Free Essay

The Challenges of Swimming

In: Social Issues

Submitted By JackWeb
Words 1121
Pages 5
The Challenges of Swimming Most everyone has been swimming at least once in their life, but competitive swimming is more than just floating in water. Competitive swimming, from the inception in 1896, has greatly evolved to the sport it is today. It includes four strokes which are; Front stroke, Back stroke, Breast stroke, and Butterfly. Swimming is one of the hardest sports in the world because of the mental and physical attributions. On the mental side of swimming, there are many factors that can make or break a swimmer. One factor is how focused you have to be to swim not only well, but outstanding. A swimmer has to clear their mind completely before entering the water. Mental toughness is defined as “having the natural or developed psychological edge that enables you to: generally cope better than your opponents with the many demands that spurt places on a performer” by Jones, Hanton and Connaughton, three authors (Jones, Handto, and Connaughton. 2002, p209). These three authors conducted research on thirty elite swimmers and concluded that “mental toughness” can be categorized into four dimensional framework, which included one general dimension, (attitude/mindset), and three time specific dimensions (training, competition, and post competition) (187). A swimmer’s attitude and mindset can control how they will do in the competition. If a swimmer is feeling low or terrible on how they will do in a race, the swimmer will actually do poorly because they aren’t in the correct mindset. On the other hand, if a swimmer thinks highly, or like they will be triumphant in the upcoming race, they will generally be great because they were thinking that way. Training is also a time for swimmers mental side to be used. During training, swimmers must remember everything they learn, such as what they did right and what they did wrong for future practice and meets. At practice, all swimmers have to realize what they’ve learned because they will need it later on. If they do something wrong, like flip turning too early, or breathing too many times, swimmers have to keep that in mind to correct it immediately and keep it corrected. Competition and post competition are the last of the four dimensional frame works of “mental toughness”. During competition, swimmers have to stay focused and remember their training. Without their training in the back of a swimmer’s mind they can forget seeing the gold medal. Likewise, past competition is just as important. After competing, swimmers record their time and take that into consideration for their next practice. Getting a better or worse time means a lot to swimmers. By getting a better time, it makes them more motivated to get an even finer time, while getting a slower time can deteriorate a swimmer’s confidence. To get a better time, a swimmer must forget everything besides their training. In contrast to the mental side of competitive swimming, the physical attribution is just as important, if not more. Swim training, trains every muscle as opposed to dry land sports, which don’t. Shinichi Demura from Kanazawa University writes, “Muscle gains of swimmers differ from those of general competitors on dry land (1250). In the same manner, Trine Karlsen from sports magazine says, “swimmers have a high respiratory capacity mainly related to elevated living volumes and enhanced pulmonary diffusion capacity compared with non-athletic peers from any other sport” (538). This basically means swimming over any other sport, trains your lungs harder, stronger, and more often. When I first started swimming, I could barely hold my breath for three strokes. Now I can go the whole length of the pool without taking a breath. Learning how to do all four strokes is just the beginning. “Butterfly” is a stroke in competitive swimming that is considered the hardest stroke to master. It is done by having both arms raised out of the water at the same time, lifted forward together and in sync with the legs, which are in a “dolphin kick” motion. In order to complete this stroke successfully, a swimmer needs to get their arms and legs perfectly in sync with one another. Compared to butterfly, all the other strokes are easier, but still difficult to master. “Breast stroke” is another stroke, which is done with a “frog” kicking motion and a similar motion of the arms. This stroke also has to be perfectly synced to be done well. “Front stroke”, also known as “Free” is probably the easiest, but still difficult for non-swimmers. This stroke doesn’t need to be synced together because the arms and legs are not co-dependent with each other. Although it doesn’t have to be synced together, swimmers still have to be cognoscente of their breathing and turns because if they do it wrong, they will waste time and energy. The last stroke, “Back stroke” is very similar to free by not having to be synced together. Swimmers also have to be knowledgeable of their breathing and turns, like front stroke. Learning the strokes is only the beginning because swimmers then have to learn how stroke length, stroke rate, and the energy they take all relate to each other. Karlsen says, “Swimming velocity is the product of stroke length and stroke rate, and both factors should be optimized for maximal performance” (144). One of his studies showed that the more length in each stroke, the less cost of energy exerted on the swimmer (fig.4). The same study showed the more strokes in a given time period, the more energy being wasted. These studies show that swimmers need to understand not only how to do the stroke, but the perfect ratio for each stroke. That’s why if a swimmer does a stroke only a little wrong, they will be wasting more energy than they can afford. Although most people have been swimming, some people know competitive swimming is much different than just taking a dip in a pool. Because of the mental and physical attributions, swimming is one of the hardest sports in the world. All swimmers know how difficult it is and now more people will realize how demanding swimming really is.

Works Cited
Shunsuke Yamaji, et al. "Comparison Of Strength Values And Laterality In Various Muscle Contractions Between Competitive Swimmers And Untrained Persons." Health (1949-4998) 2.11 (2010): 1249-1254. Academic Search Complete. Web. 13 Oct. 2013.
Aspenes, Stian Thoresen, and Trine Karlsen. "Exercise-Training Intervention Studies In Competitive Swimming." Sports Medicine 42.6 (2012): 527-543. Academic Search Complete. Web. 13 Oct. 2013.
J. P. Vilas-Boas, et al. "The Influence Of Stroke Mechanics Into Energy Cost Of Elite Swimmers." European Journal Of Applied Physiology 103.2 (2008): 139-149. Academic Search Complete. Web. 13 Oct. 2013.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Through the Tunnel

... However, When growing we undergo various challenges that we have to overcome. Through the Tunnel is a short story written by a famous author called Doris Lessing. It’s a rite of passage short story about an 11 year boy who is growing up. The main protagonist Jerry in the short story is an 11 year old boy who the author presents to us a ‘loner’ (Lessing,1990). He faces the challenge of swimming through a tunnel in the rock and belonging to a certain clique of friends. He finally manages to swim through the tunnel through persistence and determination. The main theme brought out in the story are; for you to grow up you have broken free by being determined and persistent. By swimming through the tunnel Jerry breaks free from his loneliness and doubt of his potential. Throughout the story Jerry is depicted to us as a loner and makes no mention of friends. He always hangs around his mother who makes her feel accepted; they are very protective over each other since there’s no one else in their lives. He manages to break free from his loneliness and becomes friends with the other boys which make him feel accepted. By passing through the tunnel Jerry builds his confidence and he starts to believe that he can achieve anything as long as he is determined and keeps trying. The conflicts captured in the short story are person verses self, person vs. person and person vs. nature. Jerry had to converse with himself if he was capable of swimming through the tunnel. He also interacted......

Words: 1303 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

How I Learned to Swim

...Learning how to swim: a real challenge Learning something new can be a very unnerving experience. One of the hardest things I have ever had to do was learn how to swim. I have always been afraid of the water but I believe that swimming is a very important skill for one to develop either for essential or fun reasons. What ever the reason is, swimming is a good exercise and promotes discipline. What I didn’t realize was that learning how to swim would help me become more self-confident. Luckily, my swimming lessons were not a painful experience because my instructor was a person that I already knew: my girlfriend. She used to be a swimming instructor and I was present in a couple of sessions in the past with previous students she had. Therefore, I knew how she worked. Her smile and patience were motivating enough for any shy student that wished to learn how to swim. The first emotion I would have expected to feel was embarrassment for being a rookie in something that my own girlfriend was already an expert. However, this didn’t happen at all. In fact, I felt so excited because I was going to experience something new with a person I already knew. That means that I saw the bright side of things. Nevertheless, my biggest concern was that I had to face my biggest fear: the water. Floating was the very first thing I learned to do. She had me put on water wings on each arm until I was able to float. So half of my fear was gone as soon as I felt I......

Words: 488 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Snorkeling Business

...BObven when they go snorkeling, the Duggars preserve their modesty. The stars of TLC's "19 Kids and Counting" are famous not only for having so many children but also for their strict religious beliefs. That's why they went swimming fully clothed while snorkeling during a trip to Puerto Rico in Tuesday night's episode. As Michelle explained to People magazine, "Bathing suits are pretty and colorful, but it's not our thinking that it is OK to be naked some places and not other places." [Related: Michelle Duggar Raves About Her 46th Birthday Haircut] "The eyes are the windows to the soul. And we are trying to keep our hearts pure, which is a struggle," she continued. "Everyone has their idea of what is modest, but for our family, we try to avoid situations ... like the public beach or swimming pools that can make it a challenge to keep our minds pure." This isn't the first time they've swum in Wholesome Wear swimsuits, though the family generally avoids swimming in public. And the Duggars make sure to stay covered up for whatever activity they're doing -- whether it's swimming, riding horses, or climbing. Their modest dress code has the family's boys wearing long shorts and the girls wearing long skirts. [Related: The Duggars Enjoy a Japanese Meal in Tokyo] "This isn't for everyone, and we don't push this on anybody," Michelle explained in TLC's Parentables blog. "And we don't judge anyone that doesn't have this perspective, but for us, we felt like we needed to be......

Words: 273 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Discrete Event Simulation of Sports Facilities at University of Cincinnati

...4 Objectives of the study………………………………………………......................5 About UC Campus Recreation Center…………………………………….............. 5 Scope of Simulation……………………………………………………….............. 6 Data Collection  Fitting Distributions for Wait times…………………………………………8  Challenges Faced…………………………………………………………….9  Assumptions………………………………………………………………..10 Fitness Center Model…………………………………………………………….....9  Basic Model………………………………………………………………….9  Updated Model- More Realistic……………………………………………10 Swimming Pool Model……………………………………………………………13 Output Analysis…………………………………………………………………...14 Conclusion………………………………………………………………………...18 References………………………………………………………………………...19 Page | 2 Acknowledgements With sincere gratitude, I would like to express my special thank you to Professor Dr. W. David Kelton. This project would have never been completed without his direction, assistance, and encouragement. I would also like to thank my parents, for their endless support during each and every one of my life’s endeavors. Page | 3 List of Figures Figure 1. Triangular distribution observed in Input Analyzer for Fitness Center Wait times...………………………………………….. 8 Figure 2. Triangular distribution observed in Input Analyzer for Swimming Pool Wait times…………………………………………...8 Figure 3. “Assign” Module to choose second and third work out Dependently…………………………………………………………..11 Figure 4. Fitness Center- Updated Model in Arena...........................................................12 Figure 5.......

Words: 2395 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay


...|Using a word document, write a response to the following question: | |Question: Who would be the better role model, Marilyn Bell Di Lascio or Sharon Wood? In your argument, you MUST discuss both passages. | |Guidelines For Your Response | | | |show your understanding of BOTH passages | | | | | |if you do not discuss BOTH passages you will not receive full marks | | | | ...

Words: 807 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...What I need to improve | why I need to improve on it | How I can improve it | where I can improve it | Confidence | I need to improve this because you need confidence in all of the public services because of the jobs that you could be told to do. | I could improve this by participating in tasks that require me to push myself to reach the goal e.g. rock climbing. | I could improve my confidence anywhere as long as I can make some kind of challenge or obstacle that I have to overcome which requires confidence to achieve. | Swimming | I need to improve swimming because I want to be able to swim without being worried about drowning also I want confidence in the water. | I could improve this by swimming in a pool starting in the shallow end and work my way to the deep part then eventually I could start to swim in the sea. | I could improve this in a pool or in the sea. | Heights | I need to improve on this because I want to be able to climb up high without being worried about the height | I could improve this by rock climbing but I could start off by not going too high and then I could gradually improve the height of the climb and I could abseil back down the rock which could also improve my fear of heights. | I could improve this at indoor rock climbing walls or outside on natural formed rocks. | Development plan Task...

Words: 254 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Case Study Summer Olympics

...the parent non-profit organization responsible for selecting the host city, establishing contractual guidelines, and managing the copyrights, trademarks and other assets of the Games. The London Organizing Committee of the Olympic Games (LOCOG) is entrusted with the responsibility of managing the 2012 Games. The Olympic Delivery Authority is the 2012 Games authority responsible for providing the infrastructure for these games. This includes the stadia, venues, transportation infrastructure, and the housing complex to feed and house the athletes, officials, and staff. Paul Williamson, Head of Ticketing for the 2012 London Games, works for the LOCOG. His challenge is to establish a pricing plan for the Games’ tickets and ensuring the venues are filled with fans to enjoy the summer Olympic Games. This is no small challenge. In order to understand the scope and magnitude of the ticketing responsibilities, it is important to understand the Games’ revenue sources and the magnitude of those sources. Five (5) primary revenue sources will exist from the London Games. They are television broadcast rights; international sponsorship of the Games; ticketing for the Games; domestic sponsorship for the Games; and licensing rights. Table 1 depicts the revenue source, the organization responsible for that revenue source, the revenue generated at the 2000 Sydney Games, the projected revenues for the 2012 London Games, and the estimated LOCOG share of that London revenue. It should......

Words: 2259 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Persuasive Essay About Swimming

...Getting your child involved in swimming lessons is one of the best things you can do as a parent. Not only will your child improve coordination, social skills, and ability but they will also learn life saving techniques. This new venture with your child will bring both of you closer together, both learning how to swim and be comfortable in the water. Giving your child the gift of swimming cannot be compared to anything else you would do for your child as a parent. Lessons are designed for all ages and abilities making it quite easy to get your child involved. In the 7 years that I have been teaching children to swim I have run into the same questions over and over again from parents. I have compiled this frequently asked questions guide specifically for parents that are looking for answers and don't know where to find them. Everyone down to your mother has their opinions and myths about swimming lessons and finding correct answers may prove to be difficult. Here are the questions that parents most frequently have asked me about swimming lessons as well as a couple of myth breakers. What skills will my child gain? Learning to swim greatly increases a child's ability to grow and develop....

Words: 1998 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Strategic Management

...Font Size Resize Small Resize Normal Resize Large | Print | Share | Swimming icon Michael Phelps plans to retire after the London Games. GETTY IMAGES Call it Michael Phelps 2.0. Long before Phelps won his eighth gold medal in Beijing, his agent, Peter Carlisle, was developing a post-career plan for the swimmer. The time to put it to use will come later this week when Phelps pulls himself out of the pool after competing at an Olympics for the last time. The plan is designed to potentially fulfill Carlisle’s belief that the swimmer could make more than $100 million in his lifetime and further his aim of increasing interest in competitive swimming worldwide. To do so, Carlisle believes Phelps will need to continue signing endorsements, promoting his foundation, traveling to international markets and developing new lines of business like the Michael Phelps Skills Center, a remote training system being piloted in Maine. Octagon's Peter Carlisle has a goal of Phelps earning $100 million in his lifetime. SHANA WITTENWYLER “The goal is still there,” Carlisle, head of Octagon’s Olympic and action sports division, said of the career earnings target he set in 2008. “Just do the math over time. He’s young. He’s not going anywhere. People aren’t going to forget who he is. It’s burned in their memories.” Transitioning an athlete into retirement comes with a host of challenges, and an Olympic athlete can face even more. Phelps, a four-time Olympian, has the......

Words: 1378 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

- Housing and Institutions; Recreational Areas and Bathing Facilities; Disaster Sanitation

... In this assignment, you are an environmental health inspector charged with the responsibility to sample beach water, after a storm, to inform the public, and particularly surfers.  In addition, you will need to make decisions about whether to close the beach or not. Write a 2-3 page paper in which you do the following: 1. Describe the types of illnesses that can be caused by contaminated recreational beach waters. 2.  Identify the challenges in monitoring and managing beach waters to protect the public, and particularly surfers, in a timely manner (hint: discuss the timeliness of water test results). 3. Describe the sources of beach water contamination and how it may be prevented.   Justify your opinion with evidence from the literature.   Recreational Water Illnesses Recreational waters, such as pools, spas, beaches, and spas have been a destination for millions of individuals that like to occupy their relaxation time in water. On an estimate, about five million hot tubs and 7.4 million swimming pools are being used in either residential or public places in the United States (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2008). It has been observed that most of these waters are polluted with hurtful bacteria that can cause a number of diseases, which are characterized as Recreational Water Illnesses (RWI’s). The diseases that can be triggered by contaminated waters consist of a widespread of infections, such as intestinal, respiratory, skin......

Words: 815 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Case Study

...You are the Lifeguard Coordinator at the Swimplex, a local indoor public pool located within the Waterloo Memorial Recreation Complex in Waterloo. The Swimplex includes an eight-lane swimming pool, with a competitive area and spectator seating that accommodates up to 300 people. There is a concession area, as well as a male, female and alternate-need change room. The pool has a three-storey waterslide, springboards, a five-metre tower, and a separate shallow play area for young kids. Additionally, the heated swirlpool spa is a popular place to relax. The Waterloo Memorial Recreation Complex is owned and operated by the City of Waterloo. The City of Waterloo’s community vision statement is: In 2029, the City of Waterloo has enhanced its friendly feel, welcoming and accommodating a diversity of people. Waterloo is a caring community where people support each other; a green city with healthy greenspaces, land, water and clean air; an economic leader with a strong diverse economy; a community of vibrant neighbourhoods; a learning community with strong ties to its schools, universities and college; an exciting city with abundant recreation, leisure, arts and cultural opportunities; and a city that is accessible to all. Waterloo is a better place to live, work and play than ever. Recently, you have been receiving reports that the pool patrons, staff, and programs are not meeting the needs of some women and girls in the community. Namely, two issues ha......

Words: 432 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Dream Destination

...the rainforest. The beaches gave a good view of the sun setting. The rainforest makes the sea coast warm by blocking winds that would cause a cold effect to the beach and this has made the environment suitable for a tourism attraction site. At the resort I also had a chance to play golf with people from different societies and it was very enjoyable. The golf courses are wide and distributed so there is no congestion. On the golf courses and there is a championship tournament that is played. A variety of activities were also being offered which included cycling, Water sports and sky diving on the ocean, and a Kids Club which ensured that a entire family will be entertained. Golf In Malaysia I had a chance of horse riding and bet on a challenge to a race with the other tourists. This was enjoyable but I lost my race and had to pay on my bet which was $ 100. Races were there every Saturday and the challengers were allowed to practice during the week of how to maintain stability when the horse was jumping a huddle as well as when it was running at speed. I also participated in the...

Words: 555 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Finance and play. We regard this project as an opportunity to develop a concept for a community-based resource, with our goal being to enhance the community’s growth and development. We plan to do this via the construction of a brand new aquatic center in the heart of the Waldorf, Maryland quarter of the Southern Prince George’s County. To honor and identify the region of its location, the center will be called “Southern Maryland Aquatics Center”. Many aquatic centers exist throughout the Maryland Area. These include facilities such as the Prince George’s County Sports and Learning Complex, The Theresa Banks Swimming Pool, and Greenbelt Aquatic and Fitness. These facilities have met much success over the course of their operation, and provide numerous aquatic-based activities to the local community. The aforementioned PG Sports and Learning has been home to various swimming competitions and has served as a place of practice for many local, scholastic swim teams. One of the great benefits of these facilities, is the employment opportunities they provide to members of the community in which they are located. It is these benefits that we wish to transfer and subsequently impart upon residents of the Southern Maryland area. Although this area is currently undergoing pivotal changes such as housing growth, the major component of recreation is missing. These brand new residential developments need a support system, one that will offer stability, vitality and recreational......

Words: 1395 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Personal Statement

...I experienced childhood as an obese child. I arrived a turning point where I realized that enough was enough. Fast forward 6 years and here I am, continuously looking for ways to challenge myself to new heights. Pain is necessary for change and that has long been accepted because I know the pain I feel today will be the strength I feel tomorrow. Pain makes me grow. Growing is what I seek in life. Therefore, for me, pain is pleasure. The medical world is full of emotional, physical, ethical and intellectual challenges which doctors face on a daily basis, but yet this creates a dynamic profession which can be enormously gratifying. If it were not for science and the understanding of the functionalities of the human body, my life would not have been transformed into one that I can be proud of. Hence, I have appreciated the wonders of science ever since childhood and it is this fascination that has developed a hunger inside me for knowledge. To gain a deeper intuitive understanding of the medical field, I have experienced first- hand how heterogeneous a doctor’s job can be; not just performing surgery or prescribing medication but also compassion and empathy being key to delivering the best care to patients. This fact was accentuated during a period of shadowing an oncologist, Dr Tan Meng Kuan at Tung Shin hospital in Malaysia for a period of 5 weeks. Having to handle patients involved with such a terminal disease, I was able to observe the doctor conversing in difficult......

Words: 601 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...4188 REV: NOVEMBER 30, 2011 V. KASTURI RANGAN SUNRU YONG Soren Chemical: Why Is the New Swimming Pool Product Sinking? Jen Moritz grimaced as she reviewed the February 2007 sales report for her company’s new Coracle product. In September 2006, Soren Chemical had launched Coracle, a new water clarifier for use in small recreational and household swimming pools. Moritz was responsible for marketing the new clarifier, which she believed was a superior product, but the results so far were discouraging. The volume target was 50,000 gallons (100,000 units) for the first year of sales. However, through the first half of the selling season for pool chemicals, Soren had sold just 3,725 gallons, or 7,450 units. Moritz also had responsibility for marketing Kailan MW, a clarifier used primarily in large recreational water park facilities with typical capacities of one million gallons or higher. Very small quantities of Kailan MW were sufficient to treat large volumes of water, but it was unsuitable for smaller-scale applications such as residential pools. Thus Soren Chemical had developed Coracle, targeting smaller pools with a lower volume of swimmers (known in the industry as “bather loads”) and a less intense maintenance program. In 2006, Kailan MW revenues were $6.1 million and sales were on pace for a 7% increase in 2007; it was healthy growth in a relatively mature market. Coracle had been budgeted at $1.5 million in sales for the year, but so far Soren had sold a very......

Words: 3471 - Pages: 14