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The Function of Our Memory

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By chitown13
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Title: The Process of Memory

Reginald Singleton
Student ID: 21978330

February 13, 2015

Essentials of Psychology SSC130

Essay 25072400

You’re at a large gathering where family, friends, and people you are not familiar with are present. Some of the people there you’ve met once or twice before, and as you engage in conversation with them they use your name several times. You on the other hand, can’t recall any of their names, and this causes you much embarrassment.
Later you ask yourself, ‘why couldn’t I remember their names, it was less than 6 months ago when we all spent time together playing volleyball?’ The answer to that question might best be found by considering the process by which we encode, amass, and recover information.
Based on the three-system approach to memory (Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1968) as information passes through or enters the sensory stage, which is the first step, and repetition is not carried out, this information, such as a person’s name can be lost within a second or so. Therefore, when I relate an example of my personal experience of how I forgot the name of those who I had played a game of volleyball with, I could have helped my chances of remembering by perhaps using their names frequently as we played together.
Doing so would have lead to the second stage where information moves into short-term memory.
In this stage, information can be stored for about 15 to 25 seconds before forgetting. I could have increased my chances of remembering the player’s names had I used it repetitiously when giving commendation for a nice play.
This theory of what can affect an individual’s memory has led me to reevaluate my approach to how can I best store information that may be necessary at a later date. For example, remembering specific details for an exam, or a person’s name. Because my family has a…...

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