Premium Essay

The Effects of Malnutrition on the Academic Performance of Students

In: Other Topics

Submitted By mediamax
Words 11615
Pages 47
The detrimental effect of malnutrition on school achievement
Evidence from two districts of Madagascar

Frédéric Aubery∗ October 2012

Abstract The numerous school feeding programs around the world rest on the assumption that better nutrition leads to better results at school but the relationship between nutrition and school achievement is complex and difficult to estimate. Unobservable school, parents and child’s characteristics could have an impact on both nutrition and educational outcomes, resulting in a severe endogeneity problem. Based on a large data set from Madagascar (with nearly 6000 pupils), this paper tries to estimate the causal relationship between nutrition and school achievement with the help of an instrumental variable method. Variation in the total amount of rainfall from a year to an other during the five first years of a child’s life is used as an exogenous instrument to predict the long term nutritional status. Once instrumented the effect of nutrition over test scores appears to be larger, meaning that OLS estimates of this relationship were underestimated. Keywords : Nutrition, education, school feeding program. JEL codes : I25 , O12.

PhD Candidate - Centre d’Etude et de Recherche sur le Développement International (CERDI) fred.aubery@gmail.com


1

1

Introduction

Despite their high intervention costs, school feeding programs are widespread accross the world. According to Galloway et al. [2009], the mean cost of a school feeding program (SFP) is of US$40 per child per year. In Madagascar, for the school year 2011/2012, giving kids a meal that corresponds to a food intake of 603 kilocalories for 175 days costs US$35 per kid. Obviously, this average cost is very sensitive to food and transport price rises. During the 2008 food price crisis, the average meal cost per kid per day had risen from US$0.19 to US$0.30 in Madagascar,…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Malnutrition and Its Effect to the Academic Performance of Selected Public High School Student in Gumaca, Quezon During School Year 2015-2016

...Impact of Poor Nutrition on the Academic Performance of Grade Seven learners: A Case of Zimbabwe Kudzai Chinyoka Great Zimbabwe University Department of Educational Foundations Email: chinyokak@gmail.com Doi:10.5296/ijld.v4i3.6169 URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/ijld.v4i3.6169 Abstract This paper examined the impact of poor nutrition on the academic performance of grade seven learners at two primary schools in Chivi, Zimbabwe. Its main objective is to identify mitigation policies and measures designed to reduce negative effects of poor nutrition on children’s academic performance. Malnutrition remains one of the major obstacles to human well-being affecting all areas of a child's growth and development, including performance in the classroom. The study is grounded in Maslow’s motivational and needs theory. In this study, a qualitative phenomenological case study design was used with focus group discussions, interviews and observations as data collection instruments to twelve (12) grade seven learners, three (3) headmasters and four (4) teachers, purposively sampled in Masvingo province. Findings revealed that malnutrition affected physical growth, cognitive development and it consequently impacts on academic performance, health and survival of learners. Malnutrition also deepens poverty due to increased health care costs. The study also established that hungry and undernourished grade seven learners were not able to take on physical work and sporting......

Words: 5678 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Methods of Research

...GRADE EIGHT STUDENTS OF GUEVARA HIGHSCHOOL IN RELATION TO THEIR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE A Project Paper Presented to PROF. MYREL M. SANTIAGO In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Subject in Methods of Research Submitted by: Ana S. Transifiguracion Ria Marie M. Reyes Major in Technology and Livelihood Education Chapter I THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Introduction Nutrition is the result of the processes whereby the body takes in and uses food for growth, development and maintenance of health. Nutrition can also affect the body’s ability to resist disease, the length of one’s life and the state of one’s physical and mental well-being. Promoting good nutrition helps children grow, promotes human development and advances economic growth and eradication of poverty. Studies have shown that proper nutrition has a direct effect on student performance and behavior in school In many studies, cases of socioeconomic status seem to be an indicator of food insufficiency, which is simply the lack of available food to a household. Food insufficiency has been shown to directly affect children’s cognitive development. (Nutrition And Its Effects On Academic Performance How Can Our Schools Improve? By Amy Ross ) Poor nutrition on the other hand, is a chronic problem linked to poverty, poor nutrition understanding and practices, and deficient sanitation and food security. Lack of proper nutrition contributes to worse class performance, lower......

Words: 2613 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

The Eating Habits and Academic Performance of the Hrm Students

...EducationVolume 3, Issue 3 www.tojned.net The Role of Adequate Nutrition onAcademic Performance of CollegeStudents in North Tripura Santanu Ghosh [1], Haradhan Saha [2] [1] Dr.,Santanu Ghosh,Department of HumanPhysiologyGovernment Degree College, Dharmanagar, North Tripura.Phone no: 9862729696.sgrintuk11@gmail.com.[2] Dr.,Haradhan SahaAssistant Professor,Department of Education,Government Degree College,Santirbazar, Tripura (South). ABSTRACT The development of a nation is closely interlinked with the educationlevel of its population. Various studies have provided enough evidence ofthe importance of proper nutrition to the cognitive development of anindividual which also affects their education achievements. Bur till date,the pathway as to how nutrition develops or hinders academicachievement is still not very clear. It has been established that poorhealth and malnutrition in early childhood may affect cognitive abilities.This study looks into the effect of nutritional on college students in NorthTripura district which has hitherto not been documented earlier. Thestudy shows that, the tribal students have lower BMI values than theirnontribal counterparts which may be due to the tribal students having lessaccess to convenience foods. Their poor nutritional status reflects in theiracademic achievements which are lower than their nontribalcounterparts.Keywords:Nutrition, College students, Tripura, Academic status. INTRODUCTIONSince national or community development depends......

Words: 841 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Nutritional Status

...teachers: their relationship to teacher performance. (Unpublished master’s thesis). Trinity College of Quezon City, Quezon City. - This study was conducted to determine the relationship between job stress and teaching performance among one hundred-fifteen (115) grade school teachers of Xavier School. Specifically, it delved on the sources of stressors in the organization such as school environment, organizational climate, organizational health, organizational communication  and organizational leadership. cademic Performance of Elementary Pupils in Relation to their Nutritional Status   (Free Questionnaire)   I.  What are the different factors that affect the academic performance of elementary pupils? This study deals with the factors that determine the school-related performance of elementary students; in particular to their health and nutritional status.  The objectives of this article are relevant to the health and nutritional conditions of many school children, especially in public schools.  In this same fashion, this is also related to the relationship between the academic performance of the school children and their nutritional health.  All these aspects are vital in promoting a quality and effective education as well as providing the elementary pupils an equality of rights in learning.  However, governments in various nations are constructing new class rooms,  providing textbooks and other learning materials for the elementary students; as well as efficient......

Words: 2364 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Nutritional Status in Relation to Academic Performance

...is a relevant indicator of the quality of life of the people. Like any other developing countries, the Philippines has a big share along the malnutrition side. A great number of our people especially the children are suffering from malnutrition which is a serious problem that our country is facing today. Cognizant to this problem, every developing and fully developed countries give more emphasis to the maintenance of healthy people. This direction is not only focused on the adult but all members of the society, especially the young of whom the future of our motherland depends. As a result of the countries concern for the welfare of the future generation, various schemes and strategies have been initiated and devised by different agencies and institution so as to develop a healthy people. The development is done because there has been an increasing awareness of concern that malnutrition may adversely affect the health status of the growing children. The inadequate service and facilities in health have been redirected so as to serve the growing sector of the Philippine society with emphasis on the concern, Presidential Decree No. 497, the nutritional act of the Philippines designated July of every year as nutrition month. The government is doing all its best creating all these programs for the benefit of all people but still malnutrition is an alarming problem of our country. Annual reports of the health intelligence services reflect that any Filipino children are affected......

Words: 887 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Research Paper on the Assessment of Students Academic Performance..

... Rationale The purpose of this study is to examine relationships between nutrition and how it affects student success in school. Nutrition from food is critical for both physical and mental function and growth. National guidelines exist which regulate what constitutes adequate nutrition to support the body, and these guidelines have been at least partially integrated into most school curriculums, as well as food and wellness policies. Although adequate nutrition is vital for the body and mind to function, it is less attainable by some students due to a variety of factors, such as socioeconomic status, cultural barriers, and specific preferences. Many of the academic and behavioral obstacles that students face in the classroom are fueled by inadequate nutrition and lack of understanding about what nutrition is and its importance. There are many actions that can be taken in attempts to ameliorate the issues of nutrition illiteracy and misunderstandings. Wood cited Kretsch et al. (2001), amongst the plethora of possible solutions, perhaps they should look first at the nutritional substance of what our school-aged learners are eating each day as they struggle through a day of learning. The main objective of this study is to explore the relationship of academic performance in school age learners with the effects of the nutritional value of food intake as well as students study habit. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE/STUDIES Nutrition and Cognitive......

Words: 5114 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Wellness and Learning Program

...the intermediate pupils thus, this study undertaken in order to generate information on the nutritional status of intermediate pupils. This will lead to the awareness of pupils on food and eating habits and its implication to help them grow on their physical, social and mental development and become a productive citizen. http://www.answers.com/topic/assessment-of-nutritional-status#ixzz1zF05MZFB/06-30-12 Malnutrition in the Philippines is caused by a host of interrelated factors health, physical, social, economic and others. Food supply and how it is distributed and consumed by the populace have consequent impact on nutritional status. While reports indicate that there are enough food to feed the country, many Filipinos continue to go hungry and become malnourished due to inadequate intake of food and nutrients. In fact, except for protein, the typical Filipino diet was found to be grossly inadequate energy intake, the body utilizes protein as energy source. The present economic situation of the country further aggravates the malnutrition problem with 28 million Filipinos unable to buy food to meet their nutritional requirements and other basic needs. While it was reported that the health status of Filipinos improved in terms of the decrease in the mortality rates of mothers and infants, the rising incidence of infectious diseases such as diarrhea and respiratory diseases contributed to the poor nutritional status of many Filipinos. http://wiki.answers...

Words: 2085 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Nutritional Status

...Nutritional Status 1 Effects of Nutritional Status on Academic Performance of Elementary Students A review of the Literature Michael Dave Galano BEED 3-1 N Professor Garcia September 13, 2014 Nutritional Status 2 Abstract In the past few years, the Philippine Government as well as medical experts all over the country have expressed their concern about the ongoing problem of poor nutrition of youths all over the country. Most of people are aware that this is a serious problem and it deserves more attention but not all are aware how huge is the scope of the problem. This literature review examines how nutrition affects the academic performance of a child. The paper shows the effects of malnutrition and vitamin deficiency on the academic performance of school children . This examination points out the limitation and effectiveness of our current solutions to this problem and suggest the need for a...

Words: 372 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

School at Home

...Child, School, Home: Determinants of Academic Performance* Cecilia A. Florencio Education Research Program Center for Integrative and Development Studies University of the Philippines Email: erp@cids.upd.edu.ph This study was concerned with the determinants of school-related behavior, in particular the relationship between health and nutritional status and academic performance. Such a concern is in place whenever our educational system sets for itself the objective of reducing disparities in education and raising the overall quality and efficiency of education. Although construction of new classrooms, provision of textbooks and other learning materials and training of teachers are necessary to improve the quality of education, it is illogical to expect that these will make up for the difference in learning that could arise because of biological impediments. The objectives of the study relate to (1) nature, magnitude and distribution of health and nutritional problems of school children; (2) relationship between nutritional status and academic performance; and (3) effects on academic achievement of non-nutritional variables, specifically those recommended in the 1976 Project SOUTELE Report. Some 2,304 pupils who were randomly selected from 64 schools in Region I, IV and National Capital Region in Luzon, Region VII in the Visayas and Region XII in Mindanao participated in the study. The other respondents were the pupils’ parents,......

Words: 2255 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

The Association of Nutritional Balance and Performance of Grade 3 Pupils of Pinyahan Elementary School

...THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Nutrition plays an important role in the present age of scientific investigation and discovery. Recent studies and discoveries in the field of nutrition have been considered among the greatest scientific achievements because of their far reaching effects on human progress and welfare. Credit is due to those investigators in the field of nutrition who made careful and painstaking studies which have given knowledge on how best to select, combine and prepare food to promote the health and efficiency of the individual The world’s demand for food is becoming greater than ever. The current world population of 8 billion needs new innovations to meet the growing challenges of the poor and hungry world. Over nutrition, obesity, and related diseases characteristic of the developed world, is becoming serious public health problems in countries with widespread food insecurity. Children suffering from under nutrition today could well be afflicted with chronic diseases of development as adults. The economic development that has led to improved food security and better health in some countries needs to be harnessed, while at the same time incentives to avert the adverse health effects of the nutrition transition need to be taken. The potential of novel foods to alleviate under nutrition is becoming more apparent. But they are unlikely to have a role in the prevention of diseases associated with over nutrition in developing countries, which use growing......

Words: 14646 - Pages: 59

Free Essay

Nutrition

...Nutrition and Academic Performance 1 NUTRITION AND ITS EFFECTS ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE HOW CAN OUR SCHOOLS IMPROVE? By Amy Ross SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARTS EDUCATION AT NORTHERN MICHIGAN UNDERSITY July 28, 2010 APPROVED BY: DATE: Derek L. Anderson, Ed.D. August 2, 2010 Nutrition and Academic Performance 2 Table of contents Abstract ...…………………………………………………………………………………………3 Chapter I: Introduction…………………………………………………………………………….…4 Statement of Problems…………………………………………………………………….8 Research Questions…………………………………………………………………….…9 Definition of Terms ……………………………….…………………………………….10 Chapter II: Review of the Literature Nutrition and Cognition ………………………..……………………………………….11 Food Insufficiency …………………………..………………………………………….24 School Food Programs ……………………………...…………………………………..35 Chapter III: Results and Analysis …………………………..…………………………………..51 Chapter IV: Recommendations and Conclusion ……………………...………………………..54 References...………………………………………………………………………………..…...59 Nutrition and Academic Performance 3 Abstract The purpose of this paper was to review existing literature about past research that highlighted studies concerning nutrition and its relationship to brain function, cognition, learning, and social behaviors. There is evidence that school breakfast and lunch programs are not up to par with current United States Department of Agriculture standards and that USDA standards may not be utilizing the latest research...

Words: 16993 - Pages: 68

Premium Essay

The Effects of Study Habit on the Academic Performance of Students

... THE EFFECT OF STUDY HABIT ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PARFORMANCE: A CASE STUDY OF LAPAI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF NIGER STATE. BY POPO-OLA OLAYINKA RUTH U11/FEA/ACE/028 DEPARTMENT OF CONTINUING EDUCATION AND COMMINITY DEVELOPMENT FACULTY OF EDUCATION AND ART IBRAHIM BADAMASI BABAGIDA UNVERSITY LAPAI, NIGER SATE. AUGUST, 2015 TABLE OF CONTEN Title page…………………………………………………………………………………………i Approval…………………………………………………………………………………….ii Dedication…………………………………………………………………………………..iii Acknowledgment……………………………………………………………………………iv Table of content ………………………………………………………………………….….v Abstract………………………………………………………………………………..……..ix CHAPTER One 1.0 Introduction…………………………………………………………………………………1 2.1 Background of the study…………………………………………………………………… 1 2.2 Statement of the study……………………………………………………………………… 3 2.3 Objective of the study…………………………………………………………………….....4 2.4 Research questions…………………………………………………………………………. 4 2.5 Hypothesis………………………………………………………………………………….. 5 2.6 Significant of the study…………………………………………………………………….. 5 2.7 Scope and limitation of the study………………………………………………………….. 6 2.8 Operational definition of term…………………………………………………………....... 6 2.9 Methodology………………………………………………………………………………..7 CHAPTER 2 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACK GROUND OF THE STUDY In all educational institutions, the whole teaching learning process is directed towards achievement in the academic field as well as in the sphere of curricular activities...

Words: 3314 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

The Impact of Food and Nutrition on Students’ Academic Performance in Chemistry in Nigeria

...The Impact of Food and Nutrition on Students’ Academic Performance in Chemistry in Nigeria THE IMPACT OF FOOD AND NUTRITION ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN CHEMISTRY IN NIGERIA OGUNBOYEDE Michael Olu Department of Educational Foundations and Counselling Adeyemi College of Education E-mail: mikeboyede@yahoo.com IDOWU Funmilayo Taiwo Department of Chemistry Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo State, Nigeria ABSTRACT The Millennium Development Goal No.1 in Nigeria says that “Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger away from Nigeria between, 1990 and 2015”. Hence, in the light of the above goal, this paper investigated the present influence of students’ feeding habits on their academic achievement in Chemistry in Nigeria. The study employed a survey research design and the sample for the study consisted of 3,000 students selected from ten States in Nigeria through multistage sampling technique. Data were collected through the use of a self-developed instrument titled “Students’ Feeding Habits Scale” (SFHS) and a proforma which was used to retrieve the academic performance of the selected students from records. Four hypotheses were generated for the study and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the study revealed poor feeding as one of the major factors responsible for poor students’ academic performance at school. The paper therefore, confirms that poverty and hunger is still the order of the day in Nigeria. The paper concluded with strong recommendation for the...

Words: 3427 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Nursing and Homeless Youth

...proportions in the United States (American Medical Student Organization [AMSO], 2008, p.1). Problems inherent to homelessness are lack of shelter, food, clothing, and lack of health care. Living conditions of the homeless in and of themselves predispose the homeless population to a plethora of health problems. The problems associated with homelessness and healthcare have far reaching effects for a special subset of the homeless population – the population of homeless youth. Each year, more than 1.35 million children and youth experience life without a home, and one out of seven of all individuals treated by homeless health care projects is a child under age 15 (National Healthcare for the Homeless Council [NHCHC], 2003, p.1). Homeless children face the same illnesses faced by children in the general population, but their health issues are exacerbated by the circumstances inherent in their homeless status. Homelessness in and of itself is an independent predictor of poor health status among children (Kern Medical Center, 2003, p.3). Some of the health care issues especially prevalent in the homeless youth population are: psychosocial issues, nutrition and issues related to physical development, communicable diseases, dermatological disorders, respiratory disorders, dental health issues, sexual health issues, substance abuse issues, and issues related to medication use and adherence. Multiple studies have identified the adverse effects of homelessness on children’s......

Words: 1364 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Stimulating the Severity of Stimulants

...White House Administration Presented by Ethan George Student of business management April 10, 2013 TABLE OF CONTENTS Stimulating the Severity of Stimulants…………………………………………………………1 Memorandum…………………………………………………………………………………….3 Executive Summary……………………………………………………………………………...4 Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………5 Purpose of the Report ………………………………………………………………………...…...5 What are Stimulants?.......................................................................................................................5 Stimulants and ADHD…………………………………………………………………………….5 The Problem and Causes……………………………………………………………………..….6 Chart 1…………………………………………………………………………………..…………6 Table 1…………………………………………………………………………………………….7 Chart 2……………………………………………………………………………………………..7 Nonmedical Use of Prescription Stimulants……………………………………………………8 Contrary Findings……………………………………………………………..…………………8 Table 2…………………………………………………………………………………………….9 The Danger of Prescription Stimulants……...…………………………………………………9 Short Term Side Effects……………………………………………………………………….…10 Continual Use Side Effects………………………………………………………………………10 Conclusion……….……………………………………………………………..………….........10 Works Cited……………………………………………………………………………………..11 Memorandum Executive Summary The purpose of this report is to provide insight to the problem of the rise in use of prescription stimulants in college students. The nonmedical use of these stimulants is dangerous. What seems to make it......

Words: 1971 - Pages: 8