Free Essay

The History of Black Women Hair

In: Historical Events

Submitted By pookey
Words 418
Pages 2
The History of Black Women Hair
In the early year black women faces problems with managing their hair and creating different hair styles to wear.
The black woman was limited to styles when it came to doing black hair. The texture of black women’s hair was woolly, thick, unmanageable and bushy. Many would cover their hair with wigs. Many kept their hair in a bush, or braids, and others pulled the hair back into a pony-tail.
In 1905, steel hot comb with teeth spaced for apart for thick hair was invented by Sarah Breedlove giving the black women straight hair (Sarah Breedlove, 2009, p. 2). Women all over were using the straightening comb getting the straight long lengthy hair that was more manageable for combing. In 1928, Marjorie Joyner invented permanent relaxer for the black women hair (Bellis, 2009, p. 2). This new method would soften and smooth black women hair. The textured of the black women’s hair had changed stronger, straighter, more manageable, soft and smooth. The permanent relaxer was better than straightening comb because the straight of hair lasts longer after using the permanent relaxer. The styles were holding up longer. Being able to manage the hair became easier. Black women everywhere were using the product permanent relaxer in their hair. The permanent relaxer was such hit among the black women. Marjorie Joyner improved the permanent relaxer into a permanent wave machine that could perm and curl black women hair.
The permanent relaxer and curls has giving black women’s hair that flexibility needed to create different hair styles. To managed hard hair styles and soft hair styles with the permanent relaxer straightening the hair. The straightening of the hair made it easier to cut black women’s hair, giving the hair that flexibility to be cut into different hair styles, even if the styles were short, medium, and long. Coloring was introduce to black women, with the different colors black women wear red, gold, purple, and blonde in their hair. These colors last for month.
Beauty shops around the world are doing black women’s hair. Black women are spending hours in beauty shop having different treatments done to their hair. Today black women can color and styles the hair by perming the hair, curling, wave curls, straightening, cutting, twists, braids, bush, and straightening braid, flat iron, etc. The styles and colors give black hair long lasting look for a long period. Today black women’s is wearing many different hair styles and color their no limits.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Marketing

...dress up in such a way that it reflects their personalities (Lamb, Hair and McDaniel 2013, 132).Therefore, it can be said that men corresponding to this profile will be willing to buy this perfume. Men aged 25 to 40 years old have been targeted because the price of the perfume is quite high. Adolescents or young adults will not be able to afford this perfume and it will not be appropriate for people above 40 years old onwards. ‘’LE BEAU MALE’’ corresponds mainly to working men who perceive themselves as being handsome, smart, successful , attractive and who have a certain status to maintain. Moreover, the endorsement by Jean Paul Gaultier is a pure sign of status. Fashion conscious men who are usually attracted by luxury products would most probably buy this particular flacon. It can be seen from advertisement one that men have been targeted and that the perfume has been designed in a luxurious manner. Additionally, it is young married couples or divorced men without children who would be tempted by this new cologne as these people are already earning a salary. In the case of divorced men without children, they will buy this perfume as back to single; they will most probably go on dates every week and will put on an attractive perfume (Lamb, Hair and McDaniel 2013, 133).Furthermore, this kind of perfume also tallies with achievers, that is, successful, goal-oriented men who focus on career and family (Lamb, Hair and McDaniel 2013, 187). The...

Words: 1685 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Sagar

...Strategies in Indian Hair Colour Industry EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The project has been prepared after an in-depth study of hair colour industry keeping in mind the objective of exploring and scrutinizing the various competitive strategies being adopted by various giant players and several indigenous brands. The hair colour industry in India is a relative smaller subset of the entire cosmetic industry which is oriented towards providing various beauty and skin care products. The hair colour industry represents the group of firms that offer products or a class of products used for colouring hair that are close substitutes for one another. India being an emerging market for hair colour products and with the introduction of several foreign brands such as L’Oreal, Wella, Schwarzkopf, etc along with some indigenous brands, the Indian hair colour market constitutes a differentiated oligopoly market where one can find products ranging from Godrej and Black Rose kali mehndi to L’Oreal professional series varying in terms of quality, features, styling, product price and customer satisfaction. OBJECTIVES 1. To identify and enlist the various interlinked and potential competitors in the Indian hair colour industry. 2. To analyse and evaluate the various competitive strategies being adopted by the competitors. 3. To determine the effectiveness of the adopted competitive strategies via consumer responses. History Godrej was one of the early pioneers in the hair......

Words: 1521 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Biracial Identities Within the African American and White Communities

...Biracial Identities within the African American and White Communities Black enough, white enough, light or dark enough are just a few aspects to a biracial individual’s physical perception. For many with one ethic background, understanding who and what they are tends to be reflections of the expectations that are held by society. Those who carry a dual ethnic background have dealt with many expectations of identification not only by society but by standards upheld culturally as well as a parental influence in regards to exposure to both ethnicities. From early interactions of blacks and whites, a slave master and his slaves operated with a purpose to erase blacks from society and purify the American race. These actions transitioned the views of biracial individuals into a focus of passing through society as color was essential and being too dark was detrimental. Historically, self identification and association with specific ethnic backgrounds were dismissed to fit society’s standards causing one to identify as more white than black. Passing through the early 20th century became an important component to a person deriving from the African American and White communities. Jim Crow laws and other governmental provisions denied many African Americans opportunities in everyday life because of their darker skin causing a huge jump for those who were biracial; black and white to take advantage of their light skin to “pass” in order to get through society. Light bright skin just...

Words: 2587 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

African American Folklore

...African American Folklore Dr. Burns 11:00-12:30 How Does My Hair Look? Perhaps one of the most asked beauty questions, besides “Does this make my butt look fat,” women and men are obsessed with hair. This has not changed over time and probably will never change. Hair is a vital part of personality and self-esteem. However, hair styles differ with skin color and culture. As a white woman, I know all about hair styles for my race. However, I am very interested in learning about the very complex world of weaves, braids, and relaxers of the African American race. It seems like there are tons of hair styles for African Americans. I am going to explore everything from natural black hair to relaxing, crimping, coloring, and other various styles. I want to know the fads, what’s “in” and what’s “out”, as well as the norms for African American hair. I will be interviewing Jasmine Smith, Jamelle Shaw, Kalin Gragg, Brianna Hurley, and interviewing/observing some people from “Daddy Cutz” barber shop. I also will be observing in some other black hair salons, but I am waiting for consent from Gods House of Beauty in Jonesboro. Even if Gods House of Beauty declines my request to observe and interview, I am going to call some other hair salons because I need to observe so I can get an authentic feel of what goes on in an African American barber shop/hair salon. I am also going to do a brief history of African American hair and how it has evolved into what it is today. The barber......

Words: 366 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Beauty

...History of makeup Have you ever wondered beauty can be a pain? We often say beauty is pain, but people in ancient times actually believed it. The first use of makeup was found in ancient Egypt around 400 BC. Later, the ancient Greeks and Romans started using makeup but were unaware use of life threatening chemical properties such as uses of mercury and white lead. The ancient Egyptians had a wide amount of makeup utensils. They mainly used kohl to outline the eyes. Kohl was made up of lead, copper, burned almonds, soot and other ingredients. The ancient Egyptians believed that eye makeup could ward off evil spirits and improve better eye sight. Over the centuries, women used burnt matches to darken their eyes, berries to stain lips. They used a young boy’s urine to remove freckles and they also swallowed ox blood to improve their complexions. Women used homemade cosmetics usually to improve their beauty. They put their beauty and health at risk by using and experimenting with the dangerous chemicals such as arsenic, lead, mercury and even leeches to give themselves a pale appearance deemed beautiful in the old day. The uses of makeup were different all around the world. They used make up and other beauty products for different purposes. Middle East (Persia): Persian women used henna to stain their hair and faces with the belief that these dyes enabled them to summon the majesty of the earth. Europe: According to Church leaders beliefs during middle ages the......

Words: 1578 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

How to Dye Hair Like a Professional

...English Research Paper Which are the screts about hair dying? Writing about this topic would be beneficial to me because I can improve myself in a better way. Learn new techniques to start dying hair. This will also let people know specially woman that you don’t necessarily need to go to an expensive hair salon to do something to your hair, a friend or someone else can do it at home, but that person really needs to know what she’s doing so she or he won’t mess it Up. To some people it will require a lot of experience to learn. Although some people are quick learners like I am, I been experimenting new things all the time, on my own hair my sisters and some friends who are brave enough to let me do their hair. Luckily no one has ever complained on how I do it. That’s the reason why I chose this topic because I know I can learn more by researching on articles, WebPages, and books from professionals. The tips they always give work pretty good. This topic should be pretty interesting and fun to learn about I’m sure that everyone has had some horrible hair dyeing experience and it seems like shaving your hair would be the only solution so that’s why I chose this topic for the people who don’t like to waste money on expensive hair salons can do it now by themselves at home or at a friend’s house. But like I said before they got to make sure to know what they’re doing they can’t just say, “Oh, I’m going to die my hair and make it look like celebrity”. No! That......

Words: 854 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Church Minutes

...At the Crossroads CAST & Characters: *Jocelyn Elders- Morlin McCoy *Lottie Shackleford Alice Walker -________________ Aunt Gert-Angela Doyne Barbara Jordan- Helen Boone Betty Shabazz – Tracey Shine Cicely Tyson –Wynona Bryant-Williams Coretta Scott King – Marva Davis Daisy Bates – Deborah Rhodes Dorothy Height – Angela Moore Fannie Lou Hammer-Pamela Grider-Cross Frankie Muse Freeman-Video Clip Harriet Tubman – Shae Allen Iyanna Vansant – Karen Lovelace Gabriel Douglas-Jadin Vincent Lalia Ali-________________________________ Madam C. J. Walker – Carole Austin Mary McLeod Bethune – Diane Butler Maya Angelou – JoNece Carter Michelle Obama-Crystal Barker Montgomery Bus Scene –Michelle Alderman, Ruby Dean, Alice McKay, Carol Nolly, Gwen Glasco, Claudace Staples Myrlie Evers – Judy Bradford Nikki Giovanni______________________ Oprah Winfrey – Joyce Silverman Pearl Bailey-Claudia Rogers Phillis Wheatley – Earlean Williams Phylicia Rashad – Dawn Banks Vincent Ruby Bridges & Teacher - Aja Ruby Dee– Gwen Glasco Security Team - __________________________ Shonda Rhimes- Beauti Simpson Sojourner Truth – Mae Etta Brown Sue Cowan Williams- Gwen Glasco Sylvia Clay-Keisha Smith Toni Morrison-Tamea Small Venus Williams – Judy Ward Woman #1-Carolyn Nolly Woman #2-Myeishia Parker Woman #3- Joy Stigall Choir Members: Aretha Franklin – Pamela Lewis Beyounce’ – Ashley Thomas Billie Holiday – Genine Perez Diana Ross – Crystal Stewart Gladys Knight- Sheila Hayes Jennifer......

Words: 8215 - Pages: 33

Premium Essay

African American Slavery

...upstanding citizen just like their white counterparts. The freed slaves went on to become prominent business owners and family men. They were still some racists who were appalled that they were allowed to go free. Slaves were not allowed to learn how to read and therefore could not read the bible. It was a way for the salves masters to protect themselves from the slaves getting a silly notion of equality from the bible. Religion became a big issue within the African American community. Black churches were established to allow them to come, worship, and not be segregated from their white counterparts.   Even during slavery, they would sing their songs while working hard in the field, praying to god he would see them through their trials and tribulations. Big afros and bell-bottom pants were in style during the 1900’s. It was a symbolism of how proud these men and women were to be African American a way for them to represent their African culture. Black hairstyles transcended across race lines with white women sporting big...

Words: 1600 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Contemporary Stereotypes

...Adrianne Council Dr. Harkins-Pierre Introduction to Humanities 115 October 24, 2011 Journal #Contemporary Stereotypes Contemporary Stereotypes: Three Play Summaries Thesis: Engaging in this journal assignment enabled the steadfast dedication of creative efforts to be geared toward creating three play summaries based on contemporary stereotypes that exist. I. Introduction: Stereotypes and comedy A. Historical comedy B. Stereotypes as a tradition C. Stereotypes and the Shakespearean Experience II. Body: Three Play Summaries A. “Marriage, Rings, and Things” B. “Run the World” C. “Dear Curl-ella” III. Conclusion: Stereotypes, roles, and Society A. Humor and the Audience B. Effects of Stereotypes C. Stereotypes Thrive Adrianne Council Dr. Harkins-Pierre Introduction to Humanities 115 October 24, 2011 Journal # Contemporary Stereotypes Contemporary Stereotypes: Three Play Summaries There is a trivial tradition in comedy which dates back to both Shakespearean plays and literature. This tradition involves the usage of a coined blend of comedy and......

Words: 1600 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Shaping My Diaspora Consciousness vs. Societ

...it is imperative that such topics be discussed and evaluated. Identity is a complex shaped by individual characteristics. Gender is however a group defined by masculinity and femininity, the attributes attached to being born male or female. Race is framed by social relations and historical context. All social conceptions formed by social construction. People don’t have an understanding of how society operates because of their environment. What is needed now, they were saying, is no longer an education faithfully dedicated to a critical understanding of the world, but an education strictly devoted to the technical training of a labor force (Freire 31). Before the African American slave trade race discrimination did not exist. In 1619 when blacks first were brought, religion and wealth...

Words: 1083 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Black Women in Civil Rights

...Black Woman Involved in the Black Power Movement Angela Davis HIU 301 Samantha Wilson December 4, 2013 There has been many civil rights movements throughout African American history, but none has gotten the most attention as the black power movement in the 1960s.Although we only hear about men during these periods there would not have been so much success without the women. The women were the real grassroots of the movement, but did not get as much recognition. When did the black power movement start? Many people are not sure, but the black power movement can be traced as far back to the 1920s with the Marcus Garvey movement, and his formation of the Universal Negro Improvement Association. The Universal Negro Improvement Association were followers of Marcus Garvey. Marcus Garvey was the first person to organize masses of black people, because he was very influential, he was able to attain that goal.1 The Marcus Garvey’s UNIA had the same goals like the black power, such as self-determination, self-pride, and unity. The UNIA slowly died down once Marcus Garvey became ill and subsequently died. 2 A couple of years after the UNIA died down, there were a couple of protests and marches such as the Meredith march and the march on Washington with A. Phillip Randolph and later Dr Martin Luther King. These marches did get some attention, but not the attention that the people desperately craved for.1 When you think of the......

Words: 2355 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Shakespeare Sonnet 130

...poet present love? Many poets through history have written about love, this essay will examine how love is presented in 2 poems. In 16 century William Shakespeare wrote Sonnet 130(1564-1616) sonnet 130 is one of Shakespeare’s most famous conventional and traditional love sonnets. He wrote a series of love poems to a woman named Laura. The scholars imagined the poem as "The Dark Lady." This poem is a love poem, the first 12 lines are described about her hair, the colour of her skin being negative, then on the last 2 lines he admire he loves her no matter how she looks. When we talk about “love” poem, the first thing come up from your mind is something like cajolery you'd find in a Valentine's Day card. Old love poems bring to mind flowery language and the kind of unrealistic glop that you could never bring yourself to say with a straight face. However sonnet 130 uses honesty to present the woman he loves, unlike other sonnet uses excessive or insincere praise to present love. Shakespeare presents love by metaphor He starts the poem out with a simile comparing his mistress' eyes to the sun. He then quickly switches over to using the metaphors to compare the rest of his mistress' characteristics, such as her breasts to snow and hair to wires. The rhyme scheme for the poem is “ababcdcdefefgg” The stress pattern in weak, strong, weak, and strong and Shakespeare. Also uses long vowel sounds. In line 4 the poet says "If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head. As read......

Words: 937 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

African Americans

...African Americans Gloria Graham HIS 204 American History Katie Filbeck February 25, 2013 This paper will discuss the progress of African Americans before and after the 1930s. It will also show their struggles and triumphs before and after they were given freedom. African Americans are descendents of Africa, They were brought to America around the 18th century to work and serve as slaves to some of the wealthier whites. They were force to work for little or nothing. They were treated very badly and lived on the plantations of their owners who purchased them through slave trades. African Americans before the 1930s During the Great Depression, blacks suffered a great deal when it came to jobs. Blacks were pushed out of jobs which they held before the depression by whites who would not be caught doing the types of jobs they held. Although Roosevelt administration National Recovery Act (NRA) stated that there was not to be nondiscriminatory in hiring, and blacks should get the same equal pay as whites, it didn’t employ blacks, but it remained to be racist whenever a black was hired. During the Great Depression, unemployment was very high, but there were some like “William Green” President of the American Federation of Labor that opposed segregation, but did nothing to support civil rights. Therefore blacks were forced to organize a separate union. Women during the Great Depression before the 1930s There were also women in the work force. The unemployment......

Words: 1272 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Cultural Observation: Secret Life of a Geisha

...Cultural Observation: Secret Life of Geisha To this day, the Geisha remains an iconic symbol of Japan’s culture and history. Geisha first appeared in the early 1600’s during the rule of the Shogun. At this time, Japan had isolated itself from the rest of the world and remained this way for hundreds of years. Geisha were originally male artists and entertainers who performed at banquets. Female prostitutes would also entertain male warriors at banquets inside the pleasure corridors. Eventually, some of the female prostitutes began learning the art of geisha in order to increase their clientele. Before long, more customers preferred the company of female geishas causing the male geishas to become obsolete. By 1779, Geisha art was declared an official line of business by the Kenban, a registry office, who stated that sex wasn’t allowed as part of geisha services. This was done to prevent competition between geisha and prostitutes. The word geisha means “artist,” and they must excel in dance, art, and literature. If a young woman desires to become a geisha, she must complete five years of training as an apprentice, or “maiko.” Each maiko has an older sister, which is an elite geisha who teaches her everything she needs to know. Geisha girls must leave their families and former life behind once they move into the geisha house. In the documentary The Secret Life of Geisha, Yuiko is a young maiko living and training at a geisha house in Kyoto. She expressed her worries about......

Words: 1382 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Primary Source Analysis on "The Feminine Mystique"

...The National Organization for Women (NOW) to help US women gain equal rights. She describes the "Feminine Mystique" as the heightened awareness of the expectations of women and how each woman has to fit a certain role as a little girl, an uneducated and unemployed teenager, and finally as a wife and mother who is happy to clean the house and cook things all day. After World War II, a lot of women's organizations began to appear with the goal of bringing the issues of equal rights into the limelight. The Feminine Mystique also seems to come from her determination to locate the deeper causes of the frustration that she and women like her feel. There are countless stereotypes mentioned in the book. The stereotypes even come down to the color of a woman's hair. Many women wish that they could be blonde because that was the ideal hair color. In The Feminine Mystique, Friedan writes that "across America, three out of every ten women dyed their hair blonde " (182). This serves as an example of how there is/was such a push for women to fit a certain mold which is portrayed as the role of women. Blacks were naturally excluded from the notion of ideal women and they suffered additional discrimination which was even greater than that which the white women suffered from. In addition to hair color, women often went to great lengths to achieve a thin figure. The look that Potter 2 women were striving for was the look of the thin model. Many women wore tight,......

Words: 1128 - Pages: 5