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The Bible in Modern Contexts

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Tutorial Assignment 6

Read all of 2 Kings 22-23 and compare it with the following passages in Deuteronomy. What do you observe? Look for words and phrases that are similar and copy them into their respective boxes below.

1. What is commanded in Deuteronomy and then fulfilled by Josiah?
Deut 7:5:
Break down their altars, smash their pillars, hew down their sacred poles, and burn their idols with fire
Deut 12:3:
Break down their altars, smash their pillars, burn their sacred poles with fire, and hew down the idols of their gods
Deut 16:21
You shall not plant any tree as a sacred pole beside the altar that you make for the LORD your God 2 Kings 23:4, 6-7, 14:
He burned them outside Jerusalem .
He burned it at the Wadi Kidron. He broke down the houses of the male temple prostitutes .
He broke the pillars in pieces, cut down the sacred poles.

2. What is forbidden and how does Josiah address it?
Deut 17:2-3:
A man or woman who does what is evil in...going to serve other gods and worshiping them — whether the sun or the moon or any of the host of heaven, which I have forbidden 2 Kings 23:4-5:
All the vessels made for Baal, for Asherah, and for all the host of heaven; he burned them outside Jerusalem...He deposed the idolatrous priests ...who made offerings to Baal, to the sun, the moon, the constellations, and all the host of the heavens

3. What else is forbidden and how does Josiah respond?
Deut 23:17-18:
None of the daughters...sons of Israel shall be a temple prostitute. You shall not bring the fee of a prostitute or the wages of a male prostitute into the house of the LORD your God in payment for any vow.

2 Kings 23:7:
He broke down the houses of the male temple prostitutes that were in the house of the LORD, where the women did weaving for Asherah.

4. What is specifically being corrected here?
Deut 12:31:
Must not burn their sons and their daughters in the fire to their gods.
Deut 18:10:
No one shall make a son or daughter pass through fire, or practice divination, or a soothsayer, or an augur, or a sorcerer.

2 Kings 23:10:
He defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of Ben-hinnom, so that no one would make a son or a daughter pass through fire as an offering to Molech.

5. What important festival is being observed?
Deut 16:1-8:
Observe the Passover to the LORD your God. 2 Kings 23:22-23:
In the eighteenth year of King Josiah this passover was kept to the LORD in Jerusalem.

What is the best way to explain this intertexual relationship? In other words, what do you think of the high degree of intertexuality between both of these texts?
From the above referenced texts, a scholar would observe a high degree of verbal correspondence e.g., quotation, and/or paraphrasing and thereby conclude that there is a high degree of intertextual relationship between the different passages. This high degree of intertextual relationship is characterized by the concept known as Micro-level intertextuality as presented in the various texts, we see texts or set of texts intersecting with each other thereby creating a probable interpretation or rereading.

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