Premium Essay

The Historical Jesus

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By josephchibuogwu
Words 3451
Pages 14




DATE: MAY, 2016

It is worthy of note that the first four centuries of the life of the Church was nearly marred by the Christological heresies. Argument about the person and work of Jesus Christ. Arguments abound concerning the Historicity of the Christian religion, while many has maintained that Jesus had not intended a development of faith from his teachings, the quest to identify the historical Jesus and differentiate between the Jesus of history and the Jesus of faith is going on. One of those devastating heresies called Docetism appeared in the time of John the beloved, propounded by the Marcions and the Gnostics, a teaching that denied the human nature of Jesus Christ claiming that the body is matter and matter is evil, so that the body was just a “Phantom” a body merely given a human appearance in nature but not necessarily human, because they believe that God cannot associate with evil. So John wrote in his first epistle that “every Spirit that confesses not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God” 1John 4:3.
The Jesus of History is the Jesus of the Historical Quests which is by now is on the 3rd stage. The Christ of Faith is the Christ of the Christian belief. To have any sort of separation between the two is like having a separation between the WORD and the CHRIST contrary to the Christian faith that was in the beginning with God as mentioned by John in John 1:2, 14. One cannot separate Jesus from Christ or try to successfully explain the distinction in the Jesus of History and the Christ of Faith. The Church acknowledges Jesus as the Christ, the Son of God who lived, died and rose again Matt.16:16, He is the Jesus of Nazareth.
Arguments and...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Jesus: Advocating Community

...Jesus: Advocating Community Some would say God, or the author of Genesis, got it right: "It is not good for man to be alone." For as long as there have been humans, there have been communities. We are communal beings. From the first small tribes to the modern day mega cities, communities have evolved just as much as the human species. There are many ways that one can identify with a community. Human beings as well as many other species, especially primates, need these groupings as much as most social animals. Watch as every Sunday thousands sit distant from their closest sports field, straining to see the players, although they can far more easily watch the game at home in the comfort of their living rooms. Yet, in modern times, the community seems to be falling apart. They are not as strong as they once were. It is time we look back to the social climate that forged one of the most influential revolutionaries of all time. The historical Jesus of Nazareth. As John Crossan said “If the supreme value for the twentieth-century American imagination is individualism , based on economics and property, that for the first-century Mediterranean imagination can be called, to the contrary, groupism.” Our society has experienced major social shifts that would be unimaginable to a small Jewish town in ancient Palestine. Individuals no longer realize they need to rely on others in the way they once did. Modern technology has pushed us farther and farther into our own homes and away...

Words: 804 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Luther on Simul Justus Et Peccator

...Christians through faith. In this regard, Luther explored the dissimilarities between the righteousness accorded to Christians as a gift through faith and Christian’s own proper righteousness which works in the power of the gift through Jesus to do different works of mercy and love. Consequently, Luther presented a Latin phrase that further described Christian justification, “Simul Justus et Peccator” which is directly interpreted as “simultaneously just and sinners.” Therefore, this paper will explain and evaluate Martin Luther’s ideas of the double righteousness possessed by Christians using his commentaries on Galatians and Romans as well as his 1519 sermon on two kinds of righteousness. Luther’s ideas on Simul Justus et Peccator and Justification Luther’s sermon on the two kinds of righteousness is associated with the reformers belief of salvation and living by faith and not works. The original justice presented by Luther is the alien righteousness that comes from without. This kind of righteousness is the righteousness of Jesus Christ and is ascribed through faith. Luther quotes the Bible in John 14:6 where Jesus Christ says ‘I Am the way, the truth, and the life.’ this form of righteousness is accorded to people in baptism after believing in Jesus Christ and beyond doubt being repentant. Luther’s argument is that the...

Words: 2814 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Quest for Historical Jesus

...Christology Quest For Historical Jesus There have been three modern quests for the historical Jesus influenced by the 27 books of the New Testament, especially the Gospels Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, since the first century C.E. The first quest began with the Enlightenment movement, which began as a result of increased value placed on individual thought and discovery, questioning of the truthfulness of the Bible and other church doctrines, and distinguishing the actual historical Jesus from the interpretations of Jesus that mixed small portions of history with greater amounts of theology. Hermann S. Reimarus was one of the first scholars to identify discrepancies. After his death philosopher Gotthold Lessing published Reimarus’ claim that Jesus was a Jewish reformer that encouraged Israel to replace Rome with the kingdom of God. After Jesus’ death the disciples presented him as a divine Savior, resurrected from death. Reimarus believed the disciples committed fraud; however David Strauss believed their writings to be mythological communication. These myths alone were not valuable, but were valuable in communicating religious truths. The second quest for the historical Jesus was initiated by Ernst Kasemann in 1953, as a reaction to Rudolf Bultmann’s rejection of the original quest. Bultmann dominated debates in the middle decades of the twentieth century. He was a Lutheran and helped move theology into the age of dialectical theology, where God was......

Words: 555 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Quest for the Historical Jesus

...Rosemarie Stanislaus Term Paper August 1, 2014 The Quest for the Historical Jesus INTRODUCTION Over the centuries scholars from around the world have written a lot about religion, its meaning, relevance and contribution to humanity. There have been many speculations upon the nature and historical background of Jesus Christ. Many scholars have tried to dig into the few clues as to His identity and come up with a human side to which we can all relate. The study of Christianity and how it relates to Jesus Christ is very important to the whole world. Concerning the issue of Christianity, for example, the majority of people are taught in most schools and churches that Jesus Christ was an actual historical figure and that the only controversy regarding him is that some people accept him as the Son of God and the Messiah, while others do not. While the historicity of Jesus is the most debated subject in the field of religion today, the most enduring and profound controversy in this subject is whether or not Jesus Christ really existed. This paper will discuss who Jesus is, the controversy and biblical sources based on the views of scholars surrounding the historicity of Jesus. Finally, this paper will give Biblical evidence that Jesus existed. WHO IS JESUS? It is generally accepted that Jesus was truly a man who walked the earth 2000 years ago. Almost every religion teaches that Jesus was a prophet, excellent teacher or a Godly man.......

Words: 2022 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Relivance and Contribution of Quest of Historical Jesus to Humanity

...Historical quest as a search or pursuit made to acquire meaning and historical as a systematic account of events and time relating human race. Therefore Quest for historical Jesus is the attempt made by a number of people to discover who Jesus was and is. Before the period of enlightenment, the church had only one image of Jesus Christ. He was unanimously and harmoniously accepted as presented by the gospels, the church doctrines and traditions and the liturgy. However, the emergences of the enlightenment period in the 18th century twisted events, minds and the faith of the people. Enlightenment was a period of philosophical movement characterized by belief in the power of the human reason and by innovations in political, religious and educational doctrines. Hence, human reason was the most appealing phenomenon. Everything was subjected to critical analysis and assessment by the intellect and those that were found plausible were treasured and the non-plausible rejected or considered as myth. In the light of this, to ascertain the truth regarding the what the gospels, the doctrines of the church and traditions taught Jesus they began questioning their faith so as to know what is truth and what is false, what to belief and what not to belief. As a result, many things which were not very clear to the mind about Jesus came up and as such the need for scientific rediscovery of the historical Jesus. Examples of such issues among others were the true historical identity of......

Words: 284 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

David Trobisch and David Parker on the Origin of the New Testament the Historical Jesus, and How Manuscripts Can Reveal What Texts Conceal

...David Trobisch and David Parker on the Origin of the New Testament, the Historical Jesus, and How Manuscripts Can Reveal What Texts Conceal Tom Dykstra I grew up with a picture of Paul traveling through Asia and Europe, founding congregations, counseling and teaching the men and women who had given their life to Jesus. If he could not visit them, he sent letters. When Paul died, his letters were kept as treasures. Each church that had received one of his letters saved it, had it read during worship services, and exchanged copies of the letter with other congregations close by. Later the congregations tried to complete their collection. But this view does not match the uniformity of manuscript evidence. --David Trobisch 1 It is even more remarkable that attempts to reconstruct the supposed document 'Q' (the lost collection used by both Matthew and Luke postulated by those who argue that Matthew and Luke are independent) use text-critical terminology to describe their activities. However, since all they are doing is making selections from a twentieth-century printed text, which does not even presume to provide confidently the text of the four-Gospel collection, never mind that of the independent first-century texts, this use of language must be dismissed as illusory. --David Parker 2 Modern scholarship has produced detailed biographies of Paul, massive multi-volume inquiries into “the historical Jesus,” and mountains of exegetical literature that claims to extract the......

Words: 12334 - Pages: 50

Premium Essay

Discussion Board 1

...metaphysical to historical Christology. This sparked the search for the historical Jesus in which two approaches, “Christology from Above” and “Christology from Below arose. Christology from above, associated closely with Rudolf Bultmann, Karl Barth, and Emil Brunner, was born from the idea that rather than studying the historical Jesus as a man, the best study would be of the resurrected Christ, His works and the relationship established by faith from His disciples. The ideas of this approach include: 1. The kerygma regarding Christ is a better basis for understanding than the historical account of His life. 2. Paul’s writings and the Book of John are preferred for study over the Synoptic Gospel’s historical accounts. 3. Faith in Christ is not contingent on rational proof. Brunnner does not concede a need to study the historical account of Christ’s life with respect to His different facets, one as God becoming incarnate in the flesh and the other revealed by Christ after the flesh. Brunner asserts the study of Christ in the flesh gives us greater insight to His Person in a historical sense than the alternative of Christ after the flesh which necessitates faith to fully comprehend. Therefore, the “Christology from above” approach takes church’s proclamation of Christ with the testimonies of “Christ after the flesh” with the study of Scriptural accounts of Christ for a better understanding of Him. Another approach to discover the historical Jesus came in......

Words: 1077 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Philosophy of Love

...Four Portraits, One Jesus: A Survey of Jesus and the Gospels Chapter 1: What are the Gospels? | Four Gospels, One Jesus | What are the four Gospels? | * Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John each paint a unique portrait of Jesus Christ | | * The Gospels exhibit both unity and diversity, bearing witness to the same Jesus | | (unity) but viewing them from unique perspectives (diversity) | What are the four unique portraits | * Matthew presents Jesus as the Jewish Messiah, the fulfillment of the Old | each Gospel paints of Jesus Christ? | Testament hopes | | * Mark portrays Jesus as the suffering Son of God, who offers himself as a | | sacrifice for sins | | * Luke portrays Jesus as the Savior for all people, who brings salvation to all | | nations and people groups | | * John portrays Jesus as the eternal son of God, the self-revelation of God the | | Father | | * Christology refers to Jesus’ person and work | What is the difference between the | * Mark is more dramatic, it is a powerful and vivid story; Matthew is the most | four Gospels? | structured of the Gospels; Luke is the most thematic, like God’s love for the lost, | | the role of the Spirit, and Jerusalem’s role in God’s plan resurfacing repeatedly; | | John is the most theological of the four, with more explicit statements | | concerning Jesus’ identity and purpose. | What are synoptic Gospels? | * Synoptic Gospels (from the Greek word......

Words: 850 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Explore the View That Lukes Only Purpose Was to Write from an Historical Account

...1 (a) Explain the arguments surrounding the dating of Luke’s Gospel. There has been arguments predicting the date of Luke's gospel and the possible dates are the AD60’s, AD80’s (middle late first century), AD180’s (late second century). The argument for the dating to be the AD60’s is that the book of acts had to have been written before AD62 as the book suddenly ends with the imprisonment of the apostle Paul. The book of acts ended with Paul’s imprisonment which was unexpected as it did not include any of the other important events that happened after the imprisonment took place for example: James martyrdom the brother of Jesus and the leader of Jerusalem which happened in AD62, also Paul’s martyrdom and the persecution of emperor Nero etc. Another example of evidence that Luke’s gospel was written before AD62 is that there is no mention of the fall of Jerusalem in the book of acts which happened in the AD70’s this was quite a big event that took place and was still not mentioned. The book of acts only seems to focus on the events that were relevant before the fall of Jerusalem. If the book of acts was written before AD62 then the gospel of Luke was written a short time before this. Luke’s purpose was to present the progression of the gospel from Jerusalem and Rome. Another possible date that is argued is the AD80’s as Luke’s knowledge of the great fall of Jerusalem as an event of the past is more apparent compared to Matthew and mark. Luke depended on marks gospel......

Words: 1006 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Verdict of History

...the autobiographies of Jesus be trust?”. Lee thought the gospels were just religious propaganda, made through imagination. But, Craig Blomberg, a specialist on it, had convincing information with good evidence supporting that they are reliable. The gospel writers wanted to preserve their experience and were honest. Some of the facts in the gospel included accurate historical facts of that time period. Although there are many forms of New Testament manuscripts, they are very similar to the old, original writings. Bruce Metzger, a world-class scholar, stated that the modern new testaments are 99.5 % free of textual discrepancies. Lee also asked himself, “Is there Credible evidence for Jesus outside his biographies?”. We have better evidence of Jesus than any other religion. There are sources outside the Bible that account for Jesus’ miracles, followers, crucifixion, and teachings. Also, there are no archaeological findings that disprove any Biblical reference. In fact, archaeology discoveries show that Luke, a writer of one of the gospels, was a careful historian. If he was so careful with his writings, why would we assume that he would create inaccurate reports of something so important? As historians look at the documents that relate back to the time of Jesus, there is strong evidence that support that Jesus of History is the same as Jesus of faith. Many people have wondered if Jesus was crazy, but psychologist Gary Collins overrules this conspiracy. Jesus showed no signs......

Words: 929 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Worldview in the Book of John

...the bible, the historical-cultural context must be considered to provide the necessary insight to grasp the intended message. The first background to investigate would be the writer. Understanding the writer’s faith would tell a lot about why he is writing and under what circumstance(s). Secondly, the historical setting would provide some insight into the definitions and types of wording and sentence structures used. This would significantly allow the reader to “convert” into modern day literary styles. Thirdly, the culture during the times of the writings will significantly provide insight into the why the message is being given. Including these aspects into your study of God’s Word, as written during ancient times, will provide you a correct understanding of the message and application today. John 2:1-21 documents Jesus’ first documented miracle. The historical reference that I feel needs to be understood is that Mary’s relationship with Jesus. She is well aware of His origin as God’s son before His birth as well as the events surrounding His birth. This accounts for her statement to the servants in John 2:5 “His mother said to the servants, “Whatever He says to you, do it””. Based on this historical background, she knew who He truly was and He could provide. The first cultural reference to be investigated would be the wedding itself. Is it the same ceremony as practiced today? The Jewish weddings during this time were longer and since Mary, Jesus, and His......

Words: 581 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Crucifixion of Jesus

...The Crucifixion of Jesus Christ The crucifixion of Jesus Christ is a complicated historical event which is discussed from many perspectives including the biblical perspective that includes Christian theology, with Jesus’ death being a necessary event for the atonement of humanity’s sins. A more historical perspective gives attention to the Romans, where we can look at why crucifixion was the chosen means to punish Jesus. Also, a Jewish perspective is also required to complete the picture. There are not many primary sources on this matter as it occurred 2000 years ago, so interpretations of the New Testament, more specifically the gospels, are the sources of information that can be used on this matter. The gospels were also most likely written in the Aramaic language and later translated to Greek, and now translated to English. So there is also a large possibility of misinterpretation through these translations. Because of these limitations, the truth of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ is not entirely clear, though, a picture can be painted using these perspectives mentioned, however unclear. Despite the lack of clarity of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, there are still events we can say that occurred with a fair amount of certainty, even 2000 years ago. Even the existence of Jesus himself is argued by some scholars but we will agree he was a real man for the sake of this article. As for the crucifixion itself, we can also agree on some facts. Firstly, Jesus was crucified......

Words: 1724 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Evidence for Jesus

...Jessica Owens Life & Teachings January 27, 2013 Evidence for Jesus Unexplainable things and/or occurrences are usually dismissed because it is easier to deny them than to believe in the idea of a miraculous event. Most deny them out of fear and others deny them because they don’t understand, but whatever their reasons have been none have ever proven beyond a shadow of a doubt that Jesus Christ did not exist. Our history books are filled with facts that most people in this life time cannot confirm as fact or deny, but we believe in them and teach our children about them without hesitation. Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laënnec invented the stethoscope in 1816, Edwin Beard Budding invented the lawn mower in 1830, Jacob Perkins invented the refrigerator in 1834, and a host of other inventions have occurred since the beginning of time. Who can actually prove that the data provided in relation to these inventions was accurately recorded? So why is it so hard to believe that Jesus Christ, the son of God existed? One explanation could be that people fear what they don’t understand? The acts performed by Jesus Christ were “divine” this concept is something that non-believers do not understand. Although Christianity is the only religion that is historically based, there are several forms of evidence that prove Jesus was indeed a real historical person (Hewer). Based on the Eyewitness Evidence, the documentary Evidence, the Corroborating Evidence, and the Circumstantial......

Words: 1515 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay


...dedication and faith in the Lord. Because Abraham had agreed to God’s will, his son was saved and God did not require Abraham to go through with the sacrifice. As a reward for the faith shown to God, he made Abraham the father of the nation Israel and his offspring would grow to be a great nation. This is the formation of Israel as a nation and the beginning of the salvation story. Abraham spread the message of God’s promise of salvation to his people. After man sinned and was thrown from the Garden of Eden, God put his plan of salvation into action and promised to send his Son as the ultimate offering of love to bear the sins of the world through his death. When looking at the New Testament we see the answer to all of the prophecies in Jesus Christ, sent by God to atone for the sins of mankind. Now after the formation of the great nation of Israel, God’s people, they fell into slavery and oppressed by the Pharaoh of Egypt. Israel required deliverance out of Egypt, and in the book of Exodus, God sent forth another prophet to bring the people out of slavery. In Exodus chapters 1-20 we see the story of Moses. He was spoken to by God and asked to rescue the nation of Israel. When Moses went to Pharaoh and asked for the release of the Israelite slaves, he refused. With God’s help Moses put the wrath of God on Egypt in the form of the great plagues. Finally Pharaoh was forced to give in to the release of God’s...

Words: 1008 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Theology of Missions

...Christians know how important Missions are to furthering the Kingdom of God. Some are much more involved than others, but it is something we all should have at the forefront of our thoughts and prayers. Whether you are called to go into mission work yourself or to just support it financially or through prayer, we all play a significant part in fulfilling the great commission. The scriptures have plenty to say about missions and this paper will just touch on the surface of what the theology of missions is all about. Old & New Testament Missions We see that starting in Genesis, missions have remained the same throughout history. God is the one who first established missions: He speaks, He acts, and He sends. Thousands of years before Jesus’ incarnation, the protoevangelion in Genesis 3:15 which reads, “I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.” (ESV), promised a Savior. In essence this laid the foundation for the message of a redeemer that all would need to hear. Rooted in God’s faithfulness, this...

Words: 1708 - Pages: 7