Premium Essay

The Function of Our Memory

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By chitown13
Words 892
Pages 4
Cover Sheet

Title: The Process of Memory

Reginald Singleton
Student ID: 21978330

February 13, 2015

Essentials of Psychology SSC130

Essay 25072400

You’re at a large gathering where family, friends, and people you are not familiar with are present. Some of the people there you’ve met once or twice before, and as you engage in conversation with them they use your name several times. You on the other hand, can’t recall any of their names, and this causes you much embarrassment.
Later you ask yourself, ‘why couldn’t I remember their names, it was less than 6 months ago when we all spent time together playing volleyball?’ The answer to that question might best be found by considering the process by which we encode, amass, and recover information.
Based on the three-system approach to memory (Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1968) as information passes through or enters the sensory stage, which is the first step, and repetition is not carried out, this information, such as a person’s name can be lost within a second or so. Therefore, when I relate an example of my personal experience of how I forgot the name of those who I had played a game of volleyball with, I could have helped my chances of remembering by perhaps using their names frequently as we played together.
Doing so would have lead to the second stage where information moves into short-term memory.
In this stage, information can be stored for about 15 to 25 seconds before forgetting. I could have increased my chances of remembering the player’s names had I used it repetitiously when giving commendation for a nice play.
This theory of what can affect an individual’s memory has led me to reevaluate my approach to how can I best store information that may be necessary at a later date. For example, remembering specific details for an exam, or a person’s name. Because my family has a…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Brain Rules

...Maddie Augustine 3-22-2015 Rules on how the Brain Develops -Chapter 1: John Medina’s begins “Brain Rules” by introducing the relationship between exercise and cognitive function. Throughout history, our ancestors were forced to adapt to a lifestyle of exercise that improved their cognitive function. Scientists have found evidence to support the correlation between mental alertness and physical activity because exercise created blood flow in the brain. An active lifestyle can aid in the aging process of older adults. Even if someone has lived a sluggish lifestyle, they can improve their cognitive function by becoming active because it is never too late. Many health risks are diminished in adults who have lived an active lifestyle. Not only adults, but children also benefit academically from physical activity throughout the school day. Once in high school, I realized the difference between physical education classes in previous years. During elementary and middle school, my teachers would demand a large amount of rigorous exercise. We would frequently run laps around the track and baseball field, or we would be tested on how many pull-ups we could do individually. It was not until I spoke with one of my previous physical education teachers that I understood why it was the level of exercise was so different in my earlier years. She explained to me that at a young age, she attempted to instill habits of rigorous exercise and encourage sports with a large amount of......

Words: 2508 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Gps Effects on Memory

...excessive use of such, devices be inhibiting our brain’s natural navigation system? In this paper I will address, this question by examining, certain brain studies. Through such analysis I will conclude whether the frequent use of a GPS adversely affects memory and the spatial orientation functions of our brains. I have a tawdry tale to tell, Of effects unforeseen, I didn’t treat my old brain well, Result? A sordid scene! I had a hippocampus once, But now it’s atrophied, In navigation I’m a dunce, Warnings I did not heed. A GPS device I used, To go from here to there, My cognition I have abused, Now, I have none to spare. Is there a moral somewhere, For elders tempest toss’d? These new advances bring despair, They’re great, but at what cost? (Eisenburg, 2009) Modern society allows us an array of devices to track, monitor and make tasks easier to perform in almost every aspect of our lives. Such devices range from smart phones and their related apps, which function as pedometers, ovulation, heart rate or even sleep-cycle monitors, to Global Positioning Systems (“GPS”) that have morphed into talking digital compasses. Some of the newer devices thrill novices and techs alike while others are so widely adopted that it is hard to remember life without them. Although invented with the intent to help us navigate our pursuit of a happier, healthier and more convenient lifestyle, could some of these devices be adversely affecting our efforts to improve human development? My......

Words: 3450 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Dave's Neckliss

...the idea of the self, discuss the function of memory in “Dave’s Neckliss.” In Dave’s Neckliss, the function of memory in relation to William James’ self is quite self-evident. William James says that to remember something from our past, our memories must be triggered by a “cue”, which functions as a reminder in order to start the recollection process. Therefore, the 'cue' decides how many potential memories could be associated with a specific point. In Chestnut’s “Dave’s Neckliss” Uncle Julius’ frail memory was activated by Annie’s “…. large, sugar-cured ham” pg. 89. Uncle Julius was reminded of a memory, which came to him as a brief passing moment while eating the ham and caused a tear to roll down his cheek. The linking of cue to memory is the thinking aspect. Therefore, if we focus clearly on the correlation, the connected entity will surely be likely to stay within our memory as it did with Uncle Julius. A few things trigger the function of memory in Dave’s Neckliss. First, we see “…. The conditions were all favorable to storytelling. There was an autumnal languor in the air, and a dreamy haze softened the dark green…. pg.90. In my opinion, these current weather conditions that Uncle Julius was speaking about also reminded him of the story he was about to tell. According to James’ writings, the connection between the climate and the ham in this case explains both the general preservation and the special recollection of the memory. Later on, we witness the......

Words: 567 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

A Tour of the Brain

...cerebrum, and cerebellum. I would like to take you on a tour of the brain to discuss these parts. We will go over their functions, and the things that contribute to each major part. We will also look at how important the brain is to the central nervous system, and what might happen if you incur damage to a part of your brain. Let us start by looking at the cerebrum, which makes up about 80% of the brain by weight. The cerebrum is the covered by a sheet of neural tissue known as the cerebral cortex. The cerebral cortex houses the thalamus, hypothalamus, and pituitary gland. The thalamus is responsible for relaying information from the brain stem and spinal cord to the cerebral cortex. The hypothalamus and pituitary gland control functions like body temperature, sexual response, aggression, and pleasure. The cerebral cortex also holds about 90% of the of the brain’s neurons. The cerebral cortex is made up of four lobes. The frontal lobe is responsible for conscious thought and higher mental functions like, decision making. It also plays an important part in processing short-term memories, and retaining long-term memories. The parietal lobe integrates sensory information from the various senses and is also used for calculation, and certain types of recognition. The temporal lobe is responsible for the senses of smell and sound and is a key factor in long-term memory. It also processes the semantics of speech and vision. The occipital lobe is mainly responsible for the sense......

Words: 666 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Using Examples of Case Studies, Critically Evaluate the Contribution Cognitive Neuropsychology Has Made to the Understanding of Normal Cognitive Function.

...Neuropsychology is the branch of psychology which investigates the function and structure of the brain as it relates to processes of cognition such as; memory, perception, thinking, recognition and the human ability to solve problems, ( Jansari, 2010 p.60). Since the second half of the nineteenth century neurologist began studying brain damage in patients, more specifically their research has examined the effect of brain damage and its implication for normal cognitive functions. It has therefore being argued that in order to understand a working system, one must understand how it can fail, (Jansari, 2010 p. 59). This can refine and possibly constrain existing theories, as well as inspire the formulation of future concepts with regards to the structure of normal cognition. Evidence is based on case studies of individual brain damaged patients who show deficits in particular areas of the brain, from such studies researchers infer that different areas of the brain are highly specialized. Furthermore the development of more accurate techniques, aided by more effective research paradigms has increased our understanding of cognitive functions, in areas such as disassociation, plasticity, memory, localization and face processing, which would be explored later in the essay. Cognitive neuropsychology has however shown that there are limitations in understanding cognition where questions regarding methodology may arise, for instance studying single patient symptoms may pose problem for...

Words: 2361 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Cognitive Processes

...evolved over the years. Researchers are constantly trying to find new ways to understand and define the human brain. Our memory is quite important in how we function on a day-to-day basis. Our memories help us to remember important functions such as combing our hair, brushing our teeth or getting dressed in the morning. Memories also help us to learn more information. Cognitive psychology refers to the study of human mental processes and their role of thinking, feeling, and behaving. Cognitive psychology studies how people perceive, learn, remember, and think. Cognition is the area within psychology that examines how we acquire, store, transform, and use knowledge to help further our knowledge (Matlin, 2013). If cognition functions every time a person gains, stores, transforms, and uses information then, cognition requires mental processes. Cognitive processes are vital to human behavior. There are three cognitive processes, perception, attention, and memory. The first cognitive process is perception. Perception uses previous knowledge to gather and interpret stimuli registered by the senses (Matlin, 2013). Perception is our experience of the world and the environment around us. It’s the set of front-end processing that allows an individual to organize and interpret incoming information. We gain information about properties of our environment and use it in our everyday lives. Perception involves bottom-up processing as well as top-down processing. Bottom-up processing is......

Words: 1002 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Brain Training

...exercise to bulk up their bodies, but the phrase “use it or lose it” applies to more than just the muscles in our bodies -- it also applies to the neural pathways and connections in our brains. There are a variety of exercises and activities that can successfully work each of the brain’s five major cognitive functions on a daily basis. In addition to the tasks you can perform daily, you can also train your brain with HAPPYneuron online brain games and a personalized brain fitness program. Our minds consist of five main cognitive functions: • memory, • attention, • language, • visual-spatial skills, • and executive function. It’s important to challenge, stimulate and effectively exercise all five areas to stay mentally sharp as our brains age. Here are 5 daily brain exercises that can help you do this. 1- Memory Memory plays a crucial role in all cognitive activities, including reading, reasoning and mental calculation. There are several types of memory at work in the brain. Taken together, these are the cognitive skills we may notice most when they begin to fail. To maintain a good memory, you need to train for it, which can be easier than you think. Listening to music is not only enjoyable, but by choosing a song you don’t know and memorizing the lyrics, you boost the level of acetylcholine, the chemical that helps build your brain, and improve your memory skills. Challenge yourself even more by showering or getting dressed in the dark or using your opposite hand......

Words: 970 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Memory

...Learning and Memory Humans are continually learning, storing and coding raw information that is sent to us from our sensory registers from the outside world. Because of such an overload of stimuli thrown at us, it is vital and necessary to learn as infants and throughout our lives how to store and process this information. We learn to pay attention to some material, while other data is filtered out immediately. Researchers have spent enormous amounts of time studying the different types of memory: short-term memory, long-term memory, procedural memory and declarative memory. Because the only way we survive, evolve and learn new skills and talents is by developing our minds and adapting to the ever changing demands of life. What scientists have discovered is that learning requires attention, coding and storing of past memories and experiences. In order to live healthy and happy lives, we can stimulate and encourage learning throughout our entire lifetime from infancy to late adulthood providing that our brain is biologically healthy and intact. Most important, scientists are now studying what simple changes can be made to stave off such diseases such as Dementia and Alzheimer’s. The only kind of memory that the world has ever been able to agree on is that one which saves occurrences from the past. Even more limiting is a methodical notion in which the procedure that creates memory (learning) is identified by the modification of the actions of an individual who...

Words: 1686 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Brain Structures and Functions

...Brain Structures and Functions Worksheet PSY/340 Version 3 1 University of Phoenix Material Brain Structures and Functions Worksheet Provide a brief description for each of the following functions: 1. Basal ganglia The basal ganglia (or basal nuclei) are a group of nuclei of varied origin in the brains of vertebrates that act as a cohesive functional unit. They are situated at the base of the forebrain and strongly connected 2. with the cerebral cortex, thalamus and other brain areas. The basal ganglia are associated with a variety of Corpus collosum functions, including voluntary motorof nerve fibers that divides the cerebrumroutine behaviors or "habits" The corpus callosum is a thick band control, procedural learning relating to into left and right such as bruxism, eye movements, and cognitive,of the brainfunctions. for communication between both hemispheres. It connects the left and right sides emotional allowing 3. hemispheres. The corpus callosum transfers motor, sensory, and cognitive information between the brain Temporal lobe hemispheres. lobes are one of the four main lobes or regions of the cerebral cortex. Structures of the The temporal limbic system, including the olfactory cortex, amygdala, and the hippocampus are located within the 4. temporal lobes. The temporal lobes play an important role in organizing sensory input, auditory Occipital lobe perception, language and speech production, asperception system. They are not......

Words: 1009 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Brain and Behavior Essay

...multifaceted and sophisticated organ. Understanding the function of the brain is often very limited to the understanding of the brains areas or regions with regard to how these areas respond to stimuli or how it responds to damage. Much of the understanding of the brain is embedded in observation of damaged brains and their association of impaired function with specific areas of damage. Modern technologies have begun to change this trend because of machines such as the Magnetic Resonance Imager (MRI) that allows scientist to observe brain function with the invasiveness of surgery. This technology has provided not just insights into neuroscience but also into psychology as brain functions can now be correlated better with behavior and heredity. One can see this insight when examining specific areas of the brain such as the temporal and frontal lobes of the brain. The MRI lets the scientist get an in depth look at the brain in slices of an image to better interpret how the brain works. The cerebral cortex is “a large, extremely wrinkled sheet of neurons, or nerve cells, on the surface of the brain’s two hemispheres”. These are defined as the right and left hemispheres and make up the largest volume in the brain. The cerebral cortex controls all sensation, thought, comprehension, higher cognition, ideas, language, memory and emotion (Pinel, 2011). The hemispheres consist of four lobes, with each performing a specific function (Pinel, 2011). Frontal lobe: behavioral......

Words: 965 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Naturopathy

...all organs of a human body. The nervous system is the main decision and communication centre of our body. The central nervous system (CNS) comprises of the brain and the spinal cord while the peripheral nervous system (PNS) consists of all nerves. They are designed in a way that they take control of every part of the body. The brain takes the message from the sensory nerves and makes sense out of it before sending back a response. Nerves form a network, sending messages to and from the brain every single second. The human brain has four major components the cerebrum, the cerebellum, the brain stem and the limbic system. The cerebrum It is also known as the cortex. It is the largest part of the human brain. Therefore, it goes hand I hand in handling the most critical function of the brain, thoughts ad actions. It is further divided into four sections known as “lobes”. We have the frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe and temporal lobe. The frontal lobe is concerned with reasoning or thinking, our human speech, our movement and locomotion, emotions and how we solve our problems. The parietal lobe is associated with recognizing people or objects, response to stimuli , our orientation to objects or surrounding and our movement too. The occipital lobe is associated with our vision. The temporal lobe is concerned with helping us recognize stimuli, our memory and also how we speak (our speech). The cerebral corfox is highly folded to give the brain a larger surface area to......

Words: 651 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Brain

...the most complex and magnificent organs in the human body. Our brain gives us awareness of ourselves and of our environment, processing a constant stream of sensory data. It controls our muscle movements, the secretions of our glands, and even our breathing and internal temperature. Every creative thought, feeling, and plan is developed by our brain. The brain’s neurons record the memory of every event in our lives. Anatomy of the brain There are different ways of dividing the brain anatomically into regions. Let’s use a common method and divide the brain into three main regions based on embryonic development: the forebrain, midbrain and hindbrain. Under these divisions: The forebrain (or prosencephalon) is made up of our incredible cerebrum, thalamus, hypothalamus and pineal gland among other features. Neuroanatomists call the cerebral area the telencephalon and use the term diencephalon (or interbrain) to refer to the area where our thalamus, hypothalamus and pineal gland reside. The midbrain (or mesencephalon), located near the very center of the brain between the interbrain and the hindbrain, is composed of a portion of the brainstem. The hindbrain (or rhombencephalon) consists of the remaining brainstem as well as our cerebellum and pons. Neuroanatomists have a word to describe the brainstem sub-region of our hindbrain, calling it the myelencephalon, while they use the word metencephalon in reference to our cerebellum and pons collectively. Before exploring these......

Words: 3467 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Reaction About the Human Brain

...them? It’s simple, our brain. The human brain is a fascinating subject, and the videos shown to us on Thursday, February 18, 2016 were only a fraction of what is to learn about the brain. What distinguishes us from other animals that have brains is the ability to reason, to think, to process, to speak, and many more. I learned that there are different regions in the brain that control different functions in our body. The fact that a single organ controls me, and is aware of itself, it is so amazing to me. We were shown a caricature of person, where it shows that the largest parts are the parts of the body that are given a lot more attention by our brain, the lips and the hands in particular. It makes sense that our hands require more brain activity because we use it for almost everything we do every day. The brain works to keep us alive and functioning all the time, and it never rests. I learned that the brain is symmetrical on both sides, and the two sides of the brain are referred to as the left hemisphere and the right hemisphere. I learned that the left side of the brain controls the right side of the body, and is focused more on things that require logic. On the other hand, the right side of the brain controls the left side of the body and is focused on more creative tasks. Although the brain has two hemispheres, they both coordinate with each other to perform each task. The thing that I find the most interesting is about the brain and our memories. How amazing,......

Words: 514 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Brain and Behavior

...what they do. The function and behaviors to the frontal and temporal lobes are what contribute to what we do every day in our lives. First we will look into the temporal lobe and how it works. It is one of four lobes that make up our brain. The location of the temporal lobe is on the bottom front side of our brain and holds critical function. A few of those functions are auditory perception, emotional response, and long term memory function. Our hippocampus is located within our temporal lobe and consolidates our information from short term and long term memory. If we are to damage the temporal lobe it can be detrimental to us. Our left temporal lobe if damaged can cause us to not recognize words that we are so common at using. The right side if it becomes damaged can cause us not to be able to speak as we normally would. If we damage our temporal lobe changes such has behavior can be affected, along with changes in sexual and personality can Page 3 change. We learned in class that the function of the temporal lobe influences our frontal lobe also. Our frontal lobe is located at the front of the brain and is responsible for our movement, choices we make, and solving problems. Our frontal lobe is divided into three different areas. These areas are called the prefrontal, the premotor, and the motor. The frontal lobe is in charge of many of our core functions, and the......

Words: 528 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Synopsis

...variable. For example, consider the variable declaration: int *ptr; ptr is the name of our variable. The '*' informs the compiler that we want a pointer variable. The int says that we intend to use our pointer variable to store the address of an integer . Such a pointer is said to "point to" an integer. Why Have Pointers? Pointers solve two common software problems. First, pointers allow different sections of code to share information easily. You can get the same effect by copying information back and forth, but pointers solve the problem better. Second, pointers enable complex "linked" data structures like linked lists and binary trees. Advantage of Pointer Pointers provide a mechanism for directly accessing and modifying objects and code in memory. Pointers are used in many programming languages for manipulating character strings, passing parameters to functions, handling arrays of data, and creating linked lists and other complex data structures. 1.) Function cannot return more than one value. But when the same function can modify many pointer variables and function as if it is returning more than one variable.  2.) In the case of arrays, we can decide the size of the array at runtime by allocating the necessary space. Disadvantage of Pointer 1.) If sufficient memory is not available during runtime for the storage of pointers, the program may crash .  2.) If the programmer is not......

Words: 560 - Pages: 3