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The Impact of River-Water Sharing on Bangladesh

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Submitted By k898
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The Impact of River-Water Sharing on Bangladesh

Tatulia, one of the small villages in Bangladesh, is a representative of what problems occur due to the unavailability and shortage of clean water to the Bengali people. Can you imagine a 60 year-old woman, Aleya, who lived most of her life in Tatulia saying good-bye to her precious home due to such problems? Aleya says, “ Over the last few years, we have faced acute problems of safe drinking water; we have to drink arsenic-contaminated water!” Due to the fact that Bangladesh’s primary resources are tied to water consumption, Bengali officials are trying to study and implement many projects to increase the availability and quality of water and to manage it efficiently. A major predicament is that Bangladesh’s changing weather and flat topography produce severe flooding in the monsoon season and excessive drought during the dry season. This in turn affects the enhancement of its agricultural sector and damages its industrial sector. An immediate question comes to mind: why isn’t Bangladesh adopting some kind of project to collect the water in the flood season and use it in the dry season? The answer to this may hinge on Bangladesh’s neighboring countries, such as India, and their effect on the presence of water resources in the country. The present work focuses on the issue of Bengali-Indian relationships with regard to water sharing. Such issues include adopting water projects and treaties that allow for water sharing between the two countries. This, over the course of time, has induced different political and social feuds between Bangladesh and India; especially, in regard to water-sharing of the Ganges which is one of the most important water resource for Bangladesh in the dry season. Therefore, Bangladesh’s economic and environmental growth has been at risk since the development of these...

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