Premium Essay

The Effects of Malnutrition on the Academic Performance of Students

In: Other Topics

Submitted By mediamax
Words 11615
Pages 47
The detrimental effect of malnutrition on school achievement
Evidence from two districts of Madagascar

Frédéric Aubery∗ October 2012

Abstract The numerous school feeding programs around the world rest on the assumption that better nutrition leads to better results at school but the relationship between nutrition and school achievement is complex and difficult to estimate. Unobservable school, parents and child’s characteristics could have an impact on both nutrition and educational outcomes, resulting in a severe endogeneity problem. Based on a large data set from Madagascar (with nearly 6000 pupils), this paper tries to estimate the causal relationship between nutrition and school achievement with the help of an instrumental variable method. Variation in the total amount of rainfall from a year to an other during the five first years of a child’s life is used as an exogenous instrument to predict the long term nutritional status. Once instrumented the effect of nutrition over test scores appears to be larger, meaning that OLS estimates of this relationship were underestimated. Keywords : Nutrition, education, school feeding program. JEL codes : I25 , O12.

PhD Candidate - Centre d’Etude et de Recherche sur le Développement International (CERDI) fred.aubery@gmail.com


1

1

Introduction

Despite their high intervention costs, school feeding programs are widespread accross the world. According to Galloway et al. [2009], the mean cost of a school feeding program (SFP) is of US$40 per child per year. In Madagascar, for the school year 2011/2012, giving kids a meal that corresponds to a food intake of 603 kilocalories for 175 days costs US$35 per kid. Obviously, this average cost is very sensitive to food and transport price rises. During the 2008 food price crisis, the average meal cost per kid per day had risen from US$0.19 to US$0.30 in Madagascar,…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Malnutrition and Academic Performance

...Introduction Malnutrition as defined is the lack of a sufficient quantity or quality of nutrients to maintain the body system at some definable level of functioning. It has been estimated that 37-80 percent of all pre-school children in the developing countries like Philippines suffer from protein calorie malnutrition as assessed by the manifestation of syndromes, nutritional indexes, and weight deviations (Bengoa, 1974). Mild to moderate malnutrition, also called chronic under nutrition, is much more common than severe forms, and is often difficult to recognize. The severe forms are either due to insufficient protein and calories (marasmus) or to an acute protein loss or deprivation (kwashiorkor). At present, when increasing investment in our educational programs is being made to improve the performance of the schoolchildren however, to some extent this are being wasted. Children are not reaching their full intellectual potential consequently, predispose to school failure. In public elementary schools particularly the Kalibo Elementary School I, where malnutrition is prevalent among schoolchildren, it is observed that children has low attention-span, lack interest and decreased ability to focus on tasks, and restlessness. These likely to interfere with their learning ability and in this way resulted to their poor school performance. However, this has yet be proven, whether malnutrition impair the learning ability and school performance of schoolchildren. It is for this......

Words: 2675 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Effects of Having a Relationship on Academic Performance of Students

...negative effect on us; it might also help or destruct on our studies. The effect will just be depending on how we will react and respond to what is happening around us. Friends are sometimes the ones who bring the curiousness out within us. They are the ones who usually let us try and discover things out for the first time. And out of this curiousness, one may find how it feels to have this kind of special someone on his side whenever he needs it. Since studying is also stressful and tiring, we also wants to feel relax and stress free for some time. We wanted to have a moment where we can feel happy and loved. So, one may ought to find special someone who can make him feel this kind of feelings. Having this kind of special someone as an inspiration while studying is never a problem. It will just be a problem if we go beyond our limits and don’t know what is wrong or right. It will be helpful if we use them as an inspiration to even study harder. We must use them as a motivation, not destruction. We can’t say that it will always bring a positive effect on us, expect that there will always be negatives. Having a boyfriend or girlfriend is common for many students of today. You can see a lot of students with holding hands around the park of the campus, exchanging gifts to each other when there is a special occasion, couples eating tighter during lunch breaks. It feels good to see the both happy and contented with each other, but I wonder, how the performance of this......

Words: 562 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Effect of Online Social Networking on Student Academic Performance

...Running Head: TIME MANAGEMENT EFFECTS ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE 1 The Effects of Time Management on College Students’ Academic Performance Jamie C. Denlinger Ball State University TIME MANAGEMENT EFFECTS ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE Abstract The objective of this investigation was to examine the influence that time management has on 22 of Ball State University’s college students’ academic performance and 2 achievements. By conducting a survey based on gender, grade, major, and extracurricular activity involvement, I was able to analyze the data in organized charts. Data proves that being involved in extracurricular activities or demanding majors and having a high desire to succeed were found to be the main predictors in successful time management skills. The self-perception of having good time-management skills proved to have a direct correlation to performance levels. Students that perceive themselves as having good time management skills were the students who were more involved and had a high desire to achieve, resulting in a higher level of performance. To improve academic performance among college students, self-attitudes and participation in activities that keep schedules busy will help enforce the principle influence; time management practices. Keywords: academic, influence, performance, time management The Effects of Time Management on College Students’ Academic Performance Do you ever feel as if you can’t get everything done that you need to, or that you......

Words: 4426 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Effects of Romantic Relationships to Academic Performance of Students

...EFFECTS OF ROMANTIC RELATIONSHIPS TO ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA SABAH MALAYSIA BY: IMELDA ALBERT GISIP CYNTHIA ANNAMARIA ROBERT DAWAYAN JASMINE @ JUSPIN DAVID MARCH 2011 COPYRIGHT © UiTM Contents 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Letter of Report Submission Letter of Offer (Research Grant) Acknowledgements '" Report 4.1 Executive Summary 4.2 Introduction 4.3 Literature Review 4.4 Methodology 4.5 Results and Discussion 4.6 Conclusion and Recommendation 4.7 References/Bibiliography Research Outcomes '" Appendix '" iii iv v 1 2 6 11 14 18 20 23 .24 '" '" '" '" COPYRIGHT © UiTM Tarikh No. Fail Projek 28 Februari 2011 600-RMI/SSP/DANA5/3/DSP (32/2009) Penolong Naib Canselor (Penyelidikan) Institut Pengurusan Penyelidikan (RMI) Universiti Teknologi MARA 40450 Shah Alam Ybhg. Prof., LAPORAN AKHIR PENYELIDIKAN "EFFECTS OF ROMANTIC RELATIONSHIP TO ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE" Dengan segala hormatnya perhatian Ybhg. Prof adalah dirujuk kepada perkara di atas. Bersama-sama ini disertakan 2 (dua) naskah Laporan Akhir Penyelidikan beserta CD bertajuk di atas untuk perhatian dan tindakan RMI yang selanjutnya. Sekian terima kasih. iii COPYRIGHT © UiTM . ~= ~ MARA Surat Kami Tarikh 60D-RMI/SSP/DANA 5/3/Dsp (32/2009) 6 Mac 2009 Imelda Albert Gisip Ketua Projek Fakulti Pengurusan Perniagaan UiTM Cawangan Sabah Kampus Kota Kinabalu Beg Berkunci 71 88997 Kota Kinabalu SA BAH Cynthia Annamaria Robert Dawayan Ahli......

Words: 6193 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

Effects of Gadget Brand on the Academic Performance of the Students

...The Effects of Gadget Brand on the Academic Performance of the Students ------------------------------------------------- bachelor of science in information technology education Prepared by: Belinda C. Buenaventura Rojelita G. Robles Sarah Grace A. Victorio BSIT I Block 1 Table of Contents Chapter 1 - - - - - - - - - - - The Problem and Its Background Chapter 2 - - - - - - - - - - - Research Methodology Chapter 3 - - - - - - - - - - - Results and Findings Chapter 4 - - - - - - - - - - - Conclusion and Recommendation References Chapter 1 The Problem and Its Background Introduction We are now living in the 21st century wherein technology is indeed a part of our day-to-day life; we are now interacting in the era of unleashing progress of computer innovation, engaging to the promising technology of our generation. Most of those who embracing much of the technology are the youth. They are fond of using computers, different gadgets. Some spending most of their time in playing their gadgets but some are using their gadgets in a good way. Students, one of the leading users of gadgets, want of course to excel on their academic areas and gadgets are on their way to help them as they are now dwelling in the changing world. The relation between the students and gadgets are very concrete, then. Most students make use of their gadgets for them to do their school works easier. It is so and more convenient for......

Words: 1093 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Effect of Broken Home on Student Academic Performance

...2011 Ozean Publication IMPACT OF FAMILY TYPE ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA AKOMOLAFE, M. JUDE*and OLORUNFEMI-OLABISI, F. ABIOLA. Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria *E-mail address for correspondence: judolak@yahoo.co.uk _____________________________________________________________________________________________ Abstract: This study investigated the impact of family type on secondary school students’ academic performance. Three hundred (Male = 156; Female = 144) senior secondary school students were randomly chosen as the sample of the study. Their age ranged between 13 years and 20.5 years with mean age of 14.7 years. Proportionate stratified random sampling technique was adopted. The demographic questionnaire was used to collect respondents’ bio-data while their promotion examination results were used as a measure of academic performance. Three hypotheses were raised and tested at 0.05 level of significance. Analysis of Variance and t-test Analysis were used to analyse the data. The results showed that family type significantly influenced academic performance of secondary school students. On the bases of the findings, it is suggested that parents should be given adequate training on how best they can assist their children to attain maximum success irrespective of their family type. Key Words: Academic Achievement, Family Type, Students, Parents, Home influence.......

Words: 3016 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Effect of Facebook on Academic Performance of College Students

...OUR LADY OF LOURDES COLLEGE FOUNDATION Daet, Camarines Norte COLLEGE OF EDUCATION EFFECTS OF FACEBOOK ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF COLLEGE STUDENTS In partial fulfilment of the requirements in Social Studies 4117 Research in Social Studies Cydrick B. Andaya (BSEd-IV) Researcher Ms. Celia Gatacilo Research Adviser CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study Facebook, otherwise known as FB, is the largest online social networking site in the world with 1.15 billion users all over the world, 757 million of which checks their Facebook account daily. Users of Facebook can create a personal profile, add other users as friends, send and receive messages and post videos and photos that other users can comment, share or like. It also gives vast array of news and information almost instantaneously through the ‘pages’ that a user can ‘like’. It was founded on February 4, 2004, by Mark Zuckerberg with his college roommates and fellow Harvard University students Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes. Originally for college students, it continually grew and became accessible for everybody who has an access over the Internet. Over the course of time, Facebook has become increasingly popular over college students. Without it, student life is almost unthinkable (Debatin, et al., 2009). According to Fleire Castro, a social marketer, 32% of the population or around 34 million Filipinos are active Facebook users in the......

Words: 939 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Effect of Broken Home on Student Academic Performances

...investigating the effect of students socio-economic/family background on students academic performance in tertiary institutions using decision tree algorithms A. B. Adeyemo (Ph.D)1 and S. O. Kuyoro (M.Sc.)2 Department of Computer Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria Abstract The causes of the difference in the academic performance of students in tertiary institutions has for a long time been the focus of study among higher education managers, parents, government and researchers. The cause of this differential can be due to intellective, non-intellective factors or both. From studies investigating student performance and related problems it has been determined that academic success is dependent on many factors such as; grades and achievements, personality and expectations, and academic environments. This work uses data mining techniques to investigate the effect of socio-economic or family background on the performance of students using the data from one of the Nigerian tertiary institutions as case study. The analysis was carried out using Decision Tree algorithms. The data comprised of two hundred forty (240) records of students. The academic performance of students was measured by the students’ first year cumulative grade point average (CGPA). Various Decision Tree algorithms were investigated and the algorithm which best models the data was used to generate rule sets which can be used to analyze the effect of the socio-economic background of students on their......

Words: 5499 - Pages: 22

Free Essay

Effects of Bullying in Academic Performance of a Student

...choose the sophomores students (grade 8) because they have concluded that grade 8 students have enough maturity and they are in the stage where changes in their mind and body occur. The questionnaires include essays, to find out, how the respondents think, how can they help in creating peaceful and harmonious schools. The Researchers also observed the effects of bullies in the performance of particular students. Descriptive Research fits the research topic which is bullying because it is described , interpreted and analyzed. Abstract The study was conducted to know the effects of bullying in the student’s academic performance and personal growth and development. The study was limited only to Grade 8 High School Student of College of the Immaculate Conception because the researchers believe that these sophomore student ( grade 8 students ) are in the development stage of their life where their mind and body changes. This means that they are the perfect respondents because the researchers want to assessed the effects of bullying in the academic performance and in the Personal growth and development of the students. The effects of bullying assessed are the common effects of bullying that greatly affects the student in their academics and their growth and development. Thus through using a particular research method, the researchers were able to find out that those students who are being bullied have negative effects in their performance in school and their......

Words: 1264 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Effect of Broken Home on Student Academic Performances

...Effect of Broken Home on Student Academic Performances investigating the effect of students socio-economic/family background on students academic performance in tertiary institutions using decision tree algorithms A. B. Adeyemo (Ph.D)1 and S. O. Kuyoro (M.Sc.)2 Department of Computer Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria Abstract The causes of the difference in the academic performance of students in tertiary institutions has for a long time been the focus of study among higher education managers, parents, government and researchers. The cause of this differential can be due to intellective, non-intellective factors or both. From studies investigating student performance and related problems it has been determined that academic success is dependent on many factors such as; grades and achievements, personality and expectations, and academic environments. This work uses data mining techniques to investigate the effect of socio-economic or family background on the performance of students using the data from one of the Nigerian tertiary institutions as case study. The analysis was carried out using Decision Tree algorithms. The data comprised of two hundred forty (240) records of students. The academic performance of students was measured by the students’ first year cumulative grade point average (CGPA). Various Decision Tree algorithms were investigated and the algorithm which best models the data was used to generate rule sets which can be used to analyze the effect...

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Effects of Study Habit on the Academic Performance of Students

... THE EFFECT OF STUDY HABIT ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PARFORMANCE: A CASE STUDY OF LAPAI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF NIGER STATE. BY POPO-OLA OLAYINKA RUTH U11/FEA/ACE/028 DEPARTMENT OF CONTINUING EDUCATION AND COMMINITY DEVELOPMENT FACULTY OF EDUCATION AND ART IBRAHIM BADAMASI BABAGIDA UNVERSITY LAPAI, NIGER SATE. AUGUST, 2015 TABLE OF CONTEN Title page…………………………………………………………………………………………i Approval…………………………………………………………………………………….ii Dedication…………………………………………………………………………………..iii Acknowledgment……………………………………………………………………………iv Table of content ………………………………………………………………………….….v Abstract………………………………………………………………………………..……..ix CHAPTER One 1.0 Introduction…………………………………………………………………………………1 2.1 Background of the study…………………………………………………………………… 1 2.2 Statement of the study……………………………………………………………………… 3 2.3 Objective of the study…………………………………………………………………….....4 2.4 Research questions…………………………………………………………………………. 4 2.5 Hypothesis………………………………………………………………………………….. 5 2.6 Significant of the study…………………………………………………………………….. 5 2.7 Scope and limitation of the study………………………………………………………….. 6 2.8 Operational definition of term…………………………………………………………....... 6 2.9 Methodology………………………………………………………………………………..7 CHAPTER 2 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACK GROUND OF THE STUDY In all educational institutions, the whole teaching learning process is directed towards achievement in the academic field as well as in the sphere of curricular activities...

Words: 3314 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Malnutrition and Its Effect to the Academic Performance of Selected Public High School Student in Gumaca, Quezon During School Year 2015-2016

...Impact of Poor Nutrition on the Academic Performance of Grade Seven learners: A Case of Zimbabwe Kudzai Chinyoka Great Zimbabwe University Department of Educational Foundations Email: chinyokak@gmail.com Doi:10.5296/ijld.v4i3.6169 URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/ijld.v4i3.6169 Abstract This paper examined the impact of poor nutrition on the academic performance of grade seven learners at two primary schools in Chivi, Zimbabwe. Its main objective is to identify mitigation policies and measures designed to reduce negative effects of poor nutrition on children’s academic performance. Malnutrition remains one of the major obstacles to human well-being affecting all areas of a child's growth and development, including performance in the classroom. The study is grounded in Maslow’s motivational and needs theory. In this study, a qualitative phenomenological case study design was used with focus group discussions, interviews and observations as data collection instruments to twelve (12) grade seven learners, three (3) headmasters and four (4) teachers, purposively sampled in Masvingo province. Findings revealed that malnutrition affected physical growth, cognitive development and it consequently impacts on academic performance, health and survival of learners. Malnutrition also deepens poverty due to increased health care costs. The study also established that hungry and undernourished grade seven learners were not able to take on physical work and sporting......

Words: 5678 - Pages: 23

Free Essay

Effects of Study Habits on Academic Performances of Students

...CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE This chapter discusses the related concepts and finding from various literature and studies from books, journals, and online resources to support the necessity of the causes and effects of study habits on children. What is Development? Many people use the terms “growth” and “development” interchangeably. In reality they are different, though they are inseparable; neither takes place alone. Growth refers to quantitative changes – increases in size and structure. Not only does the child grows larger physically, but the size and structure of the internal organs and the brain increase. As a result of the growth of the brain, the child has a greater capacity for learning, for remembering, and for reasoning. He grows mentally as well as physically. Development, by contrast, refers to qualitative changes. It may be defined as a progressive series of orderly, coherent changes. “Progressive “signifies that the changes are directional, that they lead forward rather than backward. “Orderly” and “coherent” suggest that there is a definite relationship between the given stage and the stages which precede or follow it. As Anderson has emphasized, “Nor is development merely a matter of adding inches to stature, or ability to ability; instead, it is a complex process of integrating many structures and functions”. Because of this integration, each change is dependent upon what preceded it, and it, in turn, affects what will come after. (Elizabeth......

Words: 1674 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Effect of Broken Family in Academic Performance of Students

...THE EFFECT OF BROKEN FAMILY IN THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN OUR LADY OF ASSUMPTION COLLEGE An Undergraduate Thesis Presented to the Faculty, College of Education Our Lady of Assumption College Phase 2 Branch, Mamatid City, Cabuyao, Laguna In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Bachelor of Secondary Education By: Partulan, Ma. Victoria Date: TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Page Approval Sheet Acknowledgment Dedication List of Figures Chapter I. The Problem and Its Background Introduction Background of the Study Conceptual Framework Statement of the Problem Scope and Limitations of the Study Significance of the Study Definition of Terms II. Review of Related Literature and Studies Related Literature Foreign Local Related Studies Foreign Local APPROVAL SHEET THE EFFECT OF BROKEN FAMILY IN THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN OUR LADY OF ASSUMPTION COLLEGE by: Partulan, a. Victoria O. Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of Our Lady of Assumption College in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Secondary Education In English Date: Approved: Date: ____________________________ ______________________________ ____________________________ ______________________________ ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I would like to express my deepest appreciation to my Professor Dr. Rustico M.......

Words: 1872 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

The Effect of Gadgets on Students Academic Performance

...are invented is to help make people’s life easier and to improve their way of life, especially the students. Modern computer technologies make studying easier and fun to the students. As long as students don’t become fanatics when it comes to gadgets, we don’t think that they could have a bad influence or a bad effect on students. The gadgets make our life better in many ways. Let’s take for example the cell phone, many of you are “lost” without it and when it comes to students this device is more than just a cell phone, is a chat opportunity, an Internet connection, a camera and more. Because mobile phones have today a lot of features and they are not just devices made for communication between people. A negative effect of these gadgets on students can be the fact that they can become obsessive and the students can neglect everything else, like their social life, their family and friends. Is not a bad thing to have a computer, but is a bad thing to spend all your life in front of it pretending that everything else doesn’t exist. Otherwise, most gadgets have positive effects because they enable us to do things faster and easier and they are also good when it comes to learning new things and, let’s face it, they make our life a lot easier. There is some list of the essential gadgets for students we have: A laptop with the fast wireless internet connection enables the students to do their projects even if they are in a coffee bar, in a park or on the road. The best thing......

Words: 361 - Pages: 2