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The Evolution of Population Policy in Viet Nam

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The Evolution of Population Policy in Viet Nam

The Evolution of Population Policy in Viet Nam
Three periods in the evolution of the population policy of Viet Nam are documented in this article: initiation in the 1960s and 1970s; maturity in the 1980s and 1990s; and legalization in the 2000s and early 2010s. A framework was used for stakeholder analysis in the sociopolitical context of Viet Nam in order to analyse interactions between leading state agencies in the development of population policy and their influence on the organizational structure of the population programme. The current tensions in the implementation of the population programme are highlighted, and a new population policy is called for that would be more conducive to addressing broader population and reproductive health issues, in order to respond more effectively to new challenges arising from the socioeconomic and demographic transition of the country.

By Bang Nguyen Pham, Peter S. Hill, Wayne Hall and Chalapati Rao*

Background
Population policy is highly complex and intensely political, and directly linked to a country’s socioeconomic development, security and protection. Population growth rates in the developing world have been the target of some population policies. As a result those rates declined from an average of 2.4 per cent annually in the 1970s to 1.4 per cent in the 2000s (United Nations, 2008a). In the population policy of many developing countries, the control of population size is emphasized; the aim is to reduce fertility in order to assure food security, to provide sufficient employment and basic social, educational and health services, to reduce pressure on natural resources and to combat climate change.
* Bang Nguyen Pham, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Public Health Building, Herston Road, Herston, Queensland, 4006, Australia (e-mail:...

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