Free Essay

The Commentary of “Scene Sisters”

In: Film and Music

Submitted By Artembabanin
Words 388
Pages 2
Student’s name
Professor’s name
Class
Date
The Commentary of “Scene Sisters” Culture is inseparably connected with the political life of a country. The same thing happened in China: the end of Mao’s era provoked the cultural growth in the country and, as a result, introduced new forms and another thinking to the arts. Young filmmakers known as the fifth generation revolutionized film language and film styles in Chinese cinema (Zhang 226). The period of 1979-1989 brought many significant changes in Chinese National Cinema, such as the transition from social realism to humanism and the emergence of visual effects, which are the main argument of the article “The PRC: Humanism, the Avant-Garde and Commercialism”. There was a great difference between the Mao and the post-Mao eras in Chinese culture and, especially, art. The films of a famous Chinese director Xie Jin show the changes in cinematography after Mao’s death. Xie Jin’s films of the 1980s reflect the changing cinematic landscape in the post-Mao years (Zhang 229). The differences between two eras are evidently seen in Xie’s film “Stage Sisters” where the director through theater showed government’s attempts to hide problems, war consequences, and the impossibility of proper art developing. Moreover, the film clearly demonstrates the changes between the fourth and the fifth generations of directors. The main feature of the fifth generation was humanism that means the priority of humans over politics as well as individuality over collectivity (Zhang 235), while the fourth generation could not illustrate the real situation in the country, so the directors had to draw a veil over it. There were various types of films in these generations such as “films by literature people” in the fourth generation and “films by film people” (Zhang 237) in the fifth one. The first type upheld the supremacy of a film’s literary quality, whereas the second one preferred cinema’s visual qualities. In brief, political and social situation has a great influence on cultural life. Art requires some free space instead of authorities’ pressure and total control. During Mao Zedong's rule people could not tell the audience all the things they wanted to tell. Fortunately, everything changed and Chinese cinema flourished.
Works Cited
Zhang, Yingjin. “The PRC: Humanism, the Avant-Garde and Commercialism” In Chinese National Cinema. New York: Routlege, 2014. 226-240. Print.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

English Literature

...‘Tis Pity She’s a Whore Revision Guide ------------------------------------------------- Act I Scene 1 ------------------------------------------------- Plot Summary: * ------------------------------------------------- The Friar and Giovanni discuss Giovanni's incestuous love for his sister, Annabella. * ------------------------------------------------- The friar, formerly Giovanni's teacher when he studied at the university of Bologna, warns him of the seriousness of his sin, but Giovanni claims his passion remains beyond his control. * ------------------------------------------------- The Friar believes that Giovanni, a good student of logic, uses logic to prove something sinful to be virtuous. * ------------------------------------------------- The friar warns him that others who used logic ‘‘to prove / There was no God ... / Discover'd ... the nearest way to hell.’’ * ------------------------------------------------- When Giovanni begs for his advice, the Friar urges him to fast and pray, which Giovanni agrees to try, though it fails to rid him of his incestuous love. * ------------------------------------------------- He believes himself fated to love his sister and to pursue her love. ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- Commentary: * ------------------------------------------------- Attempting to justify incest theoretically. *......

Words: 5476 - Pages: 22

Free Essay

A Reflection on Babette's Feast

...Babette’s Feast is about two pious aging sisters living an extreme sense of Lutheranism in a small, isolated northern village; their very simple and mundane form of living is challenged when a French civil war refugee, Babette, knocks on their doorstep with a letter from Papin, the world renowned Opera Singer, who in fact was fairly astonished and infatuated by one of the sisters during his initial visit decades ago. The father of the two sisters was a delusional preacher, who believed in the ludicrous idea that for one to attain eternal salvation, one must renounce all physical and sensual pleasure life has to offer them, something that the sisters follow with the most unwavering dedication. Who knew a Stranger from the city could change all that through a 7-course meal. The film centralized on its most prominent image: Food. No image could better fit comparing the joyless austerity of the Lutheran sect of the sisters, Martine and Philippa to what is coming to them after the dinner celebration than the meals. Before Babette’s presence is felt, the village lived a very monotonous, dull and repetitious lifestyle. The sky is gray, the sea even grayer. The sisters sit indoors to eat their usual bowls of dried fish and dull brown mush with the most horrible excuse for bread one has ever seen. As viewers will soon find out, the food is the perfect measuring apparatus of change around the village. Throughout the film, viewers see the daily fare of dried fish cut in half,......

Words: 1417 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Women’s Role in King Lear

...the world's most accomplished actors. King Lear is one of the Shakespear’s achievement talked about a family with three daughters and the father. Father really loved his children however he loved the youngest one the most. In contrast, he got disappointed from the one whom he loved the most because she did not mention how much she loved him back. During his furiousity, he did a judgment about those three daughters. He considered the other two is better so he would love those much more and gave the heritages to those two. His decision was totally wrong because he did not get what he expected to get back. In the story, the three daughters played the most important roles in the context of morality. Actually, the two elder sisters confessed the way and how much they loved their parent. But in the reality, they’re not. It’s just things came from mouth not heart. Refer to the youngest daughter she loved her father beyond what she could say. She could not describe what she had and she wished...

Words: 2257 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Art of Manipulating Audiences

...The Simpsons: Miserable but still trying… Homer: Kids you tried your best, and you failed miserably. The lesson is never try. (“Burns Heir” – Season 5, Episode 18)1 Carl’s Matheson’s essay “The Simpsons, Hyper-Irony, and the meaning of life” is a critical analysis of the animated family comedy show The Simpsons. The essay delves into how the show is failing miserably on humoring its viewers and the idea of promoting positive social purpose is not really what it seems after all. According to Matheson, as the show infuses its episodes with heavily induce quotations as a way to humor its viewers. In the process, the show ceases to be funny at all. From these observations, Matheson points out that while the show employs a great deal of quotations and hyper-irony as a form of comedy, it also detaches itself from its viewers in the process. Therefore, losing its audience shared sense of humor as well as the audience itself in the end. The shows critics’ reviews of the early episodes praise the show for its wit, realism, and intelligence. However, in the late 1990s, the tone and emphasis of the show began to change. Some critics started calling the show "tired”. By 2000, some long-term fans had become disillusioned with the show, and pointed to its shift from character-driven plots to what they perceived 1 http://www.buzzfeed.com/louispeitzman/the-100-best-classic-simpsons-quotes#.woxOwzdRev 1 as an overemphasis on zany antics.2 Fast forward to Season 26,......

Words: 1909 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

The Wasteland

...The Waste Land Section II: “A Game of Chess” Summary This section takes its title from two plays by the early 17th-century playwright Thomas Middleton, in one of which the moves in a game of chess denote stages in a seduction. This section focuses on two opposing scenes, one of high society and one of the lower classes. The first half of the section portrays a wealthy, highly groomed woman surrounded by exquisite furnishings. As she waits for a lover, her neurotic thoughts become frantic, meaningless cries. Her day culminates with plans for an excursion and a game of chess. The second part of this section shifts to a London barroom, where two women discuss a third woman. Between the bartender’s repeated calls of “HURRY UP PLEASE IT’S TIME” (the bar is closing for the night) one of the women recounts a conversation with their friend Lil, whose husband has just been discharged from the army. She has chided Lil over her failure to get herself some false teeth, telling her that her husband will seek out the company of other women if she doesn’t improve her appearance. Lil claims that the cause of her ravaged looks is the medication she took to induce an abortion; having nearly died giving birth to her fifth child, she had refused to have another, but her husband “won’t leave [her] alone.” The women leave the bar to a chorus of “good night(s)” reminiscent of Ophelia’s farewell speech in Hamlet. The first part of the section is largely in unrhymed iambic pentameter lines, or......

Words: 1037 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Review of Donnie Darko

...Donnie Darko: A Review What comes to mind when you think of a modern adolescent coming of age movie? Is it alienation, rebellion, probably first love? In Donnie Darko (2001), writer/director Richard Kelly employs all of these familiar themes; then he adds humor, witty satire, time travel, apocalyptic prophecy, and a bi-pedal, six foot tall nightmare of a rabbit, who instructs the young and confused Donnie Darko (Jake Gyllenhaal) through haunting visions and an eerie voice that runs through Donnie‘s head. Ok, so maybe this sounds like a plotline lifted straight from the WB's primetime lineup (minus the wit), but Kelly uses these seemingly absurd, unrelated elements to create an amazingly complex and clever story that Buffy could only dream of. Donnie Darko begins with a panoramic, morning shot of a mountain range, setting the stage for a film as wide open as the landscape. The camera pans around, focusing slowly on a distant figure, lying unconscious in the middle of a mountain road. The silence is broken only by soft, sporadic blue notes, echoing from a piano. As the camera draws closer, the figure rises, giving the audience their first glimpse of Donnie Darko. With a chuckling smirk, he picks up his bicycle and heads back home. Immediately, Kelly forces the question, “Why the hell is this kid lying in the middle of road?” This is the first question that the viewer is forced to ponder and it is definitely not the last. Kelly wastes no time establishing the film’s......

Words: 1001 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Crime & Punishment and the Outsider

...interpreted as an individual in conflict with her society to a certain extent. She can be identified as predominantly rebellious at different times within the play. The gender of Antigone as well as the gender related expectations of the society of Thebes also plays an important part in analysing how Antigone is in conflict with her society. Coupled with exterior factors such as religion, sacrifice, and human law, an audience can make commentary on how Antigone is at conflict with her society, and how she can be seen as primarily rebellious. After Antigone’s brother Polyneices, falls to his death in battle, Antigone feels the need to bury him in honour to her religion and the gods of Hades, as her other brother who is described by Creon as “Eteocles, who fell fighting for his city…will be buried and receive all honours”. Creon additionally describes Polyneices as the one “who…hope[d] of burning his native land…he shall be neither buried nor mourned” In Antigone’s eyes, both her brothers should be honoured evenly as they are her duty as a loyal sister. It is at this point Antigone becomes trapped between her religious responsibilities and the expectations of her from the Theban society. As Antigone goes about giving her brother Polyneices a proper burial, she ultimately accepts death (which is the punishment for disobeying the state) and secures her support for the gods in the hope of...

Words: 1114 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Realism

...Realism of the 20th century was peculiar with the influence of modernism and psychologism. However, it was characterized by its attention to details, as well as its attempt to recreate reality as it was, without any decorative language. It tried to reproduce the most detail and objective life of Great Britain before and after World Wars. Realism represented the social life and paid much attention to domestic problems. Its representatives showed tragic vision of life using satire and dark humour, but still their vision of life is much more optimistic than the modernistic one. Talking about their characters, they were social types depicted in their everyday life dealing with their virtues, morals, profession, relationships, worldview etc. Narrative form used by realists is characterized by several narrative characters in order to create an objective vision of life. The most prominent among the writers who continued the traditions of realism were: J. Galsworthy, A. Bennett, H. Wells, B. Shaw; and their followers R. Aldington, G. Orwell, J. Priestley, and E. Waugh. The Novel is certainly the most important literary form of the period. The realistic novel is represented by such novelistic forms as: the social and social-psychological novel (J. Galsworthy, E. Waugh, R. Aldington) the social-domestic novel (A. Bennett, H. Wells) the comic or satirical novel (E. Waugh) family chronicle or epic cycle (J. Galsworthy) science fiction (H. Wells). Despite all......

Words: 2915 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Critical Analysis of Steve Mcqueen's "Shame"

...Most films about addiction are about people struggling to manage their lives perilously falling into a pit of despair. They replace their sense of responsibility with abhorrent behavior that is regarded as dangerous by loved ones – forcing the character to reflect and choose between their new reckless life or the life they used to know. In Shame, Brandon’s (Michael Fassbender) behavior has never evoked such a confrontation because he’s never led a conventional life, nor has he had intimacy with anyone, so he’s never ha wholesomeness to have threatened, causing him to confront his state. No, instead Steve McQueen’s film is about a man who inherently hates himself – but having lately felt absolutely empty – quietly needing love and desperately seeking reform for his sexual indiscretions. Brandon is a secretive man – bounded as such by the shame that haunts him – feeling volatile for the first time in his life. Or is it the first time? Shame’s obscurity is the thing that people are going to be most challenged by. Not that that’s wholly bad — people love to be given an incomplete picture and told to imagine the rest of it, especially when the film being watched is as fundamentally and artistically interesting as this film is, or the performance on-screen as endlessly fascinating as Fassbender’s Brandon. Shame is about sex addiction and tells the story of one man’s internal battle where virtuosity and goodness are at war with the despotic darkness which controls and always......

Words: 1949 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Sexuality in Dracula

...were often contrasted with feelings of desire. The fear of female sexuality was created through the idea, that if women gained power of their sexuality, they would also gain control of the men. So in order to prevent this from occurring, female sexuality had to remain oppressed. Bram Stoker was married to Florence Balcombe; however this has never stopped the rumours of his sexuality. As Stoker was around the same time as, and friends with, Oscar Wilde, who was imprisoned for being a homosexual, it is thought that Stoker’s wife may have been a cover up so that he would not be imprisoned also. His novel Dracula has both subtle and non-subtle hints of homoeroticism in it, these hints however could be subtle jabs at Victorian society, or a commentary on the legal situation of Wilde at the time of his writings, the question remains of Stoker’s homoerotic content of the novel. Bram Stoker includes many gothic features in his novel Dracula, these include; the setting of Dracula’s castle in the...

Words: 2024 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

King Lear Plot

...Insight Text Guide Sue Tweg King Lear William Shakespeare contents Character map Overview About the author Synopsis Character summaries iv 1 1 2 4 Background & context Genre, structure & language Scene-by-scene analysis Characters & relationships Themes, ideas & values Different interpretations Questions & answers Sample answer References & reading 6 10 14 24 39 55 59 64 66 iv I ns i g h t T e x t G u i d e ChARACTeR mAp Edgar Legitimate son of Gloucester, disguises himself as ‘Poor Tom’. Leads Gloucester to Dover, fights and kills Edmond, becomes king. Wise fools Companions in storm Kent Truth-teller. Disguises himself as ‘Caius’. Loyal, noble servant to Lear. Offends via discourtesy to Lear Match wits Defends, speaks boldly Defends and helps Teaches patience and saves father’s life Fool Truth-teller; endures the storm. Is possibly hanged. Teaches Lear compassion Cordelia Truth-teller. Youngest daughter, loves Lear and heals him. Loses battle and is hanged in prison. Loves Loves Offers kingdom to Edgar – accepted Gloucester Believes Edmond’s lies about Edgar. Saved from suicide by Edgar after Edmond has cause his blinding by betraying him to Cornwall. Needs Foolish old fathers meet in storm Blinds King Lear Divides his kingdom, rejects Cordelia, rejected by Gonerill and Regan. Goes mad, healed after storm by Cordelia. Dies after Cordelia is hanged. Fails to show Lear how to value Cordelia King of......

Words: 3100 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Female Artists During the Medieval Ages

...Illuminated manuscripts were hand-written books of religious texts, like a bible, or works by saints or religious leaders. Some illustrated manuscripts were also copies of Roman or Greek works of philosophy. These manuscripts were ornate and beautiful volumes that were expensive and time consuming to produce. It could take months or years to produce an illuminated manuscript. The manuscript included ornamental borders, capital letters and illustrations some in gold and silver leaf. The illustrations themselves used a very rich and vivid palette of colors like rich blues and deep reds. At a minimum, an illuminated manuscript only had ornamental capital letters, but many included heavily decorated borders along with miniature paintings which depict scenes from the book; some members of the nobility even had their portraits inserted into such miniatures. The bindings of the books were sometimes inlaid with jewels (Chadwick 52). Initially, illustrated...

Words: 1973 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Charles Dickens

...Charles John Huffam Dickens (/ˈtʃɑrlz ˈdɪkɪnz/; 7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic. He created some of the world's most memorable fictional characters and is generally regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian period.[1] During his life, his works enjoyed unprecedented fame, and by the twentieth century his literary genius was broadly acknowledged by critics and scholars. His novels and short stories continue to be widely popular.[2][3] Born in Portsmouth, England, Dickens was forced to leave school to work in a factory when his father was thrown into debtors' prison. Although he had little formal education, his early impoverishment drove him to succeed. Over his career he edited a weekly journal for 20 years, wrote 15 novels, five novellas and hundreds of short stories and non-fiction articles, lectured and performed extensively, was an indefatigable letter writer, and campaigned vigorously for children's rights, education, and other social reforms. Dickens sprang to fame with the 1836 serial publication of The Pickwick Papers. Within a few years he had become an international literary celebrity, famous for his humour, satire, and keen observation of character and society. His novels, most published in monthly or weekly instalments, pioneered the serial publication of narrative fiction, which became the dominant Victorian mode for novel publication.[4][5] The instalment format allowed Dickens to evaluate his audience's......

Words: 8273 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Ethos In Letter From Birmingham Jail

...his letter leads his audience to sympathize with the cause and realize the issue surpasses race. The movement represents a Christian’s responsibility to pursuing justice. In an attempt to give insight into daily discrimination that they would never personally experience, he describes the penetrating hate that drives him to seek justice. King announces, “perhaps it is easy for those who have never felt the stinging darts of segregation to say, ‘Wait.’ But when you have seen vicious mobs lynch your mothers and fathers at will and drown your sisters and brothers at whim; when you have seen hate filled policemen curse, kick and even kill your black brothers and sisters [...] then you will understand why we find it difficult to wait [for justice]” (King 2). This passage in “Letter from Birmingham jail” connects King’s critics to the cause by asking them how they would respond if the injustice came against their own family. Moreover, King’s commentary pushes the white church to recognize their role in the body of Christ and respond by pursuing justice for the member of their hurting family. Through this emotional appeal, King urges the church to operate as one family (Matthew...

Words: 1144 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Big Combo

...most famous movies before Out of the Past, Cat People, I Walked with a Zombie and The Leopard Man are all about transformation, the night, perversion, the corrosive effects of evil, and the powerful link between violence and sex. Both he and Mainwaring were unapologetic left wingers (Mainwaring had to operate under a pseudonym during the McCarthy witch hunts) who saw evil in greed. Mainwaring’s most famous film script was the “reds under the bed” masterpiece The Invasion of the Body snatchers, another film about changes in people. Out of the Past is such a rich visual and verbal feast that one has a number of problems in analysing it. This is caused by a number of issues, firstly Tourneur is from a generation of directors for whom every scene and shot clearly counted, and each moment has to be looked at for plot and motivational signposts. Secondly the film itself is open to many interpretations from the superficial (It’s a great romp) to interpretations based...

Words: 3027 - Pages: 13