The Effects of Exercise on the Obese

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The Effects of Exercise on the Obese
Obesity has become a problem in the United States with 35.7% of American men and women being obese (Ogden, Caroll, Kit, & Flegal, 2012). An individual's BMI is calculated based on his or her height and weight. Therefore, if an obese individual lost weight it would be an efficient way to lower his or her BMI and promote a healthier life style. The decision to start an exercise program or plan can positively affect one's health. This is even more accurate for those individuals who are obese as it can promote weight loss, increase cardiovascular functions and reducing cardiovascular disease risk factors.
In order to lose weight, an individual must be in a caloric deficit. A person who maintains a consistent weight is said to be in a state of caloric balance. In other words, he or she is eating around the same amount of calories as being used. The key to be in a state of caloric deficit, the individual is not only reducing the amount of calories consumed but also increasing physical activity throughout the day. A caloric deficit of 3,500 calories will allow a person to lose one pound. This means that a caloric deficit of around 500-1000 calories per day is required to lose one to two pounds per week (Hussman, n.d.).
People who suffer from obesity are at risk of not having a healthy cardiovascular system. Exercise has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system when combined with a healthy diet which can lead to better cardiovascular health. (Watts, Jones, Davies, & Green, 2005) Aerobic exercises work on the heart by causing it to pump blood at a faster rate to keep up with the oxygen needs of the muscles. This works out the heart like any other muscle building strength and endurance. It may even keep the heart working longer (McClelland, 2011).
Being obese also puts them at risk of having health problems such as high…...

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