. It was a difficult assignment, made more so by the weather conditions. The winter of 1990/91 was one of the wettest on record in the Persian Gulf, and had been a major problem during the preceding six weeks of the Desert Storm air campaign. Now the wind was howling, causing a sandstorm that was grounding the Army’s aviation assets and limiting visibility to as little as a thousand meters. Air reconnaissance was limited mostly to signals intelligence data, which meant that finding where the IRG divisions were located, would be up to the 2nd ACR. Like the prairie horse soldiers of 150 years earlier, the troopers of the regiments would grope forward until they physically ran into the enemy, in this case the IRG Tawakalna Division. Generally known to be the best and most aggressive of the various IRG formations, Tawakalna was the unit that would bear the brunt of the coming battle with VII Corps....

Words: 1786 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

To What Extent Did the Social and Political Tensions in Germany Increase During the First World War

...To what extent did the social and political tensions in Germany increase during the First World War? The tensions that existed socially and politically in Germany at the beginning of the First World War were minimal, only consisting of biases carried forward from the pre-war era. However as the war progressed, the general consensus initially created by the government which portrayed the conflict as a necessary defensive campaign to protect against Slav aggression began to wear thin and obvious divides in society and the political system began to emerge. Initially, the Kaiser’s speech and the concept of national unity created through Burgfrieden masked the tensions within government that had existed previously. However, by 1918 the growing list of war casualties had seemed in vain after the failed ‘last push’ of the Ludendorff offensive, along with the food shortages which gripped Germany these were some of the factors which caused an even further divide in society. When the First World War broke out 100,000 anti-war campaigners demonstrated in Berlin, the strong sense that Germany should not get embroiled in a war stemming from a conflict in the Balkans was apparent from the beginning. Despite this clear lack of support, the Kaisers announcement ‘I know no parties anymore, only Germans’ followed by the Reichstag passing the enabling act was clearly effective in uniting Germany, glossing over the divides in political ideology that had previously existed and creating a......

Words: 1016 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

World War 1

...About World War I "Total War I: The Great War" by John Bourne The First World War was truly ‘the Great War’. Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Its conduct was intense. Its impact on military operations was revolutionary. Its human and material costs were enormous. And its results were profound. The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of these constituted the Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. They were opposed by the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and ancient ethnic rivalries. Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August. Germany declared war on France on 3 August and invaded Belgium. France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on the side of France and Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia on 6 August. France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of war......

Words: 7684 - Pages: 31

Premium Essay

History

...The Edexcel International GCSE in History Schemes of work We are happy to provide these new enhanced schemes of work for you to amend and adapt to suit your teaching purposes. We hope you find them useful. Practical support to help you deliver this specification Schemes of work These schemes of work have been produced to help you implement this Edexcel specification. They are offered as examples of possible models that you should feel free to adapt to meet your needs and are not intended to be in any way prescriptive. It is in editable word format to make adaptation as easy as possible. These schemes of work give guidance for: * Content to be covered * Approximate time to spend on different key themes * Ideas for incorporating and developing the assessment skills related to each unit. Suggested teaching time This is based on a two year teaching course of five and a half terms with one and a half hours of history teaching each week. This would be a seventy week course with total teaching time of approximately 100 hours. The schemes suggest the following timescale for the different sections: * Paper 1: 20 hours for each of the two topics: Total 40 hours. * Paper 2 Section A: 20 hours for the topic: Total 20 hours. * Paper 2 Section B: 25 hours for the topic since it covers a longer period in time. Total 25 hours. * Revision: 15 hours. Possible options for those with less teaching time * 20 hours for Section Paper 2 Section B...

Words: 19278 - Pages: 78

Premium Essay

Leadership in Change

...Indeed, well in to his 80s, he could describe with vivid detail the Battle of Jutland and the scuttling of the German fleet at Scapa Flow – events that came alive as he described, not what the history books said, but what he personally witnessed. And though he was not blessed with an unusual level of talent, or even with an extra stroke of luck, this simple man, born the son of a farm laborer and trained as a blacksmith, was remarkable in that he was, in every sense of the word, a gentleman. I can attest to that personally because he was my grandfather. Even were he not a special kind of person, Bill’s life was still extraordinary. Remarkable, because of one dominating factor: he was a true citizen of the twentieth century. Born into a...

Words: 4952 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Siemens

...Abstract SiemensAG - a major international corporation , an independent company working in the field of electrical engineering, electronics , power equipment, transport engineering, medical equipment and lighting , as well as specialized services in various fields of industry, transport and communications. Headquartered in Berlin and Munich (Germany) . Basically, the company most widely represented in three sectors : industry, energy and healthcare sectors . The company's shares are included in the calculation base of the following stock indices : DAX, S & P Global 100 , Dow Jones EuroStoxx 50 , Dow Jones Stoxx 50 , Dow Jones Global Titans 50 . The company has a decentralized structure : the responsibility for work in the world market rests with the 14 departments . In various countries, commercial purpose departments implement regional representation. Siemens is known worldwide , not only as a reliable manufacturer and innovator in many areas of industry. For nearly 160 years, Siemens has sought to use the most innovative materials and technologies , bringing a great contribution to the development of world progress , coming up with new technologies and devices . Us she is more known for its quality line appliances - from irons to refrigerators , and in industry it is famous for lighting systems , electronic systems, air-conditioning and ventilation installation , etc. Today by Siemens is one of the largest electrical and electronic companies in the world . The company......

Words: 7610 - Pages: 31

Free Essay

Economic Geography

...Germany officially the (Federal Republic of Germany) Is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe. It includes 16 constituent states and covers an area of 357,021 square kilometers (137,847 sq mi) with a largely temperate seasonal climate. Its capital and largest city is Berlin. With 81 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state in the European Union. After the United States, it is the second most popular migration destination in the world. Various Germanic tribes have occupied northern Germany since classical antiquity. Germany(Flag) A region named Germania was documented before 100 CE. During the Migration Period the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. The rise of Pan-Germanys inside the German Confederation resulted in the states in 1871 into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic. The establishment of the Third Reich in 1933 led to World War II and the Holocaust. After 1945, Germany split into two states, East Germany and West Germany. In 1990, the country was reunified. In the 21st century, Germany is a great power and has the world's fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP, as well as the fifth-largest by PPP. As a......

Words: 6995 - Pages: 28

Free Essay

An Outline of English Literature

...ENGLISH LITERATURE ITS HISTORY AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE FOR THE LIFE OF THE ENGLISH-SPEAKING WORLD A TEXT-BOOK FOR SCHOOLS BY WILLIAM J. LONG, PH.D. (Heidelberg) TO MY FRIEND C H T IN GRATITUDE FOR HIS CONTINUED HELP IN THE PREPARATION OF THIS BOOK CANTERBURY PILGRIMS From Royal MS., 18 D.ii, in the British Museum PREFACE This book, which presents the whole splendid history of English literature from Anglo-Saxon times to the close of the Victorian Era, has three specific aims. The first is to create or to encourage in every student the desire to read the best books, and to know literature itself rather than what has been written about literature. The second is to interpret literature both personally and historically, that is, to show how a great book generally reflects not only the author's life and thought but also the spirit of the age and the ideals of the nation's history. The third aim is to show, by a study of each successive period, how our literature has steadily developed from its first simple songs and stories to its present complexity in prose and poetry. To carry out these aims we have introduced the following features: (1) A brief, accurate summary of historical events and social conditions in each period, and a consideration of the ideals which stirred the whole nation, as in the days of Elizabeth, before they found expression in literature. (2) A study of the various literary epochs in turn, showing what each gained......

Words: 16972 - Pages: 68

Free Essay

Ssc Gk

...Click Here For Current Affair News For UPSC,IAS,SSC, Govt. Exams http://upscportal.com/civilservices/current-affairs Free Guide for SSC General Knowledge TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. History of India and The World 2. Indian Polity and Governance 3. Geography of India and The World 4. Economy 5. General Science 6. Organisations 7. General Knowledge HISTORY OF INDIA AND THE WORLD GOVERNOR-GENERALS OF INDIA (1833–58) Lord W. Bentick (1833–35): First Governor-General of India. Macaulay’s minutes on education were accepted declaring that English should be the official language of India; Abolished provincial courts of appeal and circuit set up by Cornwallis, appointment of Commissioners of revenue and circuit. • Wars: Annexed Coorg (1834), Central Cachar (1834) on the plea of misgovernment. Sir Charles Metcalfe (1835–1836): Passed the famous Press Law, which liberated the press in India (called Liberator the Press). Lord Auckland (1836–42): 1st Anglo-Afghan War (1836–42)—great blow to the prestige of the British in India. Lord Ellenborough (1842–44): Brought an end to the Afghan War. Annexation of Sindh (1843); War with Gwalior (1843). Lord Hardings I (1844–48): 1st Anglo-Sikh war (1845–46) and the Treaty of Lahore 1846 (marked the end of Sikh sovereighty in India); Gave preference to English education in employment. Lord Dalhousie (1848–56): Abolished Titles and Pensions, Widow Remarriage Act (1856). Made Shimla the summer capital. • Administrative......

Words: 14356 - Pages: 58

Free Essay

Old English Literature

...• remoter areas in Scotland retained independence • Ireland, never conquered by Rome, Celtic tradition • The language of the pre-Roman settlers - British (Welsh, Breton); Cornish; Irish and Scottish Gaelic (Celtic dialect) • The Romans up to the fifth century • Britain - a province of the Roman Empire 400 years • the first half of the 5th century the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes (N Germany, Jutland) • The initial wave of migration - 449 A. D. • the Venerable Bede (c. 673-735) • the Britain of his time comprised four nations English, British (Welsh), Picts, and Scots. • invaders resembling those of the Germans as described by Tacitus in his Germania. • a warrior race • the chieftain, the companions or comitatus. • the Celtic languages were supplanted (e.g. ass, bannock, crag). * Christianity spread from two different directions: * In the 5th century St Patrick converted Ireland, in the 7th century the north of England was converted by Irish monks; * in the south at the end of the 6th century Aethelberht of Kent allowed the monk Augustine and his helpers, who came directly from Rome, to convert his kingdom to Christianity. * The monks adapted the Roman alphabet from Latin to write English and replaced the old writing system based on the use of signs called runes, which were developed to be carved in wood or stone. Brittene igland is ehta hund mila lang. 7 twa hund brad. 7 her sind on his iglande fif geheode....

Words: 9579 - Pages: 39