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The Effects of Childhood Development

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By DJKosmala
Words 1188
Pages 5
Since the development of Psychology, the effects of childhood development and behavior has been a largely controversial topic. Psychologists, such as Sigmund Freud and Jean Piaget, have been avid supporters of the idea that childhood development largely depends upon factors in their environment while growing up. It is believed that negative environments are the embryo for psychological disorders expressed later in life. The early childhood and developmental environments of multiple clearly psychotic individuals, such as infamous serial killers, have been studied to determine the cause of such undesirable disorders. These disorders continue to hinder the lives of many people to the point that they can’t even function in society. Many events during childhood, such as abuse, isolation, or the lack of love and support, have many negative effects on the growing and developing young brain. One such area that is largely damaged due to child abuse is the subiculum part of the brain. The subiculum relays the hippocampus with the rest of the brain and is responsible for the internal rewards center, which helps the individual feel good about themselves and their actions. Damage to this area of the brain has been linked to drug abuse and schizophrenia shown later in that individual's life. Similarly, during essential brain developmental periods a decrease in hippocampus volume, from stress due to childhood abuse and maltreatment, is highly correlated to psychiatric disorders. Of the many psychological disorders that can result from traumatic childhood events, dissociative disorders are common outcomes. Dissociation disorders are characterized by a detachment of one’s self or from the outside world. This is caused by painful, traumatic events where the child attempts to escape the pain by dissociating himself from their actual person. A prime example of this phenomenon, is...

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