Premium Essay

The Features of a Traditional Malay House

In: Other Topics

Submitted By hang9342
Words 8796
Pages 36
The traditional Malay house

1. GENERAL INFORMATION
1. I Title of practice or experience

The traditional Malay house

1.2 Category o practice/experience and brief description f The traditional Malay house is one of the richest components of Malaysia’s cultural heritage. Designed and built by the villagers themselves, it manifests the creative and aesthetic skills of the Malays. This is a near-perfect houseform which is appropriate to local climatic conditions and expresses the way of life of its inhabitants.
The house is extremely well designed to suit the warm and humid
Malaysian climate and for the multifunctional use of space. Its design is also flexible as it caters to the widely different needs of the users and it has an addition system which allows the house to be extended to meet the growing needs of each family.
1.3 Name of person or institution responsible for the practice or experience

The Malay communities in Malaysia
1.4 Name and position of key or relevant persons or officials involved

Not applicable
1.5 Details o institution f Not applicable

PART II: I NDIGENOUS AND TRADITIONAL

74

KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES

1.6 Name of person and/or institution conducting the research
Lim Jee Yuan, Consumers’ Association of Penang
1.7 Details of research person/institution

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

Address: 228 Macalister Road, 10400 Penang, Malaysia
Telephone:++ (60) (4) 229 35 11
Fax: ++ (60) (4) 229 8 I06
E-Mail: elawmalaysia@igc.apc.org

2. THE PROBLEM OR SITUATION BEING ADDRESSED BY THE
PRACTICEDNNOVATIVE EXPERIENCE

The traditional Malay house, which is an autonomous housing process using self-help and mutual-help approaches, can throw some light on the development of a modern autonomous housing model which is based on the needs and aspirations of its users, rather than being imposed by others on the users. The...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

International Marketing

...of the different people of Malaysia. The first people to live in the area were indigenous tribes that still remain; they were followed by the Malays, who moved there from mainland Asia in ancient times. Chinese and Indian cultural influences made their mark when trade began with those countries, and increased with immigration to Malaysia. Other cultures that heavily influenced that of Malaysia include Persian, Arabic, and British. The many different ethnicities that currently exist in Malaysia have their own unique and distinctive cultural identities, with some crossover. Arts and music have a long tradition in Malaysia, with Malay art dating back to the Malay sultanates. Traditional art was centred around fields such as carving, silversmithing, and weaving. Islamic taboos restricted artwork depicting humans until the mid-20th century. Performing arts and shadow puppet shows are popular, and often show Indian influences. Various influences can be seen in architecture, from individual cultures in Malaysia and from other countries. Large modern structures have been built, including the tallest twin buildings in the world, the Petronas Twin Towers. Malaysian music has a variety of origins, and is largely based around percussion instruments. Much early Malaysian literature was based on Indian epics, which remained unchanged even as Malays converted to Islam; this has expanded in recent decades. English literature remained restricted to the higher class until the arrival of the......

Words: 1687 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Culture of Malaysia

...cultures of the different people of Malaysia. The first people to live in the area were indigenous tribes that still remain; they were followed by the Malays, who moved there from mainland Asia in ancient times. Chinese and Indian cultural influences made their mark when trade began with those countries, and increased with immigration to Malaysia. Other cultures that heavily influenced that of Malaysia include Persian, Arabic, and British. The many different ethnicities that currently exist in Malaysia have their own unique and distinctive cultural identities, with some crossover. Arts and music have a long tradition in Malaysia, with Malay art dating back to the Malay sultanates. Traditional art was centred around fields such as carving, silversmithing, and weaving. Islamic taboos restricted artwork depicting humans until the mid-20th century. Performing arts and shadow puppet shows are popular, and often show Indian influences. Various influences can be seen in architecture, from individual cultures in Malaysia and from other countries. Large modern structures have been built, including the tallest twin buildings in the world, the Petronas Twin Towers. Malaysian music has a variety of origins, and is largely based around percussion instruments. Much early Malaysian literature was based on Indian epics, which remained unchanged even as Malays converted to Islam; this has expanded in recent decades. English literature remained restricted to the higher class until the arrival......

Words: 5380 - Pages: 22

Free Essay

Selangor

...INTRODUCTION Selangor is one of the 13 states in Malaysia. It is on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia and is bordered by Perak to the north, Pahang to the east, Negeri Sembilan to the south and the Strait of Malacca to the west. It completely surrounds the federal territories of Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya. The origin of the name Selangor is lost in history, although some source claim the name to have come from the Malay word selangau, which gives the meaning of a large fly, most probably due to the abundance of flies in the marshes along the Selangor River in the state’s northwest. Another more plausible theory claims the state’s name was derived from the term Selang Ur meaning “land of the straits” (ur means “land” in Tamil, selang means “straits” in the Malay language). Selangor is also known by its Arabic honorific, Darul Ehsan (“Abode of Sincerity”). Selangor is hailed as the gateway to Malaysia, given its strategic location to all major travel routes. It is home to the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA), the country’s main entry point and Port Klang, the largest port in Malaysia. There is an extensive network of highways and expressways in the state, making all parts of Selangor easily accessible. The location of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia’s capital city and Putrajaya, the new federal administrative centre within the bounds of the state further enhances the touristic appeal of Selangor. The magnificent Kota Darul Ehsan Arch along the Federal Highway welcomes......

Words: 4602 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Baba Nyonya Culture

...The Peranakan Baba Nyonya Culture:(2008) 161 - or Disappearance? Sari 26 Resurgence 170 161 The Peranakan Baba Nyonya Culture: Resurgence or Disappearance? LEE SU KIM ABSTRAK Kacukan budaya boleh terjadi dalam banyak bentuk dan pilih atur, termasuk peminjaman kata-kata dan pengambilan amalan sosial dan kepercayaan dan juga penyesuaian pakaian dan makanan. Corak penghijrahan dan pengaliran kebudayaan di Asia Tenggara telah menjana perkembangan yang tersebut dan lain-lain pada masa dan di tempat yang berlainan. Di bawah keadaan yang tertentu, suatu kumpulan etnik yang baru atau yang dikesan sebagai yang berbeza daripada kumpulan etnik yang ada mungkin muncul. Kumpulan etnik yang dimaksudkan adalah Peranakan Baba Nyonya. Ia terjadi pada abad ke 15 ketika orang Cina tiba di Melaka dan berkahwin campur dengan wanita tempatan. Kebudayaan peranakan adalah gabungan unik antara kebudayaan Cina dan Melayu dengan campuran daripada penyintesisan unsur kebudayaan Java, Batak, Thai dan British, melambangkan faham pelbagai budaya dan pelakuran lama sebelum terciptanya istilah-istilah itu..Kini, dunia peranakan sudah menghilang. Kata kunci: Peranakan, Baba, Nyonya, kebangkitan semula, keunikan ABSTRACT Hybridity of cultures can take many forms and permutations, including the borrowing of words and the adoption of social practices and beliefs, and the adaptation of dress and food. Patterns of migration and cultural flows in Southeast Asia have generated at different times and...

Words: 3704 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

My Lovely Home District

...TRANSPORTATION | 23-456-1617-2627-2829-3031-34 | 3. | PROMOTION | 35-37 | 4. | CONCLUSION | 38 | INTRODUCTION OF KUALA TERENGGANU Hailed as the ‘Gem of the East Coast,’ Terengganu is a magical destination steeped in culture and heritage. Its long coastline offers sweeping vistas of aquamarine waters fringed by white powdery sands. Away from the shores lie a cluster of islands that gleam invitingly in the South China Sea. Kuala Terengganu is the charming capital of this state. Meandering rivers lit by the glow of fireflies, cascading waterfalls and sprawling lakes from some of the state’s most impressive natural sceneries. Home to charming coastal villages and a wealth of traditional crafts, Terengganu beckons with a grace and beauty that is distinctly Malay. 2. STORY 2.1 Geography of Terengganu Area : 12 955 sq km State Capital and Royal Town : Kuala Terengganu Head of State : Duli Yang Maha Mulia Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin Ibni Almarhum Sultan Mahmud al-Muktafi Billah Shah DK (NS), DMN, SSMT, DK (Perlis), DKT, SPMJ, DK (Johor), SPMT, DK (Terengganu) District : divided into seven administrative districts which is : 1. Besut 2. Dungun 3. Hulu Terengganu 4. Kemaman 5. Kuala Terengganu 6. Marang 7. Setiu Overview : Terengganu is located on the north-eastern coast of the peninsula and bordered in the northwest by Kelantan, the southwest by Pahang, and the east by the South China Sea. ......

Words: 6021 - Pages: 25

Free Essay

Fvihdsfguds

...free encyclopedia Iban | A traditional Iban Family | Total population | c. 830,000 | Regions with significant populations | Sarawak (710,000), West Kalimantan (100,000) & Brunei (20,000) | Languages | Bahasa Iban | Religion | Christianity/Animist | Related ethnic groups | Kantu, Mualang, Semberuang, Bugau & Sebaru | The Ibans are a branch of the Dayak peoples of Borneo. In Malaysia, most Ibans are located in Sarawak, a small portion in Sabah and some in west Malaysia. They were formerly known during the colonial period by the British as Sea Dayaks. Ibans were renowned for practising headhunting and tribal/territorial expansion and had a fearsome reputation as a strong and successful warring tribe in ancient times. Since the arrival of Europeans and the subsequent colonisation of the area, headhunting gradually faded out of practice although many tribal customs, practices and language continue. The Iban population is concentrated in Sarawak, Brunei, and in the West Kalimantan region of Indonesia. They live in longhouses called rumah panjai[1]. Nowadays, most of the Iban longhouses are equipped with modern facilities such as electricity and water supply and other facilities such as (tar sealed) roads, telephone lines and the internet. Younger Ibans are mostly found in urban areas and visit their hometowns during the holidays. The Ibans today are becoming increasingly urbanised while retaining most of their traditional heritage and......

Words: 15995 - Pages: 64

Premium Essay

Crossing Boundries- Souteast Asian & African Countries

... | |BURMA |VIETNAM |BRUNEI | | [pic] | |CAMBODIA | MALAYSIA Facts and Statistics Ethnic Make-up: Malay 50.4%, Chinese 23.7%, indigenous 11%, Indian 7.1%, others 7.8% Religions: Muslim 60.4%, Buddhist 19.2%, Christian 9.1%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 2.6%, other or unknown 1.5%, none 0.8%. Malay Culture and Society: A Multi-Cultural Society Malaysia is a multi-cultural society. The main ethnic groups are the native Malays as well as large populations of Chinese, and Indians. When visiting the country it is clear...

Words: 7047 - Pages: 29

Free Essay

Ambot

...with a contemptuous signification. Sien in Chinese writings is the name for the northern kingdom that centered around Sukhothai and Sawankalok; but to the Siamese themselves, the name of the country has always been Mueang Thai.[2] The country's designation as Siam by Westerners likely came from the Portuguese, the first Europeans to give a coherent account of the country. Portuguese chronicles noted that the king of Sukhothai had sent an expedition to Malacca at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula in 1455. Following their conquest of Malacca in 1511, the Portuguese sent a diplomatic mission to Ayutthaya. A century later, on 15 August 1612, The Globe, an East India Company merchantman bearing a letter from King James I, arrived in "the Road of Syam".[3] "By the end of the 19th century, Siam had become so enshrined in geographical nomenclature that it was believed that by this name and no other would it continue to be known and styled."[4] Indianized kingdoms such as the Mon, Khmer and Malay kingdoms had ruled the region. Thai people established their own states starting with Sukhothai, Chiang Saen and Chiang Mai and Lanna Kingdom and then Ayutthaya kingdom. These states fought each other and were under constant threat from the Khmers, Burma and Vietnam. Much later, the European colonial powers threatened in the 19th and early 20th...

Words: 13779 - Pages: 56

Free Essay

Religion in Malaysia

...from Europe, the Orient, India and China. It’s warm tropical climate and abundant natural blessings made it a congenial destination for immigrants as early as 5,000 years ago when the ancestors of the aborigines, the indigenous peoples of Peninsular Malaysia, settle here, probably the pioneers of a general movement from China and Tibet. They were followed by the Malays, who brought with them skills in farming and the use of metals. As the beginning of Ancient Malaysia, the- Negrito aborigines are considered to be one of the first groups of people to inhabit the Malaysian peninsula. When the Proto-Malays, made up of seafarers and farmers, came to the peninsula they sent the Negritos into the jungles and hills. The Proto-Malays came from China and were technologically advanced, especially in comparison to the Negritos. After the Proto-Malays came the Deuteron-Malays, which were made up of many different people - Arabs, Chinese, Indians, Proto-Malays, and Siamese. The Deuteron-Malays were proficient in their use of iron and when they united with Indonesians, they combined to make up the people known today as the Malay. Around the first century BC, strong trading links were established with China and India, and these had a major impact on the culture, language and social customs of the country. During this period, Malaysia's culture changed dramatically with the arrival of Indians. Indians initially went to the Malaysian peninsula in search of a mystical place known as the......

Words: 4847 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Kerja

...Content Hari Raya Aidilfitri Hari Raya (Arabic: عيد الفطر; 'Ayd al-Fitr: "festival nature") is celebrated on 1st Syawal in AH. The festival is also known as Labour Day, the Day of Fitr and Lebaran Day. Hari Raya is a festival celebrated by Muslims around the world regardless of race, whether Malays, Indians, Muslims and other nations around the world Muslims to mark end of Ramadan in which Muslims had to undergo fasting diligently. It is one of the two biggest festival for Muslims, as well as Hari Raya Korban. Labour Day began in two ways, ie through Rukyah (looking at the moon) or in mathematics (calculations). If the Rukyah, when the moon appears, this marks the beginning of Shawwal, the month-10 in the Islamic Hijra Calendar. In Malaysia, the moon will be observed by the officer on duty in the afternoon to evening prayer in several strategic places. Nature and interpretation of Zakat Hari Raya Puasa is the end of the period to pay zakat is the nature of those who still live up to that time. Nature of Zakat is not payable for those who have died. Normally, Muslims will start to pay zakat nature since Ramadan began and the nature of this charity will cease to be collected when the Aidilfitri prayers started. Therefore, normally Aidilfitri prayers slightly delayed compared Aidiladha prayers. Somehow missed some prayers Aidilfitri is to provide opportunities to those who have to pay zakat to discharge their duties and encouraged to eat before going to the mosque. It......

Words: 1188 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Wrwer

...[pic] [pic][pic] ETL201 Selected History Topics for Social Studies Individual Assignment Oral History Name : Masri Kario ( Rico ) Matriculation No. : 020200D24 T. Group No. : 1 Tutor : Dr Ang Cheng Guan Tutorial Day/Time : Monday, 12.30 - 1420 hrs Date of Submission : Saturday, 18th October 2003 [pic] An Institute of Nanyang Technological University [pic] Singapore was once been under the Japanese occupation that lasted for nearly three years. On February 15, 1942, Singapore surrender to the Japanese after realizing that the situation was very bad especially there was a shortage of food and ammunition at the frontline battlefield. Furthermore the Japanese had cut off the water supply from State of Johore. After a meeting held at the Battle Box at Fort Canning, British commanders concluded that there was no other choice but to surrender. At 5 p.m. that day, led by Lieutenant-General Percival and other officials like Brigadier Newbigging, Brigadier Torrance, and Major Wild, made their way to the Ford Factory for the meeting. It was a first time ever meeting of top-ranking officers from both armies. However both had their own agendas like one wanted for an unconditional surrender while the other one wanted to negotiate. It was considered as one of the darkest period in the lives of every Singaporean people then. It was the beginning day that the fate of......

Words: 4599 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Fck This Website

...Peninsular Malaysia and four state governors appointed by the king. The nine hereditary rulers in the Conference of Rulers elect one of themselves as the “supreme sovereign” which acts as head of state for a single five-year term. Executive Branch  The Conference of Rulers is the topmost institution authorized by the constitution to choose the king, approve appointed judges, rule on administrative policy changes, and deliberate on national policy questions. The king is the head of state and supreme commander of the armed forces. The prime minister is the head of government and exercises most executive power. Legislative Branch The legislative branch is composed of the king and a bicameral parliament with an upper house (Senate) and a lower house (House of Representatives). The Senate...

Words: 3470 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

A Revival: Transformation of Mevlevism in Turkey

...A Revival: Transformation of Mevlevism in Turkey Hande DEVRİM KÜÇÜKEBE Ege University State Conservatory of Turkish Music Final Essay for IPEDAK- Erasmus Project- Intensive Programme 2010 Revival can be defined as a social movement aiming to restore and protect a tradition which is believed to be disappeared or partly neglegted. This essay will focus on how revival is discussed as a concept in the works written by Egil Bakka, Andriy Nahachewsky, Mohd Anis Md Nor and Ayhan Erol and the case of The whirling Dervishes in Turkey will be elaborated using this concept of revival. In his article ‘Whose dances? Whose authenticity?’ Egil Bakka, mentions folk dance revival in Norway as an ‘organized folk dance movement as opposed to popular tradition’. He presents two dance categories. The first one contains ‘dances staying alive because of their own strength and popularity’ and the second category consists of ‘dances being consciously cultivated, taught and sustained by a desire to preserve, nurture or utilize’ (60) In the first category there are the dances common in Norwegian rural areas and he states that there aren’t any systematic teaching and efforts to keep these dances alive. The dances in the second category are the ones which are subjected to the revival or ‘organised folk dance movement’ Bakka states that the revival process requires to......

Words: 4860 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Moral

...Malaysian Studies – Revision Notes The Japanese Occupation The Japanese occupied Malaya for only 3 ½ years (from 15 Feb 1942 to 15 August 1945) Had a great impact on the country – the conquest of the whole of Malaya was fast and effective The attack started from two directions, from the East and the West After landing in Kota Bharu, the Japanese soldiers rushed to Kuantan and then to Mersing. On 12 Dec 1941, Jitra was captured, followed by Penang Island and Slim River. In Jan 1942, the Japanese soldiers entered Kuala Lumpur, and both the Japanese military troops met in Johore Bahru On 15 Feb 1942, Singapore fell to the Japanese army. The main aim of the Japanese was to establish a New Great East Asia government. The Japanese promised to declare independence in certain South East Asian countries. The Japanese Victory The Japanese military conquered Malaya quite easily although the British military was equipped with better firearms and were greater in number than the Japanese There are a few lessons to be learnt from this. 1. The British were not prepared for the war. They did not anticipate the Japanese attack from the north. 2. The fact was the Japanese had a comprehensive plan in which they had a network of spies in Malaya. 3. In addition to that, the Japanese soldiers were in excellent form because of intensive training and were led by capable and experience leaders (such as Yamashita and Tsuji). 4. The Japanese were enthusiastic and inspired to......

Words: 8065 - Pages: 33

Premium Essay

Global Business

...Introduction “Ekin” is a transnational corporation. Ekin is our brand to produce the sport item in this world. Our logo is set by our brand name. Company Logo Our company is set at Vietnam and factory too. Our companies have produces so many sport item example basketball, football, badminton and so on. The more of the item we produce is sporting shoe. Except shoe, we also produce clothes, pants, stockings, basketball, racket and so on. Sporting Cloths of Men Basketball Shoe Gym Beg Vietnam is our home country, the main I choosing Vietnam is because of the material to produce our product is more cheaper than other country, second is the money exchange rate of Vietnam is more lower than other country, example Malaysia, US, UK, Singapore and so on. Today, we wanted to introduce a new product. The first country of we aim to sale this product is Malaysia. Because we getting know about have so many Malaysian like sport but their home economy is no allow of them to buy a shoe for sport. So that we create an ideal on produce a beautiful, performance and lower price to design a sporting running shoe. Even are rice family or poor family, they also can enjoy about the delight of sport in mood relax and happy. So that our design team group try hand for research the suit material for doing this ideal. New Product Introduction of EKIN The new product......

Words: 5436 - Pages: 22