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The Evil of Lying

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By ean07
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The Evil of Lying

The Evil of Lying was written by Charles Fried and is a section from his book Right and Wrong. In The Evil of Lying, Fried argues that lying is always wrong even when it may have good results. Fired believes that lying is intentional and morally wrong even when the lie you have told turns out to be true. Lying, under any circumstance, is wrong as it fails to respect someone by not telling him or her the truth.
A deontologist would be against lying because they believe that it is our sense of duty to not lie and always tell the truth. In order to be ethical, one must operate according to categorical imperatives. This means that lying is something that you are willing to universalize for example, if you lie then you must accept that everyone around you lies. Deontologists would also fid this difficult because although no one should lie, we cannot always refrain from lying all the time. “I do not necessarily do you harm at all by deed or word if I induce you to believe what is not in fact the case; I may even do you good, possibly by way, for example, of consolation or flattery.” This quote by G. J. Warnock is something that deontologists would not agree with because even though flattery may do someone good it is still considered lying. Deontologists believe that it is our duty to tell the truth regardless of whether it is doing someone good or harm.
Consequentialists would be in favor of lying if it produced a good outcome. Consequentialists believe that ‘the ends justify the means” meaning that it doesn’t matter what you do as long as you have a good outcome and sometimes actions that are morally wrong are necessary in order to achieve an outcome. “Although by making a false statement I do no wrong to him who unjustly compels me to speak, yet I do wrong to men in general . . .I cause that declarations in general find no credit, and hence all...

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