Premium Essay

The Growing U.S. Concerns with Iran

In: Social Issues

Submitted By bondyjd
Words 3169
Pages 13
The Growing U.S. Concerns with Iran
Jeremy Bondy
American Military University
DEFM600 B001 Win 12
Dr. Oliver Hedgepeth
February 25, 2012

Table of Contents

Introduction 3
History 4
Assumptions 5
Secrecy of Iran's Nuclear Program 6
Evidence of Nuclear Weapon Development 6
Refusing IAEA Inspections 7
Closing the Straits of Hormuz 8
Iran Aid to Syrian Government 9
Iran's Supporting of Militant Groups 10
Replacing the Iranian Regime 10
Variables Used to Define a Model 11
Conclusion 12
References 13

Introduction As time goes on Iran is becoming an increasing area of concern and threat to the United States and its allies. Iran has been working for some time at trying to establish itself as a dominant power, especially within the Middle East. This quest for recognition has caused rising national security concerns within the United States and some of its allied countries. Some of the most recent concerns include; Iran's nuclear program, threats of closing of the Straits of Hormuz, the oil sanctions, and Iran's threats towards other oil producing Arab nations. Iran has also been working at strengthening its ties with Syria, the Hezbollah in Lebanon, Shiite groups in Iraq, and ties to groups in Palestine and Afghanistan. According to Mansour (2008), Iran has many tools in place that have a major impact on their surrounding countries and on the United States. Iran is gaining allot of ground on becoming a dominating force within its region and is growing as a major influence on many countries. Iran is continuously gaining stronger alliances with some of its neighboring Arab communities including Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Iraq, and Afghanistan. Even though the United States has worked with some of these countries in the past, it may prove to be difficult for some of them to choose sides if a conflict…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Iranian Nuclear Power Concerns

...Concern continues to grow about the developing Iranian nuclear capability. Through a variety of sources, the CIA believes it has access inside a heretofore unknown Iranian nuclear facility, deep underground and with very limited access, even by Iranian officials. The CIA's asset has the capability to disrupt the Iranian operation, either by means of planting a virus in the facility's computer system or by causing a disruption through the planting of a bomb or similar object. (LENGTH 4 - 5 pages doublespaced PLUS citations) Answer: the nuclear program of Iran was launched in 1950’s in collaboration with the United States of America as part of the Atoms of Peace program. During the Iran-Iraq war in 1980’s, over 100,000 Iranian troops and civilians became the victims of chemical weapons. So Iran is has a first- hand knowledge of the effects of Weapons of Mass destruction. It has signed different treaties such as Nuclear-non Proliferation Treaty to show its concern about the risks of WMD. But now the true intentions of Iran on developing the nuclear capability are unknown. The U.S. intelligence agencies assessed that if Iran pursue to achieve the chemical weapons capability again it would be unlikely that it achieve this capability before 2013 or it might extends till 2015.( US Intelligence,2009). Iran nuclear program includes several research sites, two uranium mines, a research reactor and uranium enrichment facilities that include three known uranium enrichment plants.......

Words: 1061 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Management

...Malik ♣ Abstract The pragmatic facets like geography and history have always imprinted the demographical mosaic and development of a civilisation. The civilisations have always developed along the waters. The waters have been used as trade route since long and the modern trade has further enhanced the need of trade through waters. Pakistan being a gateway to the strategically important 'Strait Of Hurmoz' in the Indian Ocean, blessed with hidden treasures and bordering two Islamic Republics, Afghanistan and Iran, has always been a centre piece for Regional Politics. The emergence of Gwadar Port as a vibrant regional economic hub has caused the regional and extra regional powers to develop strategic and infra structural development with Gwadar Port to reach the energy rich Central Asian Republics (CARs). Iran and Dubai Port World (UAE) have interests to keep Gwadar Port out of competition as it serves as a gateway to Strait of Hurmoz. Pakistan needs to be addressing all the concerns to make Gwadar as a regional energy corridor. Key Words: Strategic, Gwadar, Sea lines of communications, Caspian region, Indian ocean Geo Strategic Importance “If we see this whole region, it is like a funnel. The top of the funnel is this wide area of Central Asia and also China's western region. And this funnel gets narrowed on through Afghanistan and Pakistan and the end of this funnel is Gwadar port. So this funnel, futuristically, is the economic funnel of this whole region” (Former President......

Words: 5237 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Value Chain Challenges

...Value Chain Challenges Toyota has one of the most streamlined global value chains of any organization. Even so, the organization sees challenges when investing in different countries around the globe. Iran and Turkey will be evaluated as Toyota looks to expand into countries where they currently do not operate. The evaluation will include an analysis of the legal and ethical issues, political stability, financial considerations, infrastructure, geography, suppliers, manufacturers, socioeconomic and cultural factors. Legal and Ethical Issues Doing business in Iran is taken personal on every level; from government officials to working employees. Networking is usually done through friends and family. Asking for favors is never an issue as long as they can be repaid. Iran always has been seen as a security concern to the United States and other countries. Iran has been targeted by the Financial Action Task Force for money laundering and ties with Latin American countries. Speculation of Iran’s association with the Venezuelan government has Iran paying them to mine uranium for the Iranian government (Ethics World, 2010). Turkey is out to fix the corruption within its country by establishing harsher legal policies and regulation that allow the country’s businesses to meet EU standards of governance. Turkey’s new outlook on life can be summed up in a quote found on an international blog site, created by Aleksander Shkolnikov. “When governments are corrupt, there is less......

Words: 1673 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Magic Carpet Trip Around the World in 40 Minutes.

...badly. Instability is there in general. Iran and Saudi Arabia= enemies . Nuclear weapons. -Persian Gulf-> -Iran sponsors terrorism, better than Alkada. Doesn’t believe in the state of Israel and they pursue nuclear weapons. Iranian Sheia endure pain Conflict with Iran and Israel -Afghanistan & Pakistan-> both governments are weak in not providing services -weak economy, and the floods only worsened this -also terrorists threat to kill/replace governments -nuclear weapons Afghan -situation where their President reelection frauds, lots of candidates (this is positive), Nader is responsible for security in Afghan. -Need connection between police, army and President or no people will follow -If vote, were threatened to be killed, so the women would dress as mourners to vote. They want to change their government. They want improvement. They want a good government. Iraq- 50,000 troops there. Iraqis can handle their own internal security. Violence is there because of uncertainty about where the government is going. -French foreign minister says positive things about Iraq (first foreign power to do so) “The democratic Iraq has potential for changing dynamics in the middle east.” (Because the middle east with Israel and all the tensions and constant battles, this says a lot and gives hope to a light out of the constant tension this region is constantly in.) -China-> not traditional military threat; -growing economy power but millions in......

Words: 588 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Emerging Economic and Political Conflicts as Threat to Prosperity

...EMERGING ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL CONFLICTS AS THREAT TO PROSPERITY Biyash Chakraborty MBA- International Business Email: chakraborty.biyash93@gmail.com University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun. (Uttarakhand), INDIA __________________________________________________________________________ Abstract India’s rapid economic growth has made it the second fastest growing energy market in the world. Its domestic and international strategies has produced foreign policy differences with the United States that will require careful management on both sides. India’s basic approach to energy diplomacy has been to develop its supply potential and neutralize its potential competitors, principally China. India’s strategic interest in Iran as its energy partner and then the Iraq crisis are having a negative consequence on its economic prosperity, placing it on crossroads with the US. There is a divide between US and EU about the wisdom and desirability of imposing harsh economic sanctions on Russia. In any such confrontation, EU stands to lose much more than the US, though it can be argued that Russia will be the worst loser. In future, Russia may try to find new potential market for its gas and that could be India. So it is important for India to take its stand on Ukraine crisis carefully without tarnishing its relation with USA. India’s long-term prosperity hinges to some degree on a conflict free neighborhood; that an economically integrated region is in......

Words: 8568 - Pages: 35

Free Essay

The United States and the Middle East

...that hasn’t shown any lasting progress for decades, it’s time for the United States to take another look at its political strategy for achieving lasting peace in the region. With the events of early 2011 in the Middle East, otherwise known as Arab Spring, the region has become highly unstable and vulnerable to the influences of terrorism. This is a critical time for the United States to reestablish healthy diplomatic relations in the region in order to decrease the spread terrorism and harsh anti-American sentiment as well as bring about a lasting peace. In order for America to improve its foreign affairs in the Middle East it needs to finish strong in Iraq and Afghanistan, reach a peace agreement in Israel, push for more diplomacy with Iran, and support the rebels in Syria fighting injustice. By involving the rest of the world in the current situation in the Middle East the United States can build better diplomatic relations and bring about peace more rapidly, while also decreasing the already massive strain the region has on its economy. The second war in Iraq never should have happened. Though this is a bold statement that possibly discredits the sacrifice of thousands of American soldiers, it is a concept that should be considered when moving forward with diplomatic relations towards other countries nearby. Brash actions by the United States in the Middle East have the possibility of causing wars that are too costly to the American government financially and too......

Words: 4029 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Lebanon the Israel Hamas Hezbollah Conflict

...Israel this past summer, the United States was nonetheless a central player in the war. U.S. policy was defined by staunch American support for Israel and repeated calls by U.S. officials to use the crisis as a means to get at the root causes of violence in the region. What were the American objectives in this war? Does a preliminary assessment suggest that Washington took steps toward achieving them? How does U.S. policy on the Arab-Israeli conflict look moving forward? American Objectives in the Israel-Hezbollah War Two global foreign policy commitments informed the United States view of the Israel-Hezbollah confrontation this past summer; the war on terror and the democratization of the Middle East. Since September 11, 2001, the American war on terror has been defined to include several different international actors. In his speech of September 20, 2001, President George W. Bush stated that the war would “not end until every terrorist group of global reach has been found, stopped and defeated,” and that “any nation that continues to harbor or support terrorism will be regarded by the United States as a hostile regime.” In addition, he warned, terrorists could not be accommodated but instead must be met by force. This approach has most directly been applied to al-Qaeda and its satellites, the Taliban in Afghanistan, and Saddam Hussein’s regime. But it has also generated a general lack of U.S. sympathy for any terrorist groups that target American allies, even if the......

Words: 6445 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Nuclear Energy in the Uae

...over the next half century squeezes the issue further more and turns it into a national concern; predominately with the possible repercussions on the UAE’s prosperous economy. Looking forward, the UAE government is embarking upon a nuclear program to build four nuclear reactors at Barakah near the capital Abu Dhabi by 2020, declaring nuclear energy to be the most practical solution to the rapidly growing energy requirements in the UAE. Critics of this plan deem it to be expensive, extremely risky, and an unwise move given the UAE’s geographical position in the middle of an area sparked by political tension due to nuclear issues in Iran and terrorist organizations in the Levant and Yemen. Despite the aforementioned criticism, nuclear energy is unequivocally the most efficient solution to address the rapidly growing energy requirements in the UAE, a capable long-term replacement for oil, and a potential imperative factor in mitigating CO2 emissions in the UAE, consequently preserving the environment and the ecological system of the UAE. Economics, the Environment, and Nuclear Energy Nuclear energy is a viable, commercially competitive option which would contribute to the UAE’s economy and future energy security. To begin with, the UAE relies on natural gas and oil to produce 98 percent of its electricity. Regarding oil, demand continues to grow, but Earth’s endowment of oil is finite. The U.S. Department of Energy’s Energy Information Administration expects global oil demand......

Words: 1835 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Sri Lankan Oil Market

...is meant by population in the earth and is growing dramatically. A research is saying that rate of growth is 2.2% per year which was reached in 1963. Currently it is expected that in 2042 population will reach nearly 9 billion. Let’s look at impact of population on fuel consumption. Significant factor world widely causes increase in petroleum demand is the population growth. There are predictions say that the oil production by 2030 will have declined back to 1980 levels as worldwide demand for oil significantly out paces the production. So clearly rate of oil production per capita is falling, and that the decline has occurred due to politically incorrect form of population control may be implied by mitigation. Oil production per capita has declined from 5.26 barrels per year in 1980 to 4.44 barrels per year in 1993, but then increased to 4.79 barrels per year in 2005. In 2006, the world oil production experienced a downturn from 84.61 to 84.597 million barrels per day even though the population was under increasing path. Some historical events that affect the oil price in the world market  Arab Oil Embargo (Yom Kippur War) In 1972, the price of crude oil was below $3.50 per barrel. The Yom Kippur War started with an attack on Israel by Syria and Egypt on 1973. The United States and many countries in the western world showed support for Israel. In reaction to the support of Israel, several Arab exporting nations joined by Iran imposed an embargo on the countries......

Words: 3070 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

China Russia Pipeline

...want to break free from their growing dependence on Russian energy supplies, desperately need supplies from the region to make the Nabucco pipeline viable. And the Russians are trying to thwart this. One key battleground is Azerbaijan, which has yet to declare whether it will feed Nabucco with its gas. Its decision is critical. Right now there's major pipeline battle going on – one that will have a profound impact on the future of American energy production. And I'm not talking about the Keystone Pipeline. In fact, this underreported story is happening in a place that few Americans energy investors would be able to locate on a world map. But what happens there will have a real impact on their investment portfolios – for the better. You see, recent moves by Russia, Iran, and especially China have just improved U.S.-based energy prospects. That's why today we're going to focus on one country many people haven't heard much about before: Turkmenistan. And we're ready to capture some profits from it. Land-Locked and Loaded With Fuel These developments center on the Caspian Sea basin and the Central Asian country of Turkmenistan, in particular. The Caspian Sea is one of the two last major new sources of oil and gas on the globe. The other (the Arctic Circle) is less accessible and much costlier to develop. So this is an important oil and gas center. As you can see on the map below, the hub of the activity is just north of Iran. Five countries......

Words: 2050 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Iran

...administration’s 2014 National Security Strategy comes amidst increasing criticism of its strategic savvy. Some are rank partisan, some Monday-morning quarterbacking. Some, though, reflect the intensifying debate over the optimal U.S. foreign policy strategy for our contemporary era. At one end of the debate are those advocating retrenchment, who see limited global threats on one hand and prioritize domestic concerns on the other—be they the budget-cutting of the Tea Party right or the nation-building-at-home of the progressive left. At the other end are neoconservatives and others pushing for re-assertiveness. This is based on a bullish assessment of U.S. power and the contention that it still is both in the U.S. national interest and that of world order for the United States to be the dominant nation. While retrenchment overestimates the extent to which the United States can stand apart, reassertiveness overestimates the extent to which it can sit atop. The United States must remain deeply and broadly engaged in the world, but it must do so through a strategy of recalibration to the geopolitical, economic, technological, and other dynamics driving this 21st-century world. This entails a re-appraisal of U.S. interests, re-assessment of U.S. power, and re-positioning Bruce W. Jentleson is a Professor at Duke University, Sanford School of Public Policy, and currently Distinguished Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. From......

Words: 9655 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

The Unnecessary Wars

...calculating, is eminently deferrable. Should the United States invade Iraq and depose Saddam Hussein? If the United States is already at war with Iraq when this article is published, the immediate cause is likely to be Saddam's failure to comply with the new U.N. inspections regime to the Bush administration's satisfaction. But this failure is not the real reason Saddam and the united States have been on a collision course over the past year. The deeper root of the conflict is the U.S. position that Saddam must be toppled because he cannot be deterred from using weapons of mass destruction (WMD). Advocates of preventive war use numerous arguments to make their case, but their trump card is the charge that Saddam's past behavior proves he is too reckless, relentless, and aggressive to be allowed to possess WMD, especially nuclear weapons. They sometimes admit that war against Iraq might be costly, might lead to a lengthy U.S. occupation, and might complicate U.S. relations with other countries. But these concerns are eclipsed by the belief that the combination of Saddam plus nuclear weapons is too dangerous to accept. For that reason alone, he has to go. Even many opponents of preventive war seem to agree deterrence will not work in Iraq. Instead of invading Iraq and overthrowing the regime, however, these moderates favor using the threat of war to compel Saddam to permit new weapons inspections. Their hope is that inspections will eliminate any hidden WMD stockpiles......

Words: 4987 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Recent Iran Relations and Tourism

...http://i2.cdn.turner.com/cnn/2013/images/11/24/iran.text.pdf • Pause efforts to further reduce Iran's crude oil sales, enabling Iran's current customers to purchase their current average amounts of crude oil. Enable the repatriation of an agreed amount of revenue held abroad. For such oil sales, suspend the EU and U.S. sanctions on associated insurance and transportation services. • Suspend U.S. and EU sanctions on: o Iran's petrochemical exports, as well as sanctions on associated services.5 o Gold and precious metals, as well as sanctions on associated services. • Suspend U.S. sanctions on Iran's auto industry, as well as sanctions on associated services. • License the supply and installation in Iran of spare parts for safety of flight for Iranian civil aviation and associated services. License safety related inspections and repairs in Iran as well as associated services. • Establish a financial channel to facilitate humanitarian trade for Iran's domestic needs using Iranian oil revenues held abroad. Humanitarian trade would be defined as transactions involving food and agricultural products, medicine, medical devices, and medical expenses incurred abroad. This channel would involve specified foreign banks and non-designated Iranian banks to be defined when establishing the channel. o This channel could also enable: transactions required to pay Iran's UN obligations; and, direct tuition payments to universities and colleges for Iranian students......

Words: 3878 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

The Theory of Globalization in Dubai

...The Theory of Globalization in Dubai William Jackson Jr Keller School of Graduate Management Abstract This paper will explore Dubai, the world’s fastest growing city on the Arabian Gulf which features the most amazing projects, that appears to be the new tourism model for the world. Mega-resorts featuring golf courses, marinas, hotels, housing estates, super-malls and entertainment facilities are mushrooming along coastlines in all continents. The globalization in Dubai will be presented utilizing examples from South Africa, Vietnam, the Bahamas and Mexico. Many of those Mega-resort and housing complexes are built by Middle Eastern companies utilizing capital from the Middle East. The city of Dubai tourism-related projects are called “bubbles set to burst”. One analyst, called Dubai “the harshest of lessons in the perils of rampant property speculation”. The property, tourism and golf industries have already suffered downturns as a result of the global credit crunch, and the majority of the ambitious resort projects may not survive the current economic crisis. Developers and speculators will lose money, but the major losers will be local communities and the environment. In addition to concerns about the economic risks, there are growing worries about the global food shortage crisis and how it impacts of climate change. But decision-makers are careless when it comes to giving the green light to constructing monstrous resorts and......

Words: 4760 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Sharing Power? Prospects for a U.S. Concert-Balance Strategy

...balancer may be a better alternative type of concert-balance strategy with today’s world political landscape. The growing multipolarity of the world political entities has to be taken into consideration in a shift in America’s strategic posture. The continued economic and military growth in China, the military reemergence of Russia and continual posturing of Iran helps advance the argument for a shift to a concert-balance strategy, with an emphasis on an over-the-horizon form. Countries like Germany, India, and Japan should be leveraged to allow them to emerge as regional balancers. Furthering these alliances regionally would allow the United States to maintain its strategic position and to balance while reducing its footprint.2 Further, support for this shift in strategy is the mounting debt of the United States and the current restructuring of our military more specifically our Army. As our national debt continues to grow and the constraints on our military’s resources mount, a change in strategy is paramount. The status quo of the Pax Americana is unsustainable in its current form.3 Defense spending cuts, reductions in uniformed personnel to pre-9/11 levels, combined with multiple regional engagements across the globe, America is on the brink of entering a “Lippmann Gap.”4 In a recent interview, Army Chief of Staff, General Raymond T. Odierno voiced his concerns that the military may not have the ability to deter, “the reason we have a military is to deter......

Words: 949 - Pages: 4