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The Effects of Water Pollution on the Economy

In: Social Issues

Submitted By trcrum82
Words 1774
Pages 8
The Effects of Water Pollution on the Economy

Terri Cunningham
ECO 405
Dr. Page
July 25, 2014

Every human has five basic needs in order to survive: food, water, air, shelter, and warmth. Of these five needs, three are in grave danger from the effects of pollution. The water and air supply are being contaminated on a daily basis, and as a direct result, spreading to the food supply. A variety of pollutants from a number of sources are constantly being introduced into the environment, with most people none the wiser. Most of the population is aware of, or can extrapolate the negative effects environmental pollution can have on a person, plant, or animal’s physical health, but many don’t realize the major impact that pollution can have on a country’s economic health. With the global population increasing every moment, the demand for food resources rises right along with it, putting a strain on the planet’s water resources. As farmers scramble to produce more crops to meet the growing demand, they inadvertently add more harmful contaminates to the water supply. According to a Bloomberg article, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development said that this surge in agricultural production and water pollution costs billions of dollars in developed countries like the United States, France, and Spain, and is ready to surpass that mark in China and India (Patel, 2012). The chemical pesticides and fertilizers widely used in agricultural farming leech into the soil and are then washed away as runoff into rivers, streams, and the ocean. Contaminated water not only poses a risk to human life, but is harmful to the aquatic and plant life that depend on clean water for sustenance as well. There is a wide range of potential health risks that can result from exposure to contaminated water via ingestion or simple skin contact. According to the...

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