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数据结构基本英语词汇

数据抽象 data abstraction

数据元素 data element

数据对象 data object

数据项 data item

数据类型 data type

抽象数据类型 abstract data type

逻辑结构 logical structure

物理结构 phyical structure

线性结构 linear structure

非线性结构 nonlinear structure

基本数据类型 atomic data type

固定聚合数据类型 fixed-aggregate data type

可变聚合数据类型 variable-aggregate data type

线性表 linear list

栈 stack

队列 queue

串 string

数组 array

树 tree

图 grabh

查找，线索 searching

更新 updating

排序（分类) sorting

插入 insertion

删除 deletion

前趋 predecessor

后继 successor

直接前趋 immediate predecessor

直接后继 immediate successor

双端列表 deque(double-ended queue)

循环队列 cirular queue

指针 pointer

先进先出表（队列） first-in first-out list

后进先出表（队列） last-in first-out list

栈底 bottom

栈定 top

压入 push

弹出 pop

队头 front

队尾 rear

上溢 overflow

下溢 underflow

数组 array

矩阵 matrix

多维数组 multi-dimentional array

以行为主的顺序分配 row major order

以列为主的顺序分配 column major order

三角矩阵 truangular matrix

对称矩阵 symmetric matrix

稀疏矩阵 sparse matrix

转置矩阵 transposed matrix

链表 linked list

线性链表 linear linked list

单链表 single linked list

多重链表 multilinked list

循环链表 circular linked list

双向链表 doubly linked list

十字链表 orthogonal list

广义表 generalized list

链 link

指针域 pointer field

链域 link field

头结点 head node

头指针 head pointer

尾指针 tail pointer

串 string

空白（空格）串 blank string

空串（零串） null string

子串 substring

树 tree

子树 subtree

森林 forest

根 root

叶子 leaf

结点 node

深度 depth

层次 level

双亲 parents

孩子 children

兄弟 brother

祖先 ancestor

子孙 descentdant

二叉树 binary tree

平衡二叉树 banlanced binary tree

满二叉树 full binary tree

完全二叉树 complete binary tree

遍历二叉树 traversing binary tree

二叉排序树 binary sort tree

二叉查找树 binary search tree

线索二叉树 threaded binary tree

哈夫曼树 Huffman tree

有序数 ordered tree

无序数 unordered tree

判定树 decision tree

双链树 doubly linked tree

数字查找树 digital search tree

树的遍历 traversal of tree

先序遍历 preorder traversal

中序遍历 inorder traversal

后序遍历 postorder traversal

图 graph

子图 subgraph

有向图 digraph(directed graph)

无向图 undigraph(undirected graph)

完全图 complete graph

连通图 connected graph

非连通图 unconnected graph

强连通图 strongly connected graph

弱连通图 weakly connected graph

加权图 weighted graph

有向无环图 directed acyclic graph

稀疏图 spares graph

稠密图 dense graph

重连通图 biconnected graph

二部图 bipartite graph

边 edge

顶点 vertex

弧 arc

路径 path

回路（环） cycle

弧头 head

弧尾 tail

源点 source

终点 destination

汇点 sink

权 weight

连接点 articulation point

初始结点 initial node

终端结点 terminal node

相邻边 adjacent edge

相邻顶点 adjacent vertex

关联边 incident edge

入度 indegree

出度 outdegree

最短路径 shortest path

有序对 ordered pair

无序对 unordered pair

简单路径 simple path

简单回路 simple cycle

连通分量 connected component

邻接矩阵 adjacency matrix

邻接表 adjacency list

邻接多重表 adjacency multilist

遍历图 traversing graph

生成树 spanning tree

最小（代价）生成树 minimum(cost)spanning tree

生成森林 spanning forest

拓扑排序 topological sort

偏序 partical order

拓扑有序 topological order

AOV网 activity on vertex network

AOE网 activity on edge network

关键路径 critical path

匹配 matching

最大匹配 maximum matching

增广路径 augmenting path

增广路径图 augmenting path graph

查找 searching

线性查找（顺序查找）linear search (sequential search)

二分查找 binary search

分块查找 block search

散列查找 hash search

平均查找长度 average search length

电脑专业术语

散列表 hash table

散列函数 hash funticion

直接定址法 immediately allocating method

数字分析法 digital analysis method

平方取中法 mid-square method

折叠法 folding method

除法 division method

随机数法 random number method

排序 sort

内部排序 internal sort

外部排序 external sort

插入排序 insertion sort

随小增量排序 diminishing increment sort

选择排序 selection sort

堆排序 heap sort

快速排序 quick sort

归并排序 merge sort

基数排序 radix sort

外部排序 external sort

平衡归并排序 balance merging sort

二路平衡归并排序 balance two-way merging sort

多步归并排序 ployphase merging sort

置换选择排序 replacement selection sort

文件 file

主文件 master file

顺序文件 sequential file

索引文件 indexed file

索引顺序文件 indexed sequential file

索引非顺序文件 indexed non-sequential file

直接存取文件 direct access file

多重链表文件 multilist file

倒排文件 inverted file

目录结构 directory structure

树型索引 tree index

数据结构基本英语词汇

数据抽象 data abstraction

数据元素 data element

数据对象 data object

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数据项 data item

数据类型 data type

抽象数据类型 abstract data type

逻辑结构 logical structure

物理结构 phyical structure

线性结构 linear structure

非线性结构 nonlinear structure

基本数据类型 atomic data type

固定聚合数据类型 fixed-aggregate data type

可变聚合数据类型 variable-aggregate data type

线性表 linear list

栈 stack

队列 queue

串 string

数组 array

树 tree

图 grabh

查找，线索 searching

更新 updating

排序（分类) sorting

插入 insertion

删除 deletion

前趋 predecessor

后继 successor

直接前趋 immediate predecessor

直接后继 immediate successor

双端列表 deque(double-ended queue)

循环队列 cirular queue

指针 pointer

先进先出表（队列）first-in first-out list

后进先出表（队列）last-in first-out list

栈底 bottom

栈定 top

压入 push

弹出 pop

队头 front

队尾 rear

上溢 overflow

下溢 underflow

数组 array

矩阵 matrix

多维数组 multi-dimentional array

以行为主的顺序分配 row major order

以列为主的顺序分配 column major order

三角矩阵 truangular matrix

对称矩阵 symmetric matrix

稀疏矩阵 sparse matrix

转置矩阵 transposed matrix

链表 linked list

线性链表 linear linked list

单链表 single linked list

多重链表 multilinked list

循环链表 circular linked list

双向链表 doubly linked list

十字链表 orthogonal list

广义表 generalized list

链 link

指针域 pointer field

链域 link field

头结点 head node

头指针 head pointer

尾指针 tail pointer

串 string

空白（空格）串 blank string

空串（零串）null string

子串 substring

树 tree

子树 subtree

森林 forest

根 root

叶子 leaf

结点 node

深度 depth

层次 level

双亲 parents

孩子 children

兄弟 brother

祖先 ancestor

子孙 descentdant

二叉树 binary tree

平衡二叉树 banlanced binary tree

满二叉树 full binary tree

完全二叉树 complete binary tree

遍历二叉树 traversing binary tree

二叉排序树 binary sort tree

二叉查找树 binary search tree

线索二叉树 threaded binary tree

哈夫曼树 Huffman tree

有序数 ordered tree

无序数 unordered tree

判定树 decision tree

双链树 doubly linked tree

数字查找树 digital search tree

树的遍历 traversal of tree

先序遍历 preorder traversal

中序遍历 inorder traversal

后序遍历 postorder traversal

图 graph

子图 subgraph

有向图 digraph(directed graph)

无向图 undigraph(undirected graph)

完全图 complete graph

连通图 connected graph

非连通图 unconnected graph

强连通图 strongly connected graph

弱连通图 weakly connected graph

加权图 weighted graph

有向无环图 directed acyclic graph

稀疏图 spares graph

稠密图 dense graph

重连通图 biconnected graph

二部图 bipartite graph

边 edge

顶点 vertex

弧 arc

路径 path

回路（环）cycle

弧头 head

弧尾 tail

源点 source

终点 destination

汇点 sink

权 weight

连接点 articulation point

初始结点 initial node

终端结点 terminal node

相邻边 adjacent edge

相邻顶点 adjacent vertex

关联边 incident edge

入度 indegree

出度 outdegree

最短路径 shortest path

有序对 ordered pair

无序对 unordered pair

简单路径 simple path

简单回路 simple cycle

连通分量 connected component

邻接矩阵 adjacency matrix

邻接表 adjacency list

邻接多重表 adjacency multilist

遍历图 traversing graph

生成树 spanning tree

最小（代价）生成树 minimum(cost)spanning tree

生成森林 spanning forest

拓扑排序 topological sort

偏序 partical order

拓扑有序 topological order

AOV网 activity on vertex network

AOE网 activity on edge network

关键路径 critical path

匹配 matching

最大匹配 maximum matching

增广路径 augmenting path

增广路径图 augmenting path graph

查找 searching

线性查找（顺序查找）linear search (sequential search)

二分查找 binary search

分块查找 block search

散列查找 hash search

平均查找长度 average search length

散列表 hash table

散列函数 hash funticion

直接定址法 immediately allocating method

数字分析法 digital analysis method

平方取中法 mid-square method

折叠法 folding method

除法 division method

随机数法 random number method

排序 sort

内部排序 internal sort

外部排序 external sort

插入排序 insertion sort

随小增量排序 diminishing increment sort

选择排序 selection sort

堆排序 heap sort

快速排序 quick sort

归并排序 merge sort

基数排序 radix sort

外部排序 external sort

平衡归并排序 balance merging sort

二路平衡归并排序 balance two-way merging sort

多步归并排序 ployphase merging sort

置换选择排序 replacement selection sort

文件 file

主文件 master file

顺序文件 sequential file

索引文件 indexed file

索引顺序文件 indexed sequential file

索引非顺序文件 indexed non-sequential file

直接存取文件 direct access file

多重链表文件 multilist file

倒排文件 inverted file

目录结构 directory structure

树型索引 tree index www.freekaoyan.com www.freekaoyan.com

免费考研网www.freekaoyan.com

数据抽象 data abstraction | wo:Eb yM

数据元素 data element 9U k %F[5W

数据对象 data object r6t^ }

数据项 data item ct jP(

数据类型 data type eC+ >}5cn

抽象数据类型 abstract data type O ) A|k?\c e* o4t 7J

逻辑结构 logical structure E 0&g o5

物理结构 phyical structure )pF4\

线性结构 linear structure E(+ m3EBh

非线性结构 nonlinear structure #s C |0+g cEa2z, )

基本数据类型 atomic data type E : 9 / U

固定聚合数据类型 fixed-aggregate data type zH{S ?J n !f_

头结点 head node = WW. 9/ 2

头指针 head pointer 2"!p-, Lo

尾指针 tail pointer nX /K 1Hd

串 string t R[ BqDJQ

空白（空格）串 blank string [&NPG"aX4

空串（零串）null string t\;F8< t

子串 substring 0L=V^0Ob3F

|& Qs.2d K

树 tree ->U+Cg= Di

子树 subtree f;P CD* o<

森林 forest D}6AB>Enq

根 root x(c aOt

叶子 leaf F d 6x'%,g

结点 node K Vd]Y1p7

深度 depth i(W%Sj(zyBE0

拓扑排序 topological sort x/{ {A%N

偏序 partical order `' % WX> `

拓扑有序 topological order #`! K SRP

AOV网 activity on vertex network I 1aM5

AOE网 activity on edge network #n#b ssJ+\

关键路径 critical path "=^ ]9+Mr

M (%,A`APA

匹配 matching ,3ST . m4&

最大匹配 maximum matching P\ [R:PT .

增广路径 augmenting path AU6e p7

增广路径图 augmenting path graph _>Z

选择排序 selection sort b 34& $g

堆排序 heap sort F]bg# LL l

快速排序 quick sort &zM$ 4$H

归并排序 merge sort jqB{l~E 1

基数排序 radix sort twiI { Rk=

外部排序 external sort }`( { m)

平衡归并排序 balance merging sort #W6 -lP 0

二路平衡归并排序 balance two-way merging sort y m # 4

多步归并排序 ployphase merging sort }e0 z>1 n

置换选择排序 replacement selection sort u^ B) %!|^

A E2e }3n_

文件 file `0xoS54Vh

主文件 master file u

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...implemented the Google File System, a scalable distributed ﬁle system for large distributed data-intensive applications. It provides fault tolerance while running on inexpensive commodity hardware, and it delivers high aggregate performance to a large number of clients. While sharing many of the same goals as previous distributed ﬁle systems, our design has been driven by observations of our application workloads and technological environment, both current and anticipated, that reﬂect a marked departure from some earlier ﬁle system assumptions. This has led us to reexamine traditional choices and explore radically diﬀerent design points. The ﬁle system has successfully met our storage needs. It is widely deployed within Google as the storage platform for the generation and processing of data used by our service as well as research and development eﬀorts that require large data sets. The largest cluster to date provides hundreds of terabytes of storage across thousands of disks on over a thousand machines, and it is concurrently accessed by hundreds of clients. In this paper, we present ﬁle system interface extensions designed to support distributed applications, discuss many aspects of our design, and report measurements from both micro-benchmarks and real world use. We have designed and implemented the Google File System (GFS) to meet the rapidly growing demands of Google’s data processing needs. GFS shares many of the same goals as previous distributed......

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...James Mueller Data Structures and Implementation Unit 5 Individual Project ITCO321 – 1103A - 02 August 21, 2011 Does the word matching exist in the phrase. In the phrase “There exists just a single example”, the word exam is indeed in this phrase. Exam is matched to the word Example as seen here. In order to for the word to be matched, using just plain vision was possible, however, in a computer sense; one must use a pattern matching string so that the program would be able to find the match. When using coding to determine if there is a match in the pattern, you would use the RegularExpression namespace. This will allow for easy parsing and matching of strings to a specific patter (miscrosoft.com, 2011). Regex myRegEx = new Regex("exam"); string s1 = "There exists just a single example."; if (myRegEx.IsMatch(s1)) Console.WriteLine("Match found!"); Explain how you could 'teach' a computer to match the word 'exam' in the given phrase above. In order to do this in C#, you could write 4 separate search commands, or you can be more efficient and you can do it in a single phrase. By using pattern = ‘e ?x ?a ?m?’; . now you can locate one or more of the strings with just a single command: Text = [‘There exists just a single example’]; Regexp (text, pattern, ‘match’) Ans = ‘exam’. This is just one of many ways that you could teach a computer to find the word exam in the phrase. You are also able to use different......

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