The Changes in the Environment Affect Into Operations

In: Business and Management

Submitted By nsadeldin
Words 3003
Pages 13
MGT-534 Operations Management and Strategy 3B
Winter 2012 Librado Gonzalez

Masters in Business Administration
Northern California University
Week 1

Mostafa Salah-eldin
m.salah-eldin

1: DQ#12
How do changes in the environment such as demand changes, new pollution control laws, the changing value of the dollar, and price changes affect operations? Name specific impacts on operations and the supply chain for each change. Support your response with references to the text or websites. Include the reference documentation in the response.

Forum2: DQ#15
Give examples of a global business located in your country with which you are familiar. How has globalization of this business affected operations and its supply chain? Describe the business, what countries are they located, products, services? What is meant by ‘supply chain’? Submit your response via a word doc. Save as yourname_week1DQ12

Ther changes in the environment affect into operations

Supply and demand
Supply and demand is a fundamental factor in shaping the character of the marketplace, for it is understood as the principal determinant in establishing the cost of goods and services. The availability, or "supply," of goods or services is a key consideration in determining the price at which those goods or services can be obtained. For example, a landscaping company with little competition that operates in an area of high demand for such services will in all likelihood be able to command a higher price than will a business operating in a highly competitive environment. But availability is only one-half of the equation that determines pricing structures in the marketplace. The other half is "demand." A company may be able to produce huge quantities of a product at low cost, but if there is little or no demand for that product in the marketplace, the company will be forced to sell units at a…...

Similar Documents

Developments in the Sopcietal Environment Affect Firms Through Their Task Environment

... the industry within which it operates. The variables in the task environment include suppliers, customers, competitors, creditors, employees, trade unions and governments. Many researchers argue that developments in the societal or macro-environment affect firm’s through their task environment. The economic environment consists of macro level factors related to the means of production and distribution of wealth that have an impact on the business of the organization. Changes in economic environment can have an obvious impact on business activity. For example, an increase in the interest rates translates into fewer sales of major home appliances. Therefore for firms that deal in home appliances, higher increase in interest rates results reduction in the demand for their products because mortgage rates increase as a result leading to higher cost of buying a house. Most of the household goods are bought when people move into their houses. Higher costs of buying the house eat into the budget for home appliances. Political decisions by governments override all commercial concerns. Government regulations and legislations as a major part of the societal environment greatly affect firm’s decision making through the task environment variables. “Politico-legal forces allocate power and provide laws and regulation that may constrain or protect the business.”(Kourdi, 2009) Furthermore, with the developments on the political front affecting the economy all the time, the economic...

Words: 942 - Pages: 4

The Changes in the Environment Affect Into Operations

...MGT-534 Operations Management and Strategy 3B Winter 2012 Librado Gonzalez Masters in Business Administration Northern California University Week 1 Mostafa Salah-eldin m.salah-eldin 1: DQ#12 How do changes in the environment such as demand changes, new pollution control laws, the changing value of the dollar, and price changes affect operations? Name specific impacts on operations and the supply chain for each change. Support your response with references to the text or websites. Include the reference documentation in the response. Forum2: DQ#15 Give examples of a global business located in your country with which you are familiar. How has globalization of this business affected operations and its supply chain? Describe the business, what countries are they located, products, services? What is meant by ‘supply chain’? Submit your response via a word doc. Save as yourname_week1DQ12 Ther changes in the environment affect into operations Supply and demand Supply and demand is a fundamental factor in shaping the character of the marketplace, for it is understood as the principal determinant in establishing the cost of goods and services. The availability, or "supply," of goods or services is a key consideration in determining the price at which those goods or services can be obtained. For example, a landscaping company with little competition that operates in an area of high demand for such services will in all likelihood be able to command a higher...

Words: 3003 - Pages: 13

How Does Change Affect People at Work?

...How does change affect people at work? What are some of the current forces for change in the workplace? What are the implications for HR managers? Introduction Organizational changes do not appear from themselves. For any process of performing something, there is a reason, and the process is the result of that reasons. Increasing globalization, rapid technological advancement, changing economic conditions and organization’s financial performance are some of the current forces that cause change in organizations. Current forces for change in the workplace 1. Globalization Globalization on one hand creates more opportunities as there are more potential customers around the world. However, it also means there will be fierce competition, as local companies have to compete with foreign companies as well. In terms of the organization’s structure and the human capitals, globalization intensified the need for more responsive and flexible organizations and employees. Globalization has also led to diversification of the labour poll. Companies can locate or relocate to where the tax laws are most advantageous and where skilled, cost-effective labor is most readily available. Workloads can be spread over several time zones to cut production costs and facilitate delivery schedules. Many organizations started to offshore or exporting jobs from developed to undeveloped countries for the reason of lowering the labor costs and exploiting new opportunities (Babcock 2004...

Words: 2194 - Pages: 9

Operation

... years earlier, according to a government survey. "Companies have learned what they can do well in China and what they can do better in Japan," says Yukio Watanabe, an economics professor of Keio University in Tokyo. "It has become clear to them it is essential to be in both places." By keeping factories on their home turf, companies say they can also reduce the risk of having their manufacturing secrets stolen by rivals. Sharp assembles flat-panel TVs at five factories around the world, including China and Mexico. But the LCD panels that go into the TVs, the most critical component, are built only at its main factory in Japan where its technology is guarded. Canon Inc., a maker of digital cameras and office equipment that has reported record earnings for seven straight years, has been increasing production in Japan at a faster pace than overseas. Foreign-made products fell to 39% of its overall sales last year from a peak of 42% in 2004. The Japanese market, accounts for 22% of Canon's overall sales. 1 At its Toride plant in the Tokyo suburbs, Canon produces more-advanced and expensive products, such as high-speed copy machines that are sometimes customized for individual clients. In its Suzhou plant near Shanghai, it assembles mid- to lower-end copy machines. "It's very important for us to maintain manufacturing in Japan," Canon Chairman Fujio Mitarai said. "Product development and manufacturing go hand in hand, and Japan is where the communications...

Words: 924 - Pages: 4

Operation

... operate with lower inventory levels. Therefore, lower costs and offering high qualities of service that meet customers’ needs. (Collier and Evans, OM) In conclusion, Apple’s business performance can not leave the powerful backward integration. On the other hand, Apple Company attempt to strictly control whole process of the value chain. The evidence can be found during the IPAD 2 publish period. Employees in Apple Company supervise each handoff point (distribution center) to ensure no mistakes during the distribution way. By understanding and analyzing both backward and forward integrations, it is not difficult to understand why Apple Company can be a leader in the relevant industries. The above paragraph analyzes the style of the Apple’s value chain. Apart from the value chain style, the model of the value chain in Apple is absolutely necessary to mention. Combining textbooks and reading this business article, Apple Company uses the input-output perspective model (also called cradle –to –grave) to operate the whole business. (Collier and Evans, OM) The following paragraphs will demonstrate and analyze important steps in this model. For the view of the supplier, Apple Company spent both labor and investment on supplier aspects. Senior engineers Ivy and his engineers sometimes spend months living with manufactures and suppliers for translating prototype into mass productions. Except making sure the most accurate prototype, Apple Company invested more than $80 billion in......

Words: 1369 - Pages: 6

Developments in the Societal Environment Affect Firms Through Their Task Environment

...Report to a senior manager of a real organization on the following: A proposal and justification for an e-business strategy. The organization must have little or no significance e-business activity now. In your discussion clearly: 1) Outline the strategy and summarize the main changes expected in the organization 2) Implementation plan should show how the changes will be achieved. 3) Identify the benefits and explain how they can be measured. 15th May, 2013 To: The Senior Manager Dear Sir, A PROPOSAL FOR THE ADOPTION OF E-BUSINESS STRATEGY IN OPERATIONS AND ACTIVITIES OF THE ORGANISATION. The rapid development within the society in the use of information and communication technology (ICT) has meant a revolution in the way businesses work, as indeed it has changed the way in which many people work. Nowadays people need to have skills and competences to be able to use information and communication technologies. The development of the knowledge society is raising demand for the key competences in the personal, public and professional spheres. The way in which people access information and services is changing, as are the structure and make-up of societies. The growing internationalization of economies affects the world of work, with rapid and frequent change, the introduction of new technologies and new approaches to organizing companies. E...

Words: 381 - Pages: 2

Operation

... acquired effective selling skills during their training, the environment did not support (reinforce) the use of these skills. A behavioral performance management approach, in which important selling behaviors such as customer approach, suggestive statements, and closing statements are identified, measured, analyzed, intervened in, and evaluated, would be an alternative to the motivationskill- teaching approach. A comprehensive review of the behavioral approach to sales in restaurants, retail stores, wholesale establishments, and telephone operations found considerable success. When a combination of antecedent and consequence intervention strategies was used, dramatic improvements were shown in areas such as wine and dessert sales, average customer transactions, customer assistance, sales forecasting, sales-call frequency, sales of telephone services, and airline reservations. A study of fast-food restaurants also found that antecedent prompts (“Can I get you some fries with that?”) significantly increased consumer purchases, and another more recent study in the same industry indicated a significant increase in customer service. The successful application of O.B. Mod. to the selling, absent-from-the-workstation, and idle-time behaviors of clerks in a large retail store was also found. Although these results are not exhaustive and do not always reflect the exact O.B. Mod. model outlined in this chapter, they are representative of the very extensive application of the......

Words: 10313 - Pages: 42

Human Activities Affect the Change of Climate

... Niño cycle correlate with changes in the incidence of epidemic diseases. For example, the El Niño cycle is associated with increased risks of some of the diseases transmitted by mosquitoes, such as malaria, dengue, and Rift Valley fever. Cycles of malaria in India, Venezuela, and Colombia have now been linked to El Niño(WIKIPEDIA 2012 El Niño). Some droughts and flood may be caused by El Niño as well. The changes in climate caused by human activities have threatened mankind themselves. In the context of climate variation, anthropogenic factors do affect the climate. The scientific consensus on climate change is "that climate is changing and that these changes are in large part caused by human activities," and it "is largely irreversible." The changes in climate are giant challenge for all mankind at present. The human ought to pay for their development by the science and technology. Go for deep gratitude. What men have gained form nature is ample. One day when the correlation between human activities and changes in climate the answer should be: the human construct a better environment not worse....

Words: 654 - Pages: 3

Change in Bussines Environment

...Change In Global environment With the arrival of new millennium sky is viewing the greatest shift in the environment of the world getting universally global from being particular. This change has an immense impact on the market conditions of the globe as well. As a part of this impact, the attention of the globe is shifting towards the emerging markets rather than the developed markets as was the case a decade ago. These markets are becoming the discussion darlings of top financial executives of the world. While the said markets are gaining the importance, so are the companies and innovations of these markets as well. With the advent of globalization the world was being smashed with the biggest recession of the century as well which completely changed the dynamics of the market trends, i-e shifting the control of the markets from Europe and America to China and India. Although America is recovering steadily and slowly but the World’s economy is being balanced by this shift of trading power in the globe. With this shift in the paradigm are shifting the market conditions as well. Drastic changes in the global environment have resulted in change of pattern of spending by the world. Scarcity of resources is raising its head in the world, so is the concept of conservation seeing the light of the sun in this world. Wars and specially cold wars have got a serious role in it. With these we have come across a realization that fuel is really a commodity which is getting scarce or it...

Words: 975 - Pages: 4

How Environment Development Will Change the World

...How environment development will change the world The world faces major environmental challenges, with far-reaching consequences not just for human beings, but for the entire biosphere. Issues such as climate change, the risks posed by genetic engineering, biodiversity loss, desertification, looming water scarcity, depletion of oil reserves and the growing need for energy conservation have massive implications for the planet as a whole. However, finding workable solutions are challenging as environmental management often appear to conflict with economic growth, and the driving forces of economic globalisation have resulted in environmental issues being lowered on national agendas to a significant extent. Through my previous work experience as an environmental analyst, I deeply realised that analysis is one thing, having the foresight and the ability and strength to manage it is another thing altogether. Therefore, I am pursuing a second postgraduate degree in Environment Change and Management in order to be well-equipped with the tools to cope with the environment management. During my undergraduate years, I was a major in Biotechnology at the College of Life Sciences, XXX University - the most prestigious university in China. My hard work and industry brought me an excellent GPA that was among the top five percent in the entire grade and I was twice awarded scholarships in the college. During the seven months' final project, I participated in a XXXXXX project: "Study...

Words: 1465 - Pages: 6

Does Your Environment Affect Your Lifestyle

...Does your environment affect your lifestyle? By: McMillan Clemnons Murphy This topic can be very difficult at times to answer. As a group we all had different opinions on this topic. Some would say yes, and others would say no, but everybody is entitled to their own opinion. A person’s environment can cause major changes in their life. Younger kids are easily influenced to wrong things, but it doesn’t mean that they will grow up to react on what they have seen growing up. For instance Oprah Winfrey grew up poor and neglected. She was also beaten by her mother as a child. Just because her younger days weren’t her best days, does not mean that she would grow up and never amount to anything. She’s rich today because she worked very, very hard to become successful, and she understands that her past had a lot of wrong doings. Oprah doesn’t go around beating on others or downing people who don’t have money because she understands how it feels to be poor and beaten. I guess some would say that her upbringing is what made her as strong as she is today. Others would say that the environment does affect a child’s lifestyle? I would say in some cases I do not agree with that. For example the most famous serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer was raised in the best environment possible. He grew up with both of his parents in the house, but yet he still managed to find fun in killing people for no reason. When he was in his mid-teens, his parents split, but Jeffrey still remained...

Words: 496 - Pages: 2

How Does Change Affect the People at Work?

...Q.1 How does change affect people at work? Managing Change : Change is Charming Embrace it ! A change means any process involving a difference in some feature of an organization at two points in time. Change is a fact of life for any organization. It is unavoidable that all organizations need to change their practice time to time as per requirement to remain in competitive market. In current scenario the organization who have made the changes as per current requirement are succeed in the market. Change can be either planned or emergent. In planned change there is a sequence of steps but in emergent change is not simply chaotic change. It takes place in incremental and gradual ways on an ongoing basis. Employees have a more proactive role to play in the change process. Many organizations practice a mixture of both planned and emergent change.   When the people in organization realize that their current organizational culture required to transform to support the organization’s success and progress, change can happened but it is not so easy. Change can be affect the people by following ways 1. Fear of the unknown 2. Fear of failure 3. Disagreement with the need for change 4. Losing something of valu 5. Leaving a comfort zone 6. False beliefs 7. Misunderstanding and lack of trust 8. Inertia 9. Job insecurity 10. Feel job pressures 11. Loss of commitment to the organization 12. Survival problem in changed situation 13...

Words: 908 - Pages: 4

Operation

... bottler’s. The average advertisement spending per point of market share in 2000 was 8.3 million (Exhibit 2). This makes it extremely difficult for an entrant to compete with the incumbents and gain any visibility. (Goutham,2007) • Brand Image / Loyalty: Coke and Pepsi have a long history of heavy advertising and this has earned them huge amount of brand equity and loyal customer’s all over the world. This makes it virtually impossible for a new entrant to match this scale in this market place. (Goutham,2007) • Retailer Shelf Space (Retail Distribution): Retailers enjoy significant margins of 15-20% on these soft drinks for the shelf space they offer. These margins are quite significant for their bottom-line. This makes it tough for the new entrants to convince retailers to carry/substitute their new products for Coke and Pepsi. (Goutham,2007) • Fear of Retaliation: To enter into a market with entrenched rival behemoths like Pepsi and Coke is not easy as it could lead to price wars which affect the new comer. (Goutham,2007) Suppliers Power Commodity Ingredients: Most of the raw materials needed to produce concentrate are basic commodities like Color, flavor, caffeine or additives, sugar, packaging. Essentially these are basic commodities. The producers of these products have no power over the pricing hence the suppliers in this industry are weak. Coke and Pepsi effectively further reduced the supplier of aluminum can makers by negotiating on behalf of their......

Words: 852 - Pages: 4

Operation

...Modern quality assurance began in China during the Zhou Dynasty, where specific governmental departments were created and given responsibility for supply chain management, production and manufacturing, formulating and executing quality standards, and supervision and inspection. Central control was implemented and the central government issued policies and procedures to control production across China; products such as Utensil, carts, and cotton and silks t hat are under standard quality are not allowed to be sold on the market. During the Age of Craftsmanship, the craftsperson served both as manufacturer and inspector to dealt directly with customers and to ensure that craftspeople are adequately trained to ensure that the quality was built into the products. In the middle of eighteenth century, Thomas Jefferson brought the idea of a French gunsmith named Honore Blanc to supply its armed forces with standard pattern of muskets, and Eli Whitney designed special machine and trained unskilled employees to make parts of the musket in fixed designed. However, because Whitney has underestimated the effect of variation in the production process, he spent more than 10 years to complete the project, thereby the importance of quality assurance was recognized. In the early 1900s, Frederick W. Taylor separated the planning function from the execution function, companies were also focusing on increasing efficiency, and the quality assurance fell into the hands of inspectors. Moreover...

Words: 1201 - Pages: 5

Climate Change and Protecting the Environment

...Protecting the Environment It’s no secret our environment is changing at an alarming rate. Air and water pollution are higher than ever before. Deforestation has significantly affected the amount of oxygen on earth. This has caused a rise in temperature and our weather climates are becoming more unpredictable every day. Our future children, land, and resources are at serious risk. Action must be taken toward conserving the environment immediately. Air pollution is one of the leading factors causing the deterioration of our planet. Not only 80% of all lung diseases are caused by air pollution, due to cars, busses and other vehicles, but 65% of deaths in Asia, and 25% of deaths in India are caused by air pollution alone. Pollution is not only affecting us, but every form of life on Earth. We can help by cutting down on the amount of fossil fuels consumed, as well as finding better energy sources. Solar panels, windmills, and electric cars are all good examples of using energy more efficiently. Too much deforestation is bad as well because of the excess amount of carbon dioxide in the air. When there is too much carbon dioxide and not enough trees to create oxygen, the temperature of earth becomes hotter, creating global warming. Using products that support the “follow the frog” movement help decrease this risk. Water pollution is also a major issue on our planet. Human litter causes 80% of water pollution. Islands of toxic trash are forming in the oceans, which not...

Words: 544 - Pages: 3