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The History of Ict

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Submitted By TanyaDelaney
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The History of Information and Communication Technology

Information and Communication Technology has been around for a long time. It has basically been around as long as people have been around. It has been around as there were always ways and needs of communicating through technology available at that point in time. ITC originates from simple beginnings such as the abacus. The abacus is said to have been originally invented 3,000 years before the birth of Christ. Revisions to its use and design continued for many years for example in 500 BC a bead and wire version was developed in Egypt. Early versions of the calculator were gradually replacing this primitive method of mathematics. In 1624 Wilhelm Schickard built the first four-function calculator-clock at the University of Heidelberg. Mechanical versions of the calculator were then developed, however calculators as we know them did not exist until 1780, when Benjamin Franklin discovered through experimentation electricity. The abacus is just one example of how ICT has developed throughout the years, below is a development timeline on how it has grown and improved in the most recent years.

Development Timeline:

1939 Hewlett Packard was founded. Hewlett Packard was founded by David Packard and Bill Hewlett in a Palo Alto, California Garage. The first product was the HP 200A Audio Oscillator, which rapidly became a popular piece of test equipment for engineers.

1943 Project Whirlwind began. During World War II, the U.S. Navy approached the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) about building a flight stimulator to train bomber crew. The team first built a large analog computer, however this was found to be inaccurate and inflexible. After the designers had seen a demonstration of the ENIAC computer they decided on building a digital computer.

1948 IBM SSEC IBM’s Selective...

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