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The Development of Culture

In: People

Submitted By anjhelica
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The Development of Anthropology * Anthropology (Anthropos = “Man”, Logy = “Study of”) * The study of humankind in all times and places * The discipline of Anthropology is a European invention, but the study of people has a long history…

Early Anthropology * Herodotus * Greek Historian (5th century B.C.E.) * The Histories – collections of Herodotus’ encounters with peoples of the Mediterranean world. He often emphasized how he faithfully recorded stories told to him, but would often add embellishments/emphasis to endear his Greek readers to the peoples he met abroad. * Napoleon Bonaparte and Egypt * Self-proclaimed Emperor of France (1769-1821)

In Western History…
European Exploration/Colonialism
Columbus, Napoleon, and…
Western Society’s past attempts at getting to know other cultures * Modernism: Began with the Renaissance and the Enlightenment. * A reaction to the superstition and hysteria of Europe’s “Dark Ages” (The Witch hunt era that we will get into later).
Rationality, objectivity, reason can discover knowledge and truth and lead to progress
We can understand everybody/thing everywhere if we adhere to these principles of logic. * Empirical knowledge: Based on observations of the world rather than on intuition or faith. * Hypothesis: A tentative explanation of the relation between certain phenomena
Theory: In science, an explanation of natural phenomena, supported by a reliable body of data * People are now freed from the restraints of superstitious nonsense and can now grow as logical, rational and evolved beings. * This is where our modern thoughts of linearity come from. In Western Society, time is like an arrow, experienced as breach, innovation and change – we are seen to always improve on what came before. The Europeans of the Enlightenment...

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