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The Data Structure

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数据结构基本英语词汇
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数据结构基本英语词汇

数据抽象 data abstraction
数据元素 data element
数据对象 data object
数据项 data item
数据类型 data type
抽象数据类型 abstract data type

逻辑结构 logical structure
物理结构 phyical structure
线性结构 linear structure
非线性结构 nonlinear structure

基本数据类型 atomic data type
固定聚合数据类型 fixed-aggregate data type
可变聚合数据类型 variable-aggregate data type
线性表 linear list
栈 stack
队列 queue
串 string
数组 array
树 tree
图 grabh

查找,线索 searching
更新 updating
排序(分类) sorting
插入 insertion
删除 deletion

前趋 predecessor
后继 successor
直接前趋 immediate predecessor
直接后继 immediate successor
双端列表 deque(double-ended queue)
循环队列 cirular queue
指针 pointer
先进先出表(队列) first-in first-out list
后进先出表(队列) last-in first-out list
栈底 bottom
栈定 top
压入 push
弹出 pop
队头 front
队尾 rear
上溢 overflow
下溢 underflow

数组 array
矩阵 matrix
多维数组 multi-dimentional array
以行为主的顺序分配 row major order
以列为主的顺序分配 column major order
三角矩阵 truangular matrix
对称矩阵 symmetric matrix
稀疏矩阵 sparse matrix
转置矩阵 transposed matrix

链表 linked list
线性链表 linear linked list
单链表 single linked list
多重链表 multilinked list
循环链表 circular linked list
双向链表 doubly linked list
十字链表 orthogonal list
广义表 generalized list

链 link
指针域 pointer field
链域 link field
头结点 head node
头指针 head pointer
尾指针 tail pointer
串 string
空白(空格)串 blank string
空串(零串) null string
子串 substring

树 tree
子树 subtree
森林 forest
根 root
叶子 leaf
结点 node
深度 depth
层次 level
双亲 parents
孩子 children
兄弟 brother
祖先 ancestor
子孙 descentdant

二叉树 binary tree
平衡二叉树 banlanced binary tree
满二叉树 full binary tree
完全二叉树 complete binary tree
遍历二叉树 traversing binary tree
二叉排序树 binary sort tree
二叉查找树 binary search tree
线索二叉树 threaded binary tree
哈夫曼树 Huffman tree
有序数 ordered tree
无序数 unordered tree
判定树 decision tree
双链树 doubly linked tree
数字查找树 digital search tree

树的遍历 traversal of tree
先序遍历 preorder traversal
中序遍历 inorder traversal
后序遍历 postorder traversal

图 graph
子图 subgraph
有向图 digraph(directed graph)
无向图 undigraph(undirected graph)
完全图 complete graph
连通图 connected graph
非连通图 unconnected graph
强连通图 strongly connected graph
弱连通图 weakly connected graph
加权图 weighted graph
有向无环图 directed acyclic graph
稀疏图 spares graph
稠密图 dense graph
重连通图 biconnected graph
二部图 bipartite graph

边 edge
顶点 vertex
弧 arc
路径 path
回路(环) cycle
弧头 head
弧尾 tail
源点 source
终点 destination
汇点 sink
权 weight
连接点 articulation point
初始结点 initial node
终端结点 terminal node
相邻边 adjacent edge
相邻顶点 adjacent vertex
关联边 incident edge
入度 indegree
出度 outdegree
最短路径 shortest path
有序对 ordered pair
无序对 unordered pair
简单路径 simple path
简单回路 simple cycle
连通分量 connected component
邻接矩阵 adjacency matrix
邻接表 adjacency list
邻接多重表 adjacency multilist
遍历图 traversing graph
生成树 spanning tree
最小(代价)生成树 minimum(cost)spanning tree
生成森林 spanning forest

拓扑排序 topological sort
偏序 partical order
拓扑有序 topological order
AOV网 activity on vertex network
AOE网 activity on edge network
关键路径 critical path

匹配 matching
最大匹配 maximum matching
增广路径 augmenting path
增广路径图 augmenting path graph

查找 searching
线性查找(顺序查找)linear search (sequential search)
二分查找 binary search
分块查找 block search
散列查找 hash search
平均查找长度 average search length
电脑专业术语

散列表 hash table
散列函数 hash funticion
直接定址法 immediately allocating method
数字分析法 digital analysis method
平方取中法 mid-square method
折叠法 folding method
除法 division method
随机数法 random number method

排序 sort
内部排序 internal sort
外部排序 external sort
插入排序 insertion sort
随小增量排序 diminishing increment sort
选择排序 selection sort
堆排序 heap sort
快速排序 quick sort
归并排序 merge sort
基数排序 radix sort
外部排序 external sort
平衡归并排序 balance merging sort
二路平衡归并排序 balance two-way merging sort
多步归并排序 ployphase merging sort
置换选择排序 replacement selection sort

文件 file
主文件 master file
顺序文件 sequential file
索引文件 indexed file
索引顺序文件 indexed sequential file
索引非顺序文件 indexed non-sequential file
直接存取文件 direct access file
多重链表文件 multilist file
倒排文件 inverted file
目录结构 directory structure
树型索引 tree index
数据结构基本英语词汇
数据抽象 data abstraction
数据元素 data element
数据对象 data object
免费考研网www.freekaoyan.com
数据项 data item
数据类型 data type
抽象数据类型 abstract data type
逻辑结构 logical structure
物理结构 phyical structure
线性结构 linear structure
非线性结构 nonlinear structure
基本数据类型 atomic data type
固定聚合数据类型 fixed-aggregate data type
可变聚合数据类型 variable-aggregate data type
线性表 linear list
栈 stack
队列 queue
串 string
数组 array
树 tree
图 grabh
查找,线索 searching
更新 updating
排序(分类) sorting
插入 insertion
删除 deletion
前趋 predecessor
后继 successor
直接前趋 immediate predecessor
直接后继 immediate successor
双端列表 deque(double-ended queue)
循环队列 cirular queue
指针 pointer
先进先出表(队列)first-in first-out list
后进先出表(队列)last-in first-out list
栈底 bottom
栈定 top
压入 push
弹出 pop
队头 front
队尾 rear
上溢 overflow
下溢 underflow
数组 array
矩阵 matrix
多维数组 multi-dimentional array
以行为主的顺序分配 row major order
以列为主的顺序分配 column major order
三角矩阵 truangular matrix
对称矩阵 symmetric matrix
稀疏矩阵 sparse matrix
转置矩阵 transposed matrix
链表 linked list
线性链表 linear linked list
单链表 single linked list
多重链表 multilinked list
循环链表 circular linked list
双向链表 doubly linked list
十字链表 orthogonal list
广义表 generalized list
链 link
指针域 pointer field
链域 link field
头结点 head node
头指针 head pointer
尾指针 tail pointer
串 string
空白(空格)串 blank string
空串(零串)null string
子串 substring
树 tree
子树 subtree
森林 forest
根 root
叶子 leaf
结点 node
深度 depth
层次 level
双亲 parents
孩子 children
兄弟 brother
祖先 ancestor
子孙 descentdant
二叉树 binary tree
平衡二叉树 banlanced binary tree
满二叉树 full binary tree
完全二叉树 complete binary tree
遍历二叉树 traversing binary tree
二叉排序树 binary sort tree
二叉查找树 binary search tree
线索二叉树 threaded binary tree
哈夫曼树 Huffman tree
有序数 ordered tree
无序数 unordered tree
判定树 decision tree
双链树 doubly linked tree
数字查找树 digital search tree
树的遍历 traversal of tree
先序遍历 preorder traversal
中序遍历 inorder traversal
后序遍历 postorder traversal
图 graph
子图 subgraph
有向图 digraph(directed graph)
无向图 undigraph(undirected graph)
完全图 complete graph
连通图 connected graph
非连通图 unconnected graph
强连通图 strongly connected graph
弱连通图 weakly connected graph
加权图 weighted graph
有向无环图 directed acyclic graph
稀疏图 spares graph
稠密图 dense graph
重连通图 biconnected graph
二部图 bipartite graph
边 edge
顶点 vertex
弧 arc
路径 path
回路(环)cycle
弧头 head
弧尾 tail
源点 source
终点 destination
汇点 sink
权 weight
连接点 articulation point
初始结点 initial node
终端结点 terminal node
相邻边 adjacent edge
相邻顶点 adjacent vertex
关联边 incident edge
入度 indegree
出度 outdegree
最短路径 shortest path
有序对 ordered pair
无序对 unordered pair
简单路径 simple path
简单回路 simple cycle
连通分量 connected component
邻接矩阵 adjacency matrix
邻接表 adjacency list
邻接多重表 adjacency multilist
遍历图 traversing graph
生成树 spanning tree
最小(代价)生成树 minimum(cost)spanning tree
生成森林 spanning forest
拓扑排序 topological sort
偏序 partical order
拓扑有序 topological order
AOV网 activity on vertex network
AOE网 activity on edge network
关键路径 critical path
匹配 matching
最大匹配 maximum matching
增广路径 augmenting path
增广路径图 augmenting path graph
查找 searching
线性查找(顺序查找)linear search (sequential search)
二分查找 binary search
分块查找 block search
散列查找 hash search
平均查找长度 average search length
散列表 hash table
散列函数 hash funticion
直接定址法 immediately allocating method
数字分析法 digital analysis method
平方取中法 mid-square method
折叠法 folding method
除法 division method
随机数法 random number method
排序 sort
内部排序 internal sort
外部排序 external sort
插入排序 insertion sort
随小增量排序 diminishing increment sort
选择排序 selection sort
堆排序 heap sort
快速排序 quick sort
归并排序 merge sort
基数排序 radix sort
外部排序 external sort
平衡归并排序 balance merging sort
二路平衡归并排序 balance two-way merging sort
多步归并排序 ployphase merging sort
置换选择排序 replacement selection sort
文件 file
主文件 master file
顺序文件 sequential file
索引文件 indexed file
索引顺序文件 indexed sequential file
索引非顺序文件 indexed non-sequential file
直接存取文件 direct access file
多重链表文件 multilist file
倒排文件 inverted file
目录结构 directory structure
树型索引 tree index www.freekaoyan.com www.freekaoyan.com
免费考研网www.freekaoyan.com

数据抽象 data abstraction | wo:Eb yM
数据元素 data element 9U k %F[5W
数据对象 data object r6t^ }
数据项 data item ct jP(
数据类型 data type eC+ >}5cn
抽象数据类型 abstract data type O ) A|k?\c e* o4t 7J
逻辑结构 logical structure E 0&g o5
物理结构 phyical structure )pF4\
线性结构 linear structure E(+ m3EBh
非线性结构 nonlinear structure #s C |0+g cEa2z, )
基本数据类型 atomic data type E : 9 / U
固定聚合数据类型 fixed-aggregate data type zH{S ?J n !f_
头结点 head node = WW. 9/ 2
头指针 head pointer 2"!p-, Lo
尾指针 tail pointer nX /K 1Hd
串 string t R[ BqDJQ
空白(空格)串 blank string [&NPG"aX4
空串(零串)null string t\;F8< t
子串 substring 0L=V^0Ob3F
|& Qs.2d K
树 tree ->U+Cg= Di
子树 subtree f;P CD* o<
森林 forest D}6AB>Enq
根 root x(c aOt
叶子 leaf F d 6x'%,g
结点 node K Vd]Y1p7
深度 depth i(W%Sj(zyBE0
拓扑排序 topological sort x/{ {A%N
偏序 partical order `' % WX> `
拓扑有序 topological order #`! K SRP
AOV网 activity on vertex network I 1aM5
AOE网 activity on edge network #n#b ssJ+\
关键路径 critical path "=^ ]9+Mr
M (%,A`APA
匹配 matching ,3ST . m4&
最大匹配 maximum matching P\ [R:PT .
增广路径 augmenting path AU6e p7
增广路径图 augmenting path graph _>Z
选择排序 selection sort b 34& $g
堆排序 heap sort F]bg# LL l
快速排序 quick sort &zM$ 4$H
归并排序 merge sort jqB{l~E 1
基数排序 radix sort twiI { Rk=
外部排序 external sort }`( { m)
平衡归并排序 balance merging sort #W6 -lP 0
二路平衡归并排序 balance two-way merging sort y m # 4
多步归并排序 ployphase merging sort }e0 z>1 n
置换选择排序 replacement selection sort u^ B) %!|^
A E2e }3n_
文件 file `0xoS54Vh
主文件 master file u

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