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The Bhopal Disaster

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Quincyvankampen
Words 1011
Pages 5
Principles of management assignment
What happened and Why?
During the night of 2-3 December 1984, a leak of some 40 tons of Methylisocyanate (MIC) gas mixed with unknown other gasses from a chemical factory caused one of the highest-casualty industrial accidents of the 20th century. The Bhopal disaster was a gas leak incident in India, considered as the world's worst industrial disaster ever known to mankind.
At least 2000 people died immediately and another 200.000 to 300.000 people suffered respiratory or got other injuries. The incident started by the ventilation of the poisonous gas to the atmosphere, namely Methylisocyanate (MIC). As the density of the gas is more than the density of the air itself, it has caused the accumulation of the toxic gas in a cloud form but it is close to the ground. Eventually the cloud of poisonous MIC gas streamed through the entire city of Bhopal like a sand storm on desert, leaving no chances for the citizens of Bhopal to rescue themselves
The initial Indian managing and supervisory staff for the Bhopal production unit were trained in Union Carbide’s West Virginia. They began leaving for more attractive jobs and were replaced by less-skilled employees. Low production volumes seemed to justify reductions in the workforce though the local labor unions insisted that they were going too far. In the MIC, the workforce was reduced from the Union Carbide recommended 3 supervisors and 12 workers on each shift to 1 supervisor and 6 workers.
In the evening of 2 December, the supervisor ordered workers to perform a periodic washing of pipes in the MIC storage area to control corrosion. Most of the safety systems in the factory were not in good operating order. The vent scrubber, designed to neutralize any gas leak through the vent with caustic soda, was on...

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