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The Effectiveness of Alugbati and Gumamela as an Alternative Dye

In: Science

Submitted By kkathleen
Words 2544
Pages 11
Research Plan

A. Rationale The not sure ingredients of commercial dye leads the researcher to make an alternative dye that is ecofriendly. The Basella Rubra Linn otherwise known as Alugabati has little fruits in its steam that contains a vilote fluid has an ability to give a material for example a cloth with a color together with the combination of Hibiscus known as gumamela. They can both make an alternative dye that is not high in cost and in the same time not that hard to do.

B. Hypothesis, research questions, Engineering Goals, Expected Outcomes.
B1.Hypothesis
1. The extract from both plants can be turned as dye 2. The extract of this both plant can combine to form color. B2. Research Question a. Does the mixture of this 2 plants extract to formed dye? b. How effective is the used of this alugbati extract and gumamela extract as dye in terms of: A. Applied to a cloth. B. Time of longness it is applied

B3. Engineering Goal This study aims to determine if alugbati and gumamela extract can became a dye that is used to color a materials such as our clothes. If this study succeed it means we can use it on our daily living such as in school and homes as an alternative dye. B4. Expected Outcome This extract from alugbati and gumamela will give of great benefits in providing and alternative dye.

C. Research Methods and conclusion Experimental Research will use to determine the relationship between the variable that is suited in making an alternative dye. Experimental method is a problem solving approach that study is described in the future on what will be when variables are controlled and manipulated. C1. Materials and Equipment This study will be needing materials and equipment in order to finish the research. The researcher will use alugbati fruit and gumamela petals, a knife, ladle, Casserole; where in the dye will be cook, a container, strainer, and a cloth. The other materials needed are beaker to measure the amount of water and a timer to measure the time. C2. Treatment and General Procedure The researcher will gather all the materials needed such as alugbati fruit, gumamela petals, a knife, ladle, casserole, a container, a cloth and a timer, and a strainer. After gathering all the materials, the use the knife to get the alugbati fruit extract then slice the petals of gumamela into smaller size. Then put it in the casserole the pour water on it, stir is using the ladle, then use the timer to cook it for about 1 hour, after cooking it strain it using the strainer throw the fruit and petals where in the extract came from. Then put it in a container let it be colded. After several times place the cloth with water on a container then place the filter extracted or the ready to use alternative dye. C3. Data Gathering Procedure The researcher must know the measurements necessary for the completion of the product. The researcher is planning to use (30ml)extract of alugbati fruits and another (30ml) of gumamela extract. C4. Statistical treatment of data The research study will use tables that are set in qualitative and quantitativedata. The amount of extract that is place in the cloth will be describe in the tables, it will be based from the application of product every 1 hour. The table will help the researcher to present the result to interpret data to organize.

D.Bibliography http://www.filipinoherbshealingwonders.filipinovegetarian.recipe.com/alugbati.html http://structchange.org/gumamela.html http://pioneerthinking.com/craft/natural http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/10509/7/07_chapter%202.pdf http://cababaros-research.blogspot.com/2009/04/chapter-ii-review-of-related-literature.html General Objectives This science investigatory project aimed to utilize Basella Rubra Linn and Hibiscus extract as an alternative dye.
Specific objectives: This study explored the possibility of using alugbati and gumamela extract in producing alternative dye and finding its prolongnes when applied to a cloth.
Statement of the problem: This study sought to find answers to the following questions: 1. Will it be effective for Basella Rubra Linn (alugbati) extract and Hibiscus (gumamela) petals extract combined to became a dye? 2. What are the possible factors that can affect the results?
Statement of the Hypothesis 1. The extract from both plants can be turned as dye 2. The extract from both plants can be combined to each other.

Alternative Hpothesis 1. The extract from both plants will be an effective dye. 2. The extracts from the 2 plants will be combined to form colors.

Significance of the study This study is significant because it would determine if the alugbati fruit would determine if the alugbati fruit extract and gumamale extract can combined to form an alternative dye. This will result if more alternative that have minimal. They may also benefit our beloved school, Puerto Galera National High School (PGNHS)
Scope and Delimitation This study aims to determine if the extract of the 2 plants can be an alternative dye .
If this product can be an alternative dye, it mens we can use this study to make this product for benefit of the school and other people.
This study was conducted at PGNHS, Poblacion, Puerto Galera during the school year of 2015-2016.

Chapter 1
Background of the study
Introduction
Dyes have become part of daily living. What's great about dyes is that they give variety to everything. Even the earliest humans used dyes to put color into their worlds, and they even used the most peculiar sources of the colors. Since then, dyes have dominated different kinds of industries. Before, dye manufacturers were only able to produce one color at a time. But now, dyes come in different colors and types as well. Dyes today are easier to use compared to earlier forms of dyes, because previous dye makers got their materials from animals, minerals, or any other common things that were never thought could produce colors.
Alugbati is a succulent, branched, smooth, twining herbaceous vine, several meters in length. Stems are purplish or green. Leaves are somewhat fleshy, ovate or heart-shaped, 5 to 12 centimeters long, stalked, tapering to a pointed tip with a cordate base. Fruit is fleshy, stalkless, ovoid or nearly spherical, 5 to 6 millimeters long, and purple when mature.
Gumamela is a flower used in many places around the world for herbal medicinal purposes. Also known as the hibiscus, China rose or shoeflower, the gumamela is used as an expectorant, diuretic, anti-infectious, anti-inflammatory and more. It is also useful in the making of herbal tea.
With the combination of the two plants the researcher can make an alternative dye that is eco friendly, affordable and easy to do dye. The researcher can now help those people who can afford to buy dye and in the same time it is not toxic in short it is safe for our health.

Significance of the study This study is significant because it would determine if the alugbati fruit would determine if the alugbati fruit extract and gumamale extract can combined to form an alternative dye. This will result if more alternative that have minimal. They may also benefit our beloved school, Puerto Galera National High School (PGNHS)

Scope and Delimitation This study aims to determine if the extract of the 2 plants can be an alternative dye .
If this product can be an alternative dye, it mens we can use this study to make this product for benefit of the school and other people.
This study was conducted at PGNHS, Poblacion, Puerto Galera during the school year of 2015-2016.

Statement of the Hypothesis 1. The extract from both plants can be turned as dye 2. The extract from both plants can be combined to each other.

General Objectives This science investigatory project aimed to utilize Basella Rubra Linn and Hibiscus extract as an alternative dye.

Specific objectives: This study explored the possibility of using alugbati and gumamela extract in producing alternative dye and finding its prolongnes when applied to a cloth.

Specific Problem: 1. Will it be effective for Basella Rubra Linn (alugbati) extract and Hibiscus (gumamela) petals extract combined to became a dye? 2. What are the possible factors that can affect the results?

Definition of terms: 1. Alugbati is a common vegetable in the Philippines, and it's also known as malabar spinach, though it isn't spinach at all. The vegetable has heart-shaped leaves that grow along a vivid red stem. 2. Hibiscus is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. It is quite large, containing several hundred species that are native to warm-temperate, subtropical and tropical regions throughout the world.

Chapter 2 Related Literature
Foreign Literature
APPLICATION OF DYESTUFFS IN COTTON DYEING Cotton has become one of the versatile textile fibers of the world and now it ranks alongside wool and silk as the three great sources of clothing material to meet the needs of the human race. At the earlier stage, dyeing of cotton was employed with the vegetable dyes. Basic colours and acid colours were adopted only to wool and silk, and they were found less application to cotton. When the benzidine or direct colours were introduced, a new field in cotton dyeing was opened up and the widespread use of dyed materials was much stimulated. Because of the poor fastness property, introduction of aniline black as a specialized feature in cotton dyeing greatly helped to extend the use of dyed cotton materials by providing an extremely fast colour. The later introduction of various sulphur dyes also stimulated the use of cotton material by providing a number of fast shades (Chakraborty et al 1998). With the advent of the so-called vat dyes, which permitted the production of cotton of a wide range of beautiful shades of the highest possible qualities of fastness, cotton fabrics were lifted out of their previous rather low-grade class and it was elevated to the rank of fabric aristocracy. At the present time, therefore, it may be said that cotton materials are used for high grade fabrics, meeting the demand of high grade colours. Vat dyes are special class of dyes that work with a special chemistry, especially on cellulosic fibers (Meenaxi Tiwari et al 2009). 41 In the application of dyestuffs to cotton, several factors are considered as of prime importance. In the first place, the form in which the cotton is dyed will have much influence in the selection of the dyestuff. Dyestuffs that are suitable for raw stock dyeing may not be suitable for dyeing woven cloth or knit fabrics and vice versa. Cotton warp dyeing requires special consideration (Chakraborty et al 1998). Another consideration that is important in selecting cotton dyes is the kind of material into which the fabric will be manufactured and the eventual use to which it will be put. This will determine the qualities of fastness of the dyestuff to be employed. Cotton goods go into all kinds of materials at the present time. These goods are subjected to repeated washing and laundering, and they must also stand exposed to light and perspiration. So the colours must be fast to these agencies and a high class of dyestuff. The vat dyes were being largely used for these goods (Jesse fields 1979). Next, cotton denims are used extensively for over-all and similar garments. Though this class of fabrics is perhaps not so much before the eyes of the general public as some others, it is one of the great staples of the cotton business and very large amounts of dye stuffs are used in them. The principal colour used is blue, the fancy shades being negligible in amount and the chief dyestuff used is indigo. In fact, this is where the great bulk of indigo is used. The colour has to withstand very severe usage and repeated washings. Logwood can be used to approximate the shade, but the fastness is much inferior. Sulphur blues can be used with good advantage, and there are some who may be inclined to think that sulphur dyes are as satisfactory for this work as indigo. Hydron blue may also be considered as superior to indigo. But the trade has long been accustomed to indigo and it will probably stick to it for a long time to come ( Matthews 1918).

Local Literature
Ipil-ipil is found throughout the Philippines in the settled areas at low and medium altitudes. It s locally gregarious an abundant.This is a small tree, 2 to 6 meters high.The pinnae are 8 to 16, and 5 to 8 centimeters long. The leaflets are 20 to 30, linear-oblong, and 7 to 12 millimeters in length. The heads are solitary, at the axils of the leaves, long-peduncled, globose, and 2 to 5 centimeters in diameter, with many white flowers. The pods are thin, flat, strap-shaped, 12 to 18 centimeters long, and 1.4 to 2 centimeters wide, each containing from 15 to 25 elliptic, compressed, shining, brown seeds.
Ipil-ipil is popularly known in the Philippines for firewood and is useful also in reforestration work. It is also much used as a cover crop and is a good exterminator of “kogon”. The bark produces brown dye. In some provinces the seeds are used as a substitute for coffee. The seeds are also used in making bags, etc.
The leaves are injurious to horses who eat them. They are said to cause falling of hair from their manes and tails. Cattle and goats do not seem to be affected.
The raw seeds contain fat 8.68 percent, crude fiber 22.59 percent, nitrogen-free material other than fiber 9.78 percent, nitrogen 6.42 percent, traces of sucrose, water 14.8 percent and ash 4.2 perce

Chapter 3
Methodology
This chapter shows the materials and procedure used and applied by the researcher in order to accomplish the study, about making a product out of alugabti fruit extract and gumalela extract as an alternative dye .
Methods or Procedures
Materials : This study will be needing materials and equipment in order to finish the research. The researcher will use alugbati fruit and gumamela petals, a knife, ladle, Casserole; where in the dye will be cook, a container, strainer, and a cloth. The other materials needed are beaker to measure the amount of water and a timer to measure the time.
Procedure:
The researcher will gather all the materials needed such as alugbati fruit, gumamela petals, a knife, ladle, casserole, a container, a cloth and a timer, and a strainer. After gathering all the materials, the use the knife to get the alugbati fruit extract then slice the petals of gumamela into smaller size. Then put it in the casserole the pour water on it, stir is using the ladle, then use the timer to cook it for about 1 hour, after cooking it strain it using the strainer throw the fruit and petals where in the extract came from. Then put it in a container let it be colded. After several times place the cloth with water on a container then place the filter extracted or the ready to use alternative dye.

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