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The Brain and Motivation

In: Philosophy and Psychology

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The Brain and Motivation
PSY/355
August 29, 2011

The Brain and Motivation
In this paper we are going to analyze the brain structures and functions associated with the motivation to engage in refraining from using drugs. This is the steps in which the structure and functions will be explained:
• Study of the brain and motivation
• Evaluate the influence of extrinsic factors
• Evaluate the influence of intrinsic factors
• Heredity and environmental factors
A number of factors influence the brain structures and functions associated with the motivation to refrain from using drugs. The dynamics involved include intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, heredity, and environmental forces. In general, internal motivation is considered to be associated with long-term behavior modification, whereas the successful outcome of external motivation can be short lived (AllPsychologyCareers.com).

Function of the Brain and Motivation
Study of the brain and motivation started with Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, the Russian physiologist, psychologist, and physician, studied how dogs salivated when shown food they knew to be appetizing (Pavlov, I.P. 1927). First he fed the dogs to ensure that they had the taste of the dog food in their throat. So that when they smell the food in the air their brains will motivate the rest of the body that is a good smell. So now the dogs are motivated to taste the food so they salivate until they get the food. Pavlov went onto study children from there. He studied how the brain will motivate they body to either be scared or be interested. This part of the brain is called the forebrain, “in front of and around the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere and the different part of the basal ganglia mainly involved in movement planning and control and habit”(The Brain). If an individual has tasted a drug already they would need to work hard to either...

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