Premium Essay

The Biology of Leadership

In: Business and Management

Submitted By ricardowest
Words 24187
Pages 97
The biology of leadership
The relation between leadership, psychopathy and hormones

Master thesis Economics and Business 8th of August 2012 Name student: Ricardo Westendorp Student number: 294819rw Supervisor: Wouter van den Berg

The biology of leadership PREFACE
Around October, 2011, I started looking for a subject to graduate on, when a neuro-economical subject, involving the connection of leadership to psychopathy and hormones, crossed my path. I had to jump into it, because this subject matched the field I am interested in. Now, 8 months later, I present you my final work and I have enjoyed working on it. I have to be honest, this product would not have been able to be written if it wasn’t for the help of certain people. Therefore, I would like to use this section, to show my gratitude to some people, that helped me along the way. First of all, I thank the Erasmus School of Economics, for providing the financial support for this research. This research would definitely not have been possible, without the financial support of the ESE. Secondly, I would like to thank my supervisor, Wouter van den Berg, who has supported me, guided me and who has contributed intellectually. I would also like to thank Kashin Hau, who has made great contributions to the construction of the leadership questionnaire. Also, I would like to thank Sarstedt, who provided 500 saliva tubes. I am very thankful for the help of my parents. A great contribution has been made by my parents, Wim Westendorp and Linda Westendorp, who put in much effort to contact their network to find respondents. It would have been impossible to finish my thesis within this time schedule, if it wasn’t for their help. Last, but not least, I would like to thank all respondents that have participated in my research. I hope you read this thesis with the same pleasure I had writing it. Ricardo Westendorp 7 of...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Ricerca Biosciences

...Originally, set up to focus on the development of agricultural products, in 1990, Ricerca, Inc. was acquired by Ishihara Sangyo Kaisha and shifted its focus to providing pharmaceutical research services. By 2002, the company had changed its name to Ricerca Biosciences, LLC to reflect its growing biology and biotechnology capabilities for the preclinical development of pharmaceutical and biotechnology products. Sustained by successful customer relations and partnering relationships, Ricerca Biosciences has grown to employ approximately 850 employees in the US, France and Taiwan (, with 265 employees stationed at the Concord facility and 585 employees in the US and abroad. The current focus of Ricerca Bioscience is to offer a well-balanced integration of biological and medicinal chemistry services for the development of pharmaceutical and biotechnology products through the pre-clinical stage to the IND stage. Ricerca also provides continued support in CMC development, late stage non-clinical toxicology and metabolisms studies, and clinical sample analysis ( Leadership Team R. Ian Lennox-Executive Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Mr. Lennox was appointed Chief Executive Officer position at Ricerca in February 2008 and has been a member of Ricerca’s Board since 2006. Mr. Lennox has spent over 30 years in the pharmaceutical and...

Words: 1212 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Looking in the Mirror

...This paper will analyze and explain my personality. Topics will include a definition of personality, concepts that explain my personality and features, and personality tests. Several measurements, such as money or religion, divide humans and place them into different categories. The uniqueness of personality is that it separates people by whom they are and their actions. Personality is the ever evolving totality of characteristics, behaviors, and traits that distinctively define a particular person. Some personality traits are hereditary and others evolve as a person develops depending on their exposure to different aspects of life. The subconscious, biology, level of interaction, and environment of an individual all help shape a personality. Many of the key personality features that define me come from my biology and my interaction with my environments. Athletics are a feature that comes from my parents. My mother played basketball and my father ran track, wrestled, played basketball, and football throughout high school and college. Playing or discussing basketball is a dream job along with a general like for almost every sport. Many of my attitude traits come from service in the United States Army. After four years of service it is quickly understood that excuses do not go very far. In general nothing is too difficult and when the time comes to complete the task do not make excuses. Psychological constructs summarize observations...

Words: 773 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

A Discussion on Management Theories

...ways of conducting experiments in the field of management are being tested, mainly through the use of more discrete factors (such as an individual's DNA structure and hormone panels) and through more practical methods (the twin-studies). In Dr Cosmides and Dr Tooby research they attempt to give "scientific" meaning to management by "applying the rigor of biology" ('The biology of business' p. 1). Scientists have looked at twin-studies for answers regarding the difference between upbringing and pure genetic material. After discovery of deception from one of the fields pioneers, Sir Cyril Burt, the twin-studies have lost part of their popularity. Needless to say that the differences between twins and normal brothers are still an interesting approach and can still yield verisimilar results if preformed correctly. In the two studies elaborated in the article the results suggest that while women have shown to have extrovert traits from birth, males are generally imbedded with extrovert and sensation-seeking through their experiences. The conclusion is thus: "Businesswomen, it seems, are born. But businessmen are made." ('The biology of science' p.3) The latter twin study (performed only on males)...

Words: 826 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Example of a memorandum Subject: Change in Curriculum Date: September 19, 2013 It has been brought to my attention that there is a lack of understanding among students and parents about Pre AP classes and General Biology classes. Many parents are not enrolling their children in Pre AP because they are told the class is fast pace, rigor and only for top students in the school. This leads to: overcrowding of General Biology classes, mixture of slow and fast pace learners and many discipline problems. This memo is a request to change the name of the biology classes to Pre AP- 04, Pre AP- 03 and Pre AP - 02 Biology. There are several reasons why General Biology should be eliminated. Students think they have to work less, the work is less challenging than Pre AP, the class is an easy “A”, less is expected of them and they will be graded on a curve. These students are sleeping through their education. If we required more of them, we will get more. If the name sound more challenging, I believe they would work harder. Jacobs (2004) states that teachers and administrators must consider “… the empty chair …” which represents all students in a given school or district, and “… all work must focus on Johnny, and all comments and questions are welcomed as long as they are in his best interest” (p. 2). Second, if it is in the students’ best interest to change, modify, stop, start, or maintain curriculum practices, programs, and/or other related issues, there must......

Words: 792 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

My Story(an Application Letter)

...together, so that I could see how each piece, however unimportant the piece seemed, fit together to create a working object. As I progressed in my school life, my interest in applying this in real life increased. It always fascinated me how even the lack of the smallest organism could tamper the ecosystem just like a spring toy that does not work properly if the spring is slightly bent. After Grade 10, I took up pure sciences- Biology, Physics and Chemistry as well as Mathematics and English. My passion for biology was keenly supported by all my chosen subjects. Chemistry helped me understand the molecular structures while Physics and Mathematics helped me understand the dynamics and statistics that we were provided with. Being an avid reader, has led to the formation of many ideas which I feel can be expressed on gaining more insight. A degree in Biological Sciences will help me reach my dream. Earlier this year, three of my friends and I participated in NTU Science Symposium. We had to write a research paper in any field of science. The four of us love biology and felt that we would be able to express our skills and knowledge through the paper and came up with the topic 'External Factors Affecting Bacterial Growth'. The research paper certainly tested our abilities to work as a team. We had to submit the paper in May and all of us had many other commitments apart from the research paper. Like every group has someone to keep all the interpersonal relations intact, this......

Words: 668 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Importance Of Science In Science

...scientists whom will soon become the next Albert Einstein, or win a Nobel Peace Prize, is inspirational and is an opportunity that is too great to give up. I want to dive into research that answers the questions to topics that were glossed over in my Biology/Chemistry classes to challenge myself and to use my knowledge to develop a meaningful project that encompasses what I have learned thus far. With a goal of going into the STEM field in the future, I expect that this program will give me a preview of what it is truly like and if it is something...

Words: 918 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...10) Study skills question FOR LUBS1755 Business and Society (Combined): What does a good literature review look like? FOR LUBS1765 Business and Society (Social Theory): What does a good essay plan look like? Preparation task Think about your home country. Are there jobs and workplaces that are considered ‘masculine’ or ‘feminine’? Why are these jobs considered to masculine or feminine? What are the features of these jobs and workplaces? Prepare answers to these questions related to the reading What is patriarchy and specifically what is the ‘disembodied patriarch’? What are the main aspects described by McDowell of the ‘gendered capitalism’ in the City of London financial sector? What is the debate between biology and social behaviour McDowell refers to when discussing the Coates and Herbert research? How is this relevant to the case study McDowell presents of the City of London? Do you think certain work or workplaces are considered more ‘masculine’ or ‘feminine’ in your country? Please draw on your own knowledge of your home country. Why are some jobs considered to masculine or some considered to be feminine? What are the main features of these...

Words: 845 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Academy Education

...classes) per semester. Students attend three block classes in the regular school day. A minimum of 240 credits is required for graduation. 5 credits = 1 semester; 10 credits = 1 year. Graduation requirements include: 40 credits (4 years) English; 30 credits (3 years) Mathematics; 30 credits (3 years) Science; 30 credits (3 years) Social Science; 20 credits (2 years) of Language other than English; 10 credits (1 year) Visual and Performing Arts; 40 credits (4 years) Religion;20 credits (2 years) Physical Education/ Health and/or Sports Affiliation; 5 credits (1 semester) Speech Communication; 15 credits (1.5 years) of elective credit (may include core courses).Advanced Placement courses are offered in American Government; Art History; Biology; Calculus AB; Calculus BC; Chemistry; Economics; English Language; English Literature; Environmental Science; European History; Physics; Spanish; Statistics; Studio Art; United States History; World History. AP courses have prerequisites that students must meet in order to be enrolled. There is no limit of how many AP courses a student may enroll. In 2010-2011 462 students enrolled in AP courses; 462 students sat for 884 exams. Of the 884 exams taken, 583 received scores of 3,4 or 5. Honors courses are offered in most subject areas, specifically: Algebra 2/Trigonometry; Anatomy and Physiology; Asian Studies; English; French; Latin; Pre-Calculus. GRADING AND RANKING The Academy assigns letter grades using a 4.0 system.......

Words: 564 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

30 Books in 30 Days Summary

...[pic] What Does It Take to be a Great Leader My Journey Begins When I took the“30 Books in 30 Days Challenge”; I told myself to maximize this opportunity to learn something significant. Broadening one’s knowledge and learning from the best leadership books ever published is like a gift that landed on my lap. 1st day of my 30 day reading journey, I made a strategy with 1 end goal - to enter the minds of all the authors and get the best learnings and most importantly practice it. It wasn’t an easy task - the first few attempts on reading the summaries, I started to doze off at page 2. But I needed to finish not because of the challenge, but because it is an opportunity that should not pass me by. I decided to do it in a way which I will enjoy and love doing it. Since I liked formulas so much and doing it in excel I decided to come up with a “leadership matrix” based on the different books and from there have a formula for being a great leader. I made my summary of the summaries and counted how many times a particular quality or trait will be written by different authors. By this time I started to look forward to reading each summary. Before book # 1, I sat and looked back at the 17 years of my work life and started to ask myself what kind of a leader I am, to accept the brutal facts of how far am I from being a great leader. On the 26th book, finally came up with an equation which I felt and believed is the formula for being a......

Words: 1551 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Insights Into Organizational Change

...organization, while at the same time maintaining its short-term financial stability.”2 They must put effort into developing a rapport with the team or division under his/her care. “Leading effectively is, in other words, less about mastering situations—or even mastering social skill sets—than about developing a genuine interest in and talent for fostering positive feelings in the people whose cooperation and support you need.”3 However, contrary to this ideal, most business leaders; when asked about their “basic image of ‘the leader’“reply that it is often that of a military commander and “military organizations are the purest example of an unimaginative application of simple reward and punishment” models of motivation.4 This style of leadership focuses more on the task and less on the development of the individual or the relationships in the organization. “What is the dominant philosophy of motivation in American management? Almost invariably, they quickly agree that it is the carrot-and-stick philosophy.”1 “Since early childhood, we were taught that our actions have consequences. Do something good that exceeds expectations and get something good in return. Run afoul of what’s acceptable and be penalized. This positive/negative balancing act sets the tone for our lives from cradle to grave.” What makes this form of motivation fail for the employee, besides being treated as a less than, is our intrinsic nature to try and get...

Words: 1638 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The Importance Of Animal Diversity In Indonesia

...about it. Knowing the animal behavior is the best way to avoid the conflict between human and animal, with the knowledge I have gained in Australia I will help the society to find out the effective solutions to solve the elephant conflict. The second, I will be a research in biodiversity and conservation in Aceh. I will join with my lecture who is doing the research about the biodiversity in Leuser Ecosystem. I have experience about this research because my previous research is also about habitat and behavior animal in Seulawah Aceh. This research will give the information for the society that conservation is essential to do because it can balance the ecosystem and avoid us from disasters. The third, because my background education is from biology education, of course, I will also be an educational institution. I have the teaching experience in secondary school. I will teach the students about plant and animal ecosystem and also conserving them from the...

Words: 1459 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Rn to Bsn

...century. The associate degree level of nursing was developed out of a need to produce nurses in response to a shortage during and following World War II. It was a proposed as a temporary solution to a shortage to a shortage but was not intended to replace the professional level of nursing education. The ADN program require about 2 yrs for the student to complete. The Adn nurses are associate degree in nursing, ADN nurses have clinical skills and hands on basic skills but they lack both management and leadership skills with in the nursing field. Additionally they lack research skills used in nursing as well as knowledge on informatics the use of technological advances in enhancing quality medical delivery. ADN gives you the fundamentals of nursing practices. They basic theory, skills, competencies knowledge of scope of practice and legalities for licensure and the essential general education core that is necessary as a foundation [English, psychology, biology chemistry, anatomy and physiology , etc].it gives you the bare minimum knowledge required to pass the Nclex licensure exam.ADN nurses not able to neither make technical decisions nor carry out research. BSN is knowledge theory research based and the emphasis is on the entire picture of the field of nursing exposing the nurse to human diversity and global perspective ethical, legal, political , historical and social influences using liberal art including biblical...

Words: 1505 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Article Review because there will be no competitive advantage gained if strategic visioning led by technology. The reason being is that, it is not an innovation. It is actually a cut-and-paste methods, rather than holistic thinking to guide the process of change, which is a concept-driven innovation. He also put a stand that strategy is not the internet; instead it is only a piece of strategy that adds as another feature to the strategic landscape, not a standalone strategic idea. Singer also argue that strategy should be in the form of modern strategic visions arising from new language to frame action and new management techniques that work horizontally across organizational and national boundaries and not from messaging. It should involved leadership and perceptual skills through the process of experience that can then give people, industries and countries their identity. Singer stressed that strategy has and always will have a human dimension. Therefore, human limitations, informational uncertainties and complexity are built-in structural features of the environment, not annoying problems that better information technology can eliminate. We should not mistakenly identify components of strategy for strategy itself as it can put bad effect to the particular company. Technology is only a component of the strategy. He suggest that it is more important than...

Words: 1045 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Personal Statement

...pursue a career in the Pharmaceutical field and studying Chemistry has broadened my sphere and heightened my aptitude for research material beyond the chemistry specification. I am an avid reader of Chemistry World, particularly articles based on nanotechnology and drug delivery. I appreciate the link between drug development and patient care, and regularly follow recent developments within the National Health Service. I find it very useful and informative to read articles published by distinguished institutions such as the National Institute for Clinical Excellence which strive to maintain a balance between the need of destitute patients and government expenditure. I have developed many key skills through studying Chemistry, Maths and Biology at A-levels. Studying science based subjects has meant that I have had to perfect my problem solving and analytical skills in order to predict the outcome of reactions. I find organic chemistry the most interesting. I also enjoyed many other aspects of this course, especially calculations which is the reason why I have chosen math's as an additional subject. My academic interests are very broad and encompass...

Words: 654 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Applications for Medical School

...insight into the medical field I participated in a work shadowing week at a GP surgery. I gained a valuable understanding of the workings of the surgery, with opportunities to observe and speak to the doctors regarding a medical career. I arranged another placement week myself at a local hospital, which was a superb opportunity to observe medicine from another point of view. I observed the ward rounds, an MRI scan, a skin biopsy and an endosocpy clinic all which I found interesting. I spent the most time with the haematology team, responsible for patients with diseases such as Chronic Myelogenous Leukaemia (CML), haematology being one of my interests it was captivating that I could see the specialty from a more complex side than the AS biology course. For example I was able to understand how the level of platelets affects blood clotting. Throughout the week I expanded my confidence and communication skills through speaking to patients and doctors. Although I enjoyed the week it was at times extremely heart-rending, I was able to get close to many of the terminally ill patients helping and caring for them where I could, getting them tea or just talking and empathising with them to build their spirits. I volunteered at a local home for the elderly which was very rewarding as I built my caring skills, helping residents by making them tea or playing cards with them. At...

Words: 651 - Pages: 3