Premium Essay

The Impact of Multiculturalism on Western Societies

In: Social Issues

Submitted By msMhu
Words 2290
Pages 10
Multiculturalism is a public policy approach for managing cultural diversity in a multi ethnic society, officially stressing mutual respect and tolerance for cultural differences within a country's borders. As a policy, multiculturalism emphasizes the unique characteristics of different cultures, especially as they relate to one another in receiving nations. The word was first used in 1957 to describe Switzerland, but came into common currency in Canada in the late 1960s. It quickly spread to other English-speaking countries. Looking at the term broadly, it is often used to describe societies, especially nations which have many distinct cultural groups, usually as a result of immigration. Citrin,J., Sears,D., Muste,C and Wong,C. (2001 p.249) describe multiculturalism as “the presence of people of diverse racial or ethnic backgrounds within a single polity.” This paper will look at the impact that multiculturalism has had on western societies and the different changes that have occurred in societies as a result of multiculturalism.

It is very important to think about what we mean by ‘culture’ because it is the main part of ‘multiculturalism’. So, multiculturalism means that there are many different kinds of cultures in one society. This can lead to anxiety about the stability of national identity, yet it can also lead to cultural exchanges that benefit the cultural groups. Such exchanges range from major accomplishments in literature, art and philosophy to relatively token appreciation of variations in music, dress and new foods. Multiculturalism can be negative because it is prone to conflicts, especially between ethnic groups or religions. But this can only happen if multiculturalism is viewed in the wrong perspective. The wrong perspective here is seeing multiculturalism as a threat instead of something that is completely normal. Holmes,D.,Hughes,K. and...

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...HLSC120: Society, Culture and Health eLearning Lecture Enhancement eModule Module 2 – Week 2 by by Dr Monica Nebauer (Queensland) Revised 2014 Introduction Welcome to the second of six eLearning Lecture Enhancement Modules for this unit. As explained in your first eModule, the purpose of these eModules is to extend the content of your weekly two hour lecture, to create knowledge links for you to the Seminar Questions that you and other students will be planning to present in your Student Seminars, and to help you enrich your learning as you develop your reflective learning and writing skills. In this eModule, you will be able to explore further: social changes from world globalizing processes, health care and globalizing processes, and finally, globalizing processes and cultural diversity in Australia. As you will be aware there is one Reflective Learning and Writing proforma on LEO that you are asked to use for your Reflective Learning and Writing task (2,500 words). At the end of this eModule (look under the green box) there are five questions from which you can choose a question to answer for your second assessment task. Learning Outcomes and Graduate Attributes The Learning Outcomes (with numbering from your Unit Outline) that will be addressed in this eModule are as follows – 1. explain changes in contemporary Australian society, culture and health related to world globalising processes; 2. discuss the impact of societal changes and an increasing cultural......

Words: 2346 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Some People Believe Immigration Damages Host Society, While Others Believe Immigration Enriches the Host Society. Present the Arguments of Anti- and Pro-Immigration Groups in One or Two Countries, Explaining Why They

...of immigration and multiculturalism is a highly debated one with pro- and anti- groups each presenting strong and applicable arguments towards why immigration is damaging or enriching. Immigration has both the ability to damage and enrich a host society, however the affect it has, ultimately depends on the attitudes, policies and beliefs of the society’s people. The reception of migration may be influenced by personal values and way of life of citizens, however it can also be seen to be hugely swayed by political leaders. This essay will demonstrate these points through explanation and the exploration of the thoughts of those, both anti- and pro- immigration with within Australia. It will highlight the assets which migration can provide Australia – economically and culturally and give reasons why anti-immigration policies would damage the society instead of enriching it. Reasons why immigration is seen in a negative light will also be addressed, including national identity loss, unemployment and negative economic effects. Over the last fifty years, Australia has encompassed a large-scale immigration policy predominantly “concerned with population building and importing human capital and skills,”(Jackubowicz 2006). Multiculturalism, strongly linked and interchangeably used with immigration came around as a term in the 1970’s and was initially strongly advocated politically. However in more recent years questions relating to whether or not multiculturalism should be......

Words: 2067 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay


...Ethnic stereotypes and multiculturalism. Summary of course   "Ethnic psychology" Contents:                                   1. The concept and properties of ethnic stereotypes ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. 4 2. National prejudices. Types etnostereotipov ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .7 3. 4. Variants of the reactions to cultural diversity ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 12 5. Advantages and disadvantages of multiculturalism ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 16       Bibliographic list ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. 20 Introduction. Considering the cultural differences in thinking, beliefs, attitudes and behavior, it is easy to succumb to cognitive and emotional reactions to the material to begin to make generalizations, to form negative stereotypes about other people and even pre-make judgments about these differences, and people who are inherent in this behavior before you really understand what lies at its core. These processes and reactions are common in today's world, and to describe them often use the terms ethnic stereotypes, prejudice, multiculturalism, discrimination. Unfortunately, these terms are often used without a clear idea about them, which only exacerbates the problems that they need to clarify. Some of today's most pressing social issues associated with these processes, as boundaries between countries and cultures are becoming more permeable......

Words: 4386 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay


...Feminism in Multicultural Societies An analysis of Dutch Multicultural and Postsecular Developments and their Implications for Feminist Debates Eva Midden A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment for the requirements of the degree of PhD at the University of Central Lancashire May 2010       Student Declaration Concurrent registration for two or more academic awards I declare that while registered as a candidate for the research degree, I have not been registered candidate or enrolled student for another award of the University or other academic or professional institution Material submitted for another award I declare that no material contained in the thesis has been used in any other submission for an academic award and is solely my own work Signature of Candidate Type of Award School ___PhD_________________________________ ___Centre for Professional Ethics___________ 1   Abstract It was long assumed that both multiculturalism and feminism are connected to progressive movements and hence have comparable and compatible goals. However, both in academia and in popular media the critique on multiculturalism has grown and is often accompanied with arguments related to gender equality and/or feminism. According to political scientist Susan Moller Okin for example there are fundamental conflicts between our commitment to gender equality and the desire to respect the customs of minority cultures or religions. If we agree that......

Words: 97145 - Pages: 389

Free Essay

Ritain with a Special Regard to the Educational Sector

...8 5. Conclusion………………………………………………………………………....10 6. Bibliography………………………………………………………………………..11 Introduction I have been interested for many years in multiculturalism and have strengthened this interest and gained some useful insight by choosing the Seminar “Multicultural Britain”. This seminar shed a light on current British debates, concerning multiculturalism. In everyday’s life I can see in many different branches, like arts, education or business, just to mention a few, how people of different heritage facing each other often competitive and sometimes even negative or racist. This topic caught my interest because I simply do not want more war; and there is no doubt that there is a war against Islam and Muslims, however it may express its power. The special example of Islamophobia, which is a widespread and controversial topic, addresses or rather attacks Islam and Muslims. Not all racist movements manifest their values in political activism. It is rather a matter of educational, cultural, social and ethical norms and values. Therefore I find it necessary to introduce my work with a brief overview of Islamophobia in multicultural British society. In any case, basic background knowledge will be helpful by understanding what is happening with our society and illustrates, or directly names the problems most Muslims facing, day by day and what really causes such a controversy. With my special focus of Islamophobia in the educational......

Words: 3809 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Discussion on Canadian Ethnic Problems and Multiculturalism

...Discussion on Canadian Ethnic problems and multiculturalism Abstract: The history of Canada has gone through various events, some of which produced a nightmare for the country and from which the people as well as the leaders are still trying to awake, while making sure that such events do not take place ever again. In this essay I discuss the Canadian Ethnic problems and it's multiculturalism by mainly focus on two typical examples :the aboriginal people and the Chinese who have suffered injustice through out the history in different aspects such as politics and cultural. And later ,by looking at the current situations of the Canadian ethnicity in general and going over the past decisions that the government had made, I try to suggest the possible solutions. Introduction: As we all know, Canada is a country with large immigrants. Therefore , the history of Canada is largely the history of the meeting of different cultures. As its early settlers are mostly immigrants from Central and Western Europe, European culture is playing a dominant role in Canada's culture. Since the eightieth of the twentieth century, as the number of immigrants from different parts increased significantly, the new immigrants brought in their own culture with them as well. Thus, people are now feeling more of the tensions between those cultures and of prejudice felt among these groups toward one another. For this reason, how to deal with the......

Words: 2058 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

New in America

...New In America SOC262 From the beginning of colonization in what is now known as the United States of America, people from all the countries of the world have migrated to it. This paper will describe the migration of people from Japan and German-speaking nations to the United States. Each had significant impact on modern-day America and struggled with power, cultural relations, racial relations, and assimilation. Japanese Immigrants Immigration for the Japanese began in the 1880’s in Hawaii. These first Japanese migrants were brought here as part of a U.S. trade treaty to work as laborers on the sugar plantations. In the two following decades more than 400,000 Japanese people migrated to the United States, primarily in the western states, mostly California. At that time around 28,000 of them went to Hawaii because they felt relationships with other races were better there than in the continental United States. The Japanese migrated to the United States following dreams of better opportunity, peace, and prosperity. Their homeland was unstable and they wanted to provide better lives for their children. The Japanese that migrated to California were not just farmers and laborers, but also became miners and shopkeepers. They were not treated well by the whites there. Whites felt that the migrants would not be able to assimilate to the culture and were competing with them for jobs. The all-white legislature in California passed a resolution calling for exclusion...

Words: 1356 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Essay Sample

...favour or against the impact of the internet in the last decade. Analysis of the question Orientation: The internet has become an essential component of people's lives in the 21st century. However, there are concerns that the disadvantages of the internet may outweigh the advantages. Topic: The internet Focus: The impact of the internet on people's lives Directions: Argue (present an argument) either in favour or against Scope: In the last decade View the following video and try out the interactive activity on how to analyse an assignment question. Taxonomy: the internet Sample essay Argue either in favour or against the impact of the internet on people's lives in the last decade. As an avenue of entertainment and communication, and as a research and reference tool, the internet has had a huge impact on the modern societies of developed nations. At the same time, there is concern that the disadvantages and negative influences may outweigh the benefits to the society. This essay argues that, in the last decade, the advantages of the internet far outweigh the disadvantages. This claim is addressed with the support of current authoritative sources which provide the framework for making such a claim. This essay first explores the effect of the internet on the social structures of family life, and religious and spiritual practice. Subsequently, this essay examines the repercussions of the internet on national cultural identity and multiculturalism. Firstly, in the......

Words: 1327 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


... alt i , 3 cz €);o\t -', , l)*s*xY YUrrur(J Susan Moller Okin "ls Multiculturalism Bad for Women?" Ethics in Society and Profe.ssor o,f.Politiin Western Political Thought andJustice, cal Science atStanford rJniversity, isthe authorofwomen Cender, and the FamilY. Susan Moller Okin, the Marta Sutton Weeks Professor of arise between acceptance of diversity In this article, Okin explores some of the tensions that the rights and well-being of women' (a key telnA of multicultural'ism) and concern for ' As You Recd, Consiiler This: ,'Eeminism" .and "multicultur rtlism" 1. fine each of these terms? aTe two key terms in okin's arlrcle' How does she de- originallypublisheditlheBostonReview,october/November199?'ReprintedinsusanMollerOkin'IsMulticulc' Nussbaum (Princeton: PrinceMatthew Howard' and Martha turalism Bad for women? edited by Joshua cohen, Press, 1999). ton UniversitY Chapter 7 . Gender 287 2. Why, according to Kymticka, do certain minority groups deserve special group rights? 3. \Mhat is the liberal response to Okin's crlttque?'Nhatrejoinder does Olcrn offer to this response? Until the past few decades, minority groups-immigrants as well as indigenous peoples-were typically expected to assimilate into majority cultures. This assimilationist expectation is now often considered oppressive, and many Western countries are seeking to devise new policies that are more responsive to......

Words: 6045 - Pages: 25

Free Essay

Australia Multiculturalism

...Australian Multiculturalism: Its Rise and Demise Brian Galligan and Winsome Roberts University of Melbourne Refereed paper presented to the Australasian Political Studies Association Conference University of Tasmania, Hobart 29 September – 1 October 2003 Brian Galligan, Winsome Roberts: Australian Multiculturalism Multiculturalism merits special attention because of its significance as a national policy of accommodating migrants from diverse cultural backgrounds. Multiculturalism is more significant because of the larger claims it made about the actual or preferred character of the Australian people and national culture. These embellishments were promoted by a relatively small coterie of elites, as Mark Lopez has painstakingly documented,1 and became standard formulations used in official accounts of Australian national identity and citizenship. While the sting has gone out of multiculturalism and the national debate has moved on to issues of citizenship and refugee policy, multicultural formulations still inform official documents. According to this view, Australia is now made up of people of diverse cultures that should be given equal status with the Australian mainstream. Australian citizenship is then invoked as the glue that binds these different groups into a national unity. The multicultural account of Australia as a nation of diverse cultural groups has been taken over by the Australian Citizenship Council in its prescriptions for Australian Citizenship......

Words: 10374 - Pages: 42

Premium Essay

Wife by Bharathi Mukherjee

...University of Tennessee, Knoxville Trace: Tennessee Research and Creative Exchange Masters Theses Graduate School 5-2010 Bharati Mukherjee and the American Immigrant: Reimaging the Nation in a Global Context Leah Rang University of Tennessee - Knoxville, Recommended Citation Rang, Leah, "Bharati Mukherjee and the American Immigrant: Reimaging the Nation in a Global Context. " Master's Thesis, University of Tennessee, 2010. This Thesis is brought to you for free and open access by the Graduate School at Trace: Tennessee Research and Creative Exchange. It has been accepted for inclusion in Masters Theses by an authorized administrator of Trace: Tennessee Research and Creative Exchange. For more information, please contact To the Graduate Council: I am submitting herewith a thesis written by Leah Rang entitled "Bharati Mukherjee and the American Immigrant: Reimaging the Nation in a Global Context." I have examined the final electronic copy of this thesis for form and content and recommend that it be accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts, with a major in English. Urmila Seshagiri, Major Professor We have read this thesis and recommend its acceptance: Lisi Schoenbach, Bill Hardwig Accepted for the Council: Carolyn R. Hodges Vice Provost and Dean of the Graduate School (Original signatures are on file with official student records.) To the Graduate......

Words: 30269 - Pages: 122

Free Essay

Disuniting of America

...Steven Pou Professor Malloy American Civilization 2 Term Paper 4/21/15 The Disuniting of America: Reflections on a Multicultural Society Arthur M. Schlesinger, whose original name is Arthur Bancroft Schlesinger was born on October 17th in Columbus, Ohio, and died February 28th, 2007, in New York. He had graduated from Harvard University in 1938, and in 1940, Schlesinger was appointed a three fellowship at Harvard. This is derived from the society of fellows at Harvard University which gave Schlesinger the opportunity in the early stages of his scholarly career to pursue studies in any department, free from any formal requirement. This opportunity was only given to individuals who display exceptional ability, originality, resourcefulness, and academic achievement of the highest caliber. Unfortunately for Arthur, this opportunity was interrupted once the United States had made its entry into World War 2. When he failed his physical military examination he was appointed to the Office of War Information department, in which he served as an intelligence analyst from 1943 to 1945. In 1952 and 1956 he became a presidential speech writer to democratic presidential nominee Adlai Stevenson the second. He had also served as an assistant and Court historian to President Kennedy from 1961 to 1963. He had also supported the presidential campaign for Kennedy which had ended when he was assassinated in Los Angeles. Arthur eventually returned to his teaching career in 1996 as a......

Words: 2482 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay


...ideas and perspectives. The short story is about a young, newlywed couple who move into a western neighbourhood but they feel like foreigners in their own country. The couple seem to be uncomfortable at first but as the story progresses and the newlywed are surprised with a pregnancy simple actions and advice offering shows the coming together of the multicultural society. The characters are presented in certain ways to show their stereotypical ethnic background. For example the Macedonian family shouted, ranted, screamed. This shows the Macedonians as having unsociable behaviour. The old polish man spent most of his day hammering nails into wood only to pull them out again. This shows a strange vibe coming from another neighbour in their community. With the use of characterisation it helps reinforce the idea that they are uncomfortable in the neighbourhood and it makes the reader feel empathy towards the newlyweds. And the story evolves the Macedonians couldn’t help but offer advice when they see the newlyweds planting in the backyard. Small acts of kindness are shown gradually as the new neighbours start to come together. The polish widower slid through the fence uninvited and rebuilt a henhouse for the newlywed and they took gifts of grappa and firewood. After these acts of kindness the reader should feel relief as the different ethnics are finally getting along in a modern society. In the short story Winton uses many connotations to define meaning within the story......

Words: 504 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...different. Diversity is shown in mutual respect and appreciation of the similarities and differences such as age, culture, education, ethnicity, experience, gender, race, religion, and sexual orientation. An environment where diversity is respected is on whereas individuals, and members of teams, can effectively apply all talents, skills and experiences. Demographic characteristics are the background characteristics that help what a person becomes. Ethnicity reflects the cultural experiences and feelings of a particular group but does not exclude the possibility that individuals within that group have the capacity to learn cultural behaviors of other groups. Diversity in Canada Canada is the second largest country and it is located in the Western Hemisphere.  Diversity is important to a country because with a diverse environment people can benefit and learn from each others ideas.  As more immigrants go to Canada the more diverse the country becomes. Canadians express a sense of unity and they are open to accepting other individual’s culture. This research paper is on the diversity in Canada and will be answer with the following questions: What is the key diversity concerns for Canada? Which groups are dominant and non-dominant? What are the participation rates, earnings, and employment differences among the groups? What legislation regarding those groups exists in the country? How is diversity in Canada similar to or different from diversity in the United......

Words: 1714 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Eduction Philosophy and Rationale

...Education Philosophy and Rationale Philosophies of education are an ongoing process and evolved over time. When developing my philosophy of education, I found that exploring my personal beliefs concerning education is of utmost important. Therefore, I have taken philosophies from other teachers from my past, my personal experiences and my personal beliefs to make up a philosophy of education that I use in teaching today. I found that the philosophy of my fundamental beliefs of educational teaching is progressivism and social reconstructionism. My philosophies of education are based totally on the students, which in other terms its student-centered philosophy. I believe each student should be treated as individuals and that the focus is for the students’ individual needs. Student-Centered philosophy will allow the students to be involved in their own learning process. As an educator in this process, I can act as a facilitator and help guide the students. Basing my philosophy of education on progressivism, I agree that students should test ideas by active experimentation or real-world applications. Using learning as a way to critical think and solve problems to make meaning through his or her experience in the physical and cultural context. Pragmatism is considered to be the real-world application of the philosophy of progressivism. John Dewey applied pragmatist philosophy in his progressive approaches. Like Morrison (2008), Dewey states individuals and their environments......

Words: 1305 - Pages: 6