Free Essay

The Environment in the News

In: Business and Management

Submitted By djpingu2016
Words 20572
Pages 83
THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE NEWS
Wednesday, 12 April 2005

Other Environment News

• Pollution "problématique" sur le périphérique parisien (Reuters) • La pollution contribuerait à faire grossir (RTL)

Environmental News from the UNEP Regions

• ROA • ROWA

Other UN News

• UN Daily News of 12 April 2005 • S.G.’s Spokesman Daily Press Briefing of 12 April 2005

BBC: UN names Earth's green champions

The United Nations Environment Programme (Unep) has named seven Champions of the Earth it hopes will inspire wider protection of the planet.
The winners include an Inuit activist, South Africa's president, and Bhutan's King Jigme Singye Wangchuk.
The head of the Orthodox Christian Church, Patriarch Bartholomew, is cited for preaching that God wants the planet's future safeguarded.
The winners will receive trophies sculpted from recycled materials.
The presentation will be made at a ceremony in New York next week.
Unep hopes the various projects recognised will be imitated around the globe.
'Set the agenda'
The seven winners each represented a region of the world.
President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa is honoured for his government's commitment to providing clean water and sanitation.
The king and people of Bhutan are rewarded for helping preserve more than 70% of its forest cover.
Canadian Inuit activist Sheila Watt-Cloutier was recognised for fighting global warming and persistent organic pollutants in the Arctic ecosystem.
Unep Executive Director Klaus Toepfer said the seven had "to a large extent, set the environmental agenda and laid the foundations for the many areas of progress we are able to see and celebrate today".
The other winners were Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al-Nahyan of the United Arab Emirates, former Mexican Environment Minister Julia Carabias Lillo, and Zhou Qiang of the All-China Youth Federation. _____________________________________________________________________________

News 24: Mbeki a 'Champion of the Earth'
12/04/2005

Pretoria - South Africa and President Thabo Mbeki have been listed as "Champions of the Earth", the United Nations Environment Programme (Unep) said on Tuesday.
It described Mbeki and South Africa's people as outstanding leaders in the field of environment.
They were setting an example for the world to follow, Unep said.
"The people of South Africa have not just made substantial progress in the sustainable development of their own country, they have provided leadership and support for the continent as a whole."
Unep lauded South Africa for the rate at which it was putting recommendations of 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) into effect.
This particularly applied to targets on the provision of water and sanitation set at the WSSD meeting in Johannesburg.
Six other individuals or countries would receive similar awards at a ceremony to be held at the UN's New York headquarters on April 19, Unep said.
They are:
• the king and people of Bhutan;
• Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al-Nahyan of the United Arab Emirates (posthumously);
• Greek orthodox leader Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew;
• Julia Carabias Lillo, former environment minister of Mexico;
• Sheila Watt-Cloutier of Canada, president of the Inuit Circumpolar Conference; and
• Zhou Qiang and the All-China Youth Federation.

____________________________________________________________________________

SABC: UN honours South Africa

12 April 2005

The United Nations has named President Thabo Mbeki and the people of South Africa as champions of the environment for the African region. The annual awards are given to outstanding environmental achievers and leaders from each region of the world.

The United Nations Environment Programme says South Africa is being honoured for its commitment to cultural and environmental diversity. It has commended the country for meeting its sustainable development goals by providing clean water and sanitation and for spearheading the Peace Parks concept, which supports cross border conservation.

The body says South Africa is just 1% short of declaring 20% of its coastline as Marine Protected Areas. It has also recognised Mbeki for his work on the New Partnership for Africa's Development, which it says has a strong environmental component.

_____________________________________________________________________________

Khaleej Times: Zayed among ‘Champions of the Earth’

13 April 2005
ABU DHABI — The United Nations Environment Programme (Unep) has named former UAE President Shaikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (posthumously) among seven leaders in the field of the environment as Champions of the Earth for "setting an example for the world to follow."

A Unep statement from Nairobi today said the the awards — for outstanding environmental achievers and leaders from each region of the world — will be presented on April 19 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York to the following awardees: Shaikh Zayed, (posthumously), the King and people of Bhutan, President Thabo Mbeki and the people of South Africa, Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, Julia Carabias Lillo, former environment minister of Mexico, Sheila Watt-Cloutier of Canada, President of the Inuit Circumpolar Conference, and Zhou Qiang and the All-China Youth Federation.

Unep's Executive Director, Klaus Toepfer, said: “In this inaugural year of the award, Unep is honoured to recognize the achievements of seven individuals who have, to a large extent, set the environmental agenda and laid the foundations for the many areas of progress we are able to see and celebrate today".

Late Shaikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan of the UAE receives the award for the West Asia region for his "lifetime work" to protect his country's environment, and his “widely acclaimed” contributions to agriculture, afforestation and species protection. One of Shaikh Zayed's most enduring achievements is the greening of the region's deserts. Under his leadership, 100 million trees were planted, hunting was outlawed more than a quarter of a century ago, and a sanctuary was established on the island of Sir Bani Yas to safeguard such endangered species as the Arabian oryx and the sand gazelle, the statement said.

This selection of Shaikh Zayed, decided before he passed away, comes ahead of the United Nations International Year of Deserts and Desertification in 2006. The presentation of the award recognising the late president’s environmental achievements will be made to his eldest son UAE President, His Highness Shaikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan in the UAE on 18 April, according to the Unep statement.

King Jigme Singye Wangchuk and the people of Bhutan have been given the award for the Asia and the Pacific region in recognition of their country's “commitment to placing the environment at the centre of its constitution and all its development plans”.

Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, known in Europe as the 'Green Patriarch,' has taken the lead among religious leaders in his concern for the environment. His Holiness, who was born on in the village of Aghioi Theodoroi on the Aegean island of Imvros in Turkey, has initiated seminars and dialogues to discuss the need for the mobilization of moral and spiritual forces to achieve harmony between humankind and nature.

President Thabo Mbeki and the people of South Africa have been given the Africa award for the country's "commitment to cultural and environmental diversity" and its efforts towards achieving the goals encapsulated in the 2000 Millennium Declaration and the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) Plan of Implementation.

As President of South Africa, Mbeki is well known as one of the architects of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), which has a strong environmental component.

Julia Carabias Lillo receives the award for Latin America and the Caribbean for her efforts in coordinating research and rural development programmes in extremely impoverished peasant communities in the four regions of Mexico and for her “success in working with different sectors that include government, academia and civil society.” Her appointment as President of the National Ecology Institute, and subsequently as Mexico's Minister of Environment, Natural Resources and Fisheries, in 1994, reflect her many achievements, as does her appointment in 2002 as Chair of the Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel of the Global Environment Facility.

Sheila Watt-Cloutier receives the North American award for her "contributions in addressing global warming" and in articulating her people's concerns "in the face of the devastating effects of climate change and its relentless assault on Inuit traditional life." The judges also cite her "exemplary contribution to global efforts to eliminate persistent organic pollutants, which pose a particular threat to Arctic peoples and ecosystems."

Finally, Zhou Qiang and the All-China Youth Federation are given a special award in recognition of Zhou's "outstanding achievements" as honorary chairman of the Federation and leader of the China Mother River Protection Operation, which mobilised 300 million Chinese youth to protect the environment. The judges praised the Federation as "a very important force for protecting the environment", recalling that it has undertaken 882 afforestation projects covering 191,000 hectares."
_____________________________________________________________________________

Emirates News Agency: Sheikh Zayed named among seven environment personalities
12 April 2005

The United Nations Environment Programme will grant an Award to the the name of late Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan among six other world leaders who are lablled "Heros of the Land', for their roles in protecting their environments.The UNEP will celebrat the "Global Desrets and Desertification Awards in the year 2006..

A statement made by UNEP in Nairobi, Kenya, said that the granting of the west Asia environment award to late Sheikh Zayed will be in recognition of the efforts he had exerted throughout his lifetime to preserve his country's environment, and for his renowned contributions in agriculture, plantations and protection of endangered species..

It said that Sheikh Zayed had planted over 100 million trees in the UAE, established a reservation in Sir bin Yas and since a quarter of a century and prohibited hunting of endangered species like the Saharan Ghazzale and the Arabic Maha..

_____________________________________________________________________________

AFP: Bhutan's king, Mbeki win UN environmental award

[appears in Sify.com, Zee News (India), ...]

12 April ,2005
Nairobi: The monarch of the tiny Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan and South Africa's president are among seven world political and civic leaders to win a new UN award honoring environmental protection, the United Nations announced on Tuesday.
King Jigme Singye Wangchuk and President Thabo Mbeki along with the other five recipients of "Champions of the Earth" award will be honored next week at UN headquarters in New York, the Nairobi-based UN Environmental Programme (UNEP) said.
The winners "have, to a large extent, set the environmental agenda and laid the foundations for the many areas of progress we are able to see and celebrate today," UNEP chief Klaus Toepfer said in a statement.
Wangchuk and the people of Bhutan won the prize for the country's central placement of the environment in its constitution and development plans, the agency said, noting that more than 74 percent of Bhutan's land is under forest cover and 26 percent of that is protected.
Mbeki, the only African winner, won for steering South Africa toward creating a sustainable environment by sponsoring so-called "Peace Parks" to promote cross-border conservation of critical habitats and boosting the numer of coastal protected areas.
Others honorees include the late Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al-Nahyan of the United Arab Emirates for implementing anti-desertification policies; His All Holiness Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I, spiritual leader of the Orthodox Church, for promoting religious concern for the environment;
Julia Carabias Lillo, former environment minister of Mexico; Sheila Watt-Cloutier, the president of Canada's Inuit Circumpolar Conference; and Zhou Qiang, the honorary chief of the China Mother River Protection Operation, UNEP said.
The awards are to be presented on April 19.

_____________________________________________________________________________

China Radio International: PNUE : le président d'une association chinoise remporte le prix de Champion de la Terre

Zhou Qiang et la Fédération nationale de la jeunesse de Chine ont remporté le prix spécial de Champion de la Terre, qui récompense des actions en faveur de l'environnement, a annoncé mardi à Nairobi le Programme des Nations unies pour l'environnement (PNUE).
Le prix a été décerné à la Chine pour reconnaître les "exploits remarquables" de M. Zhou, 45 ans, en tant que président honoraire de la Fédération et responsable de l'Opération de protection de la Rivière-mère de la Chine (fleuve Jaune), qui a mobilisé 300 millions de jeunes Chinois pour protéger l'environnement, a expliqué le PNUE dans le communiqué de presse désignant les gagngants.
Les juges ont qualifié la Fédération de "force très importante pour la protection de l'environnement", rappelant qu'elle avait réalisé 882 projets de boisement couvrant 191 000 hectares en Chine.
La somme de 250 millions de yuans (environ 30,5 millions de dollars) a été collectée, dans tous les secteurs de la société, au cours des cinq dernières années, pour les efforts de reforestation à travers la Chine.
La Fédération est l'unique association nationale de la jeunesse en Chine.

_____________________________________________________________________________

East Day: China wins environment award

13/4/2005

China has won a special prize at the inaugural Champion of the Earth environmental award, the United Nations Environment Program announced in Nairobi, capital of Kenya, yesterday.
The prize was given to Zhou Qiang in recognition of his "outstanding achievements" as honorary chairman of the All-China Youth Federation and leader of the China Mother River Protection Operation, which mobilized 300 million Chinese youths to protect the environment, UNEP said in the press release.
The judges praised the federation as "a very important force for protecting the environment," recalling that it has undertaken 882 afforestation projects covering 191,000 hectares in China, the UNEP said.
At the beginning of 1999, Zhou promoted the Mother River Protection Operation and mobilized Chinese youth to protect the environment.
"Rivers and oceans have been the cradles of various brave nations and kind people. As the mother rivers of the Chinese people, the Yangtze River and the Yellow River have not only been the origins of the brilliant Chinese civilization, but also imposed an important impact on the world civilization and advancement," Zhou said while launching the operation.
He developed the plan of the operation and actively took part in its implementation. Thanks to his leadership and efforts, 250 million yuan (US$30.5 million) has been raised from all sectors of society in the past five years for afforestation efforts throughout China.
Zhou has made great efforts in formulating the development strategies and making significant decisions for the Mother River Protection Operation while participating in important activities and key construction programs.
The operation has now become the most well-known non-governmental public welfare event for environmental protection in China.
As the only national youth association in China, the All-China Youth Federation is a very important force for protecting the environment in China.
_____________________________________________________________________________

China Daily: Chinese Zhou Qiang wins UNEP's 'Champion of Earth' award

13 April 2005
Zhou Qiang and the All-China Youth Federation win the special prize of the inaugural Champion of the Earth environmental award, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) announced here Tuesday.

The awards were announced in Nairobi, Kenya on Tuesday.
The prize was awarded to Zhou Qiang in recognition of his "outstanding achievements" as honorary chairman of the Federation and leader of the China Mother River Protection Operation, which mobilized 300 million Chinese youth to protect the environment.
The awards, for prominent environmental activists from around the world, will be presented on April 19 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York.

_____________________________________________________________________________

La Jornada (Mexico): Reconoce la ONU trabajo de Carabias en favor de la ecología

12. 04.2005
El Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente (PNUMA) dio a conocer los nombres de los siete líderes ambientalistas 2004, conocidos como Campeones de la Tierra, entre los que está la ex secretaría de Medio Ambiente, Julia Carabias Lillo. Los premios se entregan a personas con liderazgo en el campo ambiental en cada región del mundo.
El próximo 19 de abril en las oficinas centrales de Naciones Unidas se hará la presentación de los ganadores, que además de Carabias Lillo, son el rey y la población de Bután; el presidente Thabo Mbeky y el pueblo de Sudáfrica; Shelkh Zayed Bin Sultan Al-Nahyan, de los Emiratos Arabes Unidos -premio póstumo-; su santidad ecuménica el patriarca Bartholomew; Sheila Watt-Cloutier, de Canadá, presidente de la Inuit Circumpolar Conference, y Zhou Quiang y la Federación All-China Youth.
En un comunicado el director del PNUMA, Klaus Toepfer, sostuvo que en este año que se instaura el premio, el programa reconoció los logros de las siete personas que han establecido la agenda ambiental y han puesto las bases en muchas áreas del progreso.
Precisó que Carabias Lillo recibe el premio para América Latina y el Caribe por sus esfuerzos en la coordinación de la investigación y desarrollo de programas rurales en comunidades campesinas en extrema pobreza, en cuatro regiones de México, y por su "éxito en el trabajo con distintos sectores que incluyen al gobierno, académicos y la sociedad civil".

_____________________________________________________________________________

Hindustan Times: Alternative chemicals also hurting ozone layer AP

Geneva, 11 April 2005
Alternatives to ozone-depleting chemicals in products like pesticides and aerosols are also contributing to climate change, says a UN report released on Monday.
Many of the more ozone-friendly chemicals were first put into products nearly a decade ago as part of a global accord on reducing the use of chlorofluorocarbons, or CFCs, that deplete the Earth’s protective ozone layer.
But since the Montreal Protocol went into effect in 1997, the less-harmful chemicals have accounted for about 5 per cent of man-made greenhouse gas emissions, said the report from the UN Environment Programme.
The UNEP suggests governments promote the containment of chemicals to prevent leaks, more recycling and the destruction of dangerous substances. It also suggests the use of alternatives such as ammonia and the development of new technologies that avoid harmful gases.
___________________________________________________________________________

Politinfo.com: UN Report: Ozone-Friendly Gases Contribute To Climate Change

12 Apr 2005 Geneva
A new report finds that ozone-friendly chemicals used in air-conditioners and refrigerators are continuing to have a harmful impact on climate.

A report by the U.N. Panel of Climate Change Experts released Monday found that many of the chemicals put into products nearly a decade ago as part of a global pact on reducing the use of chlorofluorocarbons, called CFCs, can also cause environmental problems.

A spokesman for the U.N. Environment Program, Michael Williams, explains:

"We are getting rid of CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) and other gases which destroy the ozone layer. This is something we have been doing since the 1980s. But, the replacements that have been found for CFCs that can be used effectively in refrigerators and air conditioners and other such systems, unfortunately, also turn out to be greenhouse gases. So, the risk is that we are saving the ozone layer-and we actually are making very good progress at the moment on that issue-but, we are contributing, in a small way, but, nevertheless, in an important way to global warming," he said.

The 1987 Montreal Protocol limiting use of chlorofluorocarbons was enacted after holes in the ozone layer, which protects the earth from damaging ultraviolet radiation, were discovered raising the threat of skin cancer and crop damage.

Under the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, developed countries that are party to the treaty must reduce their emissions of six so-called greenhouse gases between 2008 and 2012. Many scientists believe greenhouse gases lead to global warming.

The United States has not ratified the protocol.

Mr. Williams says there can be no trade-off between saving the ozone layer and minimizing climate change. He says there is no easy solution to these problems, but steps can be taken to reduce the impact.

"What you can do is prevent leaks. You can make sure that when these substances need to be replaced or when the equipment is being thrown out that they are not simply being vented into the atmosphere. That they are destroyed afterwards - contained and destroyed," he said. "We also need to have more research on some of the emerging technologies where there could be gases that do not have this problem, where they could be good for both the ozone and the climate change. And, that obviously will be the long-term solution."

The report estimates replacing ozone-friendly chemicals could add 30 dollars to the cost of a household refrigerator, and incinerators for destroying the chemicals' byproducts could run into hundreds of thousands of dollars.

But the scientists say these costs are relatively low when compared to other ways of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. _____________________________________________________________________________

CTV Canada: Alternatives to pesticides, aerosols just as bad

Alternatives to ozone-depleting chemicals in products like pesticides and aerosols are also contributing to climate change, according to a UN report released Monday.

Many of the more ozone-friendly chemicals were first put into products nearly a decade ago as part of a global accord on reducing the use of chlorofluorocarbons, or CFCs, that deplete the Earth's protective ozone layer.
But since the Montreal Protocol went into effect in 1997, the less-harmful chemicals have accounted for about five per cent of man-made greenhouse gas emissions, said the report from the United Nations Environment Program.
"There can be no trade-offs between saving the ozone layer and minimizing climate change," said UNEP director Klaus Toepfer.
The UNEP's 31-page report outlined steps governments can take to curtail the use of these chemicals.
The agency suggests governments promote the containment of chemicals to prevent leaks, more recycling and the destruction of dangerous substances. It also suggests the use of alternatives such as ammonia and the development of new technologies that avoid harmful gases.
Although there are few regulations for these types of chemicals under the Montreal Protocol or the Kyoto Protocol - an international agreement to cut greenhouse gas emissions - the UNEP believes that action on its proposals could halve the effect of these chemicals by 2015.
___________________________________________________________________________

Euractiv.com: New UN report confirms F-gases climate risk

In Short:

A new report by the UN's Intergovernmental panel on climate change recommends reducing greenhouse gas emissions coming from fluorinated gases. The EU has already started regulating these F-gases.

RELATED • Fluorinated gases and climate change

Background:

Chemicals such as HFCs (hydrofluorocarbons) and PFCs (perfluorocarbons) are used in refrigerators, air conditioning, fire protection or solvents. Over the last 20 years they have replaced ozone-depleting substances as CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) as a result of the 1987 Montreal Protocol to save the Earth's ozone layer. But these alternative substances (commonly known as 'F-gases') contribute seriously to the emissions of greenhouse gases and therefore to climate change.

Issues:

The report on the interaction of ozone-protecting chemical substances and climate change was produced by the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP). More than 145 scientists spent two years to complete the report.
The report confirms that climate change and ozone depletion are linked. UNEP's executive director Klaus Toepfer therefore said that "there can be no trade-offs between saving the ozone layer and minimising climate change".
The report presents several options to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of the F-gases: • improving the containment of the chemicals to prevent leaks; • reducing the amounts of substance needed in the products; • promoting more end-of-life recovery and recycling of the substances; • increasing the use of alternatives where possible (eg ammonia); • using new technologies that avoid having to use these chemicals.
The EU started the process of regulating F-gases in 2003. Its proposals are in line with the report's recommendation and go even a bit further in the phase-out of the use of some chemicals for air conditioning in cars (see EurActiv's LinksDossier on F-gases and climate change)

Latest & next steps:

The Commission's draft regulation of F-gases is now ready for second reading in the European Parliament.

Links

Official Documents

• Eur-Lex: Proposal for a regulation on certain fluorinated greenhouse gases , COM(2003) 492 final [FR] [DE] • PreLex: Proposal for a regulation on certain fluorinated greenhouse gases • Parliament OEIL: Climate change: F-gases [FR]
EU Actors positions

• UNEP News Centre: Press release " New Report on How to Save the Ozone Layer while Combating Climate Change" (11 April 2005) • UN Intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC): Report "Safeguarding the ozone layer and the global climate system" (Summary for policymakers, April 2005)

Press articles

• Financial Times: Ozone-friendly gases 'cause global warming' • Television Suisse Romande: L'ONU veut lutter contre le réchauffement et protéger la couche d'ozone

_____________________________________________________________________________

Iran News Agency: UN tackles issue of gases that protect ozone layer but heat up world

Tehran, April 12, IRNA UN-Ozone Layer Faced with an environmental conundrum, a new United Nations report Monday tackled the problem of chemicals that safeguard the world's ozone layer protecting humankind from skin cancers and cataracts, yet contribute to greenhouse gases heating up the Earth, said a press release issued by the United Nations Information Center here on Tuesday.

"There can be no trade-offs between saving the ozone layer and minimizing climate change," UN Environment Program (UNEP) Executive Director Klaus Toepfer said of the study, entitled 'Safeguarding the ozone layer and the global climate system: issues related to hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and perfluorocarbons (PFCs)'.

For the past 20 years, ozone-friendly HFCs and PFCs have been replacing chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in a wide-scale application of items ranging from refrigeration and air conditioning to foams, aerosols, fire protection and solvents.

But like CFCs themselves, some of these alternatives are also powerful greenhouse gases.

According to the report, CFC emissions, which by destroying the ozone let in excessive solar ultraviolet rays, and their replacements can be minimized by improving their containment to prevent leaks, evaporation and emissions of unintended by-products, and by reducing the amounts needed in any particular type of equipment.

The study also proposes promoting more end-of-life recovery, recycling and destruction of substances, increasing the use of ammonia and other alternative substances with a lower or zero global warming potential and using various emerging technologies that avoid gases that deplete ozone or contribute to climate change.

The report was drafted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), established in 1988 by UNEP and the UN World Meteorological Organization (WMO), in collaboration with the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP), set up under the 1987 Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer on phasing out CFCs and administered by UNEP.

"Although climate change and ozone destruction are essentially different issues, our use of certain chemicals links them together," WMO Secretary General Michel Jarraud said.

"We must continuously monitor, undertake research and improve how we manage this group of extremely useful substances, which is implicated in not one, but two of the major environmental problems we have ever known."

HFCs and PFCs were included in the 1992 UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and in its 1997 Kyoto Protocol, under which most developed countries are to reduce their emissions from a basket of six greenhouse gases by the period 2008-2012. "This report demonstrates that it is in our power to maintain the Montreal Protocol's momentum while achieving the Kyoto Protocol's targets," Toepfer said.

"It also reveals that many available win-win solutions are cost-competitive when compared with options for reducing carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases."

As confirmed by today's report, rapid action by governments to adopt and implement the Montreal Protocol has reduced the global production of ozone-depleting gases and essentially stabilized the ozone layer.
_____________________________________________________________________________

Iran News Agency: UN forum opens session with eye on policies for clean water, sanitation and adequate housing

Tehran, April 12, IRNA UN-Environment More than 75 government ministers are poised to decide on a course of action to boost worldwide efforts to provide clean water, basic sanitation and improve the lives of slum dwellers as the United Nations Commission on Social Development opened its first-ever policy session Monday in New York, said a press release issued by the United Nations Information Center here on Tuesday.

"These three issues encapsulate the silent humanitarian crisis in the world today," Jose Antonio Ocampo, under-secretary general for economic and social affairs, said ahead of the Commission's 13th session.

He noted that roughly 4,000 children die each day of diarrheal diseases caused by poor sanitation and contaminated drinking water, while living conditions in crowded slums were exacerbating public health issues such as communicable diseases.

The Commission is the key UN forum bringing together countries to consider ways to integrate the three dimensions of sustainable development -- economic growth, social development and environmental protection.

Two years ago, the 53-member panel approved a multi-year work plan featuring different thematic clusters of issues for each cycle.

This year's focus on water, sanitation and human settlements will be followed in 2006 with talks on energy, industrial development, air pollution and climate change.

Opening the session today, Ocampo pointed out the strong correlation between the Commission's discussions and the international targets set by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), , saying that without adequate water, agriculture cannot feed the world's growing population and that water-poor agriculture-dependent countries were among the poorest in terms of income per person.

And while there had been genuine progress since 1990, with more than one billion people gaining access to improved water and sanitation facilities, he said, meeting water and sanitation targets over the coming decade will require that safe drinking water meet an additional 1.5 billion people, and that basic sanitation becomes available to an additional 1.9 billion.

"[This] will require strong political resolve, translated into sizeable additional resource flows to poor countries, together with enhanced domestic resource mobilization," said Ocampo.

The estimated cost of meeting water, sanitation and slum targets are in the range of dlrs 30 billion to dlrs 40 billion a year.

"Even in the best of all worlds, capital will remain scarce in most poor countries, so its effective investment will be critical."

With the General Assembly's mid- -term review of the MDGs set for September, and in light of the secretary general's recent report, 'In Larger Freedom', which calls on the global community to accelerate efforts to enable poor countries to break out of their poverty traps, Ocampo said the outcome of the Commission's session would provide a 'litmus test' of international political will to tackle global poverty and to achieve the broader UN development agenda.

To achieve the task of outlining concrete policies in the focus areas, he urged the Commission to engage not only with civic actors and civil society organizations, 'but to learn from and build on the experiences of the poor themselves, to help them mobilize the resources to invest in their own communities, and to provide them with the public services of which they are too often deprived."

Urging delegations to 'make a break with business as usual', Commission Chair John Ashe recalled that in early March, a week-long preparatory meeting had forwarded to the Commission a draft compilation of policy options and actions as a springboard for discussions on how to help speed up implementation of the commitments made in the last decade at United Nations conferences on the environment and on sustainable development.

That 'Chairman's Text' also refocused international attention on the UN Millennium Declaration, which contains two development targets that relate directly to water and human settlements -- namely to halve by 2015 the proportion of people unable to reach or afford safe drinking water, and, by 2020, to have significantly improved the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers.

"International efforts to address increasing water scarcity are fragmented, and insufficient international attention and resources have been given to sanitation, hygiene and wastewater treatment," Ashe told the Commission.

In addition 'the urgent problems of the cities of the developing world -- where virtually all future population growth will occur -- are not being adequately addressed'.

"We have a daunting challenge ahead of us during the next two weeks, but we also have an opportunity to make a real difference in expediting the implementation of sustainable development," he said.

Anwarul K. Chowdhury, under-secretary general and high representative for the least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing states, stressed that without addressing the needs of those three categories of vulnerable and disadvantaged nations, achieving the MDGs by the target dates would not be possible.

The lack of resources, capacity and technology in those countries had highlighted the need for the increased support and cooperation of the international community in their national efforts.

The Executive Director of the UN Human Settlements Program (UN-HABITAT) Anna Tibaijuka, reported on that agency's Governing Council meeting, held last week in Nairobi, Kenya.

. While she was satisfied that water, sanitation and human settlements were now seen as integrated issues for development, one issue not resolved in Nairobi was the adequacy of improving the conditions of 100 million slum-dwellers by 2020. The number was not adequate in the context of the world's current one billion slum- -dwellers.

The slum target should be to halve the proportion of slum- -dwellers by 2020, harmonizing that figure with those of sanitation and water improvement.

Klaus Toepfer, executive director of the UN Environment Program (UNEP), said that water was the key to a viable and sustainable ecosystem.

He said that at the recent environmental forum, ministers had discussed the environmental underpinnings of the MDGs.

They had unanimously identified one key issue, namely accelerating implementation of agreed action.

That was not about identifying what needed to be done, but about getting it done, at the current session.

The ministers had adopted UNEP's updated water and policy strategies, the Bali intergovernmental strategic plan on support and capacity-building, and had agreed on greater investment in human settlements, among other things.

_____________________________________________________________________________

The Lone Star Iconoclast: Humans Damaging Earth Faster Than Ever

[pic]OSLO, Norway — An international report released last week stated that humans are damaging the earth faster than ever, raising risks of disease, deforestation or “dead zones” in the seas.
[pic]“Over the past 50 years, humans have changed ecosystems more rapidly and extensively than in any comparable time in human history, largely to meet rapidly growing demands for food, fresh water, timber, fiber and fuel,” the report said.
[pic]“This has resulted in a substantial and largely irreversible loss in the diversity of life on earth,” it added. More land was changed to cropland since 1945, for instance, than in the 18th and 19th centuries combined.
[pic]The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment’s study was comprised by 1,360 experts in 95 nations.
[pic]The report said that in 100 years, “global warming” might become the main source of damage to the earth.
[pic]“Ecosystems and the services they provide are financially significant and...to degrade and damage them is tantamount to economic suicide,” said Klaus Toepfer, head of the U.N. Environment Program.
[pic]The study urged changes in consumption, better education, new technology, and higher prices for exploiting ecosystems.
— Reuters contributed to this report.
_____________________________________________________________________________

Angola Press Agency: Children Represent the Country At World Summit in Japan

13 April 2005
Three Angolan children will represent the country in the World Childrens Summit on Environment, to be held from 26 to 29 July 2005, in Aichi, Japan.

Speaking to Angop today, Constantino Mendes, secretary for cooperation of Angola's Ecological Youth organisation (JEA), said that the children will attend the event in light of Expo-2005, happening in Japan until September of the current year with the motto "Knowledge and Nature".

Water, biodiversity, human safety concerning natural disasters, children's rights regarding a healthy environment, are the topics to be debated in the conference, among other others.

Three tutors of JEA will accompany the children selected in Angola's Scouts Association, Angolan Pioneers Organisation (OPA) and students.

In Japan, the children will equally visit the pavillions related with the environment in order to learn of new technologies which change the environment.

The conference is organised by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

Africa, as the cradle of humanity, will display items which shows its way of life, from primitive to modern times.

Angola is at Africa's pavillion (except South African and Egypt) and displays a village of pastors of the Kwvale ethnic sub-group of the Nhaneka-Humbi people (located between the north of Cunene province and the south of Huila), besides natural resources linked to the sector of oil and diamonds technologies.

Expo-Japan 2005 is being held in an area of 173 hectares, in Aichi, to the East of Nagoia, Japan's third largest city.

The world exhibition is being attended by over 120 countries and international organisations, it is expected the attendance of 15 million visitors from all parts of the globe.
_____________________________________________________________________________

Westdeutsche Zeitung: Goldene Dahlie für die Saubermänner

MÖNCHENGLADBACH
13.4.2005
Clean up erhält im September den Rheydter Umweltschutzpreis. Der Vorsitzende Eugen Viehof freut sich "riesig" über die Auszeichnung.

Mönchengladbach. Erstmals in der langen Geschichte der "Goldenen Blume von Rheydt" wird ein Verein mit dem Umweltschutzpreis der Stadt ausgezeichnet. Der seit 1967 alle zwei Jahre verliehene Preis, eine goldene stilisierte Dahlie als Medaille an einem Band in den Stadtfarben, geht in diesem Jahr an den 2002 gegründeten Verein "Clean up MG".
Dies geht auf einen "einstimmigen Beschluss" des Vereins "Kuratorium für die Verleihung der Goldenen Blume von Rheydt" zurück, dessen Vorsitzender der Düsseldorfer Gottfried Arnold ist. 2. Vorsitzender ist Oberbürgermeister Norbert Bude.

Das Kuratorium entschied sich für den Mönchengladbacher Verein, weil dieser in einem "besonderen ehrenamtlichen Engagement sich um die Sauberkeit der Stadt und um die Erhaltung der Umwelt verdient macht und eine wichtige Vorbildfunktion" einnehme, wie es heißt. Den Umweltgedanken und die damit verbundene Verantwortung fülle die Bürgerinitiative, der sich insgesamt 25 Gladbacher Unternehmen angeschlossen haben, auch in der engen Zusammenarbeit mit den örtlichen Schulen mit Leben.
"In Zusammenarbeit mit der Entsorgungsgesellschaft GEM und der Hochschule Niederrhein macht der Verein den Bürgerinnen und Bürgern bewusst, dass sie sich zur Verbesserung des unmittelbaren Wohnund Lebensraumes in Eigenverantwortung aktiv einbringen und so zu einem attraktiveren Stadtbild beitragen können", begründet OB Norbert Bude die Entscheidung des Gremiums.
Eugen Viehof, Vorsitzender des Vereins "Clean up MG", wird im Rahmen eines Festaktes am 10. September stellvertretend für den Verein die "Goldene Blume von Rheydt" in Empfang nehmen.
Zu den bisherigen Preisträgern des Umweltschutzpreises zählen unter anderem Prinz Bernhard der Niederlande, Thor Heyerdahl, Heinz Sielmann, Kardinal Karl Lehmann und Hannelore "Loki" Schmidt sowie das Sammlerehepaar Ursula und Gunter Konrad aus Mönchengladbach.
Zuletzt wurde vor zwei Jahren der in Mönchengladbach geborene Forschungsastronaut Reinhold Ewald mit der "Goldenen Blume" ausgezeichnet. Der Verein "Clean up MG" ist der inzwischen 20. Preisträger des Umweltpreises. Auch der ehemalige Bundesumweltminister Klaus Töpfer gehört dazu.

Viehof, der gestern auf der Hannover-Messe weilte, zur WZ: "Dass wir eine solche Auszeichnung bekommen, ist für uns absolut überraschend und Ansporn zugleich", meinte der ehemalige allkauf-Miteigentümer. Bevor Bude die Medien unterrichtete, hatte er mit Viehof kurz telefoniert und ihm gratuliert.
Vor kurzem hatte Clean up eine bemerkenswerte Aktion gestartet: Arbeitslose und Suchtkranke reinigen in Stadtmitte und Rheydt per Patenschaft die Plätze, auf denen sie sich häufig aufhalten. Und das freiwillig. Viehof & Co. zahlen den Beteiligten eine kleine "Aufwandsentschädigung" von zehn Euro pro Woche.
Der verstorbene Insel Mainau-Graf Lennart Bernadotte gehörte mit den damaligen Rheydter Stadtoberen zu den Initiatoren der Rheydter Auszeichnung. In den Folgejahren erhielten vor allem jene den Preis, die mit dem Grafen eng verbunden waren.

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Other Environment News

Reuters: Pollution "problématique" sur le périphérique parisien
12 April 2005
PARIS (Reuters) - L'organisme de surveillance de la qualité de l'air en Ile-de-France (Airparif) a fait état mardi de niveaux de pollutions "problématiques" sur le périphérique parisien, ayant des conséquences à 400 mètres à la ronde.
Cette première enquête d'ampleur a été réalisée à l'aide de 60 capteurs installés pendant l'automne et l'hiver 2003 sur l'échangeur situé entre le boulevard périphérique et l'autoroute A3, au niveau de la porte de Bagnolet, au nord-est de la capitale.
Quelque 70.000 personnes vivent dans un rayon d'un kilomètre du centre de l'échangeur.
Tous les jours, 270.000 véhicules transitent par cet échangeur, autour duquel sont installés une gare routière, une station de métro (Porte de Bagnolet), un centre commercial et un complexe sportif.
Pendant huit semaines, les capteurs d'Airparif ont mesuré des niveaux de benzène, une substance cancérigène, deux fois plus élevés que la norme autorisée et pouvant aller jusqu'à 2,7 fois cette norme.
Dans les zones alentour fréquentées par les piétons, le niveau moyen de dioxyde d'azote, polluant responsable du pic d'ozone, est une fois et demie plus élevé que celui de la pollution générale du secteur.
Pour l'ensemble de la zone étudiée, cette pollution au dioxyde d'azote dépasse la norme autorisée en France et en Europe.
C'est au métro Gallieni et dans le centre commercial - deux espaces clos - que les émissions polluantes sont les plus élevées, constate Airparif.
Elles diminuent dans les espaces ouverts, où la pollution peut se disperser et lorsque le périphérique est entouré de végétation.
L'étude montre également que l'impact des pollutions augmente à l'heure de pointe du trafic entre 8h00 et 9h00 le matin.
Les émissions de polluants dans les gaz d'échappement sont plus élevées lorsque les moteurs des voitures fonctionnent à bas régime ou au ralenti.
"Dans le coeur de l'agglomération avec un trafic plus souvent congestionné qu'en zone rurale, les émissions routières de composés organiques volatils sont plus élevées", souligne Airparif.
____________________________________________________________________________

RTL: La pollution contribuerait à faire grossir

Et si la qualité de l'air que l'on respire était facteur de prise de poids ? C’est la conclusion d’une étude très sérieuse menée par des chercheurs en nutrition humaine basés à Nancy. Les travaux ont montré que l’air vicié injecté à des souris faisait enfler les rongeurs. La pollution viendrait donc s’ajouter aux autres facteurs connus de l’obésité comme la sédentarité et l’effet de "snacking".

La pollution pourrait faire grossir en bloquant la sortie des lipides des cellules adipeuses : c'est ce que laisse entendre une étude menée par des chercheurs en nutrition humaine de l'Ecole nationale supérieure d'agronomie et des industries alimentaires (ENSAIA-INPL) à Nancy. Pour arriver à cette conclusion, les chercheurs ont injecté chez des souris un certain nombre de polluants de la vie quotidienne : des gaz d'échappements, d'usines d'incinération et de barbecues, mais aussi des dioxines. Ils ont utilisé des concentrations à peu près égales à celles auxquelles nous sommes exposés.

Quinze jours plus tard, les souris sont passées sur la balance. Et elles se sont arrondies, explique Luc Méjean, professeur à l'ENSAIA-INPL : "Nos souris, qui pèsent en général de l'ordre de 25 grammes, ont pris dans ce laps de temps un gramme de plus que leurs collègues qui n'étaient pas polluées. Ca fait une proportion relativement importante. Si on la rapporte à un homme de 70 kilos, cela correspond à une prise de poids de 2 à 3 kilos".
Un facteur jamais envisagé
[pic]
Explication des chercheurs : les polluants empêchent les lipides qui sont entrés dans les cellules graisseuses de ressortir par la suite. Ils ferment à clé les portes de sortie. Les lipides ne peuvent plus être utilisés par l'organisme entre les repas, ils sont piégés dans la graisse. Les souris grossissent. Précision importante du professeur Méjean : "La dose de polluants administrée était 100 fois plus faible qu'une dose toxique mais équivalente à une exposition qu'on peut trouver à 100 mètres d'une autoroute".

Il va maintenant falloir vérifier cette hypothèse chez l'homme. Selon les chercheurs responsables de l'étude, la pollution pourrait expliquer en partie la progression de l'obésité. C'est un facteur qui n'avait jamais été envisagé. Outre un éventuel facteur d'obésité, ces molécules béta bloquantes peuvent expliquer la montée des allergies et de l'asthme, souligne encore l'étude.

____________________________________________________________________________

ROA MEDIA UPDATE – 13 April 2005

UNEP/UN in the news

Mbeki scoops UNEP environmental leadership award
Nairobi, Kenya (PANA) - President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa is among seven leaders selected by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) as champions of the Earth for the world to follow. The seven distinguished leaders have been honored for their government's articulation of environmental conservation issues. The other six include monarchs and queens and a youth group leader in China, who were awarded for the efforts they made to convince their respective governments adopt environmental laws. UNEP recognized Mbeki for his country's commitment to promote cultural and environmental diversity and its effort towards achieving the goals encapsulated in the 2000 millennium Declaration and the world summit on sustainable development. Mbeki is one of the architects of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), which has a strong environment component. South Africa hosted the World Summit on Sustainable Development, which discussed conservation and poverty alleviation strategies. The awards to the outstanding environment achievers and leaders from each of the world's regions will be presented on 19 April at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. The King and people of Bhutan; Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al-Nahyan of the United Arab Emirates and His holiness Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, Julia Carabias Lillo are the other recipients. Mexico's former environment minister; Sheila Watt Cloutier of Canada, president of the Inuit Circumpolar Conference and Zhou Qiang and all China Youth Federation will also be honoured. "In this inaugural year of the award, UNEP is honoured to recognize the achievements of seven individuals who have, to a large extent, set the environment agenda and laid the foundations for the many areas of progress we are able to see and celebrate today," UNEP Executive Director, Klaus Toepfer said. UNEP hailed Bhutan's notable legislation and policies that ensure the sustainable use of resources, promote community involvement in environment activities, improve land use planning, and integrate traditional with modern natural resource use practices. http://www.panapress.com/newslat.asp?code=eng078433&dte=12/04/2005

Thabo Mbeki remporte le prix du leadership écologique du PNUE
Nairobi, Kenya (PANA) - Le président sud-africain Thabo Mbeki fait partie des sept dirigeants distingués par le Programme des Nations unies pour l'environnement (PNUE) comme des défenseurs de la terre dont l'exemple soit être suivi. Parmi ces sept dirigeants, récompensés pour la politique de leurs gouvernements en matière de préservation de l'environnement, figurent des monarques ainsi que le responsable d'un groupe de jeunes en Chine. Le PNUE a récompensé M. Mbeki pour l'engagement de son pays à promouvoir sa diversité culturelle et écologique et ses efforts pour la réalisation des objectifs contenus dans la Déclaration du Millénaire de 2000 et ceux du sommet sur le développement durable. Thabo Mbeki est un des architectes du Nouveau Partenariat pour le développement de l'Afrique (NEPAD), dont le programme comprend une importante composante relative à l'environnement. L'Afrique du Sud a organisé le Sommet mondial sur le développement durable, qui a débattu des stratégies de préservation de l'environnement et de réduction de la pauvreté, rappelle-t-on. Les récompenses destinées à ces personnalités de chacune des régions du monde qui ont joué un rôle déterminant dans la préservation de l'environnement leur seront remises le 19 avril au siège des Nations unies à New York. Le roi et le peuple du Bhoutan, le cheikh Zayed Ben Sultan Al- Nahyan des Emirats arabes unis et le Patriarche œcuménique Bartholomew Julia Carabias Lillo font partie des récipiendaires du prix, de même qu'un ancien ministre mexicain, la Canadienne Sheila Watt Cloutier, le président de la Conférence circumpolaire inuit et Zhou Qiang ainsi que toute la Fédération de la jeunesse chinoise. "Pour la première année de l'attribution de ce prix, le PNUE a l'honneur de reconnaître les réalisations de sept individus qui ont, dans une large mesure, instauré une politique environnementale dans leur pays et jeté les bases des nombreux progrès que nous pouvons constater et célébrer aujourd'hui", souligne le directeur exécutif du PNUE, Klaus Toepfer. http://www.panapress.com/newslat.asp?code=eng078433&dte=12/04/2005

Mbeki gets Unep environmental leadership award
Nairobi, Tuesday: President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa is among seven leaders selected by the United Nations Environment Programme UNEP. http://www.nationmedia.com/dailynation/login.asp

Ecosystem Changes Endanger Millennium Development Goals - UN Report
This Day (Lagos): The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) Synthesis Report, a landmark study co-sponsored and launched last week by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the Global Environment Fund (GEF), the United Nations Foundation, the World Bank, the World Resources Institute and other international scientific and development partners, reveals that approximately 60 percent of the ecosystem services that support life on earth - such as fresh water, capture fisheries, air and water regulation, and the regulation of regional climate, natural hazards and pests - are being degraded or used unsustainably. Scientists warn that the human activity is putting such pressure on the planet that its ability to sustain future generations cannot be guaranteed. The poor will be particularly affected. "The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, recognized as the most comprehensive scientific review of the health of the world's ecosystems ever undertaken, confirms that our planet's capacity to sustain human society is eroding," said Mark Malloch Brown, Administrator of UNDP and Chef de Cabinet of the Secretary General's office, upon the release of the report. The study, conducted over four years by 1,300 experts from 95 countries, specifically states that the ongoing degradation of ecosystem services, which could grow significantly worse in the next 50 years, is a roadblock to the Millennium Development Goals that were agreed to by the world leaders at the United Nations in 2000. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) Synthesis Report is the first in a series of seven synthesis and summary reports and four technical volumes that assess the state of global ecosystems and their impact on human well-being. The assessment was designed by a partnership of UN agencies, international scientific organizations, and development agencies, with guidance from the private sector and civil society groups. Major funding was provided by the Global Environment Facility, the United Nations Foundation, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, and The World Bank. The MA Secretariat is coordinated by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). http://allafrica.com/stories/200504130020.html

General Environment News

Kenya probes Mombasa port oil spill
Nairobi, Kenya (PANA) - The National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) is investigating last week's oil spill at the Kenyan Indian Ocean port of Mombasa to advise government on appropriate measures to address adverse after-effects of the spill, environmental authorities confirmed here Tuesday. Assistant minister for environment Wangari Maathai, the 2004 Nobel Peace Prize laureate, said the NEMA probe would also recommend to the government who should be held responsible for the disaster and what should be done to avert a similar tragedy. MT Ratana Shalina, owned by Steamship of India, accidentally spilled about 200 tonnes of crude oil when it rammed into rails while docking in the Kipevu oil jetty at the Mombasa Port last week. Meanwhile, NEMA Director Ratemo Michieka has assured users of Indian Ocean resources that the oil spill has been effectively cleaned, leaving no threat of environmental degradation. He also confirmed that normal activities such as fishing and swimming have resumed in the affected area. But eyewitness accounts speak of environmental effects of the oil spill becoming evident with the withering of mangrove trees and premature drying of grass along the seashores. One account indicate that along the Port Reitz seashore there was massive withering of mangrove trees, drying grass, dead crabs and changing of the white sandy soil to oily black soil. Michieka confirmed that some 40 hectares of mangroves had been affected as a result of the oil spill, and said a restoration fund will be established soon to clean and restore the polluted areas. http://www.panapress.com/newslat.asp?code=eng078397&dte=12/04/2005

NGO uses local resources to supply water to villages
Dakar, Senegal (PANA) - International NGO "Enterprise Works" has developed a system using local resources and technologies to supply water to rural African populations that have no access to modern pipe-borne water. The NGO developed a borehole and water-pumping system using all only elements exclusively made by traditional workers. The pump is installed on a slab-covered well and works with a cable fetching up the water from about 40 meters below, according to Patrice Beaujault, coordinator of "Entreprise Works" in Burkina Faso. "At five meters deep, the pump can extract four cubic meters of water," he told PANA Monday in interview here. The pump improves the quality of the water so much that a woman in the southern Senegalese provincial town of Ziguinchor to think a filter is being used, Beaujault said. He said this impression is due to the slab shielding the well from dirt. Well boring is also part of the activities of the US-based NGO which, before beginning operations, first identifies needs, conducts development research and training of local competencies. http://www.panapress.com/newslat.asp?code=eng078419&dte=12/04/2005 Swiss institute develops solar water purification process
Dakar, Senegal (PANA) - The Swiss Federal Institute for the Development, Treatment and Protection of Waters (EAWAG) has developed a new water disinfecting-process dubbed SODIS. "This is a simple technology to improve microbiologic quality of water, using notably solar radiation to kill pathogen agents causing water diseases," said Martin Wegelin, head of a water treatment and sanitation programme in developing countries at the institute. Wegelin noted that the SODIS process being used in over 20 countries was certified by the World Health Organization and awarded the Global Energy Special Prize last 24 November. Appropriate for treating small quantities of water, SODIS requires the filling of transparent plastic bottles with contaminated water and exposing them to the sun for six hours. "After being exposed to the sun, the microbiologic quality of the water is improved and pathogen micro-organisms causing diarrhea diseases destroyed," Wegelin assured. To convince his audience, Wegelin presented three women - one Kenyan, an Indian and a Peruvian - who came to Dakar, Senegal to attend a conference on water and sanitation each with a full bottle of water from their respective countries. The water collected from a river in Tamil Nadu, India initially had 30 faecal coliforms, while that from a Kenyan tanker had 15 and the water from a Peruvian river 12. After a six-hour exposure to the sun in Dakar, Wagelin declared the waters from all three countries pure and safe for drinking. http://www.panapress.com/newslat.asp?code=eng078423&dte=12/04/2005 Conservation: World Bank Facility for 60 Communities
This Day (Lagos): No fewer than 60 communities in Bauchi State are expected to benefit from a multi-million dollar World Bank facility on environmental conservation. Malam Nasir Shehu, Director-General of the Bauchi State Environmental Protection Agency, said at the weekend that the communities are those located around the Yankari National Park, and Lamebura Forest Reserve. Shehu said the communities around Maladun Forest Reserve in Misau, headquarters of Misau Local Government Area, would also benefit from the facility. He said the project was based on two components, Global Environmental Facility (GEF), and the International Development Association (IDA), which were aimed at attaining environmental management thro-ugh local empowerment of the people. He said each of the communities would receive a $50,000 non-refundable grant under the GEF, while they would also benefit from the same amount as loan facility under the IDA. He said a memorandum of understanding had already been signed by the World Bank, the Federal Government, the state government and representatives of the communities to prepare the ground for the take-off of the project. http://allafrica.com/stories/200504130046.html

_____________________________________________________________________________

ROWA Media Update 13 April 2005

UAE

Zayed among 'Champions of the Earth'

The United Nations Environment Programme (Unep) has named former UAE President Shaikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (posthumously) among seven leaders in the field of the environment as Champions of the Earth for "setting an example for the world to follow."
A Unep statement from Nairobi today said the the awards — for outstanding environmental achievers and leaders from each region of the world — will be presented on April 19 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York to the following awardees: Shaikh Zayed, (posthumously), the King and people of Bhutan, President Thabo Mbeki and the people of South Africa, Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, Julia Carabias Lillo, former environment minister of Mexico, Sheila Watt-Cloutier of Canada, President of the Inuit Circumpolar Conference, and Zhou Qiang and the All-China Youth Federation.
Unep's Executive Director, Klaus Toepfer, said: “In this inaugural year of the award, Unep is honoured to recognize the achievements of seven individuals who have, to a large extent, set the environmental agenda and laid the foundations for the many areas of progress we are able to see and celebrate today".
Late Shaikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan of the UAE receives the award for the West Asia region for his "lifetime work" to protect his country's environment, and his “widely acclaimed” contributions to agriculture, afforestation and species protection. One of Shaikh Zayed's most enduring achievements is the greening of the region's deserts. Under his leadership, 100 million trees were planted, hunting was outlawed more than a quarter of a century ago, and a sanctuary was established on the island of Sir Bani Yas to safeguard such endangered species as the Arabian oryx and the sand gazelle, the statement said.
This selection of Shaikh Zayed, decided before he passed away, comes ahead of the United Nations International Year of Deserts and Desertification in 2006. The presentation of the award recognising the late president’s environmental achievements will be made to his eldest son UAE President, His Highness Shaikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan in the UAE on 18 April, according to the Unep statement.
King Jigme Singye Wangchuk and the people of Bhutan have been given the award for the Asia and the Pacific region in recognition of their country's “commitment to placing the environment at the centre of its constitution and all its development plans”.
Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, known in Europe as the 'Green Patriarch,' has taken the lead among religious leaders in his concern for the environment. His Holiness, who was born on in the village of Aghioi Theodoroi on the Aegean island of Imvros in Turkey, has initiated seminars and dialogues to discuss the need for the mobilization of moral and spiritual forces to achieve harmony between humankind and nature.
President Thabo Mbeki and the people of South Africa have been given the Africa award for the country's "commitment to cultural and environmental diversity" and its efforts towards achieving the goals encapsulated in the 2000 Millennium Declaration and the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) Plan of Implementation.
As President of South Africa, Mbeki is well known as one of the architects of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), which has a strong environmental component.
Julia Carabias Lillo receives the award for Latin America and the Caribbean for her efforts in coordinating research and rural development programmes in extremely impoverished peasant communities in the four regions of Mexico and for her “success in working with different sectors that include government, academia and civil society.” Her appointment as President of the National Ecology Institute, and subsequently as Mexico's Minister of Environment, Natural Resources and Fisheries, in 1994, reflect her many achievements, as does her appointment in 2002 as Chair of the Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel of the Global Environment Facility.
Sheila Watt-Cloutier receives the North American award for her "contributions in addressing global warming" and in articulating her people's concerns "in the face of the devastating effects of climate change and its relentless assault on Inuit traditional life." The judges also cite her "exemplary contribution to global efforts to eliminate persistent organic pollutants, which pose a particular threat to Arctic peoples and ecosystems."
Finally, Zhou Qiang and the All-China Youth Federation are given a special award in recognition of Zhou's "outstanding achievements" as honorary chairman of the Federation and leader of the China Mother River Protection Operation, which mobilised 300 million Chinese youth to protect the environment. The judges praised the Federation as "a very important force for protecting the environment", recalling that it has undertaken 882 afforestation projects covering 191,000 hectares." http://www.khaleejtimes.com/Displayarticle.asp?section=theuae&xfile=data/theuae/2005/april/theuae_april459.xml Book for Birdwatchers
The Environmental Research and Wildlife Development Agency (Erwda) has published a resourceful book that is sure to please birdwatchers and those passionate about wildlife in general.
This is one of those books that will make you want to go outdoors and join the growing number of avid birdwatchers. The book is sponsored by Dolphin Energy, Total and Occidental Petroleum.
The book, Breeding Birds of the United Arab Emirates, is published in Arabic and documents over 140 types of birds. It deals with all past and present native breeding species within the UAE together with successfully introduced species.
The criteria used as evidence of breeding are sufficiently wide ensuring that no species ever recorded as breeding in the UAE has been left out.
The book first provides a contextual summary, explaining details of the breeding range; where relevant it also highlights those species considered threatened in the Middle East. Readers can find information on habitats occupied by the birds, their diet and general behaviour. http://www.khaleejtimes.com/Displayarticle.asp?section=theuae&xfile=data/theuae/2005/april/theuae_april434.xml Yemen

Ecosystems, Protected Areas and People
Since December 2004, the SCDP has been participating in a global cooperative project called the Ecosystems, Protected Areas and People Project (EPP). The EPP was initiated by the World Commission of Protected Areas, one of six commissions of the World Conservation Union (IUCN). The project includes protected areas from around the world as field learning sites which will elaborate and exchange their lessons learned within the management of protected areas. The protected areas in Cameroon, Cuba, Ecuador, Nepal, South Africa, the Philippines and Yemen have been selected.
The idea of the project is built upon the recognition that the protected areas of the world, which harbor the world’s most valuable biodiversity of life, are at risk: they are facing a set of global changes which threatens the existing capacity to protect and maintain these unique resources. Consequently protected areas managers, policy makers and other stakeholders have to adapt their policies, strategies and practices to anticipate these threats and at the same time capture new opportunities generated by these changes.
The goal of the project is therefore to enable protected areas managers to understand and be prepared for the impacts and opportunities of global change by elaborating and analyzing their specific lessons learned. In addition, the EPP approach facilitates the target groups to share their lessons learned with the global community while developing their capacities.
The overall result will be a range of case studies which will be exchanged within a network of protected areas, a network web site (PAL.net) and a series of hard copy reports. Five technical working groups will finally analyze the lessons learned and prepare generalized guidelines which can be seen as a unique working resource for globally threaten protected areas. The EPP Project will run for three years http://www.yobserver.com/news_5063.php UNITED NATIONS NEWS SERVICE

DAILY NEWS

12 April, 2005
====================================================================
ANNAN WELCOMES EUROPEAN PROPOSAL TO HIKE FOREIGN AID IN BID TO MEET DEVELOPMENT TARGETS

United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan today welcomed a proposal from the European Union that its members increase their official development assistance (ODA) to a level that will provide an additional $25 billion to developing countries by 2010.

"The Secretary-General warmly welcomes the European Union's strong support for his efforts to accelerate progress towards the Millennium Development
Goals (MDGs)," said a statement issued by Mr. Annan's spokesman. The goals were designed in 2000 to reduce a host of socio-economic problems by 2015.

He particularly applauded the European Union's targets, laid down by the
European Commission, as consistent with his recommendations to next
September's UN summit. "These would not only trigger an estimated additional €20 billion (euros) by 2010, they would also bring EU countries closer to the target of ODA amounting to 0.7 per cent of their gross national income (GNI) by 2015," the statement said.

The EU's Commission recommended that old Member States increase their ODA to a new individual baseline of 0.51 per cent of GNI, if they had not yet reached it, and new Member States donate 0.17 per cent of GNI, giving a collective average ODA target for the Union of 0.56 per cent of GNI.

"Both targets – if achieved – could allow the EU to reach 0.7 percent ODA by 2015. This would put the EU, as the world's largest donor, in a position to comply with a basic international aid target," the Commission said.

Mr. Annan also hailed the EU's "increasing emphasis on trade and other non-aid policies as a means of reaching the MDGs and by the decision of the
EU to focus on the needs of Africa."

The EU's 25 Member States are 13 per cent of UN membership, account for almost 30 per cent of the world economy and are the biggest trading entity in the world, according to the Commission's website.

* * *

LATVIAN PRESIDENT NAMED ENVOY TO HELP PROMOTE ANNAN'S REFORM AGENDA AHEAD OF UN SUMMIT

United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan today named the President of
Latvia as the fifth member of his team of global political leaders helping to promote his comprehensive reform agenda in the period leading up to a
General Assembly summit in September.

Dr. Vaira Vike-Freiberga completes the Secretary-General's team of envoys who have agreed to use their good offices to help him promote the reforms outlined in his report, "In Larger Freedom," which calls for the most far-reaching reforms in the UN's 60-year history.

With his report, Mr. Annan has placed before world leaders an agenda for action to move the world decisively towards important goals: halving poverty in the next decade; reducing the threat of war, terrorism and deadly weapons; and advancing human dignity in every land.

As Latvia's Head of State, President Vike-Freiberga has actively supported the need for UN reform. Elected to a second term in office in 2003, she has successfully guided her nation through a period of active reforms leading to full membership in the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization (NATO).

President Vike-Freiberga joins the other envoy's appointed last week:
Foreign Minister Dermot Ahern of Ireland; Ali Alatas, former Foreign
Minister of Indonesia; former President Joaquin Chissano of Mozambique; and former Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo.

* * *

AFTER ANNAN’S CALL FOR GENEROSITY, DONORS PLEDGES $4.5 BILLION FOR SUDAN

A two-day donors’ conference to support the peace accord between the
Government and rebels in southern Sudan has pledged $4.5 billion for
2005-2007, nearly $2 billion more than the amount United Nations
Secretary-General Kofi Annan identified as needed to resurrect the ravaged region over the next two and a half years.

Addressing the opening session yesterday in Oslo, Norway, Mr. Annan had appealed to participants to “pledge – and pledge generously,” quipping when asked about the tendency of governments not to honour their pledges that
“pledges are good, but cash is better.”

He had also stressed that although $2.6 billion had been identified as vital to meet the requirements of the next two and a half years, there were already massive shortfalls, with nearly $1 billion still to be raised out of the $1.5 billion requested nearly five months ago for this year.

The conference was convened to propel repatriation, reintegration and reconstruction in southern Sudan, where a peace agreement in January formally ended two decades of civil war that killed 2 million people, drove more than 4.6 million others from their homes and left the region in ruins.

But it is hoped that peace will spread, too, to Sudan’s western Darfur region, where a separate conflict between Government, militia and rebel forces has killed tens of thousands people in the past two years, uprooted more than 2 million others and shows scant signs of abating.

UN officials have already warned that funding shortfalls there are threatening emergency feeding programmes for more than 1 million hungry people, mostly driven from their homes.

In the now peaceful south the UN and its international partners face a gargantuan task. Just in the sector of returning uprooted people to their homes, acting UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Wendy Chamberlin told the conference there were 550,000 refugees in neighbouring countries and an estimated 4.1 million internally displaced persons.

“What is needed? In a word, everything,” she said, noting that in one area there are only two doctors for 180,000 inhabitants, that everywhere people have limited access to safe water, that large tracts of farmland are polluted with land mines, and that jobs must be created to ensure viable communities. Mr. Annan yesterday mentioned another urgent need, that of reintegrating ex-combatants into society since the greatest threat of renewed conflict is posed by soldiers who are not disarmed and given alternative economic livelihoods. He urged Member States to invest generously in disarmament, demobilization and reintegration.

Mr. Annan’s Special Representative for Sudan, Jan Pronk, attended the final day of the pledging conference today and also met with United States Deputy
Secretary of State Robert Zoellick and European Union representatives to mobilize support for the African Union monitoring force deployment in
Darfur.

* * *

UN MISSION PROBES POSSIBLE BREACHES OF ZERO-TOLERANCE POLICY ON SEXUAL EXPLOITATION

The United Nations mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is investigating two weekend incidents for possible breaches of its zero-tolerance policies on sexual exploitation and abuse, a UN spokesman said today.

"In one of the incidents, Congolese police found two international civilian employees and a UN Volunteer in a Kinshasa home with 13 Congolese women," spokesman Fred Eckhard told journalists at the daily UN Headquarters briefing in New York.

The staff members of the UN Organization Mission in the DRC (MONUC) were suspended until the end of the probe, he said.

Meanwhile, soldiers from MONUC's Nepalese contingent, based in the eastern
Ituri district, were reported to Ugandan police as having negotiated with prostitutes while on a supply mission to Uganda, he said, and investigations have also been launched.

* * *

REBEL RENUNCIATION OF FORCE AGAINST RWANDA WELCOMED BY SECURITY COUNCIL

The recent peace-making statement from a major Rwandan rebel militia based in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) provides a significant opportunity to move toward peace in the DRC, national reconciliation in
Rwanda and normalization of relations between the two countries, the United
Nations Security Council said today.

In a statement read out at a formal meeting by the Council's President for
April, Ambassador Wang Guangya of China, the 15-member body welcomed the statement issued by the Forces démocratiques de libération du Rwanda (FDLR) on 31 March in Rome, "in which they condemn the 1994 genocide and commit themselves to renounce the use of force and cease all offensive operations against Rwanda."

The Council called on the FDLR to turn their positive words into action and show their commitment to peace by "immediately handing all their arms to the United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the
Congo (MONUC) and by taking part in the programme put in place for their earliest voluntary and peaceful return to Rwanda or resettlement," the statement said.

They should also assist the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in
Arusha, Tanzania, to fulfil its mandate, particularly with regard to the arrest and transfer to its custody of those who have been indicted but who remain at large, it said.

The Council urged all other armed groups in the DRC which have not followed suit to renounce force and take part in the programme of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR).

Meanwhile, the Council welcomed the commitment of the Government of Rwanda to guarantee the return and reintegration of FDLR members and their families and called on the international community to support the programme. It also urged Rwanda and the DRC to work together, cooperating with MONUC
"to contribute to peace and stability in the whole Great Lakes region of
Africa."

* * *

SECURITY COUNCIL WELCOMES RESPONSIBILITY SHOWN BY CENTRAL AFRICANS AT POLLS

The United Nations Security Council today commended the people of the
Central African Republic on the responsibility they showed during their first round of presidential and legislative elections last month and noted that the second round in May would mark the end of the country's political transition. The Council issued a press statement after a closed briefing by Gen. Lamine
Cissé, the Representative of Secretary-General Kofi Annan for the landlocked country and head of the UN Peacebuilding Office in the Central
African Republic (BONUCA).

"Members of the Security Council unanimously welcomed the fact that the first round of presidential and legislative elections in the Central
African Republic were held with respect for democratic values," the
President of the 15-member body for April, Chinese Ambassador Wang Guangya, told journalists after the briefing.

Council members keenly encouraged all political and social parties in the country to pursue their efforts and welcomed continued assistance from international partners, especially for the electoral process, he said.

* * *

NEW UN ENVOY MEETS WITH CôTE D'IVOIRE PRESIDENT

The newly arrived top United Nations envoy for Côte d'Ivoire met with
President Laurent Gbagbo today, discussing the West African country's peace process, particularly last week's talks between the Ivorian parties in
South Africa.

Pierre Schori, Secretary-General Kofi Annan's Special Representative and
Chief of the UN Operation in Côte d'Ivoire (UNOCI), arrived last night in the southern city of Abidjan.

According to the UN mission, Mr. Schori expressed "the goodwill of UNOCI, the United Nations family and the international community with a view to providing the Ivorian people with the support they need to emerge from the crisis and attain stability and progress."

Mr. Schori also announced that he intended to work impartially in keeping with the clear mandate he had received from the Secretary-General. He said he intended to pursue his contacts with the Ivorian parties in the next few days and to visit neighbouring countries and Europe to assist in the return of peace.

"Through these direct contacts, I wish to familiarize myself more with the situation," he said.

Meanwhile, UNOCI reported that an arms inspection in line with Security
Council resolution 1584 was conducted today in Man at the headquarters of the Forces Nouvelles and two of its barracks. No anomalies were noted.

* * *

NEXT SESSION OF UN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FORUM TO FOCUS ON EDUCATION

Hundreds of leading educators, scientists, development experts and programme analysts are set to gather in Dublin, Ireland, for a United
Nations-organized forum on harnessing the potential of new information technologies for education.

The UN Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) Task Force has organized the two-day Global Forum – from 13 to 14 April – to bring the experts together with UN officials to explore ways ICTs can provide a practical, cost-effective and enabling solution for improving the quality and quantity of education.

The Forum, meeting in Dublin for the first time, will be co-hosted by the
Irish Government and the Global e-Schools and Communities Initiative
(GeSCI). Launched by Nane Annan, wife of UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, at the first phase of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) in
December 2003, GeSCI works at local, national and international levels, convening and supporting groups as they deliver effective ICT-in-education strategies. At the Forum's start tomorrow afternoon, Ireland’s Minister of
Communications, Noel Dempsey, and ICT Task Force Chair José Antonio Ocampo are scheduled to make remarks, followed by a keynote address by Jeffrey
Sachs of Columbia University, Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General.
The meeting will then focus on the contribution of ICT to education initiatives. At Thursday morning's "break-out" sessions, the Forum is scheduled to examine how partnerships can maximize complementary strengths, ways to increase and make more affordable access to ICT in education, learning strategies and content development; and capacity-building for leaders, managers, teachers and administrators. In the afternoon, the Forum will discuss the outcomes of those sessions and devise next steps.

* * *

SECRETARY-GENERAL WELCOMES AGREEMENT TO SET UP UN HUMAN RIGHTS OFFICE IN NEPAL

Secretary-General Kofi Annan today welcomed the signing of an agreement between the United Nations human rights office and the Government of Nepal to set up an operation to monitor the observance of civil liberties and international law in the Himalayan kingdom.

"This is an important development that should help prevent human rights abuses and contribute to the peaceful resolution of the conflict in Nepal," said a statement issued by Mr. Annan's spokesman.

The Memorandum of Understanding was signed Monday by UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Louise Arbour and Foreign Minister Ramesh Nath Pandey and will be implemented immediately. It provides for field offices to be set up at the regional level to ensure rapid responses to reports of violations.

* * *

SECURITY COUNCIL MAKES FIRST FACT-FINDING VISIT TO HAITI

Undertaking a fact-finding mission while preparing to vote on extending the mandate of the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Haiti, Security
Council representatives will leave tomorrow on their first visit to a Latin
American or Caribbean nation, where they will support efforts to create a secure and stable environment, the delegation's leader said today.

The six-month mandate of the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) expires at the end of May and for the first time the Council was showing political interest in the region, Brazilian Ambassador Ronaldo Mota
Sardenberg told a news conference at UN Headquarters in New York.

During the four-day trip, the 15-member delegation aimed to support
MINUSTAH as it assisted the Transitional Government in disarming all illegal armed groups in preparation for a national dialogue, free, fair and open democratic elections and the accession to power of an elected government in February next year, he said.

The Council was also concerned about human rights compliance, he added.

Military and political strategies would not work in the long term without strategies for economic development, the reduction of poverty and the repair of the damaged environment, he said.

In this regard, the disbursement of pledged aid had started and Haiti, with an unheard of 85 per cent unemployment and massive rural-to-urban migration, was getting bilateral help for its national bureaucracy in implementing quick impact projects (QIPs), Mr. Sardenberg said.

Asked if Latin America saw Haiti as a regional issue, Mr. Sardenberg noted that Haiti was the first territory in Latin America and the Caribbean to gain its independence and that carried political significance.

It was the first time that Latin American countries had worked together in a United Nations mission and, despite some domestic opposition in some cases, were prepared to put their resources where their mouths were, he said. The Special Representative of UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan in Haiti,
Juan-Gabriel Valdés, has also noted the pioneering participation in
MINUSTAH of troops from several Ibero-American countries.

Haitian President Alexandre Petion responded to an 1815 appeal from South
American "Liberator" Simon Bolivar with supplies and men for the independence struggle that freed five Latin America countries.

* * *

UN ENVOY CALLS FOR CALM ALONG LEBANESE-ISRAELI SEPARATION LINE AFTER OVERFLIGHTS

A day after arriving to take up his new post, the United Nations envoy for southern Lebanon called on all parties today to maintain "total calm" along the Blue Line separating Israel and Lebanon, citing a Hezbollah drone that breached Israeli airspace yesterday and the most recent Israeli overflights of Lebanese territory.

It may have been the first such appeal by Geir Pedersen, who arrived in
Beirut yesterday to succeed Staffan de Mistura as Secretary-General Kofi
Annan's Personal Representative for Southern Lebanon, but for the UN it was only the latest in a long series over Blue Line violations in recent years.

In introductory calls today on Lebanese President Emile Lahoud, Assembly
Speaker Nabih Berri and Foreign Minister Mahmoud Hammoud, Mr. Pedersen expressed the UN's continuing concern about aerial violations.

* * *

UN DESIGNATES SOUTH AFRICAN LEGAL EXPERT TO HELP IRAQ WRITE NEW
CONSTITUTION

A veteran South African constitutional expert, who is a long-time legal adviser to former President Nelson Mandela and has been involved in the
Burundi peace process, has been designated to lead the United Nations team helping Iraqis write their new constitution in anticipation that a request for such assistance will be forthcoming.

Nicholas Fink Haysom, who advised Mr. Mandela throughout his term in office and continues to do so in connection with his private initiatives, is already in the region along with a small team, UN spokesman Fred Eckhard told a news briefing today in New York.

Mr. Haysom has been involved in Burundi's peace talks as chairman of the committee negotiating constitutional issues and has worked as a consultant on constitutional reform, conflict resolution and good governance in
Lebanon, Nigeria, Indonesia, Timor-Leste, Sudan, Somalia and Sri Lanka among other places.

Ever since Iraq elected a transitional National Assembly in January with the principal goal of writing a new constitution, UN officials have repeatedly offered their expertise in the task, most recently in the
Security Council yesterday when Secretary-General Kofi Annan's Special
Representative Ashraf Qazi presented the latest UN report on the country.

* * *

GLOBAL MEDIA LEADERS URGED TO EXPAND THEIR RESPONSE TO UN'S CALL TO FIGHT AIDS

Top international media executives participating in a meeting organized by
United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan today were urged to explore fresh, innovative ways to harness their industry to advance the global fight against HIV/AIDS.

In his remarks to the second meeting of the Global Media AIDS Initiative
(GMAI), held this year in Cannes, France, Mr. Annan told the executives,
"You have the chance to do something few of us can – you can save lives by attacking ignorance in every corner of the planet."

He said it was encouraging to see so many of them gathered to "use the power of the media in the fight against [HIV/AIDS.]"

The first GMAI meeting was held in January 2004, and was conceived and organized by the Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the Kaiser
Family Foundation. Today's meeting, held at MIPTV, a marketplace for television programming, was chaired by Shashi Tharoor, UN
Under-Secretary-General for Communications and Public Information.

The discussion highlighted the next stage of GMAI's development, with increased membership, new industry leadership and plans to broaden the scope of its activities significantly, chiefly in regions with high infection rates such as Asia and Africa.

Mr. Annan also appointed MTV Networks' Bill Roedy to Chair the GMAI
Leadership Committee, comprised of media executives representing each of the world's regions to be named in the coming weeks. The group will collaborate on the overall vision and priorities of the Initiative, while regional and local media leaders will continue to drive their own projects.
In 18 months, Mr. Roedy will report to the Secretary-General on the results achieved by the GMAI.

Former United States President Bill Clinton, who spoke to the group by satellite from UN Headquarters in New York, said AIDS "is totally preventable," yet 40 million people are infected and millions die. "We know what to do," President Clinton continued, urging the media leaders to make a difference by doing more to remove the stigma of AIDS as well as on education, prevention and generating support in donor countries to make resources available.

UNAIDS Executive Director Peter Piot urged the media leaders to give audiences new, challenging messages, particularly in light of nearly five million new infections last year. "Increasingly it is women and young people who are affected. We need to put them at the heart of the AIDS response if we are to stop the epidemic," he said.

Drew E. Altman, President and CEO of the Kaiser Family Foundation, said,
"One of our main goals has been to build wider recognition of the importance of media in the fight against HIV/AIDS, which the GMAI has helped to accomplish. The challenge now is to sustain progress towards mobilizing media on a global scale."

* * *

MORE TALKS BETWEEN GREECE AND FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA – UN

In an effort to solve the long-running dispute over the name of the former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the senior United Nations envoy for talks between the now independent country and its southern neighbour, Greece, today outlined an intensified programme of both bilateral and mediated talks. "Both Athens and Skopje have confirmed that they wish to achieve a mutually agreed solution to this issue through discussions under the
Secretary-General's auspices," Special Representative Matthew Nimetz said in a statement, referring to the respective capitals.

"Such a solution, both agree, would resolve a difficult issue adversely affecting the region and the otherwise friendly relationship between two neighbouring States," he added.

The post of Special Representative of the Secretary-General in talks between Greece and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia was established after the parties could not agree on the name of what had previously been one of Yugoslavia's six constituent republics before that country broke up in warfare beginning in 1991.

In 1993 the new state proposed Republic of Macedonia, saying the name did not imply any territorial or other aspirations whatsoever, but Greece objected, maintaining that Macedonia, the name of a historic part of ancient Greece, should not be included.

Since then the new state has been known officially at the UN as the former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

In his statement Mr. Nimetz said both sides had strongly encouraged him to intensify his efforts based on the positions they have recently given him and he therefore, urged both Athens and Skopje to work with him through their established process, with a minimum of public statements, to determine how their differences can be bridged.

Discussions in future weeks will take place through discussions between himself and each of the parties separately as well as in more formal meetings involving both parties, he added.

* * *

UN RIGHTS EXPERTS URGE PROTECTION FOR DISPLACED, INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

Speaking on behalf of the world’s voiceless and uprooted communities, rights experts before the United Nations top human rights body have called for greater protection from the disparities that jeopardize the very survival of indigenous cultures, and the obstacles which disrupt the lives of internally displaced persons (IDPs).

As the Geneva-based Commission on Human Rights continued its annual six-week session, an expert yesterday updated the 53-member panel on the precarious state of the world’s IDPs, chiefly those millions that have fled ongoing strife in Sudan’s Darfur region, and the million more in South Asia uprooted by last December’s Indian Ocean earthquake and devastating tsunami. Three other experts also addressed a broad range of indigenous issues, including obstacles hampering education in indigenous communities, protection of natural resources, and the ongoing negotiations on a draft UN
Declaration on the Right of Indigenous Peoples.

Walter Kalin, Secretary-General Kofi Annan’s Representative on the human rights of IDPs, said 2004 had been overshadowed by the dramatic escalation of the conflict in Darfur, which had uprooted nearly two million persons, among them some 1.7 million IDPs, since the fighting started.

Sudan’s Government should give serious consideration to the report of the previous Representative on this, and his recommendations, to implement the norms contained in the Guiding Principles on IDPs, and cooperate with the international community in addressing the plight of the displaced.

Mr. Kalin also expressed concern for the more than one million persons displaced by the earthquake and tsunami in South Asia. His main recommendation was that in the reconstruction and recovery phase, it was essential to take a human rights-based approach to the response so as to prevent future possible problems or violations.

Leading the discussion on indigenous issues, Rodolfo Stavenhagen, the
Commission’s Special Rapporteur on human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people, said many indigenous peoples, especially girls, found it difficult to access education of a similar quality as that offered to non-indigenous peoples. What had led to the destruction of the communities of indigenous peoples was the implementation of educational policies ignoring their particularities. Although this was becoming less the case, the issue was not fully resolved.

He stressed also that if a solution were not found, a new generation of indigenous peoples would continue to be marginalized. It was not only urgent to improve the education in quantitative terms, but also in qualitative terms, in particular regarding the intermediate level and upper education. Countries should pay attention to the needs of indigenous peoples, and equip organizations devoted to their needs with sufficient institutional needs.

Luis-Enrique Chavez, Chairperson-Rapporteur of the Working Group on a draft
UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples; Erica-Irene A. Daes,
Special Rapporteur of the Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of
Human Rights on indigenous people's sovereignty over natural resources; and
Jose Carlos Morales, Member of the Board of Trustees of the UN Voluntary
Fund for Indigenous Populations, also addressed the Commission.

* * *

SEVEN GANG MEMBERS KILLED IN JOINT UN-HAITI POLICE OPERATION

A joint weekend operation between the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Haiti and the national police in a northern district of the country's capital, Port-au-Prince, resulted in the deaths of two long-sought gang leaders and five followers of one of them, the UN operation said in a statement released today.

On Sunday the operation caught René Jean Anthony, also known as "Grenn
Sonnen," and five of his followers in the low-income district called
Delmas. They were killed in an exchange of fire with the Haitian National
Police (HNP) and civilian police (CivPol) from the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH).

"René Jean Anthony put up the most violent resistance that the technical advisers to CivPol have witnessed since the beginning of their operations in Haiti," CivPol spokesman Daniel Moskaluk said.

A self-appointed leader of the demobilized military, Ravix Remissainthe, sought by the HNP for several weeks, was cornered Saturday in Delmas and died in crossfire, MINUSTAH said.

The search of a house suspected of sheltering Mr. Remissainthe and other armed suspects turned up HNP uniforms, thereby explaining how the recent crimes by armed gangs of hijacking vehicles, murders and abductions came to be blamed on the local police, Mr. Moskaluk said.

* * *

FUNDING SHORTFALL THREATENS 200,000 DARFUR REFUGEES WITH HUNGER, UN WARNS

Just days after warning that a drastic shortage of money will force it to cut rations to more than 1 million people hit by fighting in Sudan’s Darfur region, the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has added a further
200,000 refugees who fled to neighbouring Chad to the list of those facing hunger without new donations.

“We need food now,” WFP Chad Country Director Stefano Porretti said, appealing for $87 million in food aid to cover needs in refugee camps of eastern Chad until the end of next year.

“With the rains only a matter of two or three months away, it is absolutely imperative that we move food to the places where it will be needed later this year. This process has already begun but is far from complete,” he said, noting that prior stockpiling is vital since road transport becomes impossible across most of the region during the rains.

Under a revision of its current emergency operation, WFP will also be assisting over 150,000 Chadian nationals as well as providing for the possibility that an additional 150,000 people could cross the border from
Darfur if the conflict continues.

Last Wednesday the agency announced that starting in May it would have to cut by half the non-cereal part of the daily ration it provides for more than 1 million people in Darfur itself, a last resort to help stretch current food supplies through the critical months of July and August – the traditional lean period when food needs become most acute.

Tens of thousands people have been killed and more than 2 million others uprooted in Darfur in the past two years in fighting between Government, militia and rebel forces, originally sparked in part by local calls for a greater share in economic development for the western part of Africa’s largest country.

* * *

EXPERTS URGE MAJOR EFFORT TO MEET UN MILLENNIUM GOALS ON MATERNAL, CHILD DEATHS

With inadequate progress being made towards meeting the United Nations
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of slashing maternal and child deaths by 2015, a meeting of experts from around the world has called for a major cooperative effort that could save the lives of 7 million women, newborns and children each year.

“Only through coordinated and concerted action and unprecedented resource mobilization at the national and international levels can we hope to meet our commitments by the target year,” health officials, medical professionals and advocates declared at the close of a three-day forum at the weekend in New Delhi, India.

Appealing for “strong partnerships that include governments, developmentpartners, donors, civil society, the private sector and others,” the conference declaration called on donors to close an estimated $9 billion annual shortfall in funding for maternal and child health programmes.

The underlying theme of the meeting – “Lives in the Balance: The
Partnership Meeting on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health” – was the lack of progress many countries have made towards meeting the MDGs on maternal and child deaths, seen as key steps in eliminating extreme poverty, another major MDG set by the UN Millennium Summit of 2000.

“Cost-effective interventions, if taken to scale worldwide, can prevent close to three-fourths of maternal deaths, and over two-thirds of child deaths,” the declaration said. “Thus, we have – almost within reach – the means to save nearly 7 million lives each year.”

To achieve this, countries need to “invest in strengthening health systems, from community to the referral levels,” tailoring programmes to fit national and community needs, and specifically ensuring that they reach and benefit the poor, the marginalized and the underserved.

“This has been a very productive and inspiring meeting, one that has taken full advantage of the depth and diversity of experience among the participants,” UN Population Fund (UNFPA) Deputy Executive Director Kunio
Waki told the closing session. “Our shared commitment to health and equity has strengthened our mutual determination to redress the shameful and unjust gaps in coverage for mothers, newborns and children.”

* * *

EXPERTS GATHER AT UN ATOMIC AGENCY TO BOOST NUCLEAR POWER PLANT SAFETY

As part of an effort to ensure the safety of nuclear power plants and prevent a repeat of a Chernobyl-style disaster, top officials from more than 30 countries are meeting at the Vienna headquarters of the United
Nations atomic watchdog agency to share information and upgrade precautions. Under the Convention on Nuclear Safety, of which the International Atomic
Energy Agency (IAEA) is the depositary, parties meet every three years to
“peer review” their national nuclear safety programmes. Countries submit reports covering, for example, the construction, operation and regulation of their civilian nuclear power plants.

This is the third review meeting since the Convention entered into force in
1996. The catalyst for the treaty was the 1986 Chernobyl accident, when international implications of nuclear safety were magnified and interest intensified in internationally binding safety standards.

Nearly 8.4 million people in Belarus, Ukraine and Russia were exposed to radiation when the Chernobyl plant in Ukraine blew up. Beyond the cancers and chronic health problems, especially among children, some 150,000 kilometres – an area half the size of Italy – were contaminated, while agricultural areas covering nearly 52,000 square kilometres, more than the size of Denmark, were ruined.

During the two-week review meeting, parties will examine and discuss national reports about the safety of commercial nuclear plants in each country, covering the years 2002 to 2004.

“This process allows the Convention’s contracting parties to share information freely, to more effectively improve safety measures within their respective countries and to identify ways in which international cooperation can improve worldwide nuclear power plant safety,” said the head of IAEA Nuclear Installation Safety, Ken Brockman.

The Convention is an incentive-based agreement that does not rely on controls and sanctions but rather on self assessment, information sharing and active peer review. “Neither the IAEA nor the Contracting Parties, therefore, serve in compliance roles,” Mr. Brockman added. “Instead, the interactions of the peer review process serve to entice open communications and corrective actions. To date, this has been quite effective.”

* * *

POST-SLUMP AGRICULTURAL COMMODITY PRICES REMAIN AT HISTORIC LOWS, UN REPORT SAYS

Although international prices of agricultural commodities have generally made a hesitant recovery after a prolonged slump in the second half of the
1990s, prices remain at historically low levels and the longer term trend continues downward, according to new United Nations reports on the problem.

Concern over low producer prices for such major commodities as coffee, sugar, meat, oils and cotton tops the agenda at a three-day meeting of the
UN Committee on Commodity Problems (CCP), which opened yesterday in Rome.

The role of the CCP, an interim committee of the UN Food and Agriculture
Organization (FAO) Governing Council, is to review such problems and develop policy recommendations for the Council to sustain better market conditions and break the boom and bust cycles.

“Variability continues to be the dominant feature of commodity price behaviour,” according to one of the documents prepared for the meeting.

For example, between 1998 and 2001 coffee prices fell 58 per cent because of oversupply, sluggish demand and rising stocks. Persistent low prices have led to supply reductions, which have strengthened prices recently.
Prices rose by a third between 2001 and November 2004, as total production for the crop year 2003-2004 reached 6 million tons, the lowest since
1998-1999.

“Prospects of a similar crop size in 2004-2005 could result in a continued upward trend in prices,” the document says. But the challenge for the coffee industry is “how to sustain these better market conditions to avoid a return to the boom and bust cycles.”

The Committee will review a series of reports from the intergovernmental groups, examine food security in light of trade policy reforms and discuss emerging issues of importance to agricultural commodity markets.

* * *

REFORMED UN COULD BE EVEN MORE EFFECTIVE IN PREVENTING GLOBAL THREATS – FRéCHETTE

The United Nations is a more effective prevention instrument than many realize, but with reform, it can be far more useful in fighting poverty, promoting human rights, stopping the spread of illicit weapons and keeping violence in check, Deputy Secretary-General Louise Fréchette said today in
Stockholm.

A strengthened United Nations – with targeted development activities, a renewed human rights machinery and improved peacebuilding capabilities – will be a far more effective tool for saving future generations from the scourge of war, Ms. Fréchette said according to the text of an address to a seminar co-organized by Norway and Sweden on “Conflict prevention and resolution: challenges and changes for the United Nations.”

“Prevention of armed conflict by peaceful means is the cheapest most effective way to promote international peace and security,” Ms. Fréchette told the seminar, which was convened in connection with the preparations for the General Assembly’s summit-level review this September of the
Millennium Declaration.

And while there was no blueprint for effective preventive action in every situation, and no single reform would ensure that all such actions would be effective, she said that it was a simple fact that “conflict is expensive, in both money and lives, while prevention is cheap.”

Ms. Fréchette noted that recent studies suggested that the overall cost of what the World Bank has termed “low income countries under stress” runs to some $82 billion per country. “This is more than the world’s entire aid budget,” she said.

“For all its weaknesses, the UN is able to bring a range of capacities to bear – from mediation through humanitarian assistance and peacekeeping to support for elections and reconstruction – and we can do it all in a framework of international legitimacy,” she said.

To strengthen that framework, Secretary-General Kofi Annan has asked Member
States to consider an agenda of major policy commitments and far-reaching institutional reforms for decision at the September summit.

His report, “In Larger Freedom,” calls for action on three inter-related fronts: development, security and human rights. Ms. Fréchette said that nearly every recommendation in the report would, if acted on, contribute to the overall goal of preventing latent threats from becoming imminent, and imminent threats from becoming actual ones.

“If [world leaders] summon the political will to make bold decisions on development, security and human rights, our world will not only be freer, but also safer and more secure.”

She reiterated that prevention paid for itself many times over. And though effective, a reformed United Nations could be even better at such tasks – in the long-term efforts to fight poverty and promote human rights, head off terrorism and the proliferation of both small arms and weapons of mass destruction, and stopping violence from erupting, spreading and recurring.

“That may require a modest investment of resources – but is truly a case where an ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure,” she said.

* * *

AID SHORTFALL THREATENS 3 MILLION ETHIOPIANS WITH HUNGER, UN AGENCY WARNS

The future of three million hungry Ethiopians is in jeopardy with malnutrition on the rise, little over half the food aid required for this year so far in hand and less than a fifth of non-food items forthcoming, the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) warned today.

“The lack of funds is making it impossible for WFP and its partners to adequately meet the needs of hungry Ethiopians,” agency country director
Georgia Shaver said.

With food commodities, particularly cereals and beans, available on the local market if only donors provided cash, WFP urgently needs $33 million to continue feeding 1.5 million people for two and half months as part of the 2005 UN Humanitarian Appeal.

The appeal, launched in December 2004 for $271 million, remains seriously short of food and non-food items. Just 58 per cent of the total $212 million worth of food has been secured, while less than 20 per cent for non-food items such as health, nutrition, water, sanitation and agriculture items, has been received.

“We are beginning to see families resorting to survival mechanisms in the worst-off areas of the country,” Ms. Shaver said. “In the south, which experienced drought and a failed harvest, up to 6,000 children have already dropped out of school, as their families send them in search of food or work. “In addition, in one part of the Somali region, in the east of the country, severe malnutrition rates were already reported at 4.8 per cent in January, with five out of 10,000 affected children dying on a daily basis,” she added. WFP stressed the urgency of securing contributions quickly in order to pre-position food before the rainy season from July to September renders many areas inaccessible.

* * *

-------------------------------------

For more details go to UN News Centre

DAILY PRESS BRIEFING BY THE OFFICE OF THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE SECRETARY-GENERAL

12 April 2005 Following is a near-verbatim transcript of today’s noon briefing by Fred Eckhard, Spokesman for the Secretary-General.

Good afternoon.

**Guest at Noon

Our guest today will be Nicolas Michel, the Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs and the UN’s Legal Counsel, and he will be talking to you about the Convention on Nuclear Terrorism that the General Assembly will be considering tomorrow.

**Statement on Latvian Envoy For UN Reform

We have the following statement regarding an appointment that the Secretary-General is making today:

“The Secretary-General is pleased to announce the appointment of Her Excellency Dr. Vaira Vike-Freiberga, the President of Latvia, as his Envoy for the Summit to take place in New York in September of this year.

“This completes the Secretary-General’s team of five envoys who have agreed to use their good offices to help him promote the comprehensive agenda outlined in his report “In larger freedom: towards development, security and human rights for all”. He has placed before world leaders an agenda for action in order to move our world decisively towards important goals: halving poverty in the next 10 years; reducing the threat of war, terrorism and deadly weapons; and advancing human dignity in every land. He has also called for the most far-reaching reforms of the United Nations in its 60-year history.

“President Vike-Freiberga joins the other Envoys –- Their Excellencies Mr. Dermot Ahern, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ireland; Mr. Ali Alatas, the former Foreign Minister of Indonesia; Mr. Joaquin Chissano, the former President of Mozambique; and Mr. Ernesto Zedillo, the former President of Mexico.

“As Latvia’s Head of State, President Vike-Freiberga has actively supported the need for UN reform. Elected to a second term in office in 2003, she has successfully guided her nation through a period of active reforms leading to full membership in the European Union and NATO.

“The Secretary-General wishes to express his profound gratitude to Her Excellency for having agreed to take on this challenging assignment and invest her time, energy and political wisdom in assisting him in his efforts.”

**Statement Attributable to Spokesman for Secretary-General

This statement attributable to the Spokesman regards an announcement by the European Union today:

“The Secretary-General warmly welcomes the European Union’s strong support for his efforts to accelerate progress towards the Millennium Development Goals. He is particularly heartened by the European Commission’s proposal to establish ambitious targets for providing official development assistance (ODA) -– targets that are consistent with the Secretary-General’s recommendations to the September Summit.

“These would not only trigger an estimated additional 20 billion euros by 2010; they would also bring EU countries closer to the target of ODA amounting to 0.7 per cent of their gross national income by 2015.

“The Secretary-General is also encouraged by the EU’s increasing emphasis on trade and other non-aid policies as a means of reaching the Millennium Development Goals, and by the decision of the European Union to focus on the needs of Africa. He is confident that the September Summit will lead to a number of concrete actions, by developed and developing countries alike, to help them reach the Millennium Development Goals.”

**Sudan

Participants at a two-day donors’ conference in Oslo in support of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement for Sudan, which the Secretary-General attended, pledged a total of some $4.5 billion for 2005-2007, according to the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

As you’ll recall, in his speech in Oslo, the Secretary-General had appealed to the participants to pledge generously. And when asked about the tendency of governments not to honour their pledges of assistance, he quipped, “Pledges are good, but cash is better.”

**Sudan - Pronk

The Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Sudan, Jan Pronk, today attended the second and last day of the pledging conference and in the margins of the conference, he today met with European Union representatives. The objective was to mobilize the EU countries to support the African Union in its deployment in Darfur. Pronk also met with U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Robert Zoellick. They discussed the situation in Sudan and U.S. support for AU deployment in Darfur.

Pronk is heading tonight for Paris as part of a series of visits to European capitals, to mobilize support for the AU Mission in Sudan, as well as to invite European countries to contribute military observers to the UN mission.

**Iraq - Security Council

Yesterday afternoon, the Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Iraq, Ashraf Qazi, briefed the Security Council in an open meeting. He told the members of the Council that the new Iraqi Transitional Government will need the continued and active support of the UN, its neighbours and the international community at large.

He added that virtually all sectors of Iraqi society want the United Nations to play a larger role as the country moves forward in its political transition to writing a new constitution and holding fresh elections. However, improved security is vital to any such expansion, Qazi added. Qazi also stressed the imperative for all sectors to take part in the transition, especially the task of writing a new constitution.

Also speaking in the open session was Ambassador Anne Patterson of the United States who briefed on the activities of the Multinational Force, and Ambassador Sumaida’ie of Iraq who read out a statement on recent political developments in his country.

Following closed consultations, Ambassador Wang of China, speaking as President of the Security Council, said the members of the Council urged the new Transitional National Assembly to proceed without delay on the constitutional process. They also stressed the need for that process to be as inclusive, participatory and transparent as possible.

**Iraq

Also on the issue of Iraq, a number of you have been asking us about our support for the Iraqi constitutional process. In anticipation of an official invitation to assist in constitutional work in accordance with the Security Council resolution, we have done some preparatory work, including identification and deployment of some staff to the region.

The man who will be leading that effort is a noted South African constitutional expert, Nicholas Fink Haysom. He has already been deployed to the region along with a small team. We have a biographical note on Mr. Haysom upstairs.

**Lebanon

The Secretary-General’s new Personal Representative for Southern Lebanon, Geir Pedersen, arrived in Beirut yesterday to take up his duties. Today, he paid introductory calls on senior Lebanese Government officials, including the President, the Speaker of Parliament and the Foreign Minister.

During the course of these calls, he also expressed the United Nations’ continuing concern about aerial violations of the Blue Line, noting both the Hizbollah drone that breached Israeli airspace yesterday and the most recent Israeli overflights of Lebanese territory. Pedersen urged all parties to maintain “total calm” along the Blue Line.

**Security Council

The Security Council had on its agenda today consultations on the Central African Republic and other matters. The Representative of the Secretary-General for the CAR, Lamine Cissé, briefed on the latest developments. A press statement on the subject was read out by Council President Wang Guangya. A formal meeting was then held to adopt a presidential statement on the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

**Greece/FYROM Talks

Matthew Nimetz, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative in the talks between Greece and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, issued a statement today, confirming that, on 29 March, he submitted to the parties a set of ideas for their consideration. During the two weeks since that date, he has met with representatives of both of the parties, who have informed him of the views of their Governments.

Although Nimetz could not report that there would be an imminent breakthrough, given the continuing differences between the parties, both sides have strongly encouraged him to intensify his efforts based on the positions they have recently given him. Discussions in future will take place through discussions between Nimetz and each of the parties separately, as well as in more formal meetings involving both parties.

**MONUC

The UN Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is investigating two separate incidents over the weekend for possible breaches of its policies on sexual exploitation and abuse. In one of the incidents, Congolese police found two international civilian employees and a UN volunteer in a Kinshasa home with 13 Congolese women. The staff involved have been suspended until the end of the investigation, which will determine whether there’s been any breach of the Mission’s Code of Conduct and of the Secretary-General’s zero-tolerance policy.

Separately, soldiers of the Mission’s Nepalese contingent, based in Ituri, have been accused of having negotiated the services of prostitutes while on a supply trip to Uganda. We have more details on these investigations upstairs.

**Côte d’Ivoire

The UN Mission in Côte d’Ivoire reports that an arms inspection in line with UN Security Council resolution 1584 was conducted in Man today at the headquarters of the Forces Nouvelles and two of its barracks. No anomalies were noted. The Mission also reported that peacekeepers yesterday moved in to quell skirmishes in a village in the zone of confidence in the west of the country, and restored calm there.

**Deputy Secretary-General

As we had mentioned yesterday, the Deputy Secretary-General delivered her statement on conflict prevention in Stockholm. She met with Hans Dahlgren, the Swedish State Secretary for Foreign Affairs and other Swedish Officials. Her meetings focused on UN reform issues and the process leading to the September summit.

**Ethiopia

The UN World Food Programme, or WFP, warned today that the future of 3 million Ethiopians in need of food aid is in jeopardy, with malnutrition rates on the rise and funding for humanitarian operations in Ethiopia drying up.

Also, in Chad, nearly 200,000 refugees who have fled from the Darfur conflict in neighbouring Sudan risk going hungry unless donations are rapidly forthcoming. And we have press releases on these items upstairs.

**Information/Communication

Tomorrow and Thursday, the UN task force on information and communication technologies will hold a global forum in Dublin, Ireland, to discuss how such technologies can improve education, especially in developing countries. Among the participants at the forum will be Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs José Antonio Ocampo and the Secretary-General’s Special Adviser, Jeffrey Sachs. We have a press release with more details on that.

This is almost coming to an end, hang on.

**Disability

The General Assembly's Ad Hoc Committee dealing with the rights of persons with disabilities is expected to elect Ambassador Don MacKay of New Zealand as its new Chair, succeeding Ambassador Luis Gallegos of Ecuador. The election will take place at noon tomorrow in the ECOSOC Chamber, as part of the Committee's first organizational meeting for its sixth session.

**Press Conference This Afternoon

Immediately following today’s noon briefing, Ambassador Ronaldo Mota Sardenberg of Brazil will be here to brief on the Security Council’s upcoming mission to Haiti.

**Press Conference Tomorrow

Press conference tomorrow, the Secretary-General will be here to formally introduce his Special Envoy dealing with the Indian Ocean tsunami-recovery effort, former U.S. President Bill Clinton.

Clinton

And continuing on Mr. Clinton, at about 1 p.m. today, UN Television will broadcast President Clinton’s address to a UN-organized meeting of dozens of media leaders from around the world to explore ways they can combine their efforts to fight AIDS. As we told you yesterday, the meeting took place in Cannes, France, and President Clinton took part via satellite hook-up from UNTV studios early this morning. We have a press release with more details on that upstairs.

So, before we go to Monsieur Michel, Edie?

**Questions and Answers

Question: Fred, you were talking about the Secretary-General’s welcoming of the European Union statement on his reform efforts. Is the Secretary-General concerned about the growing antagonisms and problems with Security Council reforms, particularly the Chinese statement today that Japan isn’t ready for a permanent seat and both sides in the Model A and Model B -- well, certainly the Model B people saying that they don’t want any action before September?

Spokesman: Well, I think he’ll just see the debate heating up, indicating that, indeed, Member States think that this year is a window of opportunity to actually achieve something on Security Council reform. Whether they will succeed by the end of this year or not, remains to be seen. But, the level of debate is intensifying; the volume is getting turned up. And I think that’s a sign of seriousness.

Evelyn?

Question: Could you elaborate on what Edie asked? Whether the demonstrations in China have any impact here on the Japanese candidacy? And also, the debate seems to be taking a form of “let’s do it by consensus”, which is a code word for blocking all action, because after 12 years there is no consensus, there won’t be any.

So that, as the Secretary-General said, they should be taking a vote, so that, I don’t know, do you still think that this is heating up a serious debate or just a blocking action? Certainly the group that Italy is leading is blocking; you know, there is no consensus. You know, the word “consensus” seems to be a way to say “don’t do anything”.

Spokesman: Well, I don’t think the Secretary-General wants to comment on the public events in China. He’s made his proposal. Member States are taking it up with a vengeance. It’s quite early in the process. So, let’s see if some of the hard positions that you see being taken now are not merely opening positions in what will be a serious effort to reach agreement on Security Council reform by September, which is what the Secretary-General would hope would happen.

Massoud?

Question: Following up on the same questions, has the Secretary-General been able to absorb the debate that has been going on since last week when he was away, not only about the Security Council reforms, but also on the, I mean one of the conditions that he set is it is not an à la carte menu of choices, which is exactly what it is becoming, and especially the concerns of the developing countries about the security proposal that he has made. Does he have anything to say about those?

Spokesman: Let’s just let the Member States try to sort it out, sort out their differences. He does not want to comment at this time on any of those things. Of course, he follows it very closely, including when he’s travelling. But, it’s clearly in their hands now.

Mr. Abbadi?

Question: The southern caucus of NGOs for sustainable development have been complaining that the Secretariat has excluded them from the list of participants and they said the Secretariat told them to go to what they called “hand-picked partners”, and they opposed that.

Do you have any comment on that?

Spokesman: No. But I mean, this is a perennial problem. The number of NGOs is enormous and we have to be practical in selecting those who can actually participate in conferences. We try to do that in a fair way. I haven’t seen this specific complaint that you’re mentioning, but, as I say, it’s a perennial problem. Edie?

Question: Fred, the Pretoria Agreement on the Ivory Coast asks the President of South Africa, Thabo Mbeki, to contact the Secretary-General and the Nigerian President, who is head of the AU on the very difficult issue of eligibility to be president. Do you know whether President Mbeki has actually spoken to the Secretary-General on this issue?

Spokesman: I can’t say if it was on this issue. I know from the phone log that while the Secretary-General was travelling he spoke to President Mbeki. I can ask if they would allow me to tell you what the subject of that conversation was, but normally those things are kept confidential. But, I will put that question to them.

[The Spokesman later confirmed that, indeed, the subject of the Secretary-General’s phone conversation with President Mbeki was Côte d’Ivoire, but could not give details of the conversation.]

Yes?

Question: Fred, what exactly are the criteria for the selection of the Secretary-General’s representatives to the UN reform process? I mean, the Latvian President; Latvian authorities have been charged with systematic violations of the rights of the Russian-speaking community of the country, which makes up to 40 per cent of the population. These people are deprived of their voting rights and they didn’t have a chance to take part in the recent municipal elections in this country. They are non-citizens in this country – 40 per cent of the population. How does it reconcile with the UN proclaimed principles of human rights protection?

Spokesman: Well, that’s a profound issue that the Latvian Government is struggling with. But the rationale for the choice of these people was laid out in my statement and I would have nothing to add to that.

Let me take Michael.

Question: Fred, what is the next step now for talks between FYROM and Greece? And, as I see here, the Secretary-General is going to get involved in the talks?

Spokesman: I’d have to limit myself to the statement. We indicated in the statement that discussions would continue bilaterally and...(interrupted).

Question: ...it says the Secretary-General (Inaudible).

Spokesman: I don’t think the statement says that.

Question: That’s what it says.

Spokesman: Well, I don’t want to argue about what the statement says. But on these matters, which are extremely technical and complex, we limit ourselves to Mr. Nimetz’s statement and I try not to add or elucidate. [He later stated that “under the Secretary-General’s auspices” does not necessarily mean direct involvement by the Secretary-General.]

Yes, Evelyn?

Question: (Inaudible)... Mr. Nimetz, any way you could tell him that when he makes a statement on this, to at least do it the day that Greece has said something? Because his statements, quite frankly to date, have been totally useless.

Spokesman: I will relay that message.

Yes, sir?

Question: Have the talks been productive?

Spokesman: I’m not going to say anything beyond the statement, I am sorry.

Mr. Abbadi?

Question: The Secretary-General has met with the Foreign Minister of Italy, Mr. Fini. Has that covered the subject of reforms of the Security Council?

Spokesman: I assume it did, but that took place at the residence at 11 o’clock and we haven’t received a readout of that meeting. I’ll see if they’ll give us anything. I also think that the Minister might have spoken to the Italian media travelling with him outside the residence after the meeting.

Question: Yesterday, Mr. Bolton was quoted as saying that the Secretary-General called him and told him to get himself confirmed as soon as possible. That statement could not be confirmed. Has it been confirmed that the Secretary-General did talk to Mr. Bolton and tell him that?

Spokesman: I think we confirmed yesterday that, indeed, the Secretary-General called Mr. Bolton. We aren’t saying anything about what was said in that phone conversation, which was private.

Mr. Michel, please come up and talk to us about nuclear terrorism.

-----------------------

UNEP and the Executive Director in the News

• UN names Earth's green champions (BBC) • Mbeki a 'Champion of the Earth' (News 24) • UN honours South Africa (SABC) • Zayed among ‘Champions of the Earth’ (Khaleej Times) • Sheikh Zayed named among seven environment personalities (Emirates News Agency) • Bhutan's king, Mbeki win UN environmental award (AFP) • PNUE : le président d'une association chinoise remporte le prix de Champion de la Terre (China Radio International) • China wins environment award (East Day) • Chinese Zhou Qiang wins UNEP's 'Champion of Earth' award (China Daily) • Reconoce la ONU trabajo de Carabias en favor de la ecología (La Jornada) • Alternative chemicals also hurting ozone layer AP (Hindustan Times) • UN Report: Ozone-Friendly Gases Contribute To Climate Change (Politinfo.com) • Alternatives to pesticides, aerosols just as bad (CTV Canada) • New UN report confirms F-gases climate risk (Euractiv.com) • UN tackles issue of gases that protect ozone layer but heat up world (INRA) • UN forum opens session with eye on policies for clean water, sanitation and adequate housing (INRA) • Humans Damaging Earth Faster Than Ever (The Lone Star Iconoclast) • Children Represent the Country At World Summit in Japan (Angola Press Agency) • Goldene Dahlie für die Saubermänner (Westdeutsche Zeitung)

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Environment

...Sheyla I Lopez Professor Cormier English 101 March 4 2013 The Importance of Environment One of the most important reasons for us to take care of our environment is because it is our home. This is where we live, eat and raise our children. If we don’t start taking care of our home we are going to end up homeless. Articles like “The New Wilderness Land Grab” by Elizabeth Arnold and “The Obligation to Endure” by Rachel Carson talks more about the importance of protecting our environment. Even though this two articles talk about the same subject, they show two different ways to protect Earth. Elizabeth Arnolds focused more on the importance of protecting wildlife while Rachel Carson focuses more on how chemical pesticides affect plants, animals and humans. Both authors are very concerned about the importance of the environment they just have their own special way to contribute with Earth. In this two articles Arnold and Carson have a very different way of writing. On article “The New Wilderness Land Grab” Arnold uses an analytical and very formal way of writing. Elizabeth Arnold uses logos to argument her point. Logos is how writers use evidence, logic and reason to argument their point. Arnold introduces her article by saying “In a closet size office with a sloping floor in down town Durando Colorado, a phone rings off the hook. But Brian O’Donell and Melissa Watson coordinators of the ten month old Wilderness Support Center, are long gone” (1). The author is trying to......

Words: 955 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Environment

...Learning Outcomes Analyze business environments in terms of transformation systems and internal and external environments Identify the most relevant elements of the business environments using PESTLE analysis and Porter’s five forces model Discuss the classical, human relations and systems approaches to organizations Describe and compare the various structures that may be used within organizations. The business as a transformation system Transformation Process: Businesses utilize the inputs in order to produce the outputs. Types of Environments A simple/static environment is the easiest to analyse. A detailed, systematic, historical analysis is probably sufficient in order to understand it. University of Sunderland Contemporary Developments In Business Management Unit 1: Introduction To The Business Environment In a dynamic environment, all aspects of the environment are subject to change. When changes are rapid or sudden, such environments are referred to as turbulent. Complex environments are becoming more and more common in modern times. Technology, markets, politics, etc. are becoming more difficult and more involved The Organization’s Environment PESTEL Factors PESTEL Analysis Political Economic Socio - Cultural Technological Environmental Legal Political Environment Government policy affects the whole economy and governments are responsible for enforcing and creating a stable......

Words: 896 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Environment

...like, environmental legislation which targeted at constraining environmentally damaging business activities During 1970s, all corporations particularly in U.S. formed a united body against environmentalism, putting their competitive rivalry aside. Strategies adopted by corporations against environmentalism: Corporations advertised their views against environmentalism, through telephones, letter writing campaign and through using media, for those activities corporations took advice from professionals and spent huge money for campaigning Throughout 1970s and 1980s new environmental legislation was legally postponed by the activities of corporation, but at the end of 1980s public concern about environment rose due to local pollution events such as pollution of Sydney beaches by sewage and scientific discovery of Ozone depletion, these all events made regulatory agencies very tougher, so government enacted new environmental laws and regulations During 1990s, corporations formed front groups for manipulating public opinion, lobbying politicians and thereby convincing politicians to oppose environmental reforms Corporations followed strategic counseling to change public and government perceptions of environmental problems and thereby encountering environmentalists Firm groups helped corporations by marginalizing, alienating environmentalists who were refused donations and job offers and moreover these groups labeled environmentalists as terrorists. Firm groups tried to......

Words: 421 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Environment

...number of years, the planet and its environment have strived to meet the demands of the increasing growth in populations, global warming, and altered habitats, which has produced a global impact on the sense of balance between nature and man. The struggles amongst the environment do not affect one group of individuals or living entity; the whole planets population is concerned by environmental troubles. Each living entity on the planet may affect the environment. In order for individuals to preserve the planet, assistant in resolving environmental problems, and attain sustainability of the planet as it grows, a person should know the fundamental principles of environmental science. Environmental science may be described as the study of human connections with the environment. It is the interdisciplinary subject that blends knowledge from several disciplines such as geography, biology, chemistry, physics, geology, economics, cultural anthropology, sociology (particularly demography, the study of populations), natural resource management, engineering, agriculture, law, ethics, and politics (Berg & Hager, 2009, p1.4). Science and Technology effect the Environment Science and technology affect environmental challenges and resolutions in today’s culture. Science and technology both support humanity by assisting in the advancement of new innovations for surviving, but likewise presents damaging and harmful consequences to the environment. Science and technology aided in......

Words: 286 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Environment

...There is a growing environmental awareness amongst stakeholders, individuals and communities in Thailand. This increase in knowledge and awareness has been, by and large, the result of campaigns and education programmes run by major public interest groups concerned with the environment. These include non-governmental organizations (NGOs) at the international, regional and national levels, as well as groups concerned with the empowerment of marginalized sections of society, such as women, indigenous peoples, and youth groups, and other community based organizations. . Major public interest groups are increasingly contributing efforts towards sustainable development through participation, advocacy, demonstration projects, monitoring and research, as well as cooperation and networking with other NGOs and government departments. This chapter reviews the contributions made by such groups to the promotion of environmental knowledge, awareness and action in the region. Traditionally, community based organizations played an important role in the management of common property resources such as forests and fisheries in the Asian and Pacific Region. Although over successive years their role was reduced by governments in some countries, recent years have seen a re-emergence of community involvement and the development and growth of NGOs, youth, women and indigenous people’s groups and associations of farmers and businessmen. NGOs have, in particular, played an important role in......

Words: 1688 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Case Analysis: Evaluation of New Phone Inc.’S Control Environment

...Case Analysis Evaluation of New Phone Inc.’s Control Environment Strengths • Integrity and Ethical Values – New Phone Inc.’s management has high integrity and an established code of conduct. Since the behavior of employees can often stem from poor ethical behavior by management, it is important that they display a high level of integrity and ethical values. • Commitment to Competence – The Corporation has a reputation for hiring competent personnel which is vital for the success of the company. • Management’s Philosophy and Operating Style – The Corporation’s management is somewhat conservative in terms of accounting principles and practices. Weaknesses • Board of Director or Audit Committee Participation – New Phone Inc.’s Board of Directors and Audit Committee are not very active, which is important to maintain good internal controls and accurate financial reporting. Generally, auditors report their findings directly to the audit committee, who in turn reports to the Board of Director. The audit committee is also responsible for identifying potential risks. • Organizational Structure - New Phone Inc.’s organizational structure places the corporation at risk for unethical behavior by its upper management since it allows its individual divisions to operate autonomously. Managers are in a position to make decisions based solely on the performance of their division with little regard for the financial integrity of the entire organizational. In addition...

Words: 577 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Environment

...inflicting on our planet. Often we hear of concerning environmental issues that are happening around us, but how much do we know and understand about these issues? Because these issues affect us and our future generations directly, it really is in our own best interest to ensure that we are fully informed and also that the sources that we receive information from are accepted in a critical manner. In this essay it is my intention to highlight one of the many environmental issues we are currently facing, to view it both locally and globally, and to critically analyse both sides of the argument presented. Furthermore, to view how social environments are directly affected by the issue and to look at a media campaign that it relates to it considering constructionism, claims making and framing. And then to conclude, having viewed all points, what my new (if at all different) assumptions are. Hunting, to survive, has been a part of human culture for centuries, in the past it has been a necessary tool and skill, however, today most people live in a world where it is no longer a required in order to provide basic needs to our families. Trophy hunting, as a sport, can be dated as far back to the early 1800s in southern and central Europe. Hunters would kill game for the sole purpose of its pelt or head for display purposes and no other parts of the animal were used and were wasted. The oxford dictionary recognizes the word trophy as a representation associated with or symbolic of......

Words: 3510 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Environment

...CNN Wire Staff. (2010, June 1). Tropical storm leaves at least 115 dead in Central America. CNN World News. Retrieved from http://edition.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/americas/05/31/honduras.storm.emergency/index.h tml Over the past weekend, a huge tornado or tropical storm hit Central America. This storm was the first storm of the Pacific Hurricane season and its name is Agatha. The countries hit by Agatha include Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala. Out of all the countries mentioned, Guatemala was hit the hardest. There have been at least 92 deaths, 54 people missing and 59 individuals injured thus far. As a result of Agatha, there have been mudslides destroying homes, bridges have collapsed, and a giant sink hole. In regards to the giant sink hole, residents of Guatemala City stated that a three-story building and a home fell into it. Also, Agatha’s precipitation caused the levels of about nine rivers in Guatemala City to significantly rise. The focus of this analysis will be on the possible physical structure of the tropical storm that hit Central America and the process that caused precipitation. In diameter, tropical cyclones can vary from compact to very wide. As mentioned in the textbook, they can range from 100 miles to 600 miles (Christopherson, 2007, p. 180). The tropical storm that hit three different countries in Central America seemed to have covered a few hundred miles. Therefore, I predict that the width of this tropical storm was around 300 miles. Next, inward......

Words: 935 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Ethical Environment of the New Orleans Pd

...Ethical Environment of the New Orleans Police Department Melissa Boutte McNeese State University CJUS 630-W Ethics in Criminal Justice Telephone: (337) 888-0633 Email: mboutte@mcneese.edu Instructor: Dr. Wayne Thompson Abstract Society entrusts police officers to protect citizens from harm and to maintain civil order by enforcing laws set before them. The New Orleans Police Department must adhere to a code of conduct which basically means for officers to treat individuals fairly regardless of race, ethnicity, religion, gender, or sexual orientation; to only use the force necessary to uphold the law and/or to protect themselves and/or others from harm; and to act with dignity and integrity when enforcing the law. This has not always been the case with the NOPD. This paper will discuss the scrutiny the NOPD has fallen under over the years and also what actions have been taken to correct the problems that have arisen within the department. It will also discuss the hiring and training process, along with the reprimanding process for individuals who exhibit unethical behavior. Ethical Environment of the New Orleans Police Department The New Orleans Police Department has a long history of corruption and scandal, and although such corruption has been documented dating back to when the department first began, I will only discuss those which have happened from the early 1980s to the present. I will begin with the many scandals over the years, discuss the......

Words: 2785 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Environment

...expense, those whose circumstances allow them to, but choose not to, are choosing to pay some other cost, generally in environmental and personal health. Going towards a greener approach in your day-to-day lives has its benefits. These benefits range from saving earth and our environment, saving our health and improving it, and, last but not least, saving money in the long term. While our collective actions have done huge amounts of damage to our planet, our collective actions can also save it (Going Green Hints). Let us talk first about how going green can save our planet and our environment. Earth is our planet, and contains abundant natural resources. As we evolved, we grew more and more intelligent and developed machines. Those machines, which use large amounts of fuel and energy polluted the environment and depleted many of our planet’s natural resources. As we grew, we cut down trees, which according to scientists are our planet’s lungs. This has not only affected our climate but has also helped worsen global warming. Avoiding the over-use of non-renewable resources and by planting more trees can provide a safe place for us and our future generations. Another benefit of helping in cleaning the environment and going green is its major effect on our health (Smenyak). Use of bikes or walking to work or school will not only help us get exercise, it also helps in reducing the amount of carbon monoxide and other harmful gases from polluting the earth’s atmosphere. If......

Words: 1436 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Managing New, Remanufactured and Upgraded Products Under a Coupon Recycling Environment

...Managing New, Remanufactured and Upgraded Products under a Coupon Recycling Environment Xian LI1 , Jihong ZHANG1,† , Xiaosong DING1 , Xiaodong YANG1 1 International Business School Beijing Foreign Studies University Beijing, People’s Republic of China, 100089 † corresponding author: zhangjihong@bfsu.edu.cn Abstract—We consider a two-period production and pricing model under a coupon recycling environment, in which a monopolistic manufacturer is able to produce and sell new, remanufactured and upgraded products simultaneously in the market. To attract consumers to return used products and promote the sale of upgraded products, the manufacturer offers coupons in the recycling process. We focus on the competition between different kinds of products and analyze the manufacturer’s optimal production and pricing strategies as well as the effect of coupons on them. Keywords—remanufacturing; pricing strategy; cost; coupon I. I NTRODUCTION With the advancing high-technology and exacerbation in global economic competition, more and more electronic products possess a very short lifespan prior to becoming outdated. For example, electronic products including mobile phones, MP3-players, digital cameras, tablets and laptops often have a lifespan being no more than one year. In the meanwhile, the shortage in global resources and deterioration of ecological environment makes remanufacturing a popular alternative to the sustainable development of many......

Words: 3070 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Environment

...other hand do not have these laws, so in turn, they currently possess the most polluted city in the world, as of 2013. The city is Linfen, China. Before the rare earth mining started in 1978, this city was known for spring water and a lovely environment, and was even considered a modern fruit and flower town. Even though this doesn’t seem to be good for the United States, that they are pretty much at China’s mercy when it comes to rare earths, it is good for the environment. Market prices affect supplies of nonrenewable minerals. The economic fact is, when a resource becomes scarce, the price goes up. This fact promotes new and more efficient technology and encourages a search for substitutes. Then, the U.S.’s dependency on the Chinese rare earths market will start to diminish down to healthy levels. An example of this concept would be the fact that there is a shortage of copper because China uses it all up expeditiously. There might be reserves that last 30 years at the most. But, a replacement may have been found in the PEX formation. There still remains other problems such as the bad practice of giving subsidies and tax breaks to mining companies. These tax deductions keep the artificial price low, but is very costly to the environment....

Words: 678 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Pricing When Entering a New Market in B2B Environment

...ENTERING A NEW MARKET IN B2B ENVIROMENT: Understanding the B2B Dynamics Seminar Report ii ABSTRACT With the rise of globalization and saturated local markets, many companies started chasing international opportunities that would help them expand to new countries and increase their brand recognition around the globe. One of the challenges that companies face while entering a new market is defining the right price and pricing of their offering to be competitive and successful in the market. In B2B area, there are not any wide research on pricing issues that companies face in the markets that they are planning to enter and the effects of business relations on pricing. This paper focuses on market entry strategies and market entry modes, the fundamentals of pricing in a new market and the differences of B2B and B2C pricing. The study covers market entry modes and its impact on profitability, value creation in B2B area and the key aspects of pricing behaviour while entering a new market. This study in general provides a framework for implementing the right pricing strategy while entering new markets and defining the right pricing behaviour in B2B environment. This framework enables companies to understand the dynamics of B2B environment covering buyer-supplier and distributors relations and providing pricing models for companies to be a competitive player. Tamur, O. iii PREFACE This paper discusses the concepts of pricing and pricing behaviour in a new market in......

Words: 5613 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Environment

...Introduction After smog issues in London and Los Angeles have been brought into control due to sixty-year efforts, Beijing, and other heavily polluted northern metropolises in China are engulfed in high-density and toxic smog. The air pollution is admittedly recognized as developing at a pace that is too fast to take environmental sustainability into consideration. When suffering from the terrible air quality in Beijing and its vicinity, residents are increasingly conscious of the smog’s hazardous impact on health due to the propagation of news coverages. Thus, the whole nation has been of great concern and called urgently for efficient actions to fight against smog. The Chinese government has released several policies to manage the smog, ranging from limitation on private vehicles to closing heavily polluting factories or removing them away from the urban areas. However, the goal of cutting pollutants emission has not been achieved, since the sky in Beijing is still covered by dark smog occasionally. This essay will firstly discuss Northern China’s smog problem and how the politicians reacted to it. Following this, it will concentrate on Beijing’s air quality, since Beijing is universally considered as the cultural, educational and economic center of China. In order to understand comprehensively, the analysis will contain Beijing’s temporal situation and characteristics of air quality in Beijing, also examine the effect of Chinese implementation against smog crisis. Finally...

Words: 3385 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

The Global Environment of Business: New Paradigms for International Management

...Forces outside the firm’s traditional boundaries are increasingly important in determining the firm’s success. These forces in “the environment of business” differ among nations and over time, continually confronting the firm with new issues that require modifications in strategies and management practices. Managing in the context of turbulence has become an ongoing reality. Readers will learn how to modify their strategies and management practices and adapt to this new reality. SOCIAL FORCES The subject of ethical codes and CSR crystallizes many social challenges. At the one extreme are those who, like Milton Friedman (1970/2001), advocate the guiding principle of shareholder value maximization as the sole determinant of managerial decisions. At the other extreme are those who expound an altruistic philanthropy based on philosophical beliefs concerning universal ethics, such as those related to human rights. Within this range of perspectives, many authors offer distinct typologies for analyzing social forces and for developing appropriate firm responses to each set of social forces. Meanwhile, the rise of activist groups who threaten public criticism and boycotts means that even Friedman’s dictum of maximizing shareholder value now requires a wide range of CSR strategies. Some analysts, such as Porter and Kramer (2006), believe that each firm should create a competitive advantage through appropriate CSR strategies. From this perspective, CSR morphs into political......

Words: 5311 - Pages: 22