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The Firm and Its Environment

In: Business and Management

Submitted By bing9p
Words 16181
Pages 65
CHAPTER

3

The Competitive Environment
Learning Objectives Upon completing this chapter, you should be able to: Identify the structural characteristics of the environment faced by the firm and how these drivers influence both competition and value creation Choose the appropriate level of specificity in environmental analysis, depending on the locus of the decision-making group Predict how changes occurring in the environment might influence future competition and value creation Incorporate understanding of environmental changes into the development of strategy Consider options for influencing changes in the firm’s environment so as to improve future value creation Analyze customers and competitors to develop a competitive advantage and strategy Appreciate that strategy is realized in the future: decisions are made now but their realization occurs in the future

In late 2000, GE proposed to take over Honeywell. Both these firms are U.S.-based, and the value of the merger was $USB42. But a merger between two such large firms has global implications and ramifications. Although the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) had approved the merger, the European Union (EU) decided to oppose it on the grounds that it had the potential to reduce competition in Europe. Its concern was that GE’s strong position in the manufacture of jet engines and its ability to offer finance, if added to Honeywell’s aviation electronic business, would allow the merged entity to bundle their products together. This bundling would, in the view of the European Commission, amount to unfair competition. At the center of the objection is the fact that GE owns a company, Gecas, which is an aircraft-leasing firm. In 2001, Gecas owned 790 aircraft, which it leased to airlines, and managed another 321 aircraft for other investors. The concern of the European Commission was that since GE owned this firm, there...

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