Premium Essay

The Divine Comedy

In: English and Literature

Submitted By jhamez123
Words 407
Pages 2

• Three basic colors encountered in diesel engine exhaust gases:

o White

o Light Gray to Black

o Bluish

• *Abnormal Cylinder Pressure and Exhaust Temperature:

|Cylinder |Exhaust Temperature |Corresponding operating condition |
|Low compression |Low |Mechanical clearance too great ,compression ratio too |
| |Normal |low |
| |High |Air Intake clogged or air delivery by blower |
| | |insufficient |
| | |Air charge loss through leaky valves piston |
|High compression |Low |Mechanical clearance too small; high compression ratio|
|Low Firing |Low |Fuel rack too far out |
| |Normal |Air intake clogged or low cetane fuel |
| |High |Injection timing late, injection nozzle...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

The Divine Comedy

...Aguilar, Kryztelle Mae P. World Literature AB Psychology 05/08/2015 About the Author Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) remains Italy's greatest poet. He was born in the city of Florence, in the region of Tuscany, Italy in the spring of 1265. He wrote the Divine Comedy(Commedia) from 1308 to 1320, completing the work the year before he died. The Divine Comedy is one of literature's boldest undertakings, as Dante takes us through Hell (Inferno), Purgatory (Purgatorio), and then reaches Heaven (Paradiso), where he is permitted to partake of the Beatific Vision. Dante's journey serves as an allegory of the progress of the individual soul toward God. While Dante was critical of the Catholic Church as an institution, his writings remained faithful to his schooling by the Dominicans, where he learned the theology of St. Thomas Aquinas (1224-1274). The Divine Comedy signaled the beginning of the Renaissance. The Commedia by Dante had everlasting impact on Italy, for the Tuscan dialect became the literary language of Italy. He died in political exile in Ravenna, Italy in September 1321.  The Divine Comedy  1308-1320 INFERNO "Midway in our life's journey, I went astray  from the straight road and woke to find myself  alone in a dark wood. How shall I say  what wood that was! I never saw so drear,  so rank, so arduous a wilderness!  Its very memory gives a shape to fear.  Death could scarce be more bitter than that place!  But since it......

Words: 2447 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Divine Comedy

...Purgatory Canto XVI. The Divine Comedy is one of Dante’s great collections of poems. It portrays many themes such as love, suffering, justice, fate and free will. As we move on to the Purgatory, Dante has strict views about his political vision, and we see that through his encounter with Marco Lombardo in Canto XVI. Dante and Virgil encounter Marco in a smoke filled space. Marco Lombardo is a courteous and well informed person as he serves as a center point for Dante’s ideas about human responsibility, free will, political institutions. In Canto XVI of the Purgatory, Dante and Virgil are traveling as they encounter smoke that was “too much to bear” (Pur. XVI 7). Through the blinding smoke, Dante hears the voice of a soul under the name Marco Lombardo. Marco agrees to help Virgil and Dante escape from this smoke infested space. As Marco guides Virgil and Dante through the space, Marco tells of a problem that has been haunting him. “the world, indeed, as you have just declared, Is destitute of every virtue known, swarming with evils, ever breeding more. “(Pur. XVI 58-60) Marco is essentially saying that the world is swarming with evils which consequently give rise to more evils. These evils are created by people not exercising their free will and decision making to aid them in their decisions. “You men on earth attribute everything to the spheres’ influence alone, as if with some predestined plan they moved all things If this were true, then our Free Will......

Words: 1031 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Divine Comedy Essay

...The Divine Comedy The afterlife has all been speculation based on ones own beliefs. Some people believe there is simply nothing while others believe that there is a heaven or hell. In the “Divine Comedy”, Dante is lost in a forest when he is found by the spirit of Virgil. This spirit then leads him through the circles of Hell the terraces of Purgatory and the spheres of Heaven. On his journey he sees spirits either punished or rewarded for their decisions on earth. The main theme of The Divine Comedy, written by Dante Alighieri is the choices made in a man’s life and where those choices will put him after death. Dante Alighieri’s version of Hell describes all of the punishments of those condemned, in accord with their sin. On entering Hell, Dante and Virgil read a sign, describing the horrors of hell and that there is no escape. “Through me you enter the city of woes… Abandon all hope ye who enter here.” (Dante Inferno Canto III) As they travel through Hell they see all of the various punishments for the condemned. They find that each sinner is condemned to a punishment that is in relation with his or her sin. For example, the Misers and the Spendthrifts are in Circle IV. Their sins were that they worshipped money so much that they hoarded it, or had so little regard for money that they spent it wildly. Nothing is so loathed to a miser as a spendthrift. So, their punishment is to bombard each other continually with huge stones expressing the antagonism between......

Words: 753 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Research Paper: Divine Comedy

...Research Paper: Divine Comedy Epic poems were popular as early as Ancient Greece. These poems depicted the events and the ideas of the time they were written in. One such epic poem was Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy. Written in the early fourteenth century the Divine Comedy takes on an allegoric view of the Christian and of the political beliefs held by Dante at the time. Dante was part of a political group in Italy known as the White Guelphs, who favored the Pope as leader over the Holy Roman Emperor. This held influence in the Divine Comedy. In trying to get these ideas out the people Dante wrote the epic poem in the vernacular of the Italian people. The Divine Comedy is centered on Dante and his two guides. The poem takes the reader on a journey with Dante and his guides through Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven. This is accomplished through the poem being broken up into three main canticles. Each one of these canticles contains thirty-three cantos. The number three is an important Christian symbol as it symbolizes the Trinity. This is important to Dante in his poem due to his religious beliefs. As the reader gets a literal description on Dante’s travels, the reader symbolically gains insight on how people viewed the progression of a person’s soul toward God. The first canticle is about Dante’s and his guide, Virgil’s, descent through the ten circles of Hell. As they descend through Hell the reader learns about the 10 circles. The deeper in Hell the...

Words: 998 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Francesca Da Rimini in the Divine Comedy

...Jason Liu & Peter Lin English 11 Ms. Wan Sep 28 2014 Francesca da Rimini in The Divine Comedy In order to better understand Francesca’s role in The Divine Comedy, it is necessary to first understand her backstory and how Dante is able to identify her. In many ways those who are personally identified by Dante in the Inferno are there for specific reasons. Each fallen character plays the role of shedding light on a specific human emotion or vice that acts as a pitfall. Francesca’s pitfall was lust, and thus she is condemned to be blown around for all eternity in the gusts of the second circle of the Inferno. This symbolizes how the passions in life blew the condemned whichever way they went, no matter the cost to those who they hurt. In her vivid interpretation, Francesca remains inexpiate to her infamous acts and even absolves herself from responsibility of sin of lust in a stern and regretless tone. Francesca is not repentant for her action while alive on Earth which is interesting side note. The love that she speaks of effects Dante so much because in a sense regretless tone about her adultery. She regards her trespass with Paolo as “past happiness” and this memory crave in her soul. It is meaningful because it is “no greater pain than to remember”(121). Her words elaborates all the details that how the others transgressed. She arouses Dante’s empathy by convincing him that she is the victim of the affair. The book she read, Paolo and......

Words: 693 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

How Does Dante Change Throughout The Divine Comedy

...The character of Dante changes throughout the divine comedy. There are four main points that should be noticed throughout the comedy that contrast the ways that he is acting. He progresses from a man that is straying from God's path, to a man of holyness and well being. Below are the four main transition points that Dante the character goes through. Beginning the story is a 35 year old man, lost hopelessly in the woods of life, until he notices that he is lost and decides he needs to do something about it.”So drugged and loose with sleep had I become when I first wandered there from the True way.”He tries to make his way to heaven but is halted by sin. Then, he meets Virgil, who takes him on a journey which begins the transformation of Dante. This is the start of Dante transforming into more than one who is lost, not following God to a good God following person. Dante and Virgil travel down into hell (the Inferno) only for Dante to faint in the second circle. He is so overwhelmed by this emotion that he faints.”Blind, like one whom sleep comes over in a swoon, I stumbled into darkness and went down.”As he descends down throughout the Inferno, sympathy leaves him. He hardens himself against all empathy...

Words: 694 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...August 20, 2015 3.2.13 Practice: Revision Strategies The tempest one of the most difficult Shakespearean works in my opion to stage, from its stormy, chaotic first scene to its sureality to its ambiguous resolution, with Prospero facing his silent, treacherous brother and renouncing the power that has made every action in the story possible. Potent language remains the central force and mystery of this fathomless play. Prospero speaks almost a third of the lines in The Tempest, and controls the amount of speech every other character on the island has through manipulation and magic. Prospero’s narrative of how he came to the island, what he did once there, and what he is owed for this history, goes largely unchallenged in the text. Yet the play offers innumerable readings and opportunities for alternate staging, particularly in light of postcolonial discourse about Prospero’s relationship with Ariel and Caliban, the legitimacy of his authority, and the nature of his magic and command over language. Though Prospero can be played many ways, there is no doubt he is The Tempest’s show runner. The metatheatrical nature of the play sometimes detracts from its action on the page, but it also offers the chance to explore exactly why Prospero needs an audience for his revenge, and whether or not it satisfies him, onstage. Prospero restricts the sight and knowledge of the other characters, putting them to sleep or manipulating them with invisible forces, but he often lets us, the......

Words: 3114 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

The Devil and the Modern Manager

...The Devil and the Modern Manager The Devil and the Modern Manager Organizational lessons from the Inferno – first part of Dante’s Divine Comedy By Mainak Sankar Maiti (1730 words) Fig 1 – “The Abyss of Hell” by Sandro Botticelli1 Introduction Dante Alighieri wrote the epic poem “Divine Comedy” (Italian: Divina Commedia) in the period 1308 A.D to 1321 A.D. Considered one of the greatest works on World literature, the poem is an allegorical representation of man’s journey towards God. The poem is divided in three parts: Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. Of all the three parts, Inferno remains the most celebrated and the most influential till date. Numerous artworks and books have been inspired by the Inferno. The works inspired by the Inferno range 1|P age The Devil and the Modern Manager from the Renaissance painter Botticelli’s illustrations of the hell to modern computer games. More than seven hundred years have passed; however, the Inferno continues to enthral readers all around the world. But, does the Inferno have anything in store for a manager seeking to achieve organizational efficiency? Dante’s macabre vision of hell was brought to life by Botticelli in his infamous painting “The Map of Hell” or, “The Abyss of Hell”, which remains one of the most fear-invoking artworks of all time. But, can that work invoke some new thoughts in the mind of a management student and expand his span of thinking, his horizons? Hell – the Model......

Words: 1960 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Aquinas' and Dante's Common Ideals

...St. Thomas Aquinas’ “Summa Theologica” he bases the relationship between nature and grace on the human purpose. Since we are all rational beings with an ultimate goal of reuniting with God, Aquinas’ believes that both grace and nature will allow us to achieve the human goal. Aquinas explains that reason and revelation parallel moral development of virtue and grace. Reason is something you can practice, much like the four cardinal virtues temperance, courage, justice, and wisdom. These three theological virtues faith, hope and love help you achieve grace. These virtues come from gift of God’s grace and perfect the natural abilities of humans to know and love. “According to Thomas natural reason can know the external world without divine illumination and can discern the structure of created things through its sciences. Reason has a legitimate domain in analyzing the human person, ethics and politics. Thomas even extends reason’s competence to certain ‘spiritual’...

Words: 1160 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...Analysis of Major Characters Dante Alighieri Thirty-five years old at the beginning of the story, Dante—the character as opposed to the poet—has lost his way on the “true path” of life; in other words, sin has obstructed his path to God. The Divine Comedy is the allegorical record of Dante’s quest to overcome sin and find God’s love; in Inferno, Dante explores the nature of sin by traveling through Hell, where evil receives punishment according to God’s justice. Allegorically, Dante’s story represents not only his own life but also what Dante the poet perceived to be the universal Christian quest for God. As a result, Dante the character is rooted in the Everyman allegorical tradition: Dante’s situation is meant to represent that of the whole human race. For this reason, Dante the character does not emerge as a particularly well-defined individual; although we know that he has committed a never-specified sin and that he participates in Florentine politics, we learn little about his life on Earth. His traits are very broad and universal: often sympathetic toward others, he nonetheless remains capable of anger; he weeps at the sight of the suffering souls but reacts with pleasure when one of his political enemies is torn to pieces. He demonstrates excessive pride but remains unsatisfied in many respects: he feels that he ranks among the great poets that he meets in Limbo but deeply desires to find Beatrice, the woman he loves, and the love of God. Dante fears danger but......

Words: 847 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Dante's Infernos Influences on Other Works

...Dante’s Influences on Modern Works Over the years some literature works have left a legacy throughout human history. Their legacy was built through their influences on the different works of art, sculptures, later pieces of literature, songs, poem, films and sometimes video games. The Inferno part of Dante Alighieri's The Divine Comedy is one such literature work that is also one of the most well-known, well-referenced pieces of work today. It described in great detail Dante's vision of what hell would be like, and in doing so invented many of the tropes associated with Hell. This has led to several film adaptations and— most recently — a video game "adaptation”. References to Dante's Inferno in film can be found as far back as, draws heavily from Dante's Inferno. Se7en is a 1995 American crime film starring Brad Pitt, Morgan Freeman, and many other star-powered actors and actresses. The film is about the hunt of two homicide detectives, Detectives Sommerset and Mills, for a sadistic serial killer who murders in correspondence to one of the Seven Deadly Sins which his victim has committed. The murderer is determined by his desire to punish the world for its ignorance of the Seven Deadly Sins, viewing himself as akin to the Sword of God in handing out punishment of sins. As Detective Sommerset researches the Seven Deadly Sins to better understand the motive of the killer, Detective Mills simply scoffs at his efforts. Throughout the film, the detectives make numerous......

Words: 987 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Pit and the Pendulum

...The Pit and The Pendulum is arguably one of Edgar Allan Poe's greatest works. The Pit and The Pendulum spins a web of insanity over the main character during the Spanish Inquisition. The setting of the story helps shroud it in the theme of fear, torture, and madness. The pit, i believe symbolizes humanity's fear of the unknown, it can also represent the gate to hell, seeing how this story is set during the Spanish Inquisition this theory is highly plausible. Also the psych of Poe himself can be used as an example of an effective horror tone and atmosphere. But this story isnt just horror is it? No this goes much deeper than that by addressing the malleability of the human mind. In the text it states that the narrator witnesses a trio of white candles turn into angels and then shift to his tormentors. What sets this story apart is that it instills a feeling of terror into the reader with its heavy emphasis on the senses of the narrator, unlike poes other works such as the Tell-Tale Heart and The Raven which rely on the supernatural element typical of horror stories. The pendulum which filleted anyone unlucky enough to be caught in it’s wake, symbolizes the fallibility of humans as a whole and the march of time till death. As the narrator describes it as swinging by every one second. This helps create an extremely tense atmosphere during the scene in which the narrator is tied down with the pendulum swinging by every one second, Poe masterfully executed this in a way that......

Words: 833 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Life After Death

...Life After Death, What Happens After We Die? Contents Introduction 3 Ideas on Life After Death in Different Religions 4 Perception of Life After Death in Literature: Dante's “Inferno” 6 Life After Death in Art: Rodin's “The Gates of Hell” 8 Conclusion 10 References 11 Introduction The question associated with life after death is associated with people of all races, genders, ages and world religions. It is understandable that people cannot live forever, and death is an inevitable event. But still people are interested what will happen to them after death, and what it means to die. There are great numbers of assumptions on this issue, and people's opinions differ, but still it is difficult to reveal the truth, as nobody knows this for sure. This paper will focus on different assumptions and possible events taking place after people's death. Of course every person thinks about afterlife concept in the current period of time, as it would be really strange not to consider this issue at least once. People should understand and be aware of possible events happened to them after life in order to value the current state of affairs and life in the present period of time. It is necessary to make the right choice and build proper relationships with people surrounding you, as every day is unique, and it would be impossible to return it again. D'Souza (2009) stated that the Bible teaches people......

Words: 2681 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Gates of Hell Auguste Rodin

...state. (Gerald) The new appointed Secretary of Fine Arts, Edmond Tuquet (1836 – 1914), venerates Rodin’s art pieces and commissioned the sculpture on August 16th 1880 for the Musée des Arts Décoratifs. The original arrangements for the Musée des Arts Décoratifs were discarded three years later. (Musèe) Therefore, Rodin left and focused on experimenting and redesigning the portal for the next 20 years. At that point, the sculpture was still remained at its plaster stage; the gateway was not molded in bronze until Rodin’s death in 1917. Rodin’s Gates of Hell was reputed as a distinct piece considering his unique interpretation of its rough surface texture and shape that demonstrates the illustration of Dante Alighieri’s famous poem, The Divine Comedy (1308 – 1321). A few of Rodin’s most famous sculptures including The Thinker (1880 - 1925), The Kiss (1888 – 1889) and The Three Shades (1902) are inspired by the alto relievo sculptures in The Gates of Hell. This masterpiece was created anon after the Franco- Prussian War (1870 – 1871) during the installation of the French Third Republic (1871 – 1940). Auguste Rodin accepted the commission for The Gates of Hell anon after the Franco- Prussian War between French and German Empires. After France has lost the war, the royalist formerly, Napolcon III surrendered to Germany, which led to the establishment of the Third Republic of France. At the end of the war, the Treaty of Frankfurt (March 1, 1871) was validated in France. The terms......

Words: 1792 - Pages: 8

Free Essay


...The Divine Comedy represents the mature Dante’s solution to the poet’s task annunciated in The New Life. Its three canticles (the Inferno, the Purgatorio, and the Paradiso) display a nearly limitless wealth of references to historical particulars of the late Middle Ages and to Dante’s life. Even so, its allegorical form allows these to function as symbols. The Pilgrim’s journey through Hell to Heaven thus becomes an emblem of all human experience and a recognition of life’s circularity. The “Comedy” of its title is, therefore, the situation of life and the accumulation of experience that attends it. Correspondingly, however, chronological placement of the narrative from Good Friday through Easter Sunday, 1300, particularizes the experience even as it implies the death and rebirth that attends a critical stage of any person’s life. The poet tells his readers in the first line of the Inferno that he is midway through life, and indeed Dante would have been thirty-five years of age in 1300. Though he maintains present tense throughout the poem, he is, however, actually writing in the years that follow the events that he describes. This extraordinary method allows the Poet to place what amounts to prophetic utterance in the mouth of the Pilgrim. Dante thus maintains and further develops the thesis of The New Life, that the progress of the Pilgrim corresponds directly to the progress of the Poet. The literal journey that the Pilgrim undertakes toward the Beatific Vision succeeds......

Words: 3695 - Pages: 15