Premium Essay

The Criminal Justice Process

In: Other Topics

Submitted By kfarlo01
Words 3140
Pages 13
The Criminal Justice Process
Katelyn Farlow
CRJ 306 Criminal Law & Procedure
Instructor: Robert Schneider
June 2, 2014

The criminal justice process is made up of many steps and procedures; however they are made up of many stages. These stages break up the process in order to make sure no steps are missed before the final decision has been reached. It all starts with an arrest, then bail must be determined, pleas entered, hearings scheduled, and motions heard. “In addition to the law enforcement officers who investigate and arrest, several other parties participate in this process. They include prosecutors, defense attorneys, witnesses, judges, and juries” (Wright, 2013). Let’s take a look from beginning to end.
First and foremost there is an investigation by law enforcement officers. The purpose of a criminal investigation is to gather evidence to identify a suspect and support an arrest. An officer tried to gain enough evidence to get a probable cause. A probable cause is the standard of proof required for a search. “Probable cause is sufficient proof that would lead a reasonable person to believe a person has committed a crime” (Wright, 2013). Probably cause deals with crimes that have already been committed and that there is evidence pointing to a certain person. Probable cause allows for search warrants to be issued and suspects to be detained. If there is no probable cause or a crime that has already occurred an officer may act on reasonable suspicion. When it comes to reasonable suspicion officers can solely rely on their training, experience, and understanding of criminal behavior. In the court's language, “We merely hold today that where a police officer observes unusual conduct which leads him reasonably to conclude in light of his experience that criminal activity may be afoot and that the persons with whom he is dealing may be armed and...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

The Criminal Justice Process

...The Criminal Justice Process Edith Lewis Criminal Law & Procedure (BLJ1442A) Agustin Pena November 15, 2014 The Criminal Justice Process Even though the defendant can be found guilty at his trial he, has the right to to file an appeal to see if legal errors occurred which could possibly affect the outcome of the verdict or the trial. The first step in the criminal justice process is the investigation and plea negotiations begin after the defendant is charged and a trial is set when the plea negotiations fail. The defendant has an arraignment hearing where he is allowed to enter a plea of guilty, not guilty, or no contest. In this step probable cause is established with the evidence that is gathered so that an arrest can be made. Each state has their own way of processing felony criminal charges in a state court. They have their own procedures and rules that describe the criminal justice process for their states. The first step in the criminal justice process is the investigation. Before an arrest can be made in a crime, a crime must be committed and reported so that an investigation can be initiated. The Criminal Justice Process, 2014 noted that, “During the investigation the investigating officer seeks to obtain a search warrant if there is enough evidence in a particular location” (The Criminal Justice Process, 2014). When the investigators submit the information to the judge, the judge decides if there is “probable cause” to issue a search warrant......

Words: 2668 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Criminal Justice Process

...Criminal Justice Process Alma L. Daniels AIU Criminal Justice Process How does the United States deal with problems related to civil order control? All one needs to do is to take a look at Kent State, Ruby Ridge, and Waco just to name a few to see how the United States deals with civil disorder. The United States Civil Disturbance Plan 55-2 the original name for this project is called “Operation Garden Plot.” This was to be used to deal with civil order. Here is one situation where they would use this “Planned acts of violence or civil disobedience which through arising from the cause as (1) above, are seized upon by a dedicated group of dissidents who plan and incite purposeful acts designed to disrupt social order.” (©2005, Yurica Report) So in order for the United States to maintain civil order control they can use this plan. They also can call out the following people FBI, U.S. Marshals’, DEA, ATF and the Arm Forces along with the National Guardsmen to deal with any civil uprising. Since May 4, 1970 at Kent State until now in 2011 the United States has change the way they handle things related to civil order control. Civil order control means more than just violent crimes it can also mean disasters, national emergencies and it also deals with crowed events like protest like they are having on Wall Street now. They can still call out the National Guards and Arm Forces along with ATF, DEA FBI, and U.S Marshals’ to help handle things. They also have......

Words: 1989 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Criminal Justice Process

...Steps of the Criminal Process Investigation: Investigation is when someone reports a crime that has just happened and the police gathered the information that they had discovered, like evidence. To investigate the crime that has been committed to see, if possible to charged the offender(s). Example: A Homeowner had just reported to the 911 operator that her home is being robbed and the bad guy is still here. The location is at 123 Jane Doe St. Hollywood, CA 90122 Arrest: Arrest is when the offender(s) was found wrong doing of something bad to something or someone. Example: Luckily, there was a police cruiser down the street patrolling the neighborhood, so the police went straight to the house that was reported. And caught the bad guy red handed stealing the victims belonging. The offender was arrested by the police. Booking: Booking is when the offender(s) is caught and taken into custody at the police station to take pictures, be fingerprinted, and ask questions to be recorded by the police in the computer system. Example: The offender that was arrested was taken away and went straight to the police station for booking. The police took his pictures and fingerprinted him. Name: Jack Black DOB: 01/01/1964 Address: 12 Mary Lane Hollywood, CA 90123 Steps of the Judicial Process 4. First Appearance: After the arrest the offender(s) need to show up in court to see was charges is against him/her and if bail is......

Words: 576 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Criminal Justice Appeals Process

...Final Project: Appeals Process Paper University name here Your name here CJS/220 09/99/2012 Instructors name here What is an appeal? An appeal is a process which assists defendants from wrongful incarceration, (What are Appeal Courts for? 2004). An Appeal if successful allows the higher court to over-turn a lower court’s decision. An appeal is also a defendant’s way of challenging the court’s decision. In the Criminal Justice system, an appeal takes place when an offender “tried in court”, is found guilty, later sentenced or someone who is already convicted and incarcerated may be released from incarceration or a sentence vacated if the prison term has not commenced with a successful appeal. A sentence can be vacated via an appeal, or reduced even after the sentence has begun. In Federal court, the attorney or offender files a brief(s) in support of their motion 2255 to vacate the sentence. In Europe, they follow a different standard as follows: But it is as well to remember, for example, that while article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights,agreed in November 1950, guarantees you a fair trial, it does not guarantee you a right to appeal against the outcome of that trial. The right of appeal is to be found in article 2 of the Seventh Protocol to the Convention which was only agreed so 34 years later, in November 1984. So, even in the legal thinking of the modern world, appeals are something......

Words: 1401 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Criminal Justice and Courtroom Process

...Criminal Justice and Courtroom Process. CJA491 December 17th 2012 Criminal justice and courtroom process. This case happen in June, 1994 There were two brutal murders that occurred. The husband was notified of his wife’s death. The husband returns home from a business trip only to be handcuffed as a suspect in the murder of his wife. The husband is assigned council, and while in custody the husband eludes his council. Later found arrested and accused of murder. The husband is accused before a grand jury. Then after a six day preliminary hearing ends, sufficient evidence including blood, hair, and bloody shoe prints were proof found significant enough for him to stand trial with two counts of first degree murder. The husband pleads not guilty before the judge in trial. The district attorney files motion to sequester jury, which means the district attorney motioned for the jury to be isolated. The district attorney proclaims the desire for the death penalty. The judge approves a search warrant is obtained to search the home of the husband and his deceased wife. A month later a jury is selected with an over populated amount of same race as defendant. A month later an alternative jury selected. In January of the following year the defense waives hearing for the challenge of the prosecution’s DNA evidence. The jury is once again secluded, and the hearing for domestic abuse is held, bringing forward evidence......

Words: 1217 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Sentencing Process In Criminal Justice

...In the United States, there are millions of people in United States prisons and jails and millions of people in our probation system. Imagine all those people moving through our criminal Justice system, judges have caseloads after caseloads of work. That is why the criminal justice system has created a process to keep everything running, as it should and assuring that justice is served. There are several different phases in the criminal justice process. Even after the offender is convicted of a crime, the process keeps moving forward. After an offender has been convicted of the crime, in other words, found guilty, he now faces the sentencing phase of the process. During this phase, the offender is brought before the court so that the offender’s...

Words: 470 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Discuss The Phases Of The Criminal Justice Process

...In the United States, there are over millions of people in United States prisons and jails and over millions of people in our probation system. Imagine all those people moving through our criminal Justice system. There are several different phases in the criminal justice process. Even after the offender is convicted of a crime, the process isn’t over. The convicted offender then faces sentencing. During this phase, the offender is brought before the court so that the offender’s penalty can be ordered. When the judge orders a penalty or punishment its known as the offender’s sentence. Most sentences include some for of probation or incarceration. Most of the sentencing decisions are left to the judge, at least for the most part. In order to...

Words: 309 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Compare the Three Models of the Criminal Justice Process

...Compare the three models of the criminal justice process (the Wedding Cake, the Funnel and the Net Models) The criminal justice process is very complex process and varies from state to state. Three models of the criminal justice process as discussed and reviewed in chapter 9 of out textbook are the funnel, wedding and net. (Meyer, Grant 2003) In this essay I will compare these three models of the criminal justice process and give my opinion on which model I think best describes the criminal justice system as it is today. I will also give you a rationale for the choice that I choose. The first model I will discuss is the funnel model. This model looks at how decisions are made at each level in the criminal justice process and sort out those people and cases that it feels should not go through the entire process from those whom it feels should. This process is used as a means of limiting the number cases to a small percentage of cases that have to be resolved by trial advocacy and incarceration. The process limits the amount of offenders in court and incarcerated at any given time. The benefit of this model is it prevents the criminal justice system from becoming backed up. The truth is the criminal Justice system is already backed up, and crimes are increasing on a daily basis. A common misconception of the funnel process is that it "lets criminals off,” however this is not true. Most cases are often dismissed or pleas are bargained due to lack of evidence. The truth is......

Words: 855 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Probation: An Outline Of Events In The Criminal Justice Process

...Probation is one of the most commonly form of criminal punishments in the United States. (Assoiation, 1995) It is a form of babysitting/supervision and care of a probation staff member in lieu of imprisonment for the criminal Justice system while the offender is awaiting trial. Probation is not a dismissal of charges. Some people feel it’s a get out of jail free card or a slap on the wrist. Some offender will still committed further crimes. Probation is a basic tool of rehabilitation for first time offenders and for some offenders who have more than one offense will still receive probation. Probation may be one of the offenders punishment condition for the order of the crime. There are outline of orders of events in the criminal justice process...

Words: 275 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Compare and Contrast the Crime Control and Due Process Models Utilized by the Criminal Justice System

...The conflict and crime model of justice places a high priority on reducing criminal activity in society by increasing the powers of law enforcement personnel and the prosecutors. The consensus and due process model places emphasis on the individual’s rights and liberty and is concerned about the overwhelming power of the government over the individual. The role each plays is the same, which means each model is funded by the government. The crime control model is in complete agreement with programs that are funded to prosecute with an iron hand. The due process model supporters want less government involvement and more humane treatment. The United States is at great risk in the war against terror. The American homeland is not secure even though there have been several new laws passed such as the Patriot Act, the Visa Reform Act, enhanced border security, and reorganization of several federal government agencies into the Department of Homeland Security. The United States Department of Justice has asked that state and local law enforcement help secure the American homeland. The federal government has groups involved in maintaining border security, other officers working on immigration enforcement, but many feel as though the government has taken a “hear no evil, see no evil and speak no evil” approach to illegal immigration. Police at the state and local levels often are puzzled about how much authority they have in regard to immigration laws. Local law enforcement......

Words: 1777 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Criminal Justice System Paper

...Write a 350-700-word paper in which you explain the components of the criminal justice system and the criminal justice process. Include how the structure of the government relates to the criminal justice system. Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. Post your paper as an attachment. Criminal Justice System Paper The phrase criminal justice system refers to a collection of federal, state, and local public agencies that deal with the crime problem. These agencies process suspects, defendants, and convicted offenders and are interdependent as the decisions of one agency affect other agencies. The basic framework of the system is provided by the legislative, judicial, and executive branches of government. Criminal justice is a process, involving a series of steps beginning with a criminal investigation and ending with the release of a convicted offender from correctional supervision. “In the United States the criminal justice system are divided into three categories: federal, state, and military” (Theresa Smith, 1999-2012). There are two goals in the criminal justice system; the “first step the need to enforce the law and to maintain public order and the second step; is the need to protect individuals from injustice, especially at the hands of the criminal justice system” (Schmalleger, 2011).  The criminal justice process is taking several steps taken to process a criminal case beginning with an investigation and arrest.  The police do and investigation......

Words: 445 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Cjs 220

...|[pic] |Syllabus | | |College of Criminal Justice SSecurity Security | | |CJS/220 Version 4 | | |The Court System | Copyright © 2011, 2009, 2007 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. Course Description This course is an introduction and overview of the legal system, the participants, the courtroom process, and post-conviction process of the court system. It demonstrates the connections among participants and how they relate to each other. Additionally, the course covers the history of the court system and the different types of court at the state and federal levels. Policies Faculty and students/learners will be held responsible for understanding and adhering to all policies contained within the following two documents: • University policies: You must be logged into the student website to view this document. • Instructor policies: This document is posted in the Course Materials forum. University policies are subject to change. Be sure to read the policies at the beginning of each class. Policies may be slightly different depending on......

Words: 2497 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Criminal

...Criminal Justice System Humberto Garcia CJA/204 January 13.2014 David Mitchell, MPA Criminal Justice System To talk about criminal justice is important to define crime, its relationship to the law, and the two most common models of how society determines which acts are criminal. Also is important to describe the government structure as it applies to the criminal justice system. Furthermore, identifying the choice theories and their assumptions in regards to crime is important. As well as describing the components of the criminal justice system and the criminal justice process. In addition, identifying the goals of the criminal justice system is essential when talking about criminal justice, and addressing thoughts on whether the criminal justice system is really a system. Defining a crime and its relationship to the law is an important component when talking about criminal justice. In fact, according to University of Phoenix, CJi Interactive, crime can be defined as “conduct in violation of the criminal law of the state, the federal government, or local jurisdiction, for which there is no legally acceptable justification or excuse.” Meaning, that every crime depends on the location of the person who broke the law, which the same suggest that a person’s behavior may not be consider a crime depending on the status of the person who committed the crime, and even why this person broke the law. Consequently, society determines which are criminal......

Words: 1166 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Wedding Cake Model of the Criminal Jusice System

...Reality Many people form opinions about the criminal justices system from the media. But how true are these images of justice? Developing the criminal justice system Introduction--London Metropolitan Police was the first police agency and was developed in 1829. The first police agencies in the United States were in Boston (1838), New York (1844); and Philadelphia (1854). Criminal justice system was first recognized in 1919, by the Chicago crime commission. The modern era of justice Modern era of justice can be traced to a series of research projects begun in the 1950 under the sponsorship of the American Bar Foundation. Federal involvement in criminal justice President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice was appointed by President Johnson in 1967. Passage of the Safe Streets and Crime Control Act of 1968 Helped launch massive campaign to restructure criminal justice system Provided funding for the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA) The contemporary criminal justice system Introduction—The criminal justice system is society’s instrument of social control. The contemporary criminal justice system in the United Sates is monumental in size. The system is massive because it must process and care for millions of people. The criminal justice system can be divided into three main components: law enforcement agencies, court system, and correctional system. The formal criminal justice process Introduction: Few cases are actually......

Words: 1295 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Police History

...Criminal Justice System Criminal Justice System Introduction Criminal justice changes in rules, procedures, and terms from state to state. However, the punishment exercised on criminals cannot vary from the standards established by the United States. A crime is classified as an act that violates the federal laws of America. Consequently, all the violations are subject to different severities of punishment. Crimes in particular can be as minimal as a traffic violation and become as severe as homicide. The severity of the crime will determine the severity of the punishment. The criminal justice system is designed in order to standardize a level of punishment to appropriately fit the crime committed. The criminal justice system is largely affected by constitutional law and has evolved significantly over time. Currently, the criminal justice system maintains itself to helping the process of reprimanding criminals. There are three elements of the system and there all valuable in the criminal justice system. The primary element is the police force. Police officers have the responsibilities to capture criminals, investigate, and testify in court based on what actions were witnessed. In some situations, police officers have the obligation to jail criminals directly from street while they await their trial dates. The second element is the court system. The court system is generally composed of a prosecutor, judge, and suspect who is referred to as the defendant in......

Words: 1003 - Pages: 5