The Evolving Role of Government in Education

In: Other Topics

Submitted By kingkesq2000
Words 956
Pages 4
The Evolving Role of Government in Education








The Evolving Role of Government in Education
Kenneth Davis
Grand Canyon University: EDU310
June 5, 2011


The Evolving Role of Government in Education
The United States governments play an ever evolving role in education. They are responsible for many of the exceedingly particular rules and regulations that drive schools and districts to change. All of these legislative rulings are supposedly made to help America’s youth, but some of them are more idealism than realistic. This essay will describe some of the many cases and laws that have evolved or have had an impact on U.S. education.
The United States educational system began on the laws and moral of the religion. In colonial times schools and religion went hand in hand. All of this country’s first schools and educational systems were the product of some particular religious sect. The first schools were used to educate the colonist children but the religious tensions and sectarian rivalries among early colonists had also used schooling to advance their ideals. Particularly the Universities such as Harvard founded in 1636, and Yale founded in 1707 were founded as seminaries to train future clergymen. Although this type of thought about how schools should be run still is around today, there has been much government involvement to change that stat quo. In cases such as Everson v. Board of Education, and Illinoisex rel. McCollum v. Board of Education the court ruled against religion in schools. These rulings proved to be major divides between church and state
“To hold that a state cannot consistently with the First and Fourteenth Amendments utilize its public school system to aid any or all religious faiths or sects in the dissemination of their doctrines and ideals does not, as counsel urge, manifest a governmental hostility to…...

Similar Documents

The Evolving Role of Government in Education

...The Evolving Role of Government in Education The Evolving Role of Government in Education Kenneth Davis Grand Canyon University: EDU310 June 5, 2011 The Evolving Role of Government in Education The United States governments play an ever evolving role in education. They are responsible for many of the exceedingly particular rules and regulations that drive schools and districts to change. All of these legislative rulings are supposedly made to help America’s youth, but some of them are more idealism than realistic. This essay will describe some of the many cases and laws that have evolved or have had an impact on U.S. education. The United States educational system began on the laws and moral of the religion. In colonial times schools and religion went hand in hand. All of this country’s first schools and educational systems were the product of some particular religious sect. The first schools were used to educate the colonist children but the religious tensions and sectarian rivalries among early colonists had also used schooling to advance their ideals. Particularly the Universities such as Harvard founded in 1636, and Yale founded in 1707 were founded as seminaries to train future clergymen. Although this type of thought about how schools should be run still is around today, there has been much government involvement to change that stat quo. In cases such as Everson v. Board of Education, and Illinoisex rel. McCollum v. Board of...

Words: 956 - Pages: 4

The Evolving Role of Government in Education Essay

...The Evolving Role of Government in Education Lisa M. Turner EDU 310 Leah Barley July 17, 2011 The Evolving Role of Government in Education State and federal governments were not always a part of the education system in the United States. The United States Constitution did not consider schooling and education. When a new nation was founded, the authority of school functions and operations were delegated to local school districts. Over the years many changes have been made in regards to the authority of schools. State and federal governments are more involved now than they were years ago. States began assuming more responsibility for schools and education after World War II (Guthrie, 2002). This essay will discuss and describe how the evolving role of state and federal government in U.S. education, different cases and laws that have evolved or had an impact on education, and an analysis of the church/state debate in public education. There were originally two models for local school districts: the New England model and the Southern model. The New England model enacted the Old Deluder Satan Act in 1647, which established township school districts. Schools were local or municipal, school boards consisted of laypersons, and the school boards were viewed as a “special” government and their authority was limited to education. The Southern model established parishes, and these states had a heavy reliance on county government. During the early 20th...

Words: 1416 - Pages: 6

Role of the Government in Recent

... important role on the economy in order to help stabilize the economy. For example, the government intervention can control inflation or bubble on economy. Applying to our contemporary economic conditions, as we know, we are still in a recession of economy. In order to help decreasing the bad affection cause by the economy downturn and also overcome the recession, I strongly believe Keynes’s theory can work well on that. I do not think that the market can fix it by itself. During the recession, people usually want to keep their money than invest in the market or spend their money because of fearing risk. When it happens, the investing and spending deceasing, it makes increasing the unemployment rate. Can the market place help over this problem? The answer is no. The recessions during 1930s and 1970s of U.S, and Germany in 1930s are the good examples for overcome the recession. Moreover, I think that the Obama’s government is following the Keynes’s model recently. Barack Obama has increasing government spending, provide the stimulus, and decrease the tax rate for middle class and so on. How does it work? The economy is getting better even it is still slow way. Moreover, I want to discuss about what Fed can do in the recession. In chapter 33, the book has mentioned “ the Fed may use expansionary monetary policy if the economy is experiencing a recession and rising rates of unemployment”. How do they use? There are three things: use open market operating, increasing......

Words: 1160 - Pages: 5

The Role of Government

...Nai Priester English 4 September 8, 2013 The Role of Government A government is the system by which a state or community is governed”. It refers to the particular executive in control of a state at a given time (“Wikipedia”n.d). Governments consist of the legislators, administrators, and the arbitrators. Government is the way that state policies are enforced, as well as the way of determining the policies of the state (“Wikipedia”n.d). The role of Government can consist of many different views. It can be viewed as our protector, someone who defends our nation against our enemies, such as terrorist, or even as a burden in our everyday lives, such as the taxes that we have to pay. The Government also plans against tough times by putting aside surplus, commodities, and against famine (“Wikipedia”n.d). According to the Former Secretary of Agriculture, Ezra Taft Benson, “The most important single function of government is to secure the rights and freedoms of individual citizens. The government greatest role in our economy is to enforce laws and rules that must be abide by the people. One example of the ways that the government enforces laws and rules is by examining criminal copyright violations, get indictments and prosecute criminals for their actions. The government also supplies statutes for civil enforcement and hands jurisdiction to federal courts in order to hear a copyright case against a violator. Last but not least, the government agency plays a vital role in...

Words: 557 - Pages: 3

The Role of Government in Policy-Making

...The Role of Government in Policy-Making Holly Regan HSM/240 January 26, 2014 Terra Harris The Role of Government in Policy-Making There are three branches of government established by the U.S. Constitution which are: the legislative branch, executive branch, and the judicial branch. The purpose for these three branches of government is to establish the individual and combined powers of each branch, while reserving the rights of each individual state in the union, (Buzzle, 2014. The outline for The Constitution clearly and concisely defined the importance of jury trials, accountability of the government and the protection of every citizen’s rights and civil liberties of the United States of America. It is the business of the legislative branch, the Congress and Senate, to propose and enact laws. It is the business of the executive branch to see that the laws are put into effect through various governmental departments and it is the business of the judiciary (the court system) to preside and rule over who is right or wrong according to the criminal, civil law and often administrative law. Before a social policy or program can come before the judiciary branch of government, someone must believe that a law has been broken. One of the most important parts of policy making are legislative tasks and these tasks are necessary for paving the way for getting a bill passed into law. First task: for an interest group is to clearly define its issue, have complete...

Words: 795 - Pages: 4

Role of Government in Promoting Innovation

...Innovation and Change | The role of governments in promoting innovation | | | | Gitanjali Khadagade- c7094037 | 5/14/2013 | | Table of Contents 1. Abstract ........................................................................................................3 2. Introduction to innovation ....................................................................3 3. Benefits of innovation to businesses ..................................................5 4. Why should government support innovation? ..............................6 5. National Innovation Systems ................................................................8 6.1. Role of the Government ...............................................................9 6.2. Innovation Policies .....................................................................10 6.3. Aim of Innovation Policies .......................................................10 6.4.1. National Innovation System of Europe ..........................10 6.4.2. Government of UL ..................................................................11 6.4.3. Government of India .............................................................11 6.4.4. Government of Finland .........................................................12 6.4.5. Government of China .............................................................13 6. Observations and Conclusions...

Words: 3783 - Pages: 16

Role of Government

... of the government within the market. State involvement provides infrastructure, public education, civil rights, security, and stability (2009). These are things that enable a capitalist society to appropriately function and be successful. Martinez supports these ideas through historical evidence of the government’s positive role in shaping the economy in the United States. One example he makes a specific reference to is how “quickly opportunities grew for women and people of color in the latter half of the twentieth century as a result of state intervention” (2009:7). Through the implementation of civil rights by government mandate the participating citizens in the United States grew tremendously to include these demographics into society. Friedman might argue the downside, that this may be the beginnings of collectivism, but Martinez points out that when collectivizing states between 1947 and 1979 led to growing and equitable incomes and economic growth after World War II (2009). Adam Smith and Friedman believe that government should scarcely become an active player within the economy, but Martinez makes a point that “scarcely” isn’t enough. In his book he lists several things that the government as an inactive participant could not have achieved, such as “canal building, railroad subsidies, relocation of Native American populations, public education, child labor laws, civil rights, and other progressive campaigns designed to protect and create opportunities throughout...

Words: 910 - Pages: 4

The Evolving Role of Strategic Management Development

... for this research: The objectives and design of a strategic management development programme need to match the organisation’s level of commitment to strategic management and the degree of maturity of its strategic management processes and competencies, in order that the programme can be effective in enhancing the strategic capability of the organisation. This hypothesis thus proposes that the matching of strategic management commitment and the capability to the design of the SMDP will allow the latter to The evolving role of SMD 211 Downloaded by Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia At 20:32 22 February 2015 (PT) Figure 1. Causal network showing how strategic management capability may be developed JMD 24,3 212 Downloaded by Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia At 20:32 22 February 2015 (PT) complement, and encourage, the development of organisational and individual competencies in strategic management. This matching might, over time, evolve through a number of stages as shown schematically in Table I. It is also inferred in the hypothesis that the development of strategic management capability will lead to improvements in the corporate performance of the organisation. Table I builds on the ideas of Gluck et al. (1982) and Newkirk-Moore and Bracker (1998) as well as the research (Brown, 2003, 2004) described above. It is possible that an organisation with a low commitment to strategic management will be in a slow-changing environment, or in one that has only recently...

Words: 6997 - Pages: 28

The Role of the Government in Policy

...There are three branches of government that was established by the U.S. Constitution: the legislative, the executive and the judicial. Each of these areas have different responsibilities and is to be independent of each other. There is a checks and balances system formed by the constitution, so that no one branch of government has complete power over the affairs of the United States. The legislative branch which consist of the Congress and the Senate job is to propose and enact laws, to legislate. The function of the executive branch to make sure these laws are put into effect through several governmental departments. The president is in command of all governmental departments and offices. Health and Human Services (HHS) is the relevant example for us here. And it is the business of the judiciary (the courts) to “adjudicate”—that is, to make judgments about who is right or wrong according to the law as in (a) disagreements between citizens (civil law), (b) deciding the guilt or innocence of citizens who disobey laws (criminal law), and (c) disagreements between citizens and government agencies (often administrative law). Court orders reinstating an (“unfairly”) terminated government disability benefit or revoking the commitment of a person to a mental institution are examples of checks and balances in action. Public programs are established through legislation, which usually begins with a group of people concerned about a growing issue within a community or even nationwide...

Words: 824 - Pages: 4

Role of Local Government in Disaster Management

...: sksingh49@gmail.com 1 loss. Thus, disasters undermine development efforts thereby retarding economic growth and making social stability fragile. Internationally, there have been serious concerns for the continuing human sufferings and disruptions of development caused by natural disasters. In 1989, the General Assembly of United Nations declared 1990-2000 as International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction with a view to restricting loss of lives and property through concerted and collective efforts. In 1994, the World Conference on Natural Disaster Reduction was convened in the city Yokohama, Japan to discuss measures to reduce the toll of disasters, and how to generate the will for sustainable, long-term approaches to disaster reduction. The Yokohama Declaration observed that usually the most-affected are the poor and socially disadvantaged groups due to natural and other disasters, and unfortunately, they are least equipped to cope with such occurrences. Therefore, countries should prepare their development plan incorporating disaster reduction and ensure efficient follow-up measures at the national, community and local levels. The Declaration emphasised community involvement and their active participation, and specific role of local government. Such involvement can mobilise considerable potential and traditional expertise in the application of the preventive measures. Thus, the Yokohama Resolution ushered in new culture of disaster prevention...

Words: 7391 - Pages: 30

What Should Be the Role of Government

...What should be the role of government in international business relations? Government and business are interdependent, and when it comes to international business, this interdependence has grown even further by the globalization of economy. Government often intervene in trade by strongly supporting their domestic companies’ exporting activities. But the more emotionally charged trade intervention occurs when a nation’s economy is underperforming. At this point, government role will be protecting from imports that are reducing work and eliminating jobs in the domestic market, preserve national security and protecting consumers. Protecting jobs and Industries One of the government roles in international business will be protecting jobs and industries from foreign competition. Trade flows can cause major structural shift in employment. Links between industries spread these effects throughout the economy. Such as low domestically produced product will affect the industry that linked to the firm. To protect from foreign competition government can use TARRIFFS AND QUOTAS. Tariffs protects domestic producers of a product because import tariffs raise the effective cost of an imported good, domestically produced goods can appear more attractive to buyers. Also by Quotas protect its domestic producers by placing a limit on the amount of goods allowed to enter the country. This helps domestic producers maintain their market shares and prices because competitive forces are...

Words: 360 - Pages: 2

The Evolving Role of Government in Education

...The Evolving Role of Government in Education In society today, education is mainly funded by the government and almost govern by the government’s body or by a non-profit institution. The federal government has little to do with the operating of public school. Although when they intervene, a great change is made for the best in education. The government makes sure that a free education is provided for all children even if there may be a disability problem. The Federal Government role is not to get too involved with the public education, but it does assist public schools through a list of legislative actions. According to (Moore 2001), the first interaction of IDEA, the Education of All Handicapped Children Act, passed more than 35 years ago, had several positive elements. Regardless of the level of disability, a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) is available for all children. In order to meet the needs of students with disabilities, an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) was established. Some students have different levels of disabilities that may require the 504 Plan. Students who qualify for this plan may not be listed as a special education student. Never the less they still may have some other type of disability they have trouble doing without some assistance. The 504 Plan should be developed by a committee that consists on the student, parent, teacher, counselor, and the 504 coordinator. In 2002, Bush signed into law the No Child Left Behind Act...

Words: 822 - Pages: 4

Government and Education

...Government and Education Critical Issues in Education EDD 520 Government and Education Throughout the years in education, a trend has begun with researchers and education experts feeling that federal initiatives can save failing schools. Noll (2008) states, “While schooling in the United States has always been and primarily remains a state and local function, the federal government has played a significant role in initiating programs to meet specific needs and charting general goals” (Noll, p. 112). In theory, the government helping with education is a great idea. However, in reality, it is the author’s opinion that federal initiatives and the requirements to receive federal funding have gotten out of hand. One federal initiative is the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) passed by President George W. Bush in 2002. NCLB was meant to serve three main goals. First, an accountability system was put into place using state standardized tests, graduation rates as well as other indicators to judge how a school performed. The second goal of NCLB was to have schools produce an annual report with all of the required statistics of school performance for each school year. The third goal of NCLB was for every school to have a highly qualified teacher in every classroom by 2005-2006 (Noll, 2008). One thing that the author finds wrong with NCLB is that it puts too much unneeded stress on educators and administrators. If students test poorly or schools show low...

Words: 843 - Pages: 4

The Role of the Government

...The Role of the Government Nesbert L. Dantzler III December 10, 2010 With the government giving four hundred million dollars to taxpayers, one must know how the multiplier effect works. In this sort report the multiplier concept will be explained which will include the marginal propensity to consume. Calculations and figures will be used to illustrate this and the amount consumers will spend along with new spending. It will also be shown how to get the multiplier itself. The qualifications and limitations will also be talked about concerning the multiplier model. The definition of marginal propensity to consume is defined as the amount that “consumption changes in a response to incremental changes in disposable income. It is equal to change in consumption divided by disposable income.” (Webfinance,2010) To figure the multiplier it is determined “by one divided by one minus the marginal propensity to consume or MPC.” ( Samuelson, 2010) In the following scenario four hundred million dollars will be given to taxpayers for solar powered products. The assumed value of MPC is 0.5 and the American producers MPC was 0.5. We were asked to calculate the money consumers will spend on consumption. The total that was derived was two hundred million. 400* .5 =200million. The multiplier was calculated by using this formula. M=1/1-mpc = 1/mps or 1/1-.5 = 1/ .5 = 2. The total increase in spending was 600 million which was...

Words: 360 - Pages: 2

The Evolving Role of Government in Education

...Running Head: The Evolving Role of Government The Evolving Role of Government in Education Jennifer L Thompson Grand Canyon University: EDU-310 April 28, 2012 The Evolving Role of Government in Education Education in our public schools is very different than it was when the first schools were started. This is in part due to the changes in society, but also due to the changes in government control of our schools. Our founding fathers believed in the importance of education and many were involved with the creation of public education in America. Today, education is still a priority to most people in America. The fact that it is such a priority has brought about changes in the role of our government in the education system. Although education was a priority to our founding fathers, it was not mentioned in the original constitution. It is not mentioned in the initial Bill of Rights, either. However, the 10th Amendment states that the powers not delegated to the federal government “are reserved to the States, respectively, or to the people.” (Edmund Sass, 2012) This meant that the responsibility for public schools belonged to the individual states and not to the federal government. This allowed the individual states to set up their school systems in the manner that worked best for them. The schools ran in this manner for many years. Of course, with the different belief systems of the people in the different states, there...

Words: 1009 - Pages: 5