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The Diverse Nature of Psychology Paper

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By dbjwolf
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The Diverse Nature of Psychology
PSY/490
May 27, 2013

The Diverse Nature of Psychology Psychology has a wide array of diverse concepts that influence its very nature, which is the study of mind and behavior in various organisms from the most primitive to the most complex. Diversity is recognizing the variety of characteristics that make individuals unique some of these characteristics are geographic background, religion, sexual orientation, economic background, ethnicity, education, gender, language, age, culture, marital/partnered status, and physical appearance. Psychology is the study of cognitions, physiology, emotions, personality, behavior, and theory. Two sub-disciplines of psychology are behaviorism and cognitive psychology. Behaviorism originated from the learning theory and uses concepts such as operant and classical conditioning. Cognitive psychology involves the scientific investigation of mental processes, such as memory, perception, attention, problem-solving, judgment, and decision making.
Behaviorism Psychology The foundation of the behaviorist perspective is the learning theory. Learning refers to and enduring change in the way an organism responds based on its experience (Kowalski & Westen, 2009). Humans are naturally logical and rational thus making decisions and choices that make the most sense. A law of contiguity proposes that two events will become connected in the mind if they are experienced close together in time (such as a vehicle skidding and then crashing). The learning theory explores the behavioral concepts of associative learning (also known as classical and operant conditioning). Phobias and addictions share commonality with responses to a stimulus through the basics of classical and operant condition. Classical conditioning occurs when the stimulus is paired with and precedes the unconditioned…...

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