Free Essay

The Four Way Test

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By jculmer
Words 513
Pages 3
The Four Way Test is a very constructive guideline that is beneficial to many events and issues. If every citizen, every student, every human being used this test as a pattern and indicator for their dilemmas and obstacles, our community would become a more compassionate wiser place. The Four Way Test asks these questions: Is it the truth? Is it fair to all concerned? Will it bring goodwill and better friendships? And is it beneficial to all concerned?

Is it the truth? Telling the truth is extremely important because in the end it is all you have Truthful gives you credibility with others, and without credibility, we are nothing. Not only is lying dishonest, but when someone lies, they often have to cover up one lie with another, and may get their own stories mixed up. John 8:32 states, “And you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.”

Is it fair to all concerned. Fairness is also a quality needed everywhere such as school or work. Performing a fair task means that you are doing it out of you heart and not just because you want to improve your reputation or because you want to impress the person who asked the favor. A fair decision requires a fair and just judge. Making a fair decision is difficult especially if it is an area that is unclear and gray. When you ask yourself if something is fair you need to determine each side justly and without any persuasion or influence from others.

Will it bring goodwill and better friendships? The definition of good will is a friendly disposition; benevolence; kindness. If you are kind to someone it will strengthen your relationship with him. Therefore out of good will, friendships grow. Goodwill can include anything from unloading the dishwasher to donating to a charity. Sometimes even acknowledging outcasts and having a brief conversation will make them feel important and loved. Some are worried about being shunned by their friends for interacting with the outcasts. If that is the case then they are not genuine friends and comments should be ignored. Gossip is common in conversations and certainly does not bring goodwill or better friendships. Sometimes making a small negative comment can get around and animosity as well as tension can be apparent in relationships. Gossips corollary results in sabotaged friendships and numerous enemies. Gossip should be eluded because it does the contrast of what the Four Way Test asks.

Is it beneficial to all concerned? When you are about to say or do something this question is good to remember. It is helpful to ask this when you are about to do something impulsive. Beneficial means that it will bring advantages to others that you have influence over or you are an example to them.

As a result the Four Way Test applies to all subjects and situations. This is a great and simple way to solve problems and make decisions. It is beneficial because any obstacle you stumble upon, this will aid you to get back on track.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Personality

...important role. Even though, there are many different theories of personality key influences from many different psychologist play a role in the theories on personality and also the brain structure of personality. The amount of personality theories that are out there is a large number but the number that is normally used is the basic four perspectives. The first perspective is the psychoanalytic perspective that emphasizes the importance of unconscious processes and the influence of early childhood experience. Also there is the humanistic perspective that represents an optimistic look at human nature, emphasizing the self and the fulfillment of a persons unique potential. The third is the social cognitive perspective this emphasizes learning and conscious cognitive processes, including the importance of beliefs about the self, goal setting, and self-regulation. Lastly is the trait perspective that emphasizes the description and measurement of specific personality differences among individuals. (Hockenbury & Hockenbury, 2014) Personality development theories are based on the basic four as discussed earlier. The Differences amongst the four are great. The personality theories and humanistic theories go hand in hand with one another, the personality theory is how a person behaviors, thinks and feels. Humanistic theory describes the goodness in people along with the human potential that is within. These two are much different then the trait theories that is based largely......

Words: 759 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Four Mobile TráP

...THE FOUR MOBILE TRAPS The Most Common Mistakes Made by Mobile Apps and Websites SUMMARY SUMMARY: FOUR COMMON MISTAKES PLAGUE MOBILE APPS AND WEBSITES Companies creating mobile apps and websites often underestimate how different the mobile world is. They assume incorrectly that they can create for mobile using the same design and business practices they learned in the computing world. As a result, they frequently struggle to succeed in mobile. These companies can waste large amounts of time and money as they try to understand why their mobile apps and websites don’t meet expectations. What’s worse, their awkward transition to mobile leaves them vulnerable to upstart competitors who design first for mobile and don’t have the same computing baggage holding them back. From giants like Facebook to the smallest web startup, companies are learning that the transition to mobile isn’t just difficult, it’s also risky. This whitepaper describes the four most common mistakes that companies make in mobile apps and websites. The traps were identified through thousands of mobile user tests run by UserTesting.com. The mistakes are common because they grow out of some of the best practices that make a company successful in the traditional computing world. The more successful you’ve been in traditional computing, the more likely you are to make these mistakes in mobile. In the pages that follow, we’ll describe the traps, how to recognize them, and what you can......

Words: 6956 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

Why Do Colleges Rely Heavily on the S.A.T & A.C.T. Scores?

...Why do colleges rely heavily on the S.A.T & A.C.T. scores? The SAT is essentially a reasoning test used to evaluate potential college students in an unbiased way. The SAT, unlike high school academic tests, is not a place to demonstrate accumulated knowledge, and high school alone does not prepare a student for a good score on the SAT. The SAT is neither an IQ test nor a measure of academic potential. Higher scores on the SAT significantly increase a student’s college options, learning about and preparing to take the SAT is an extremely important part of the college process. Some students have a high g.p.a. but can be bad test takers regardless if they study or not. We all know that many college admissions offices imbue SAT and ACT scores with importance. At schools that are deluged with tens of thousands of applications, numbers matter, so these scores can play an outsized role in admission decisions. That means these scores can affect where individual students get to go to school. Through my High School experience, teachers told me the SAT would determine a lot of my potential in life. Having been told this, I still feel the ways that it has affected me, and I still remember all of the years it took to undo the feeling of having a test define the rest of your life. Having to apply for fee waivers and the worry related to not scoring "high enough." because of this experience, I didn’t apply to the schools I didn’t think would accept me (based on my grade), and I......

Words: 1017 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Personality Theory

...personality theories, types and tests personality types, behavioural styles theories, personality and testing systems - for self-awareness, self-development, motivation, management, and recruitment Motivation, management, communications, relationships - focused on yourself or others - are a lot more effective when you understand yourself, and the people you seek to motivate or manage or develop or help. Understanding personality is also the key to unlocking elusive human qualities, for example leadership, motivation, and empathy, whether your purpose is self-development, helping others, or any other field relating to people and how we behave. The personality theories that underpin personality tests and personality quizzes are surprisingly easy to understand at a basic level. This section seeks to explain many of these personality theories and ideas. This knowledge helps to develop self-awareness and also to help others to achieve greater self-awareness and development too. Developing understanding of personality typology, personality traits, thinking styles and learning styles theories is also a very useful way to improve your knowledge of motivation and behaviour of self and others, in the workplace and beyond. Understanding personality types is helpful for appreciating that while people are different, everyone has a value, and special strengths and qualities, and that everyone should be treated with care and respect. The relevance of love and spirituality -......

Words: 2835 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Unimanginable Wealth

...Effectiveness of Intelligence Tests Two Types of Intelligence Testing One of the types of intelligence testing is called a Differential Aptitude Test. The differential aptitude tests are easily given and simple to score (Findley & Merwin, 1964). The four forms of the DAT provide nine scores from eight tests. The eight tests include Verbal Reasoning, Numerical Ability, Abstract Reasoning, Space Relations, Mechanical Reasoning, Clerical Speed and Accuracy, Language usage: Spelling, and Language Usage: Grammar (Findley & Merwin, 1964). Another type of intelligence testing is called Wechsler Intelligence Testing. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS), Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC), and Wechsler preschool and primary scale of intelligence (WPPSI) are the three different types of Wechsler Intelligence testing. Each of these test use verbal and performance tests. WAIS will be evaluated because of the broader range of age. WAIS is used as an intelligence assessment and is intended for people between the ages of 16-89. The WAIS is considerate of different cultures. This test can be used for both verbal and performance abilities. The WAIS is also used for diagnostic purposes by using the Intelligence quotient scores as criteria. The WAIS is used to help diagnose learning disabilities (Fitzgerald, Gray, and Snowden, 2007). The Effectiveness of Intelligence Testing Intelligence testing can be very effective. Both the Differential Aptitude Test and the......

Words: 605 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Ethical Systems Table

...|[pic] |Course Syllabus | | |College of Natural Sciences | | |MTH/233 Version 2 | | |Statistics | Copyright © 2010, 2006 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. Course Description This course surveys descriptive and inferential statistics with an emphasis on practical applications of statistical analysis. The principles of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data are covered. It examines the role of statistical analysis, statistical terminology, the appropriate use of statistical techniques and interpretation of statistical findings through applications and functions of statistical methods. Policies Faculty and students/learners will be held responsible for understanding and adhering to all policies contained within the following two documents: • University policies: You must be logged into the student website to view this document. • Instructor policies: This document is posted in the Course Materials forum. University policies are subject......

Words: 2165 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Learning Styles

...Chapter 1: First Steps Using your Learning Style Profile to Succeed This article exemplifies the importance of the four modes of learning and how it enables me to achieve better academic standards for the approaching years at Ryerson. The four modes can be used while choosing courses and majors by comparing and matching courses to modes. If you prefer mode four like I do, courses that can be applied to many situations in your daily life are suitable for you. However, you cannot always match a course to your learning style and therefore must be able to develop skills to become more open in all four modes. Using the learning styles enables you to also explore career paths one may wish to take. Again, one does not have to match a certain learning style to a career path because it is important to have a range of diverse learning styles when entering a workplace. One must learn to adapt to different styles since it benefits not only your education, but improves your skills with other people. As a result of reading this article, I intend to improve and accept changes in my modes of learning. I will take this opportunity to look deeper into all four categories and create new options in my ways of learning. The Master Student This article defines what mastery is and how one can achieve mastery through different skills and techniques. The definition of mastery means achieving a level of skill that goes beyond technique. Mastery is seen everywhere. While playing soccer, mastery...

Words: 4655 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Qualitative Article Review

...Curriculum Enhancement in Inclusive Middle School Science", it compared differentiated and traditional (teacher-led) instruction. For twelve weeks, they tested thirteen classes of 213 students. Out of the 213, forty-four had learning difficulties. The experimental classes received differentiated instruction, such as, hands-on and peer-mediated. While the control group received teacher-led (traditional) instruction (Mastropieri et al., 2006). This was a four-fold investigation. First, it was "to determine whether differentiated curriculum enhancements relevant to the study of scientific methods could be developed for eighth-grade inclusive science classes" (Mastropieri et al., 2006, pg. 132). Secondly, using a peer-mediated format to incorporate materials. Thirdly, they wanted to see if test scores would improve if they used this randomized field trial. Finally, it was to determine whether the students had a good experience and enjoyed using these materials (Mastropieri et al., 2006). The method of data collection included four parts. Initially, the class was given a pre-test. Then they divided the classes up into two groups. For twelve weeks, 90 minutes four days a week and 45 minutes on the fifth day, the class was instructed either through the traditional way of teaching or by using differentiated instruction. The traditional classroom learned the material either through teacher-led discussion, taking notes, using the textbook or worksheets, or listening to recordings.......

Words: 558 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Peds in Sports

...In a world where everyone is looking for a way to gain an advantage on their competition, professional sports are no exception. In the past thirty years we have seen the rise and fall of the notorious steroid era surrounded by the pre-steroid era and its ongoing fallout. Each of our four main professional sports leagues, The NBA, NFL, NHL, and MLB, have all had their own specific bouts with the same controversial issue; each of the four main sports leagues have all had to come up with their own interpretations, rulings, punishments, and general code of conduct when it comes to handling situations involving Performance Enhancing Drugs or PEDs. To further understand the issue of PEDs in domestic sports here in the US you need to take a step back and look at some of the larger scale events that effected what turned out to be the “steroid era”. Starting off in 1988 Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson was stripped of his Olympic Gold Medal for testing positive for an anabolic steroid. Less than two months after Ben Johnson had his medal taken away, President Ronald Regan signed an act outlawing non-medical steroids sales as a part of his war on drugs; less than two years later congress passed the Anabolic Steroids Control Act which placed steroids in the same legal class as other drugs such as amphetamines, opium, and morphine. Scandal brought legal action, legal action turned into more strict legal action, and finally the first of the four major sports leagues got involved in the......

Words: 2415 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Recruitment & Selection: Myers Briggs

...The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® (MBTI) is a psychometric test used to measure psychological preferences in how a person makes decisions and perceives their surrounding environment. A mother-daughter pair, Katherine Briggs and Isabel Myers developed the test based on the typological theories of Carl Gustav Jung. After more than fifty-years of research and development, the MBTI has become the most widely used and respected personality tool. Eighty-nine companies out of the US Fortune 100 make use of it for recruitment and selection, or to help employees gain a better understanding of themselves and their colleagues (Psychometric Success, 2013). The primary theory behind the MBTI is that each person's personality fits into only one of sixteen types. These categories are based on four features of personality, each consisting of two opposite preferences called dichotomies. The MBTI combines an individual’s preferences from each dichotomous pair, denoted by a letter, to yield one of the personality types. Each type is equally valuable and according to the theory, everyone has an innate preference that determines how he or she will behave in all situations (Myers-Briggs, 2013). The four dimensions are: Extroversion (E) vs Introversion (I). This dimension reflects the perceptual orientation of the individual. Extroverts are said to react to immediate and objective conditions in the environment. Introverts, however, look inward to their internal and subjective reactions...

Words: 1575 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Week 2 Ia Cmgt 530

...decades there have been numerous methods and tests that have been developed to assess ones personality. The more commonly known tests include the Meyer-Briggs Type Indicator (MBIT), the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire, the Jung Theory of Psychological Types and The Keirsey Temperament Sorter II. The listed methods are all developed by different individuals; with their very own views and opinions; however; each method is based on the basic theory that a person’s behavior are the results of specific traits that can be measured and it is these measureable traits are what make up a person’s inner habits and tendencies. There are several kinds of assessment methods that have been created to help define and measure ones individual personality and traits. For this assignment; the one used to assess my personality was the Keirsey Temperament Sorter II. The Keirsey Temperament Sorter II personality assessment tool; developed by David Kiersey was first introduced in his book Please Understand Me, which was published in 1978. It is an objective test composed of 70 questions that helps to measure and indicate the personality types of others based on his Keirsey Temperament Theory. The Keirsey Theory states that a person’s behavior can be broken down into four temperaments listed as Artisan, Guardians, Rationals, and Idealists. These four temperaments are further broken down; listing four different variants type for each......

Words: 928 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Leaders Are Born Not Made

... Explain what is teacher-made tests; 6. Describe what is standardized tests; and 7. Explain what is authentic assessment. 254 CHAPTER 10 CHAPTER 10 l CLASSROOM ASSESSMENT INTRODUCTION One of the most basic and difficult task that teachers face in their work is the process of assessment. Classroom assessment includes all the process involved in making decisions about students learning progress. It includes the observation of students’ written work, their answers to questions in class, and performance on teacher-made and standardized tests. According to (Koyalik, 2002 as cited in Eggen & Kauchak, 2004): i. It facilitates teachers in decision making about learning progress through systematic information gathering. Besides that, assessment also accomplishes two other important goals; increasing learning and increasing motivation. The relationship between learning and assessment is very strong. Students learn more in classes where assessment is an integral part of instruction than in those where it isn’t. Brief assessment that provides frequent feedback about learning progress is more effective than long, infrequent ones, like once-a-term tests. 255 255 CLASSROOM ASSESSMENT 10.1 l CHAPTER 10 Definition of Measurement, Evaluation, Assessment and Test Assessment, evaluation, measurement and test: all four terms have to do with the systematic process of collecting data and analysing those data to make decisions. These four terms may all mean the same......

Words: 7585 - Pages: 31

Free Essay

Business Stats

...California, Delaware, Nevada, and Georgia. The following data show the number of kindergarten students in randomly selected classrooms in these four states. These data can also be found in the Excel file kindergarten.xlsx. a. Perform a one-way ANOVA using α= 0.05 to determine if the average number of students in kindergarten classes is different in the four states. b. If warranted, perform a multiple comparison test to determine which pairs are different using α=0.05. c. Verify your results with Minitab. 11.47 Suppose Scotts Lawn Care would like to test the effectiveness of four new grass fertilizers that it has developed. Each fertilizer is applied to identical-size sections of grass, and after a period of time the sections of grass are mowed. The weight of the grass clippings are used to measure the effectiveness of the fertilizer. To control for variations in soil and ambient conditions, each fertilizer was applied to five different lawns, which can act as a blocking factor. The pounds of grass clippings for each sample are shown in the following table. These data can also be found in the Excel file fertilizer.xlsx. a. Using a randomized block ANOVA and α=0.05, does there appear to be a difference in the effectiveness of the four fertilizers? b. If the answer to part a is no, what additional steps should be taken to test the difference in the population means of each fertilizer? c. If warranted, determine which pairs of fertilizers...

Words: 480 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Clinical Assessment

...Clinical Assessment Kat Grimaldi PSY/270 3 October 2013 Michelle Bailey Clinical Assessment Scenario for this clinical assessment includes: A four year old daughter, named Clara, adopted by Mr. and Mrs. Lawson. Mr. and Mrs. Lawson took Clara to see a psychiatrist, named Dr. Mason. As Clara was entering the room, she was polite and greeted Dr. Mason, but did not smile and kept her gaze down as she took a seat. Clara’s adoptive parents took a seat next to her and began explaining, to the doctor, about their concerns. They described Clara as a quiet child who has recently begun throwing temper tantrums, during which she is inconsolable. Clara’s sleep and eating patterns have changed, and she no longer wants to go to preschool. Based on the limited information provided in this scenario, there are other questions that I would like to see answered. The very first step I would take, before asking for more information from the adoptive parents, is to remove Clara from the room and place her in an atmosphere that better suites her, like a play room located in the office building. After Clara is removed from the office, I would start of by asking if the adoption was an open adoption, and the age when Clara was adopted. If the adoption was not an open adoption, the true parents of Clara could be trying to make contact with her while she away from her adoptive parents. This can cause confusion in Clara, and possibly be a reason why her behavior has all of a sudden changed. I......

Words: 1325 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Marketing

...Week Four Reflection Week Four Reflection Research is highly essential in statistics. In order to properly conduct research, we must accurately complete the steps in researching a hypothesis, compare the means of two or more groups, and calculate the correlation between two variables. In this paper, Team C will explain the steps in researching a hypothesis; illustrate a comparison between the means of two or more groups, and make a calculation of the correlation between two variables. We will also reflect on the topics in week four that we are most comfortable with and the topics we struggled with at the same time. Additionally, we will explain how the topics relate to the applications within our personal or professional fields. Steps in Research Hypothesis In science class as children we were taught that a hypothesis was an educated guess, as we blossom into a more mature age we discover that it goes a bit deeper. A hypothesis can be used in different ways most of them in our daily lives. There are two types of statistical test you can perform. The null hypothesis’s that which represents the status quo to the party performing the sampling experiment—the hypothesis that will be accepted unless the data provide convincing evidence that it is false. The alternative, or research, hypothesis is that which will be accepted only if the data provide convincing evidence of its truth. In statistic, there are seven steps you need to perform to arrive at a statistical......

Words: 1075 - Pages: 5