Premium Essay

The Empire of Japan During Ww2

In: Historical Events

Submitted By jbryant32
Words 1801
Pages 8
The Empire of Japan during WW2 The Empire of Japan during World War two seen great victories and expanding territories it also seen dramatic defeat. “At the height of its power in 1942, the Empire of Japan ruled over a land area spanning 2,857,000 square miles, making it one of the largest maritime empires in history (Colin, 1998).” It was the first and only nation to endure the atomic bomb twice. During this paper we will look at the rise and fall of the Japanese Empire. What kind of Government ran this nation? Was their economy a strong or weak economy at the start of the war and how did the war affect it? How did their military operate? The Empire of Japan’s government was a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. To better understand the dynamics of the Government during WW2 you have to travel back to the Meiji Restoration in 1868. “The Meiji Restoration was the political revolution that brought about the fall of the Tokugawa Shogunate (a feudal military government which existed between 1603 and 1868) and returned control of the country to direct imperial rule under the emperor Meiji (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2009).” Although, at the start of the Second World War the emperor did not have complete control of the government. The Emperor was the supreme ruler and head of state but the prime minister was the actual head of government. The Emperor was worshipped like a god similar to the Pharos of Egypt during ancient times. “Emperor Hirohito was the emperor from 1926 until his death in 1989 (Trueman, 2013).” At the start of his rule the people of Japan wanted to be more democratic but during the war national sentiment turned to ultra-nationalism and militarism. What contributed to the people wanting to be more democratic was the ruler before Hirohito which was Emperor Taisho. He was a very weak ruler so power shifted from the oligarchic clique to...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

World War 2

...WW2 started in 1939, by then both Italy and Germany were ruled by fascist governments for many years already - Italy by the National Fascist Party under Benito Mussolini since 1922 (despite being officially a kingdom), and Germany by the National Socialist Labourer Party of Germany since 1933, when Hitler won the election of the formerly democratic republic of the German Reich, which is often also called Weimarer Republik and replaced the German Empire after WW1 in 1918. The German Empire was in name only, having lost its overseas territories as a result of the First World War, whereas the Japanese Empire was in fact one since it had been steadily growing in size (as a result of actions before, during, and after the First World War, and during the 1930s through the various invasions of China). However, German did have colonies in China and at the end of the war these were formally handed over to Japan.  The German Reich, in its Weimar Republic format, had reconciled with its European neighbors and had rejoined the international community. Under its Nazi Germany format, it exited the international community and started to rise tensions, before invading its neighbors. Likewise, Japan had been part of the international community before raising tensions and causing wars. Differences: German sought revenge for what happened to them after World War 1, while Japanese sought imperial might and resource. Germans blamed their problems on Jews, Japanese were in a way, forced to......

Words: 311 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Alaa Mashal

...decide issues -        Germany began to build up their armies -        European nations became alarmed by others military power -        Each country tried to build larger/more powerful war machines; new technology Alliance System: Alliances- groups formed in Europe to support each other in attack -        War between two nations would involve more than one country -        Triple Entente- Russia, Britain, France -        Triple Alliance- Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy Nationalism: a feeling of deep loyalty to one’s own land -        Germany wanted to make empire -        Nationalism strong in Serbia à led to assassination of Duke Franz Ferdinand Imperialism: industrialized countries building oversea empires; desire to have a bigger empire -        Major imperialist countries à France, Britain, Russia -        Germany wanted to expand/dominate on global scale, but by the time they wanted to build own empire, no valuable territories remained Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand, 1914 -        Serbian Gavrilo Princip shot Austro-Hungarian Duke Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, on the road back from City Hall; goal was to crush Austria-Hungary’s nationalism Alliances Triple Entente- Russia, Britain, France Triple Alliance- Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy Schlieffen Plans German General that created a plan that was used by the Germans in hope to defeat France Battles Ypres: First use of chemical warfare- Germany Battle of Ypres 1915; Chlorine gas strips lining......

Words: 1584 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Analyse and Compare How Lady Macbeth and Curley's Wife Are Presented Shakespeare’s ' Macbeth' and Steinbeck’s ‘of Mice and Men’

... 10. Crimson thread of agreement is not real 11. Anzac stands for? Australia and new Zealand army corps 12. What is conscription was compulsory military service for young men, this defense act began 1902. 13. What was prime minister Hughes campaign to introduce inscription 14. Who were opposed to conscription 15. Ww1 ended in which year? November 11, 1918 16. Who was assassinated in ww1? Archduke Franz Ferdinand 17. Areas fought in ww1?  'Western Front' in France and Belgium were the biggest war areas 18. Most important reason for Australia declaring war in September 1939? Germany invaded Poland and so Great Britain has declared war on them along with Australia. 19. Who were POW in ww2 in Australia internment camps? The main use of internment camps were to put the people against Australia according to...

Words: 606 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...A factor which led to the Cold War spreading to the Far East in the years 1949-53 is the decline of European imperialism . Vietnam had been part of French Indochina until it had been seized by the Japanese during the Second World War. The French tried to regain control over former colonies .the USA were strongly opposed to imperialism and critical of the overseas empires ruled by European power.the countries of Europe no longer had the resources to run vast empires after WW2,this posed a problems to the USA and this could be the reason for the expansion as if France did not regain control over Indochina, it would be taken into the soviets union power vacuum to spread communism .In Vietnam the forces of nationalism and communism were combined by the Vietminh, led by the communist honcho Minh. Moreover Vietnam being positioned by south of china meant they were to receive assistance from Mao's communist in 1949 this therefore meant that communism was more likely to spread as Vietnam would need assistance ,by manipulating them in this way they are able to spread the belief of communism by making them on their side. The defeat of Japan in the Second World War was also another factor for the Cold War spreading to the Far East between 1949 and 1953 as the defeat of Japan had left much of china without any form of control, the communists were successful in quickly gaining a hold of these areas and by 1949 were strong enough to push the nationalists out of mainland china. As......

Words: 330 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

World War Ii

...D-Day, only scrape the surface of how gigantic and complex the Second World War was, and how it shaped the world for the years to come. The conflicts that occurred in this bloody war would shock the world and be remembered even seventy plus years into the future. This war was “Power-packed” with huge names from the world’s super powers; huge names that have been remembered for the years to follow, such as Roosevelt, Stalin, Mussolini, Tojo, Churchill, Eisenhower, Hitler, etc. All of the battles that ensued, had either positively or negatively affected the world as we know today and held huge roles in the “Great War” that many people’s grandfathers, not just Americans, fought in for what each of their countries’ beliefs. World War II, or WW2 for short, spanned from 1SEP1939 to 2SEP1945, to set the backdrop for this war, Germany was in substantial debt from the treaties signed that forced the German people to pay the Allied Powers large sums of money to end World War I, this allowed for the Nazi party to acquire a majority in Germany’s government, and eventually become the nation’s official political party. Their main point to the people was to blame communism and communists, and used the Jewish people as the face for their so-called “evil”. With their leader Adolf Hitler, a World War I veteran, at the reigns, he brought Germany out of crippling debt and rose the military power of the nation of Germany, uniting all Germans under the banner and title of the “perfect race”.......

Words: 1676 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Online History

...1. Blah 2 Vietnam- Part of Indochina -France gains control in 1885 and all of Indochina under French control by 1893. -Japan controlled Indochina during WW2. - Ho Chi Minh fought against Japan - Ho Minh advocated for Viatnamese independence all of his life. Wanted to talk to Pres. Wilson at the Versailles Conference about Vietnamese independence. He was a communist who was educated in communist universities in the Soviet Union. Much stronger nationalist (wanted Vietnam free from France. - Ho formed a government in North Vietnam due to his successful guerilla attacks that drove ou the Japanese. -Guerilla attack means you hit and run an enemy and live off the land. -French attempted to reassert control- At the end of ww2, France attempted to reassert control over its colonial holdings. America tried to negotiate with Ho to form a provisional gov. The French refused and Ho returned fighting for Vietnamese independence. - America assists with funds- America helped the French with Marshall plan funds. The French used funds to rebuild their nation to fight Ho. -Dien Bien Phu- French Defeated- Ho’s forces surrounded them (Indochina- fall of military) causing them to surrender. France realized they couldn’t keep the area in their empire 3.Geneva Conference - Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam formed- (from Indochina) -Vietnam divided into North and South Ho and communists in the north -Ngo Diem......

Words: 916 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Second World War

...How far would you agree that allied support was the main reason for the Russian victory in the Second World War? PLAN (POINT EXPLANATION EVIDENCE) 1.INTRO(WHO ARE WESTERN ALLIES) 2.ALLIES CREATING WAR ON TWO FRONTS 3.THE U.S, SUPPLY FOR THE USSR 4.THE USSR ITSELF 5.THE AXIS MISTAKES 6. CONCLUSION Allied forces consistent from countries which opposed the Axis powers. The main policy makers of Allies were the U.S.A., USSR and British Empire. These coalition and its cooperation helped the USSR, but importance of allied support for the USSR victory is arguable as there are several factors which oppose that statement. Allied forces were crucial for the USSR victory in the 2 World War as they created war on two fronts, which did not allow German to use all its power against the USSR. After defeat of Germans in Moscow, the USSR army advanced on the east, defatting Germans in Stalingrad, Leningrad and Kursk. However, even when Eastern was the biggest front in the 2 World War, and the USSR was fighting against bigger proportion of German soldiers, allies created pressure on Nazi army from the West and in North Africa. If the USSR would have fought against the hole Reich Army, the war for it would be lost. Also the allies were highly advanced in technology, what resulted in a lot of bombing operation from the USA and Britain. This allowed the USSR to meet less german tanks and avoid German airfares in their full presence, as the USSR was not able to produce......

Words: 2251 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Chapter 30

...CHAPTER 30 1500 B.C China had a complex society. 60 B.C Han empire. Europeans began to arrive in the 1500 and 1600s. Asian countries restricted movement of western traders. Netherlands conquered Indonesia. Many European nations and the U.S caused Asian countries to open trade. 1868 Japan had a new government. 1940 conquered Korea, Taiwan. WW2 U.S liberated. 1949 nationalist fled to Taiwan. !960 former Europeans gained independence. 1990 has some capitalist reforms. PHYSICAL: Eurasian and Indian plate colliding causes; Himalaya Mts, Plateau of Tibet, the Kunlun Shun, Atlun Shun, and the Tien Shun. Volcanic islands form the Ring of Fire. Mekong River has curved valleys through the highlands. Australia is largely arid. CLIMATES: Cities in the tropics have seasonal temperatures. Temperate coastal locations. South of the equator monsoons peak in January. Peak in July. Heavy downpours. ECOSYSTEMS: Coniferous forests in the north, mountains, mid-latitude forests of deciduous trees. In rainforests high rainfall and temperatures and the forest in Malaysia. Line coasts of northern Australia and E and SE Asia. Grasslands in China and Mongolia. E Asia and Australia, and New Zealand have deciduous forests. Bears and monkeys. PEOPLES AND CULTURES: 2 billion people. China has over 1 billion people. North central plains, Southern coast of East China, and in the Yangtze River. Australia is spaced. Great cultural diversity. 3/4s of the population is rural. 85 of Australians are in...

Words: 916 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Life of Tennessee Williams the reason for the type of characters included in Tennessee’s writing. She was a descendant of a genteel southern family which resulted in her ‘snobbish’ attitudes. • By the mid 30’s his father’s alcoholism and abusive temper led to the separation of his father and mother, although they never divorced. In 1939 the man then known as Thomas Lanier Williams III, changed his name to Tennessee Williams, whether it be a nickname or from an extract from Williams, no one seems to know. His education: • Between 1929 and 1931, he attended the University of Missouri, in Columbia, where studied to become a journalist. However he found these classes tedious and boring. Tennessee was also distracted by his unrequited love for a girl. • During his time at university he joined the Alpha Tau Omega fraternity, but he did not fit in well with his fraternity brothers as he was said to have been “shy and socially backward”. • Due to Tennessee failing a military course, his father pulled him out of school and sent him to work at the International Shoe Company factory. After working 5 years at the factory, Tennessee...

Words: 2152 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Japanese Eperialism

...The Sources of Japanese Militarism Source: J.B. Crowley, “A New Deal for Japan and Asia: One Road to Pearl Harbor” (1970)1 Introduction While the events of Pearl Harbor (1941) became “a date which will live in infamy” for the Americans, it is doubted by many if the attack was to be expected due to the rigid U.S. policy toward Japan. Crowley argues that by not acting against the 1931 Japanese intervention in Manchuria the U.S. “condemned itself to Pearl Harbor and the Pacific War”. In the perspective of the Vietnam War the aspects of Asian nationalism, the heritage of colonialism, communist ideology & national movement emerged. America’s role in Asia should be reassessed, and a better understanding of Asian racism and nationalism is needed. In this perspective Pearl Harbor will be seen as a by-product of Asian nationalism and as a conflict between an Asian country and the Occidental nationalism. As he assumes for the Japanese Pearl Harbor portrayed “a blow against the efforts of the Occidental powers to strangle Japan”. He quotes Tokutomi Sohō’s comment on the Imperial Declaration of War: “We must show the races of East Asia that order, tranquillity, peace... can be gained only by eradicating... [the Anglo-Saxons] ...and by making Nippon the leader of East Asia.” The essay of Crowley aims to help the better understanding of nationalism, colonialism, communism and imperialism in the Asian setting. The post-WW1 situation 1 Besides this essay, I relayed on the......

Words: 1491 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

The Constitution Is Our Way Forward

...Ever since the birth of man, tyranny has existed in some way, and so has mans desire to be free from it. Our forefathers in this country fought and died and risked everything they had in this world just to create a place where we could truly, at least for a time, be free of tyranny. They repelled the greatest empire the world had ever known based on their belief that if they could be free they could change the world for the better. We created more wealth, more art, more innovation, more technology than any other nation in history with our freedom. Our freedoms were protected by a document called the Constitution, a document that provided a very specific rules that the federal government could not violate. In recent years however the constitution has been being worked around, and most recently almost entirely ignored. We are in an out of control financial crisis., and out government is working as hard as it can to find ways to violate our basic fundamental freedoms so it can have more control. We are in so many countries with our army that it’s getting hard to count. We are becoming the very empire we fought so hard to escape. If only we would follow our constitution more closely, we wouldn’t be in this mess. The Constitution ensures that the government has a very limited and specific duty: To provide for the common defense of the nation as a whole, and to provide mechanisms to allow trade between the states, and to other countries. The state governments were given powers......

Words: 3788 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay


...intentions of reaching agreements for the future of Indochina. The conference involed delegates from the United Kingdom, United States, France, Soviet Union, People Republic of China, Democratic replublic of Vietnam (DRV) and the Nationalist Government of Vietnam. Issues proposed by Ho Chi Minh (DRV) concerning the future of vietnam included, the removal of foreign control, the unification of Vietnam, the development of a defence force for secuirty and the establishment of a communist nation. Resulting agreements of the Geneva Conference led to 'peaceful co-existence' with foreigners in Vietnam. Much of Indochina's history has endured the struggles of foreign control under nations such as France, Japan and China. In the 19th century French imperialism was massively expanding with empires consilidated in Africa and Asia. In 1883 France had completely conquested the south-east asian countries Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam which would be collectively known as Indochina. Indochina soon...

Words: 1622 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

How Successful Was the Usa’s Policy of Containment?

...communism to the only place it existed, Russia. However soon despite this, communism spread and communist dictatorship controlled most of Eastern Europe, soon after this the most populated state on earth, China, fell to a communist regime, as well as the creation of communist states in Vietnam and Korea. This consistent creation of communist states and the failure of the USA to prevent this, shows how ultimately, despite apparent success in some of Europe and Asia, the Policy of Containment failed in its primary function, to contain and prevent the spread of communism and therefore it was not a success. However it is arguable that in some ways the USA’s Policy of Containment was a great success in preventing the spread of communism early on during the Cold War. One piece of evidence that supports the argument that the USA had early success with their policy of containment is The Greek Civil War. The USA’s decision to intervene due to the “strategic significance of Greece in the Balkans and the Mediterranean” arguably was successful. With this clear threat of communist expansion into Western Europe, Truman called for congress to uphold the Truman Doctrine and provide funding to aid the battle against the spread of communism that clearly threatened the USA’s interests in Europe. This resulted in $400 million dollars of funding being provided to support the Greek government, which led to clear victory and early success in containing the threat of the spread of communism from......

Words: 2612 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Postmodernism in Steinbeck's Novel

...America in 1942 Initially, the outbreak of World War II did not bring about any large changes in the German economy. Germany had spent six years preparing for war, and a large portion of the economy was already devoted to military production. During the war, as Germany acquired new territories (either by direct annexation or by installing puppet governments in defeated countries), these new territories were forced to sell raw materials and agricultural products to German buyers at extremely low prices. Fiction as Reconstruction of History: Narratives of the Civil War in American Literature by Reinhard Isensee Even after more than 140 years the American Civil War continues to serve as a major source of inspiration for a plethora of literature in various genres. While only amounting to a brief period in American history in terms of years, this war has proved to be one of the central moments for defining the American nation since the second half of the nineteenth century. The facets of the Civil War, its protagonists, places, events, and political, social and cultural underpinnings seem to hold an ongoing fascination for both academic studies and fictional representations. Thus, it has been considered by many the most written-about war in the United States. The War That Never Goes Away: The Significance of the Civil War for the Cultural Imagination in the United States Despite the overwhelming body of academic work on the Civil War produced in the United States......

Words: 3495 - Pages: 14

Free Essay


...Fear Written By: Richard A. Cranston To begin with, I will ask the question of what is fear. Webster’s Dictionary give’s the definition of fear as this: FEAR - 1) To have a reverential awe of, to be afraid of, expect with alarm, to be apprehensive. 2) An un-pleasant, often strong emotion caused by anticipation or awareness of danger. 3) A reason for dread o apprehension. Fear is a powerful emotion that is primitive and can be traced back to our earliest ancestors. This emotion, if controlled and listened to, can and will alert us of danger. I personally believe that since it kept our ancestors alive, it can keep us alive. If fear was not accepted, appreciated, and or respected, then none of us will be here today. That is just a small portion of the positive side of fear. Like all things in life, when there is positive, there is negative. The negative side is that fear can control us, cloud our judgment, cause us to freeze, and in the end get us severely injured or killed. Hundreds of years ago, fear was taken from just an emotion, and turned into a very powerful weapon. This weapon was used, even to this day, as a means of control. Many cultures have produced secret societies who have found out just how much of an effective weapon this emotion can be. It has been used for extortion, control, and even to shift political parties to who these societies want to take reign, or over throw a monarchy. Many of these secret societies are not widely......

Words: 4493 - Pages: 18