Free Essay

The Impact of Education in "No Longer at Ease"

In: English and Literature

Submitted By daishiki
Words 3652
Pages 15
The Impacts of Foreign Education in Obi Okonwo's Life as Depicted in No Longer At Ease

Irwandi Hidayat

This paper titled "The Impacts of Foreign Education in Obi Okonwo's Life as Depicted in No Longer At Ease" will mainly focus on finding how foreign education changes Obi's Life. This paper will explore this issue by explaining how his foreign education affected his life and what impacts it brings to Obi's life.
This paper will use Post Colonialism Criticism to try to explain what happens to Obi after his foreign education. As a theoretical approach, postcolonialism asks readers to consider the way colonialist and anti-colonialist messages are presented in literary texts. It argues that Western culture is Eurocentric, meaning it presents European values as natural and universal, while Eastern ideas are, for example, inferior, immoral, or savage. What post-colonial literary criticism does is analyze literature written both by colonial powers and by those who were colonized in order to look at the cultural impact of colonization.
After further analysis are done regarding the impact of foreign education in Obi Okonkwo's life, the analysis concludes that there are three main impacts that are caused by Obi's foreign education. The first is the loss of identity that made Obi Okonkwo to feel uncomfortable whether he is Nigeria or England. This loss of identity has caused Obi to see all sorts of problems with his own culture, but on the other hand, he is not accepted by the Western either. The second impact is his growing disrespect of his own culture. Because of his education, Obi views his culture to be vastly inferior to western culture. The last one is an idealistic behaviour. After his education, Obi sees himself as a pioneer which means he sees himself as different and better that most nigerians.


No Longer at Ease is a book written by Chinua Achebe, a famous African writer. Through his novel, he tries to deliver a message about how foreign education has affected Africans. For example, when Obi Okonkwo returns to Nigeria from England, his foreign education separates him from his African roots. The book tells the story of Obi Okonkwo, a young man who returns home to Nigeria, after his studies in England. Eager to make a difference in his newly independent home country, Obi finds that he has to balance his career ambitions, with the expectations of his family and tribe mates. He takes up a prestigious job with the civil service, where over time, he finds himself confronted with a series of personal and professional dilemmas. Over time, he’s overwhelmed, gets morally compromised, and eventually slides into debt, as he tries to meet competing personal and societal demands. Despite starting out with the best intentions, he ends up a tragic failure.
Using Chinua Achebe's “No Longer at Ease” as the main object of research, this paper will focus on the impacts that foreign education has brought to Obi Okonkwo's life. To analyse the novel, this paper will use Post Colonialism Criticism as the main theory. Broadly a study of the effects of colonialism on cultures and societies, Post Colonialism Criticism is concerned with both how European nations conquered and controlled "Third World" cultures and how these groups have since responded to and resisted those encroachments.

Research Question
1. How does Foreign Education change Obi Okonkwo's ?
2. What are the impacts of foreign education in Obi Okonkwo's life ?
Research Objectives
1. To explain how foreign education has changed Obi Okonkwo ?
2. To explain the impacts caused by foreign education in Obi Okonkwo's Life ?

Literary Review
a. Post Colonialism Criticism
Post-colonial criticism is similar to cultural studies, but it assumes a unique perspective on literature and politics that warrants a separate discussion. Specifically, post-colonial critics are concerned with literature produced by colonial powers and works produced by those who were/are colonized. Post-colonial theory looks at issues of power, economics, politics, religion, and culture and how these elements work in relation to colonial hegemony where western colonizers controlling the colonized.
Post-colonial criticism also questions the role of the western literary canon and western history as dominant forms of knowledge making. The terms "first-world," "second world," "third world" and "fourth world" nations are critiqued by post-colonial critics because they reinforce the dominant positions of western cultures populating first world status. This critique includes the literary canon and histories written from the perspective of first-world cultures. The ultimate goal of post-colonialism is combating the residual effects of colonialism on cultures. It is not simply concerned with salvaging past worlds, but learning how the world can move beyond this period together, towards a place of mutual respect. This section surveys the thoughts of a number of post-colonialism's most prominent thinkers as to how to go about this.
Post-colonialist thinkers recognize that many of the assumptions which underlie the "logic" of colonialism are still active forces today. Exposing and deconstructing the racist, imperialist nature of these assumptions will remove their power of persuasion and coercion. Recognizing that they are not simply airy substances but have widespread material consequences for the nature and scale of global inequality makes this project all the more urgent.
A key goal of post-colonial theorists is clearing space for multiple voices. This is especially true of those voices that have been previously silenced by dominant ideologies - subalterns. It is widely recognized within the discourse that this space must first be cleared within academia. Edward Said, in his book Orientalism, provides a clear picture of the ways social scientists, specifically Orientalists, can disregard the views of those they actually study - preferring instead to rely on the intellectual superiority of themselves and their peers.

b. Colonial Identity
The colonial situation manufactures colonialists, just as it manufactures the colonized. If we are to look at how colonization created the identities of both the colonized and the colonizer, we must recognize that historical situations are created by people, but people are in turn created by these situations. The way a person sees the world, both geographically and culturally, is dictated by their abstract understanding of the world. Although culture does exist as a tangible entity, it is the abstract ideologies of comparison between cultures that create cultural identities situated in social, economic, and political hierarchies. It is in this abstract world of ideas that the colonizer, by creating the “other” which was to be colonized, created his own identity in opposition to that of the colonized.

c. The Colonialist that accepts
The colonist who was either born in the colony or traveled there to better himself economically (often those who traveled and established themselves in a colony were from poor or working class backgrounds; only in the colony did they have a chance to make something of themselves) and embraces the colonial structure in which he was, in his eyes, entitled to was obviously the majority of the colonists. By accepting the role of the colonizer, he accepted the responsibility and identity of both himself and the colonized. Although the colonized are an interracial and necessary economic part of the colony, the colonizer must disown the colonized and defend his identity both intellectually and physically. He must accept the violence and poverty he sees daily; it is his job to rationalize the actions of himself and fellow colonialists because he needs to absolve himself of the atrocities committed in the name of economic and cultural superiority.
This man, perhaps a warm friend and affectionate father, who in his native country (by his social condition, his family environment, his natural friendships) could have been a democrat, will surely be transformed into a conservative, reactionary, or even colonial fascist. He cannot help but approve discrimination and codification of injustice, he will be delighted at police tortures and, if the necessity arises, will become convinced of the necessity of massacres. The contradiction of his lifestyle, even with the economic benefits and cultural justifications, takes a tool on his psyche. Deep down inside himself he lives with the knowledge of his actions, and no matter how much he justifies or rationalizes his behavior the colonist pleads guilty. But a person cannot live with such contradictions, and thus the colonist creates an identity to defend his actions. It is at this point that he creates the image of the colonist as a humanitarian, who just happens to gain economic benefit. In his eyes he is bringing “civilization” to the “savages.” As Social Evolutionary Theory teaches the colonialist; all cultures evolve into centralized industrial nations. He is helping these “backward’ countries reach their evolutionary goal. He is bringing high civilization to them, and yes there is some hardship, but evolution is rough; if the natives would just stop resisting this natural process and abandon their traditional ways, they could learn to live the right way.


Obi Okonkwo’s foreign education provides him not only with knowledge of an academic nature, but also with a new lens through which to view society and its traditions. Obi manifests his new mentality throughout the novel, for example when he asserts the utter absurdity of the societal norm which forbids him to marry Clara because she is osu, as he observed no such restrictions upon marriage partners in Europe. However, Obi’s words here reduce the ostracism of the osu to a mere formality when the practice is far more deep-seeded and pervasive than he seems to indicate.

In one sense, the title of the novel suggests something pretty obvious. Someone once felt comfortable and is now feeling uneasy, and actually this is exactly what happens to the main character, Obi Okonkwo. The title reflects the discomfort felt by Obi Okonkwo. His university education in England has left a big changes in his life, and these changes and impacts are going to be explored in the discussion session

a. Loss of Identity

Obi sees himself as an educated Igbo, and he believes that he is still an Igbo despite his education. However, in reality, his education has isolated and alienated him from his own culture. Obi's identity is shaped by two forces, the Western culture and values and Igbo culture and values. Though Obi embraces Western values as evidenced through his education and his Christianity, we can see how this decision alienates him from his traditional Igbo culture. Because of his education, Obi as described in the novel clearly rejects a number of cultural traditions including polygamy, paying a bride-price, honoring a man because of his many "titles" earned through competitions, religious observance, etc.

“Look at me,' said Joseph, getting up and tying his coverlet as a loincloth. He now spoke in English. 'You know book, but this is no matter for book. Do you know what an osu is? But how can you know?' In that short question he said in effect that Obi's mission-house upbringing and European education had made him a stranger in his country---the most painful thing one could say to Obi.”

From this quote we can see that Obi's loss of identity has been noticed by Joseph. Joseph short question “How can you know?” is very on point about Obi's loss of identity. Obi was born and raised in a christian family and then continued his study in england. Not too mention that a lot of Nigerian custom is prohibited in Okonkwo's household because of how it is forbidden in christian teaching making Obi a stranger in his own land.

Throughout the novel, Obi has showed a loss of identity in the sense that he is does not feel comfortable and accepted in england nor in nigeria. In Great Britain, Obi discovered that he misses his country, Nigeria but on the other side, his education trained him to look down on his traditional culture. He felt homesick for his family, friends, and home and when he met fellow Nigerians in England, he was thrilled to chat with them in Igbo. When he met an African who did not speak Igbo and had to speak English, he felt ashamed, wondering if the people around him were judging them, as if they had no culture, no language. This process of becoming educated was also a process of him becoming even more and more alienated from his culture. Ironically, though Obi began to despise certain aspects of Igbo culture and life, he never felt comfortable or accepted in England. From all of these behaviour, it is clear that his education has caused Ibo to have "postcolonial identity". Post colonial identity is a feelings of discomfort in his home culture, and alienation in Western culture. But even though Obi felt uncomfortable among the British, and realized that he would always be considered "inferior," he became convinced of several things during his time in England. Obi's estrangement from his culture is the same problem that thousands of young people in Africa and India faced after their Western educations. They are at odds with their own culture, but at the same time they are at odds with the new culture that they had partly embraced. On the one hand, they saw all sorts of problems with the culture they had left behind, but on the other hand, they were not accepted by the Western culture they had tried to embrace. This is a phenomenon explored by many postcolonial writers. Colonial powers expended a great deal of effort and energy towards distinguishing between Western culture and colonized cultures; Western literature, philosophy, and popular culture portrayed colonized cultures as "inferior." Young people from colonized countries felt estranged from their own culture after their Western education, even while they were not accepted by Westerners.

b. Disrespect of African people and its culture

As it has been explained in the first point, Obi Okonkwo is described as someone who is alienated from his own cultures which is the result of his years of education in england. However, his education not only causes some sort of loss of identity but it also leads toward Obi Okonkwo's disrespect of his own culture. His disrespect of his own culture has been shown throughout the story, but the most highlighted one is his decision to marry Clara, an Osu. An Osu is a living sacrifice to a god. They and their children are untouchable and, for the most part, considered to be slaves to gods therefore cannot be married.

“Obi knew better than anyone else that his family would violently oppose the idea of marrying an osu . Who wouldn't? But for him it was either Clara or nobody. Family ties were all very well as long as they did not interfere with Clara. 'If I could convince my mother,' he thought, 'all would be well.”

As we can see in that quote, Obi is fully aware that marrying an Osu is a big taboo in his culture, but despite of that he still insists on marrying Clara who also have warned Obi that she is an Osu. His culture, his parents, his friends, even Clara, all of them has warned them about marrying an Osu. Considering that not even his heavily devouted father supports this marriage, Obi's insistence may seem too much and can be seen as a proof that Obi sees his culture as nothing but an outdated useless bunch of rules. This can also be a way for Obi to show his people that their culture is outdated and way inferior to Western culture. As if his marriage is his way of proving how wrong his culture is to his kinsmen. Obi's unwillingness to follow his indigenous culture is not only limited to choosing his life partner, Obi has also been shown unwilling to follow a simple custom like bride price law.

“I'm not in the senior service. You have just been telling me that I won't get the job because I told that idiot what I thought of him. Anyway, senior service or no senior service, I'm not paying five hundred pounds for a wife. I shall not even pay one hundred, not even fifty.”

Bride-price is a marriage custom common among many African ethnic groups, but is definitely part of the Igbo people's traditions. Bride-price is not "buying a bride," though many Americans mistakenly define it that way. Bride-price is an agreement between families, the groom's family and the bride's family. It transfers the bride's reproductive powers over to the groom's family. So essentially, the groom's family is paying the bride's family so that they can lay claim to the children that the bride bears. Unlike the taboo about marrying an Osu which slightly unreasonable seeing how it prevents certain people from marriage, paying bride price is just a normal and safe custom that has been in the african culture for a long time. Considering that Obi's job provides him a lot of money, Obi's unwillingness to pay is nothing but his persistence of wanting to want people to acknowledge the inferiority of his culture.

“Mr. Okonkwo believed utterly and completely in the things of the white man. And the symbol of the white man's power was the written word, or better still, the printed word”

From this quote it is clear that the written word symbolizes the power of Europeans. Obi decided that the written word is the best way to live. He suddenly found himself believing that if you want to lead a successful life then Western culture is the solution. Obi believes that Western culture is the right way to live which means that you need to be a Christian, read and write proper English, and behave like a European. This behaviour shows that his education in england has made obi to view his own culture to be inferior to Western culture and only by following the western way that Nigeria will improve. Obi's abandonment of his native culture seems inevitable given the fact that Obi left home to be educated in Europe and returns to occupy a European civil servant post in a westernized part of Lagos.

c. Excessive pride and idealistic view of the world

After several years studying in England Obi sees himself as a pioneer. He wants to change the corrupt system of bribery and nepotism, and he wants to marry a girl that traditionally is taboo. We can see how idealistic Obi is and coupled with his excessive pride shows how Obi thinks that he can change the whole system in a night. As explained before, the result of his foreign education is that Obi embraces western culture and feels that western culture is the right way of living. Therefore, after he comes back to Nigeria, he sees everyone to be inferior and the whole system needs to be changed and he is the one who is capable of changing all of the corruption in the government. This way of thinking is caused by the fact that Obi has always been smarter than most of the people around him combined with his isolation from Igbo culture and values, leads him to assume that he could follow his own path without consequences.

When the story goes back to the time Obi returned to Nigeria to, Obi appears to be a man of steel in his resolve to remain pure and incorruptible. And as it turns out the cause of his downfall is excessive pride combined with his belief that he can change the whole system in a night. His idealistic and excessive pride behaviour can be seen in this following quote.

“I am not going to listen to you any more. I take back my request. I shall start paying you back at the end of this month. Now, this minute! But don't you dare interfere in my affairs again. And if this is what you meet about,' he said in Ibo, 'you may cut off my two legs if you ever find them here again.' He made for the door. A number of people tried to intercept him. 'Please sit down.' 'Cool down.' 'There is no quarrel.' Everybody was talking at once. Obi pushed his way through and made blindly for his car with half a dozen people at his heels pleading that he return.”

So in this quote, Obi is in a Umuofia Progressive Union meeting, and when the president advises Obi to not going against the taboo of marrying an Osu, Obi just shouts angrily asking people to mind their own bussiness. From this quote it is clear that despite of his high education and social standing, Obi does not act mature at all, instead he shows the two qualities mentioned in the beginning, Idealistic and Prideful behaviour.


From the analysis conducted using postcolonialism criticism in the novel “No Longer at Ease” by Chinua Achebe it resulted into three parts. The analysis concludes that the foreign education has brought three impacts in Obi's Life. The first is the loss of identity that made Obi Okonkwo to feel uncomfortable whether he is Nigeria or England. This loss of identity has caused Obi to see all sorts of problems with his own culture, but on the other hand, he is not accepted by the Western either. The second impact is his growing disrespect of his own culture. Because of his education, Obi views his culture to be vastly inferior to western culture. The last one is an idealistic behaviour. After his education, Obi sees himself as a pioneer which means he sees himself as different and better that most nigerians.

Bressler, C. E. (1998). Literary criticism: An introduction to theory and practice. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Mrarandi, Seyed Mohammad. 2012. Education as an Ideological Instrument: A Postcolonial Reading of Chinua Achebe’s No Longer at Ease. IDOSI Publications

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Postcolonial Concern in Achebe’s Novels

...So many words have been uttered while discussing of postcolonial studies, as it is a post modern way of intellectual discourse which shows analysis of the cultural legacies of colonialism and imperialism. In simplest and most familiar way, the hyphenated term post colonial means post or after the colonial period and it indicates something that happened after the end of formal colonization. Post-colonial has become useful because it raises large and important questions. Therefore, the widest definition of post colonial fiction easily includes Chinua Achebe’s novels. Postcolonial study delineates all aspects of the colonial process from the beginning to the end of colonial contact. Chinua Achebe’s novels contain the experiences of Nigerian people after the end of British Empire. Achebe’s novels are the replication of African history as well. Therefore, his novels describe an archetypal post colonial era African country. Chinua Achebe is one of the finest Nigerian novelists of the twentieth century, whose novels show various post colonial aspects in them. Achebe throws light on the changes in African society and politics, His four novels cover the entire colonial history of Africa from the early days of European advent to the post colonial aspects like retrieval of an identity and own past, language liberty, cultural change, disestablishment of Eurocentric norms and complexes of this period of perplexity. Achebe wrote novels chronologically one is attached to another as,......

Words: 1504 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Human Population

...destroying the very land upon which we live. (Anup Shah) There are over six billion humans living on this planet and the numbers will continue to grow due to the birth rates and that humans are living longer so the death rates have declined. With the humans that inhabit our planet we will consume vast quantities of food and water, use a tremendous amount of energy and raw materials, and produce much waste which is harmful to our environment. If this trend continues to keep up at this pace we could end up using up our natural resources not to mention how much waste we will continue to accumulate because we are not recycling how we should. Not only will we end up using any available land it will cause havoc on the wildlife, which inhabits the land. With the humans using up the land forcing the wildlife out of there natural habitant we will start seeing more conflicts with animals and humans. The United Nations, which periodically publishes population projections for the twenty-first century have come up with some startling numbers, they have figured that in the year 2050 the world population will be between 7.9 billion (low estimate) to around 10.9 billion (high estimate), but most likely there will be 9.3 billion. This will depend on the birth and death rate of humans. Humans are living longer because they are eating healthier and better medication that we have today. One of the main unknown factor in population growth scenario is the earth’s carrying capacity. The most......

Words: 1958 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Irish Identity and Religious Diversity

...INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY: Assignment Submission Form Student Name: | Jessica McKeon | Student ID Number: | 12302812 | Programme Title: | Business, Economic and Social Studies | Module Title: | Introduction to Sociology | Assessment Title: | To what extent does the new religious diversity in Ireland challenge traditional definitions of Irish national identity? | Lecturer(s): | Daniel FaasAnna Siuda (TA) | Date Submitted: | 13/12/12 | I have read and I understand the plagiarism provisions contained in the General Regulations of the University Calendar found at: I declare that the assignment being submitted represents my own work and has not been taken from the work of others save where appropriately referenced in the body of the assignment. Signed Date: This essay explores the extent to which new religious diversity in Ireland challenges traditional definitions of Irish national identity. National identity can be defined as the cultural outcome of a discourse of the nation. This concept of national identity exists for a number of reasons. It gives us a sense of collective belonging, it decides who should be allowed become a full citizen of the nation, and it influences the goals of a nation that are thought to be in the collective social interest (O’Mahony et al, 2001). Irish national identity used to depend on Catholicism. Although predominantly Roman Catholic, Ireland......

Words: 1929 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Educational Preparation Paper

...qualification, or capacity. The profession of nursing requires a skillset and knowledge base that is specific to its kind. There are many options in one’s educational journey to obtain a nursing degree. Nursing is the largest health care profession in our society today with three million registered nurses nationwide (AACN, Nursing Workforce). Along with the growing profession and the ever growing need for quality health care the debate over what qualifies a nurse to be skillful and competent in her profession and what type of education is required is at the for front. What are the differences in competency between a nurse with an associates degree and one holding a baccalaureate degree? Of the three million registered nurses nationwide 50% of those hold a baccalaureate degree while 36.1% have an associates degree, and 13% a diploma (AACN, Nursing Workforce). The quality in which we provide patient care and the need for those in this field to obtain higher levels of education is being discussed. The NCLEX exam taken to become a licensed nurse in any given state only tests for the minimum technical competency for safe entry into basic nursing practice (FACT SHEET). It has been said that the pass rates should be high among all programs due to this minimal competency requirement. Typically an associates degree in nursing is obtained in three years from a...

Words: 1646 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Business Enviorment must recognize and comprehend the importance and impact of commerce within society. Business can be viewed as a legal entity to sell goods, make goods, or provide a service to individuals. Describe the role of business in the economy: Business is synonymous with the economy because, if there is no business, then there will not be a market, services, or any financial system at all. The economy of the country is dependent upon employment provided by big and small businesses. These industries also produce the goods and provide the services on which we rely in our everyday lives. Because businesses pay a percentage of their profits as taxes to the government, the government can function and provide services for the population. Hence, business is a fundamental part of the economy. We have a capitalistic economy, one wherein independently-owned companies provide the basic capital, employment, goods, and services for the country. Therefore, business is the cornerstone of all aspects of the market and the economy. Without business, life as we know it would become primitive and chaotic. Citizens would have to completely fend for themselves for all the basics of life. Without supermarkets, food processing and distribution, transportation, and packaging, humans would have to hunt, kill, and cook their own food every single day. Fruits and vegetables, normally provided by the farming industries, would no longer be easily accessible. Individuals would have to......

Words: 1045 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...University How Does the Internet Influence Society Nowadays? The internet is one of the most revolutionary technological innovations of all time. It has led to a radical shift in the way people lead their lives. Almost all aspects of people’s lives have been affected by the internet in one way or another. Today, most people can attest to the fact that their education, business and even social lives have felt the impact of this novel innovation (Thompson, 2009). Most businesses would report huge losses were the internet to fail for a few hours. The internet has affected society in many ways and it would be an exercise in futility to try and enumerate all of them. However, the ultimate aim is to explain some significant effects of the internet to modern society. No other sector has been affected by the internet more than the education industry (Takahashi & Narita, 2002). The invention of the internet was necessitated by the need to share information (Takahashi & Narita, 2002). The search for information and knowledge is now easier than ever. Students no longer need to go to a library and peruse through numerous pages of voluminous books in search of information. Thanks to online search engines such as Google, Yahoo, and Bing, a student can access a lot of information from anywhere in the world with a few clicks of his or her mouse. Distance learning via online correspondence courses is becoming the norm rather than the exception (Covington,......

Words: 838 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Essay On Aging Population

...had done the HEP, I received conflicting answers. Some patients will adhere and I will be able to progress their HEP while some patients didn’t adhere despite repeated prescriptions and adjustments. Hence, I find myself asking what is the evidence for HEP adherence and are there any factors for me as a clinician to consider when prescribing HEP so that patient can get the maximum benefit of HEP. In this essay, I will be discussing on evidence based practice of adherence of HEP prescribed for geriatric in rehabilitation setting. My essay will highlight some factors that affect adherence of HEP and some strategies that physiotherapists can adopt when prescribing HEP to improve adherence. Finally I will be reflect on how these factors will impact my future...

Words: 1683 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

How Does the Internet Influence Society Nowadays

... How Does the Internet Influence Society Nowadays? The internet is one of the most revolutionary technological innovations of all time. It has led to a radical shift in the way people lead their lives. Almost all aspects of people’s lives have been affected by the internet in one way or another. Today, most people can attest to the fact that their education, business and even social lives have felt the impact of this novel innovation (Thompson, 2009). Most businesses would report huge losses were the internet to fail for a few hours. The internet has affected society in many ways and it would be an exercise in futility to try and enumerate all of them. However, the ultimate aim is to explain some significant effects of the internet to modern society. No other sector has been affected by the internet more than the education industry (Takahashi & Narita, 2002). The invention of the internet was necessitated by the need to share information (Takahashi & Narita, 2002). The search for information and knowledge is now easier than ever. Students no longer need to go to a library and peruse through numerous pages of voluminous books in search of information. Thanks to online search engines such as Google, Yahoo, and Bing, a student can access a lot of information from anywhere in the world with a few clicks of his or her mouse. Distance learning via online correspondence courses is becoming the norm rather than the exception (Covington,......

Words: 838 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...Personal Impact Paper Anissa Spada Rn May 3, 2012 NUR427 Laurie Baumgartner RN, MSN, CNS, NP, CCRN Introduction This paper will examine the chronic disease of lupus. A big portion of information in the paper comes from a patient Anna. The areas of her life that are affected by the disease , and the motivators for lifestyle change are discussed. The education of Anna regarding the disease and learning model theory will be examined. What is Lupus? Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease. The immune system fights off invaders in the body. The body develops antibodies to protect from invaders. The immune system affected by lupus cannot tell the difference between good and bad tissue. This process causes the immune system to attack itself. There are many different types of lupus. The type Anna has is cutaneous and systemic. Cutaneous affects the skin. Systemic lupus in her case affects the joints. Cutaneous lupus causes skin rashes/lesions. The most familiar rash is the butterfly rash. The rash occurs on the bridge of the nose and across upper cheeks. Systemic lupus cause the joints become painful and inflamed. Anna The interview with Anna was held over a couple of days. Anna was diagnosed a year and a half ago with lupus. Anna believes that she has had the disease for longer than a year and a half. The rashes that she experienced had been occurring since she......

Words: 1722 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Impact of Technology on Education

...As everyone can see technology and education are mixing together, many steps have been taken to get all the useful technology in the right direction for the development of education. As long as the government focuses on educational policies, as it has been done still with perfection, the technology that is taking over our world will continue to aid today’s students and the students of tomorrow to excel and assist our country and the world to reach the heights never seen by anyone before. With help from students’ parents and hard work, teacher’s willingness to teach, and technology’s further advancements, education will become a friend of technology and will help creating opportunities for themselves and others to learn. The main thing to understand about the revolutionary increase of technology in education is that it is not an event taking place but it is an ongoing evolution. Simultaneously with the rewards given to us there are some consequences to it also. As when the calculator became popular there were some concerns raised that children no longer need to study math. Many students were kicked out of schools for being caught with a calculator and using a calculator was considered cheating. The calculator has changed its status from being a crutch that does all our work, to a useful tool to increase our productivity. Another example of technological tool is computer which has the same kind of story as the calculator. There was a discussion recently, on whether or not the...

Words: 1522 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Affordable Healthcare Act

...Affordable Health Care for America Act (H.R. 3962) The Economic Impact The Affordable Health Care for America Act (H.R. 3962 was originally signed into law by President Barack Obama in November 2009, but was not upheld by the Supreme Court until June 2012. The updated statue is known as Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The purpose of this reform is to provide affordable and quality health care for all Americans. At the State level, insurance companies are required to justify rate increases of ten percent or more to make sure that the increase is not unreasonable for individuals and small businesses. States should have a Rate Review program established, if not then the Federal Government will perform the rate reviews for that state. This will affect the state because small business will not have to cut back on employees due to increases in health care premiums which in turn could possibly reduce unemployment, Medicare/Medicaid and food stamps benefits at the state level. Equity of Resource Allocations in U.S. Healthcare Under the Affordable Healthcare Act, all Americans will have access to affordable and quality healthcare. This bill should reduce the number of uninsured people by thirty million. The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) predicts a 200 billion dollar reduction in the federal deficit over the next ten years and a decrease in healthcare spending by the government. This act will provide tax cuts and subsidies to employers to help increase the......

Words: 1172 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Technology Today

...innovations, and changes which are meant to meet our wants and needs, to live longer, more productive lives. Such a broad definition of technology includes a broad spectrum of examples, ranging from the ancient flint tools, wheels, and levers of the stone age all the way to modern computers, multimedia outlets, and bio technologies. To put it simply, if humans thought of it and made it, it’s technology. Now the modern world faces a problem. One which is seeking to bewilder the masses. That problem is technological illiteracy. The term “technological literacy” refers to one's ability to use, manage, evaluate, and understand technology ( . Just as technology involves more than computers and the Internet, technological literacy involves more than hands-on skill in using technology. The understanding of the way in which this technology is crucial. Not only must one be able to know how technology works, they must know the way in which society is not only affected but also how it effects technology. To alliterate the expansiveness of technology, take the U.S' internet economy for example. In the past 7 years it has grown from 3.7 trillion to 10 trillion dollars ( . This in turn created jobs for well over 3 million people. Here we see how technological literacy effects the US economy. One negative aspect of technology is the ease it brings to life. However, this ease comes at a price and those people who don’t have enough money to afford......

Words: 1028 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...and Assistive Technology (AT). In particular, educators must decide how and when poor academic performance will trigger appropriate technology interventions. The historical development of education has seen a lot of changes though out the last three decades. Changes in key components of education such as teacher qualification, financial funding, curriculum, and assessment have all had huge impacts on education. Teacher qualification has seen a lot of changes in how teachers educate and use curriculum. “Since the 1980s, competing and often contradictory reforms have combined top-down, centralized efforts to improve teaching with efforts to promote decentralization and school-based management (Rowan, 1990) (Borman & Rachuaba 1999) History has had a huge impact on education throughout the years. Education throughout history has faced gender, cultural, and religious issues. The way schools are funded also had a huge impact from history. The control of funding for the school was taken from the community and became a political issue. Politicians realized the importance of education and how important it is in the community. Teachers have to deal with the changes in diversity within the classrooms and changes in technology used to educate. One of the impacts technology will have on education is change in student and teacher roles. With the increasing use of technology in the classroom...

Words: 2114 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

The Ppower of Internet and Its Impact in India

...BUSINESS GOVERNMENT AND SOCIETY THE POWER OF INTERNET AND ITS IMPACT IN INDIA INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT PGDM[2013–15] BY: R O H I T K U M A R G O E L [DM15142] SECTION 1 Page |2 CONTENTS S.NO. I II III IV V TITLE INTRODUCTION IMPACT ON BUSINESS PRACTISES AND SOCIETY IMPACT ON GOVERNMENT AND SOCIETY CONCLUSION REFERENCES PAGE NO. 3 3 6 6 8 GREAT LAKES INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT | Introduction The internet is a medium that is soaring in polarity in almost every facet of the world and is used for a myriad of reasons by persons, universities, governments and businesses. It is the network that facilitates communication among all the smaller networks and individual computer systems that connect to it. It is growing at an impressive rate due to the many services it facilitates, the ease with which services can be created, the presence of a single standard and the global reach that makes national boundaries invisible. With the dramatic increase in bandwidth, decreasing communication costs and an everincreasing number of organizations using it, the Internet has ushered in a revolution. As far as businesses are involved, the internet usage has been tested to a variety of experimentations that seek to determine the viability of using the internet to improve business practices in various industries in India. One particular aspect of business is that the internet marketing has a great impact on society. Around the world, developed countries have improved their communication......

Words: 3214 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Proctor and Gamble Case Study

...From the reading we can determine that Proctor & Gamble uses a “Distributed Development” as part of their business strategy. When then CEP Lafley proclaimed that half of its new products would come from outside sources (Laudon & Laudon, 2013). What would be required to make this successful would be the integration of new systems along with a new direction. To be able to optimize its effectiveness the company would need to adopt a new collaborative strategy. The goals were to create innovative ideas in order to address the needs throughout the country as well as overseas at a lower margin of cost. With one major aspect being to still improve the lives of the company’s large customer base. The obstacles were many when attempting to gain success for the distributed development strategy. The requirement would be to increase the communication between all teams across the company. This would include all aspects of the company; from management employees and product suppliers. Ultimately better communication fosters a greater interaction of its employees and decision making. This gives Proctor & Gamble more reliability to create more quality products. One hurdle was to upgrade its current desktop environment that although had collaborative tools it did not support data sharing. Proctor & Gamble implemented several collaborative tools one being the visual collaboration Microsoft lifecycle collaboration tool Teamcenter. The product took advantage of SharePoint technology......

Words: 827 - Pages: 4