Free Essay

The Fountainhead Review Questions

In: Novels

Submitted By merrycherry1
Words 1218
Pages 5
Janea Herbert AP Language and Comp. The Fountainhead Review Questions: The Keating Section Ch. 1-6 1. The “preface” is metaphorically significant because it is a foreshadowing of the issues that Roark will have to deal with. Just as he is standing on a cliff, about to dive into the lake, he is preparing to dive into a new part of his life which he knows will be difficult. Roark is also going to shape out things which in the metaphor, granite rocks are waiting to be cut.
2. What the meeting with the Dean of Stanton reveals about Roark is that he is an independent thinker who follows his own convictions despite other acceptable standards existing which he does not to follow. Roark does not care what other people think of his vision, nor does he care about the consequences he faces when he refuses to conform. What Roark’s rules tell me about him is that he doesn’t like to copy other people’s styles in any way and believes that everything should be original because no two things serve the same purpose. What the Dean means when he says this statement is, that architects are not really individuals, because they belong to a larger social unit comprised of many people, and is less important than the group as a whole. An objectivist would reject the Dean’s proclamation because he/she believes that the most important goal in peoples’ lives is to please themselves. In light of the novels’ philosophical underpinnings, the purpose for this scene is to establish the philosophical values of objectivism which Roark represents and to present this philosophy as an opposition, or in contrast to, a common belief which values the good of society over individuality.
3. Roark’s architectural vision differs from that of his peers because while his peers are into copying the styles of other time periods/cultures into their own work and portray the pre-established and accepted standard of beauty, Roark believes in original designs which fit the unique purpose of the building instead of repeating what others have done, and is more about practicality than beauty.
4. The central tenet of Howard Roark’s architectural vision is individualism. He strongly disagrees with copying any element of others’ work and insists on designing things in his own way.
5. Peter Keating is described as dark-haired, having dark, alert and intelligent eyes, a gentle and generous mouth, a classically-skull shaped head, slender, athletic and slim: a person with a beautiful appearance. He is also popular, the top student in college, likes to dominate any rivals, and he is artistic. He is a foil for Howard Roark in terms of his contrasting appearance and personality. While he has dark hair and eyes, Roark has gray eyes and orange hair. Keating is also popular and likes to be around people while Roark does not seem to like too much of a people person. Finally, while Roark likes to march to the beat of his own drum regardless of how others treat him/react and does not bother with dominating other people/ any rivals, Keating seems to be very concerned with being number one at everything. And very much unlike Roark, other people’s opinion matter very much to Keating.
5. Henry Cameron is an old, struggling, alcoholic architect. He used to be extremely successful when he was young as the number one architect in New York. Cameron has always felt buildings should not copy each other in style and designs unique structures – to which he’s been continuously criticized and thought of as a crazy “modernist.” He functions in the novel as being a mentor to Roark, since they share the same ideals about architecture, as well as a symbol of objectivism. He represents someone who has lived their whole life practicing this philosophy and has been largely rejected by others for his unusual ideals. Guy Francon functions in the novel as a foil to Henry Cameron. He is now one of the most successful architects ever and practices the opposite of objectivism. He believes in incorporating the older building styles of history into his architecture and not deviating from these pre-established standards towards any originality. Because he goes along with what is accepted by everybody else, he is praised and has not received any hostility or resistance or rejection as Cameron or Roark who believe otherwise.
7. The source of Howard Roark’s calling to architecture is his desire to change the way things are on the earth. He loves the earth but dislikes the shape of things on it and wishes to make them into how he feels they should be.
8. Keating shows himself to be the ultimate opportunist as it relates to his interactions with Davis, Stengle and Heyer because he uses them to achieve success and ultimately get rid of them as rivals in a very manipulative and deceptive way. He does this so well that people see him as a very kind person, even those who he is using to his own advantage. He befriends Davis and eventually gets him fired by offering to do his work for him continuously. Keating then inherits Davis’s position as chief draftsman and salary, (and helps him find a new job out of consideration). He similarly causes Stengel to leave by encouraging him to work on a project Francon was planning on doing and opening his own office he wanted to for a while. Francon thinks Stengel betrayed him and promotes the loyal Keating to chief designer. Finally, Keating interacts with Heyer in a way that suggests he might be the next person he steps on, on his way up. He is the only one in the office to acknowledge Heyer’s good side, Keating may eventually find he opportunity to use him and subtly sabotage him and take his position, just like he did with Davis and Stengle, to the final step: Francon’s partner in the firm.
9. Keating’s relationship with Katherine Halsey reveals that he is a type of person who treats others at his own convenience and is not very sincere. Keating usually doesn’t visit or talk to Katherine unless he feels like it or is lonely. He doesn’t keep his promise to see her the following day, and may not talk to her for months at a time. The relationship also reveals that Katherine is very passive. She doesn’t object to Keating’s behavior and that he doesn’t keep his word or any issues like that. She treats him like he does nothing wrong and settles for anything. However, she is not very needy or dependent on him since she does not seek him out or checkup o him if they do not talk in a while. She only answers when Keating initiates a talk or visit. Keating can’t make a real commitment to Katherine because he is not loyal to her, in terms of keeping his promises or investing a lot of care and thoughtfulness, and is fairly selfish.
10. Ellsworth Toohey says that architecture has a huge effect on people’s existence and lifestyles throughout history in his Sermons in Stone. Toohey also says that architecture is the greatest of the arts and that building is a socially collaborative thing that should reflect on architect’s time and country.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Valliant Paper

...When I received a copy of James S. Valliant’s book, The Passion of Ayn Rand’s Critics: The Case Against the Brandens, I was a little apprehensive about reviewing it. It seems that every time a discussion commences about the “juicy” bits of Ayn Rand’s sexual and romantic entanglements, it takes on a life of its own, and the discussion never seems to end. Cyber-forums can’t even mention this book without provoking hundreds of rancorous posts among people who are still personally involved in the developments surrounding the break between Ayn Rand and Nathaniel Branden and Barbara Branden. It’s as if the War of ‘68 is still raging. I was fortunate when I came to the study of Ayn Rand. I was eight years old when Rand and the Brandens went their separate ways. I knew none of the principals involved, and didn’t actually discover Rand’s work until nearly ten years later—when I was a senior in high school in 1977. And even after I’d discovered her work, I'd read everything she wrote without the assistance of going to live lectures or attending group meetings of people sitting around a vinyl turntable or an audio-tape player, listening to recordings of said lectures. I eventually listened to the vast bulk of those lectures as background for the preparation of my book, Ayn Rand: The Russian Radical, but even that research was pursued independently. My work was not the product of any assistance from any Objectivist institute or organization. Around 1992, however, as I was researching......

Words: 13409 - Pages: 54

Premium Essay

English

...ENGLISH 101: Composition Fall 2015 M/W/F 19 (9:00-9:50/EHFA 169) 31 (2:00-2:50/SCI 120) 75 (3:00-3:50/EHFA 169) 98 (10:00 - 10:50/EHFA 170) This syllabus is not a contract and is subject to change as the instructor deems appropriate. Instructor: Dr. Shannon C. Stewart sstewart@coastal.edu 349-2475 Office Hours: SAND 121 M/W 11:00-1:00 FRI 11:00-12:00 Graduate Teaching Assistant: Ronda Taylor Place Kimbel Library 201 rataylor@g.coastal.edu Time Tue & Thur 10:00-12:00 Course Information COURSE DESCRIPTION, INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES and STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES: In ENGL 101, students focus on the writing process, paying special attention to prewriting, writing, and revising strategies. The course also introduces elements of academic writing as well as the research process. This class prompts students to hone their critical reading and writing skills as they consider the rhetorical situations that shape all writing tasks. As a hybrid course, ENGL 101 includes a parallel online component, Coastal Composition Commons, which provides uniform and digitally delivered content reinforcing a common set of student learning outcomes. This course also follows the description, objectives, and outcomes, and provides the requisites explained in the Coastal Writers’ Reference (CWR), pages 2-6. GRADING: Your grade for the course is broken down as follows: Literacy Narrative: 15% Profile: 15% Analysis: 15% Position Paper: 15% Digital Badges (6...

Words: 2055 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Cloud Computing

...DECEMBER 1973 Can strategic planning pay off? Louis V. Gerstner, Jr. In an article from the McKinsey Quarterly archives, Louis V. Gerstner, Jr., proposes four guidelines to help strategic planners make the crucial leap from plans to decisions. One of the most intriguing management phenomena of the late 6os and the early 70s has been the rapid spread of the strategic-planning concept. Except for the so-called computer revolution, few management techniques have swept through corporate and government enterprises more rapidly or completely. Writer after writer has hailed this new discipline as the fountainhead of all corporate progress. In 1962, one published report extolled strategic planning as “a systematic means by which a company can become what it wants to be” (Stanford Research Institute). Five years later, it was called “a means to help management gain increasing control over the destiny of a corporation” (R. H. Schaffer). By 1971, praise of strategic planning verged on the poetic; it had become “the manifestation of a company’s determination to be the master of its own fate . . . to penetrate the darkness of uncertainty and provide the illumination of probability” (S. R. Goodman). It is not surprising, therefore, that one company after another raced to embrace this new source of managerial salvation. As a result, most major companies today can boast a corporate-planning officer, often with full attendant staff. It seemed appropriate to ask some......

Words: 4373 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Technology

...Article published in Education Today, issue 2 of 2005, Aries Publishing Company, Thames, New Zealand. Article by: Dr Tom H Brown Deputy Director Department of Telematic Learning & Education Innovation University of Pretoria South Africa 0002 +27 12 420-3884 (Tel) +27 12 420-3828 (Fax) +27 82 908-3884 (Cell) eMail: tom.brown@up.ac.za Beyond constructivism: Exploring future learning paradigms Abstract Educational practice is continually subjected to renewal, due to developments in information and communication technology (ICT), the commercialisation and globalisation of education, social changes and the pursuit of quality. Of these, the impact of ICT and the new knowledge economy are the most significant. Changes in our educational practice lead, in turn, to changes in our approaches to teaching and learning. These changes also impact on our teaching and learning paradigms. Currently, as over the past few decades, we teach and learn in a constructivist learning paradigm. This article discusses past and present paradigm shifts in education and then explores possible future learning paradigms in the light of the knowledge explosion in the knowledge era that we are currently entering. 1. The impact of ICT on education The electronic information revolution currently experienced in the world can be compared to and reveals the same characteristics as the first information revolution started by Gutenberg’s printing press. This means that, just as present-day society......

Words: 4227 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Jibberish

...Samuel Langhorne Clemens also known as “Mark Twain” was born on November 30, 1835 in Florida but was raised in Hannibal, Missouri. Son of John Marshall Clemens and Jane Lampton Clemens was the seventh child. His brother Orion, Henry, and his sister Pamela managed to survive through their childhood. The other three siblings died before they could reach the age of eleven. Margaret (1830 - 1839) died when Mark was only three and then three years later his brother Benjamin (1832 – 1842) died tragically. Mark’s other brother Pleasant (1828 – 1829) died after six months of being born. When Mark was four years old his family moved to the city Hannibal in Missouri also known as the “slave state” where he was raised. Also Mark noticed the institution of slavery, which was a topic he would use in his writing later in the future. Mark’s father John Marshall Clemens died on March 24, 1847 of pneumonia when he was 11. His father was a local judge and attorney. Soon after his father passed away he became a printers apprentice for a newspaper owned by his brother Orion. He would work on the Hannibal Journal as a typesetter. Later at the age of eighteen he left Hannibal, Missouri to work as a printer in New York City and other states. He also joined the union and studied in public libraries when he could and learning more in the libraries than he could at school. When he was twenty...

Words: 3619 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

New Times for Education: Issues of Development & Fairness

...New times for education Issues of development & Fairness RUBEN DE FREITAS CABRAL SYMPOSIUM – RICCI INSTITUTE 27 NOVEMBER 2009 MACAU The world is full of people who have never, since childhood, met an open doorway with an open mind. The implication of these words from E. B. White, a famous American writer and winner of the Pulitzer Prize, refers to something that happens to the vast majority of people in the developed and in large segments of the developing worlds, which is schooling. Hardly anybody denies the importance of schooling. At the very least, places must exist where parents can leave their children, especially when both have to go to work for the better part of the day. The relevance, however, of what happens in schools is another matter. Schools are still mired in the predicament of transmitting and withdrawing known knowledge, if that is at all possible. It is the process that Paulo Freire used to call the banking concept of education: The teacher makes deposits in the heads of students which are followed by period withdrawals (tests, quizzes and all other manners of justifying the purpose of supposedly depositing knowledge). Freire goes on to say that For apart from inquiry, apart from praxis, men cannot be truly human. Knowledge emerges only through invention and re-invention, through the restless, impatient, continuing, hopeful inquiry men pursue in the world, with the world, and with each other. (…) Yet only through communication can......

Words: 4767 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Cost Management

..................3 ABOUT THE AUTHOR...............................................................................................................3 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY GUIDE............................................................................3 MEETING COMMON CORE STANDARDS.............................................................3 THE SLAVE NARRATIVE GENRE...............................................................................3 HISTORICAL OVERVIEW..........................................................................................................4 DURING READING.....................................................................................................................6 SYNTHESIZING DISCUSSION QUESTIONS.......................................................................9 ENRICHMENT ACTIVITIES.......................................................................................................9 ACTIVITIES FOR USING THE FILM ADAPTATION........................................................ 11 ADDITIONAL RESOURCES................................................................................................... 13 ABOUT THE AUTHORS OF THIS GUIDE.......................................................................... 13 Also available in a black-spine Penguin Classics edition Copyright © 2014 by Penguin Group (USA) For additional teacher’s manuals, catalogs, or descriptive brochures, please email academic@penguin.com or write to:...

Words: 7281 - Pages: 30

Premium Essay

Animal Farm

...A TEACHER’S GUIDE TO THE SIGNET CLASSIC EDITION OF GEORGE ORWELL’S ANIMAL FARM By HAZEL K. DAVIS, Federal Hocking High School, Stewart, OH S E R I E S W. GEIGER ELLIS, ED.D., E D I T O R S : UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA, EMERITUS and ARTHEA J. S. REED, PH.D., UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA, RETIRED A Teacher’s Guide to the Signet Classic Edition of George Orwell’s Animal Farm 2 INTRODUCTION Animal Farm is an excellent selection for junior and senior high students to study. Although on one level the novel is an allegory of the 1917 Russian Revolution, the story is just as applicable to the latest rebellion against dictators around the world. Young people should be able to recognize similarities between the animal leaders and politicians today. The novel also demonstrates how language can be used to control minds. Since teenagers are the target not only of the educational system itself but also of advertising, the music industry, etc., they should be interested in exploring how language can control thought and behavior. Animal Farm is short and contains few words that will hamper the reader’s understanding. The incidents in the novel allow for much interactive learning, providing opportunities for students to dramatize certain portions, to expand on speeches, and to work out alternative endings. The novel can be taught collaboratively with the history department as an allegory of the Russian Revolution, allowing students to draw parallels...

Words: 9582 - Pages: 39

Free Essay

Performance Appraisal

...focuses not only with ‘WHAT’ is produced but, also ‘HOW’ it is produced. It seeks to ensure that what has been produced is in line with the organization’s needs and these products have been produced in line with the organization’s way of doing things. Performance management can be achieved through many different ways. These include performance appraisal system and coaching. Performance appraisal system can be described as a fairly old system of measuring employees’ performance that has been in use in many organizations. However, Performance appraisal has not brought in the amount of positive results that was expected of it. Armstrong and Mulis (1994:86) quoted one manager describing performance appraisal as “a dishonest annual ritual”. The question that arises then is: “If Managers (the custodians of the system) do not have confidence in their own system, what more employees (who happen to be victims of the system)?” The meaning of the word “appraisal” is “to fix a price or value for something”. This is used in finance in terms such as project appraisal or financial appraisal where a value is attached to a project. Similarly performance appraisal is a process in which one values the employee contribution and worth to the organization. Performance appraisal can be defined as a system of measuring employee’s performance relative to the assigned or agreed objectives. The process starts with the supervisor and or with the subordinate agreeing on specific objectives that need......

Words: 11650 - Pages: 47

Premium Essay

What It Looks Like

...The Identity of Religious Minorities in Non-Secular States: Jews in Tunisia and Morocco and Arabs in Israel Author(s): Mark A. Tessler Source: Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 20, No. 3 (Jul., 1978), pp. 359-373 Published by: Cambridge University Press Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/178359 Accessed: 13/07/2009 10:36 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use. Please contact the publisher regarding any further use of this work. Publisher contact information may be obtained at http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=cup. Each copy of any part of a JSTOR transmission must contain the same copyright notice that appears on the screen or printed page of such transmission. JSTOR is a not-for-profit organization founded in 1995 to build trusted digital archives for scholarship. We work with the scholarly community to preserve their work and the materials they rely upon, and to build a common research platform that promotes the discovery and use of these resources. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. Cambridge University...

Words: 7111 - Pages: 29

Premium Essay

Romeo and Juliet

...themes of hostility ad its effect on the innocent, the use of deception and its consequences, and the effects of faulty decision making. They can study how the characters function within the drama and how Shakespeare uses language to develop plot, characters, and themes. The most able students can develop skills involved in literary criticism by delving into the play’s comic and tragic elements and its classically tragic themes: the role of fate and fortune, the inevitable nature of tragedy, and the isolation of the tragic hero. This teacher’s guide will be divided into several parts: (1) a brief literary overview, including a synopsis and commentary on the play; (2) suggestions for teaching the play, including activities, discussion questions, and essay topics to be used before, during, and...

Words: 7462 - Pages: 30

Free Essay

Up from Slavery

...A TEACHER’S GUIDE TO THE SIGNET CLASSIC EDITION OF BOOKER T. WASHINGTON’S UP FROM SLAVERY By VIRGINIA L. SHEPHARD, Ph.D., Florida State University S E R I E S E D I T O R S : W. GEIGER ELLIS, ED.D., ARTHEA J. S. REED, PH.D., UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA, EMERITUS and UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA, RETIRED A Teacher’s Guide to the Signet Classic Edition of Booker T. Washington’s Up from Slavery 2 INTRODUCTION Booker T. Washington’s commanding presence and oratory deeply moved his contemporaries. His writings continue to influence readers today. Although Washington claimed his autobiography was “a simple, straightforward story, with no attempt at embellishment,” readers for nearly a century have found it richly rewarding. Today, Up From Slavery appeals to a wide audience from early adolescence through adulthood. More important, however, is the inspiration his story of hard work and positive goals gives to all readers. His life is an example providing hope to all. The complexity and contradictions of his life make his autobiography intellectually intriguing for advanced readers. To some he was known as the Sage of Tuskegee or the Black Moses. One of his prominent biographers, Louis R. Harlan, called him the “Wizard of the Tuskegee Machine.” Others acknowledged him to be a complicated person and public figure. Students of American social and political history have come to see that Washington lived a double life. Publicly he appeased the white......

Words: 13713 - Pages: 55

Free Essay

Thoreau

...The Project Gutenberg EBook of On the Duty of Civil Disobedience by Henry David Thoreau This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net Title: On the Duty of Civil Disobedience Author: Henry David Thoreau Release Date: 12 June 2004 [EBook #71] [Last updated: May 3, 2011] Language: English Character set encoding: ASCII *** START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK, ON THE DUTY OF CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE *** Typed by Sameer Parekh (zane@ddsw1.MCS.COM) On the Duty of Civil Disobedience by Henry David Thoreau [1849, original title: Resistance to Civil Goverment] I heartily accept the motto, "That government is best which governs least"; and I should like to see it acted up to more rapidly and systematically. Carried out, it finally amounts to this, which also I believe—"That government is best which governs not at all"; and when men are prepared for it, that will be the kind of government which they will have. Government is at best but an expedient; but most governments are usually, and all governments are sometimes, inexpedient. The objections which have been brought against a standing army, and they are many and weighty, and deserve to prevail, may also at last be brought against a standing government. The standing army is only an arm of the standing......

Words: 9542 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Macbeth

...A TEACHER’S GUIDE TO THE SIGNET CLASSIC EDITION OF WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE’S MACBETH LINDA NEAL UNDERWOOD S E R I E S E D I T O R S : W. GEIGER ELLIS, ED.D., ARTHEA J. S. REED, PH.D., UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA, EMERITUS and UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA, RETIRED A Teacher’s Guide to the Signet Classic Edition of William Shakespeare’s Macbeth 2 INTRODUCTION William Shakespeare developed many stories into excellent dramatizations for the Elizabethan stage. Shakespeare knew how to entertain and involve an audience with fast-paced plots, creative imagery, and multi-faceted characters. Macbeth is an action-packed, psychological thriller that has not lost its impact in nearly four hundred years. The politically ambitious character of Macbeth is as timely today as he was to Shakespeare's audience. Mary McCarthy says in her essay about Macbeth, "It is a troubling thought that Macbeth, of all Shakespeare's characters, should seem the most 'modern,' the only one you could transpose into contemporary battle dress or a sport shirt and slacks." (Signet Classic Macbeth) Audiences today quickly become interested in the plot of a blindly ambitious general with a strong-willed wife who must try to cope with the guilt engendered by their murder of an innocent king in order to further their power. The elements of superstition, ghosts, and witchcraft, though more readily a part of everyday life for the Renaissance audience, remain intriguing to modern teenagers. The......

Words: 8499 - Pages: 34

Free Essay

Principles of Self Defense

...JEFF COOPER PALADIN PRESS BOULDER, COLORADO Principles of Personal by Jeff Cooper Copyright 01989 by J ISBN 0-87364-497-2 Printed in the United Sl Published by Paladin P Paladin Enterprises, In< Boulder, Colorado 8031 (303) 443-7250 Direct inquiries and/or orders to the above address. PALADIN, PALADIN PRESS, and the "horse head" design are trademarks belonging to Paladin Enterprises and registered in United States Patent and Trademark Office. All rights reserved. Except for use in a review, no portion of this book may be reproduced in any form without the express written permission of the publisher. Neither the author nor the publisher assumes any responsibility for the use or misuse of information contained in this book. Contents Preface ....................................... vii Introduction ..................................... 1 Principle One: Alertness ...........................5 Principle Two: Decisiveness .......................11 Principle Three: Aggressiveness ....................17 Principle Four: Speed.............................23 Principle Five: Coolness ..........................27 Principle Six: Ruthlessness ........................33 Principle Seven: Surprise ..........................39 A Final Word ................................... 43 Preface It is not common for one to enjoy rereading something that he wrote a decade previously. Times change, styles change, attitudes change, and most of all people grow, both......

Words: 6109 - Pages: 25