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The Dead by James Joyce

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Bhagyesh Patel
The Dead by James Joyce

James Joyce (February 2, 1882 - January 13, 1941) was one of the most preeminent Irish authors of the twentieth century. He is known for his literary innovation such as a strictly focused narrative and indirect style. Although not strictly originally, James Joyce brought the aforementioned writing methods were to an unparalleled height. James Joyce considered being one of the most influential writers in the modernist avant-garde of the early 20th century. The genre of the dead by James Joyce is short story or a novella. The story is

Characters * Gabriel Conroy - The main character of the story. (Developed character because he’s the main character of the story and his aunts are Kate and Julia who trust him to keep an eye on things and his thoughts are revealed to the readers.) * Kate Morkan and Julia Morkan - Gabriel's aunts, elderly sisters who throw a party every year during Christmas time. (Developed characters because they through the party so James tell the readers about how they set up the party and stuff.) * Mary Jane Morkan - Niece of Kate and Julia Morkan. (Flat character because the author doesn’t really let us that much about them.) * Lily - Maid. (Flat character because she’s just A young woman who does the housework for the Morkans but lily seems to be acting differently recently because of a problem with her lover.) * Gretta Conroy - Gabriel's wife.(developed character because in the story they talk about her tragic past about her former lover Michael Furey and this tell us a lot about Gretta.) * Molly Ivors - Colleague of Gabriel, very patriotic about Ireland. (Flat character because we mostly know about who they are, a bit of their personality and the author doesn’t talk about her that much.) * Freddy Malins - An alcoholic and friend of Gabriel.(Flat character because he repeats his stories and rubs his hand in his eyes, and his compliments on Julia's singing are a little bit over the top. And to top it off he silences the dinner conversation by accusing Mr. Browne of not respecting a black opera singer. But all in all he doesn't cause any major gaffes.) * Bartell D'Arcy - A famous, retired tenor.(flat character because at the night of the party he was sick, but his main contribution to the story is his singing a few bars of "The Lass of Aughrim," the song that Gretta Conroy's old flame, Michael Furey, used to sing.) * Mr. Browne- a Protestant guest at the Morkan's party, he's a little bit of a creepy old man, but for the most part he's pretty tame. (Flat character because during the course of the party, he helps take care of Freddy Malins, flirts with dancing girls while drinking, and questions the strange habits of the monks of Mount Melleray. He takes a cab home with Freddy Malins and his mother, and is part of the final scene of laughter in the story before things turn significantly more somber so we don’t get to know that much about him.) * Miss Ivors- A vivacious and aggressive young Irish nationalist, she challenges Gabriel during a dance. (Flat character because her remarks to him make a big impression. Not only does she accuse him of being a "West Briton," or a supporter of English rule, she accuses him of not paying enough attention to his own country, his own language, and his own customs they don’t talk about her that much because they just talk about how much hates Gabriel.)
The author’s word choices help to drive the plot because for example when Gabriel attempts to chat with Lily as she takes his coat, but she snaps in reply to his question about her love life. Gabriel ends the uncomfortable exchange by giving Lily a generous tip, but the experience makes him anxious. This changes his mind about how his life is going on. Another example would be when Gabriel and Miss Ivors were talking and when Miss Ivors pushes the point by inviting Gabriel to visit the Aran Isles, where Irish is spoken, during the summer. When Gabriel declines, explaining that he has arranged a cycling trip on the continent, Miss Ivors corners him about his lack of interest in his own country. Gabriel exclaims that he is sick of Ireland. After the dance, he flees to a corner and engages in a few more conversations, but he cannot forget the interlude with Miss Ivors and this chances the plot because then his views on the speech chances a little bit.
The climax of “The Dead” by James Joyce was when the story comes at the end of the tale, after Gretta has told Gabriel about her former lover, Michael Furey, and his unfortunate demise. After this revelation, Gabriel watches his wife sleep and ponders the meaning of Michael Furey and experiences a massive epiphany, or revelation about himself and his place in the world. This is an unexpected climax because I didn’t really think that she was even going to tell Gabriel about her past love story I thought she was crying for another reason. I would have expected the climax to be more different like for example one of the main character dies like maybe one of the aunt because they are really important to Gabriel and this will change the story. The women’s in the text are prominent because they are the once who really point out how the story will go and how the climax of the story will be like if there were no women’s in the text then the story will have no climax or any problems. The women’s have an impact on the story because when Miss Ivors argues with Gabriel that makes a huge impact on the story and on Gabriel because when they argue Gabriel view changes about how he feels about his country and what he been doing all these times and another impact was when Gretta tells Gabriel about her past love and now that he knows that another man preceded him in Gretta’s life, he feels not jealousy, but sadness that Michael Furey once felt an aching love that he himself has never known and this changed his life. The setting doesn’t have a impact on the plot because it’s just a party and a party is a place where people would go to have fun times with their friends or alone to get away from everything else that’s brothering them and in this story there is a twist that has really nothing to do with the party that they had so the setting didn’t really impact the plot of the story. James Joyce used imagery in this story and the way he shows it is by using snow really represents light and for example in the story when Gabriel first arrives it begins to snow on his clothing in a gradually oppressive manner and this shows that he’s the light or the main character of this story.

Work Cited page http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/dubliners/section15.rhtml http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Dead_(short_story) http://www.online-literature.com/james_joyce/958/ http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/dubliners/characters.html http://www.gradesaver.com/dubliners/study-guide/section15/ http://www.shmoop.com/dubliners/dead-characters.html

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