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The Importance of Icts in Aviation Industry.

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Grape: Nice snack, rich drink for your health * Written by Blessing Ekum * Saturday, 08 February 2014 01:00 * font size * Print * Email * DISQUS_COMMENTS_COUNT:0 Comments
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Aside being a convenient snack, grapes are also excellent source of several different nutrients that help keep you healthy. They can even prevent and help treat certain diseases says a research reported by Medical News Today.
What are the health benefits of grapes?
Red grapes, green grapes, purple grapes, seedless grapes, grape jelly, grape jam, grape juice... the ways to consume grapes are endless! And don’t forget wine and raisins! This popular fruit’s history goes back as far as 8,000 years, when grape vines were first cultivated in what is now the Middle East. It may surprise you to hear that grape is actually considered to be a berry. Seventy-two million tons of these berries are grown each year worldwide, with most of them being used to produce wine—7.2 trillion gallons of wine per year, to be exact. The portability, texture, flavour and variety of grapes have made them a popular finger food in countries all over the world. The potential health benefits of consuming grapes are numerous, with past studies associating them with prevention of cancer, heart disease, high blood pressure and constipation.

A selection of grapes
One cup of red or green grapes contains 104 calories, 1.09 grammes of protein, 0.24 grammes of fat, 1.4 grammes of fiber, 4.8 milligrammes of vitamin C, 10 microgrammes of vitamin A, 288 milligrammes of potassium, 0.54 milligrammes of iron and 3 microgrammes of folate. Grapes are high in water content and good for hydration. High water-content fruits and vegetables are nutrient dense, meaning they provide a large amount of essential nutrients while containing few calories. Grapes contain 70 milliliters of fluid per cup. Grapes are high in antioxidants important for eye health such as lutein and zeaxanthin, while red grapes contain the phytochemical resveratrol in their skins, the antioxidant synonymous with wine known to lend protection from several chronic diseases and conditions.

Possible health benefits of consuming grapes
Consuming fruits and vegetables of all kinds has long been associated with a reduced risk of heart disease, diabetes, cancer and other conditions. Many studies have shown that increasing consumption of plant foods like grapes decreases the risk of obesity and overall mortality. Grapes also have some special components that make them even more essential to our health, giving them “super food” status and reducing the risk of the following conditions:
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Cancer: Grapes contain powerful antioxidants known as polyphenols, which may slow or prevent many types of cancer, including esophageal, lung, mouth, pharynx, endometrial, pancreatic, prostate and colon. The resveratrol found in red wine famous for heart health is a type of polyphenol found in the skins of red grapes.

Heart Disease: The flavonoid quercetin is a natural anti-inflammatory that appears to reduce the risk of atherosclerosis and protect against the damage caused by low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in animal studies. The high polyphenol content in grapes may also reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease by preventing platelet build-up and reducing blood pressure via anti-inflammatory mechanisms. The fiber and potassium in grapes also support heart health. An increase in potassium intake along with a decrease in sodium intake is the most important dietary change that a person can make to reduce risk of cardiovascular disease. High potassium intakes are also associated with a reduced risk of stroke, protection against loss of muscle mass, preservation of bone mineral density and reduction in the formation of kidney stones.

High Blood Pressure: As noted above, potassium has many benefits for the body. Because of their high potassium content, grapes are recommended to those with high blood pressure to help negate the effects of sodium in the body.

Constipation: Eating foods that are high in water content like grapes, watermelon and cantaloupe can help to keep you hydrated and your bowel movements regular. Grapes also contain fiber, which is essential for minimising constipation.

Allergies: Because of the anti-inflammatory effects of quercetin, consuming grapes may help to alleviate symptoms of allergies including runny nose, watery eyes and hives. There have been no human studies done to prove this theory.

Diabetic neuropathy and retinopathy: A few studies have shown that resveratrol can protect against diabetic neuropathy and retinopathy, conditions caused by poorly controlled diabetes where vision is severely affected. Researchers have also found resveratrol to be beneficial for treating Alzheimer’s disease, relieving hot flashes and mood swings associated with menopause and improving blood glucose control, however large studies using human subjects are still needed to confirm these findings.

Incorporating more grapes into your diet
Grapes are available year round. Select grapes that are tight to the touch and free of wrinkles. Grapes are best stored in the refrigerator and should be washed before eaten. The best way to consume grapes is fresh. Most grape jellies or spreads, juices and wine have added sugars, which tack on additional calories.

Here are some handy tips to incorporate more grapes into your diet:
A cocktail of fruit
•Slice grapes in half and add them to your chicken salad.
•Make your own fruit cocktail with fresh fruit and include grapes, pineapple, sliced peaches and strawberries. •Drizzle a small amount of honey on top of the fruit mixture for an extra sweet treat.
•Freeze grapes and eat them as a snack or dessert on a hot day.
• Have a quick 100-calorie snack with 1 cup of fresh grapes.

Why regular sex is good for women * Written by Bosede Ola-SamuelI have written a lot on this column on the role great sex plays in the success of a marriage, that I find it hard to believe that many still don’t seem to have gotten it due to the questions and comments I get from readers. Can you i * Saturday, 18 January 2014 01:00 * font size * Print * Email * DISQUS_COMMENTS_COUNT:0 Comments
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I have written a lot on this column on the role great sex plays in the success of a marriage, that I find it hard to believe that many still don’t seem to have gotten it due to the questions and comments I get from readers. Can you imagine a woman in our generation who still believes that regular sex with her husband will make her age in time? Or one that believes sex is for people who still want to bear children, and because she has had all the children she wanted, she should close up? Or what about one that believes sex is a weapon she has to her advantage with which she can punish her husband anytime he misbehaves? Well, for such women, I believe is a case of ignorance of the health benefits of sex. I believe this write-up will go a long way in helping to correct these wrong notions of theirs. Please, do enjoy your reading.
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When you’re in the mood for sex, it’s a sure bet that the last thing on your mind is boosting your immune system or maintaining a healthy weight. Yet, good sex offers those health benefits and more. That’s a surprise to many people, says Joy Davidson, PhD, a New York psychologist and sex therapist. “Of course, sex is everywhere in the media,” she says. “But the idea that we are vital, sexual creatures is still looked at in some cases with disgust or in other cases a bit of embarrassment. So, to really take a look at how our sexuality adds to our life and enhances our life and our health, both physical and psychological, is eye-opening for many people.” Sex does a body good in a number of ways, according to Davidson and other experts.

1. Sex relieves woman of stress
A big health benefit of sex is lower blood pressure and overall stress reduction, according to researchers from Scotland who reported their findings in the journal Biological Psychology. They studied 24 women and 22 men who kept records of their sexual activity. Then the researchers subjected them to stressful situations -- such as speaking in public and doing verbal arithmetic -- and noted their blood pressure response to stress. Those who had intercourse had better responses to stress than those who engaged in other sexual behaviours or abstained. Another study published in the same journal found that frequent intercourse was associated with lower diastolic blood pressure in cohabiting participants. Yet, other research found a link between partner hugs and lower blood pressure in women. 2. It boosts woman’s immunity
Good sexual health may mean better physical health. Having sex once or twice a week has been linked with higher levels of an antibody called immunoglobulin A or IgA, which can protect you from getting colds and other infections. Scientists at Wilkes University in Wilkes-Barre, United States, took samples of saliva, which contain IgA, from 112 college students who reported the frequency of sex they had. Those in the “frequent” group — once or twice a week — had higher levels of IgA than those in the other three groups — who reported being abstinent, having sex less than once a week, or having it very often, three or more times weekly.

3. It helps woman to keep fit
Thirty minutes of sex burns 85 calories or more. It may not sound like much, but it adds up: 42 half-hour sessions will burn 3,570 calories, more than enough to lose a pound. Doubling up, you could drop that pound in 21 hour-long sessions. “Sex is a great mode of exercise,” says Patti Britton, PhD, a Los Angeles, United States, sexologist and president of the American Association of Sexuality Educators and Therapists. It takes work, from both a physical and psychological perspective, to do it well,” she says.

4. It improves intimacy
Having sex and orgasms increases levels of the hormone oxytocin, the so-called love hormone, which helps us bond and build trust. Researchers from the University of Pittsburgh and the University of North Carolina both in the United States evaluated 59 premenopausal women before and after warm contact with their husbands and partners ending with hugs. They found that the more contact, the higher the oxytocin levels. “Oxytocin allows us to feel the urge to nurture and to bond,” Britton said. Higher oxytocin has also been linked with a feeling of generosity. So, if you’re feeling suddenly more generous towards your partner than usual, credit the love hormone.

5. It reduces pains
As the hormone oxytocin surges, endorphins increase, and pain declines. So, if your headache, arthritis pain, or PMS symptoms seem to improve after sex, you can thank those higher oxytocin levels. In a study published in the Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine, 48 volunteers, who inhaled oxytocin vapour and then had their fingers pricked, lowered their pain threshold by more than half.

6. Sex strengthens woman’s pelvic floor muscles
For women, doing a few pelvic floor muscle exercises known as Kegels during sex offers some of benefits. You will enjoy more pleasure, and you’ll also strengthen the area and help to minimise the risk of incontinence later in life. To do a basic Kegel exercise, tighten the muscles of your pelvic floor, as if you’re trying to stop the flow of urine. Count to three, then release.
With these few advantages of regular sex with your man in mind, I believe you will make a few adjustments that will allow for regular sex in your marriage so that you will benefit from them.
I want to make Nigeria rich •Says Obasanjo, inventor of ‘amphibian jet’ •Plans a gift for Jonathan
It was an afternoon that the people won’t forget in a hurry. The crowd gathered around an aircraft-like vehicle on Imalefalafia Street, Oke-Ado, Ibadan, the Oyo State capital. One would easily take the atmosphere for a carnival considering the huge crowd. When the writer moved closer to the scene to catch a glimpse of what was happening, it turned out to be an ‘amphibian jet’ that was invented and constructed by a Nigerian who gave his name as Durojaiye Kehinde Obasanjo, SEGUN ADEBAYO reports on the invention and the man behind it.
THE Imalefalfia Street of Oke Ado, Ibadan, where the Tribune House is situated unusually came alive few weeks back, when many people trooped out to witness Durojaiye Obasanjo in his ‘amphibian jet’, when he visited the publishing house to tell the story of his invention. Many struggled to speak with the inventor and ask him on how he managed to drive the device, and where he drove it from, while others watched in awe.
Though, Obasanjo looked beggarly, he appeared unmoved by low financial status as he said he had invested many hours and materials in the project. He was apparently happy that, at least, if the government had not appreciated his invention, the people on the street had given him the much needed encouragement and sometimes even financial support.
Sporting a brown T-shirt on a pair of jean, Obasanjo stepped out of his ‘jet’ to discuss the story of his life with the reporter. There was a tinge of sadness in his voice as he began his story but he was articulate.
He spoke about the struggles he had gone through in life and his project, expressing regrets that it should have brought him fame and money, if it were in a developed country.
He had anticipated government’s support while building the automobile, but he got none. He said he once met with the former Military Head of State, General Ibrahim Babangida, who visited his workshop in 1995. Though, Federal Government sent a letter of commendation and promised to ‘get in touch,’ till now, Obasanjo has been living his dream all alone.
Obasanjo recalled that everything he had done was borne out of his desire to bring glory to his country “Everything I do today is borne out of my creative dexterity. I looked at how developed countries have moved up in technology and I was sad that my country is still crawling when others are flying,”he stated.
The inventor not only shares surname with former President Olusegun Obasanjo, he is also from Abeokuta, the Ogun State capital, as the former president. They are, however, no blood relations.
He also noted that he was happy to have shared surname with a former president, but submitted that this had translated into nothing for him.
“I don’t even think about the fact that I share a surname with a former president. Does he even know me? How would that translate to riches for my family and me?” he queried.
Narrating his story further, he said; ”I have been a researcher and a workshop lecturer at the University of Lagos. The lecture is mainly based on this particular project that I have been working on since my childhood; I started precisely at the age of six.
“I have all the pictures that I took with the former military president, General Ibrahim Babangida, when he visited my workshop in 1995. As of that time, I had built a device that could move on land and fly at the same time. Right now, this project that I brought here is called an Amphibian Jet. It is designed to move on land, fly in the air and move on the sea. But right now, it can only move on land and on the sea. I personally drove it on the sea towards the Third Mainland Bridge. It moves by the means of aerodynamics, which is the flying engine that I built locally.”

A God-given talent Recalling how he began, Obasanjo said he could not comprehend how he got so talented.
“The creative gift in my life also contributed to the success of the project. But this is a natural talent that I really can’t explain how it started. All I know is that I have been doing this since I was young and I am so passionate about it that it has become a big part of my existence. I can’t conveniently detach myself from it.
If I tell you I know how it started, I won’t be telling you the truth. God inspired me and I discovered myself through sheer hard work and commitment,” he said, noting that he could not quantify what he had spent on the invention.
“I cannot ascertain the amount I have spent so far, because I have spent so much on different research works. I have been spending 80 per cent of my income on this project for many years and I am still spending. I don’t see anything stopping me from achieving my desired goal, even if it costs me more than I had spent before now. For this very project to move on, I have spent close to a million naira.”
Obasanjo disclosed that the device is being driven by very simple engineering and could be operated by everyone.
“I actually came to Ibadan to complete my research work on the project. I have been visiting for some time to look at some of the things I would need to make the jet work faster and perfectly.
“I live in Lagos and my family is in Lagos. I drove the jet from Lagos to Ibadan. When I drive it, it might look strange to people, but the fact is that I enjoy it because it moves fast like a jet. Other road users are always amazed to see me drive on the road and they pave the way for me. It is an awesome experience. I moved it from land into the sea, not just the Third Mainland Bridge. It moved perfectly on the sea for more than an hour.
“I can tell you that 70 per cent of the materials are locally made. The aluminum, plastic and even woods used are all locally made materials. It uses solar and petrol to move from one place to another, but right now, I am using petrol. The solar can move for 40 kilometres per hour on land and on the sea, while the petrol can make it move for 120 kilometres per hour on land and 140 kilometres per hour on the sea.”

A great opportunity... grave dissapointment
To produce the device in commercial quantity, according to him would require huge financial outlay.
“This is still a research work that requires full financial support. It has got to a stage that Nigeria can mass produce it for the whole world. No country has ever produced something like this in the world. I still need to complete the research work on it before I can tell you how much I would need to make it look like a well constructed flying jet.
“This is not something you can just come up with without proper and meticulous research work, else, you will fail abysmally. I probably would have failed had it been I had not been doing some consultations and reading books on aviation.
“I have been hearing some people say that I was working for some foreign governments, but that’s not true. American and German governments sent delegates to me when they saw me flying it on the sea. I don’t know how they got to locate me or saw me when I was moving it on the sea. But they sent their representatives to me to discuss some issues with me. Apparently, they were shocked to see that somebody from Nigeria is coming up with such a mighty project. They wanted to know more and probably give me some moral and financial support. I was tracked through their satellites when I was on the sea. They asked me if could change my nationality, but I refused because I believe in Nigeria and I am sure that we can develop our country, should our government throw its weight behind this project.”

I won’t give up...
Asked if it is not frustrating that he is not getting the necessary support from government and those that have the wherewithal, the inventor said; “It has not been easy working on this alone without any sort of support from people, especially the government. The Lagos State government saw it and promised to get back to me, but that promise has been in futility and I have since moved on with my life. I don’t know why well-meaning Nigerians and multi-national companies who have the wherewithal to push this to a meaningful stage are not looking at what could in turn fetch them money.
“Everybody is concentrating on oil money to the detriment of great innovations that abound in this country. It will surprise you to know that we have more than 100 great innovators in this country who are languishing in poverty because nobody is ready give them the needful support to bring out the best in them.

Recently, I received support...
I received support from Cherry Noodles Company. The company gave me some incentives and I am grateful for that. I was approached by the company some months back when some of their representatives saw me driving it in the city of Lagos. And, after then, nothing else has come from anybody or the government.
It is really depressing.
“I have a vision for Nigeria, just like other great innovators in the country. Others might have given up, but I won’t. This is a legacy that I want to leave behind when I am no more. If I get the kind of support that I crave, we will mass produce this jet in six months and people from around the globe will flock Nigeria to patronise us.
“The research is completed and I am ready to work with the government to produce it for a global market. You can imagine somebody who can build a jet that can move on land and sea perfectly and moved the same jet from Lagos to Ibadan without any hitch. Trust me, he can do more, if he his duly empowered. It took me one hour 45 minutes to move from Yaba part of Lagos to Ibadan, despite the traffic gridlock on the road,” he enthused.
Obsanjo disclosed that the amphibian jet is not his only invention.
“I have about three different devices that I have built over the years. I am currently working on the latest one that can travel internationally. The first phase of this one has been completed and I am earnestly working on the latest one which I would present to President Goodluck Jonathan as a gift for him to test-run. I believe that will boost the country’s economy in no small measure.”

Sharing dreams...
The inventor is also looking towards training of younger ones for the country’s technological advancement.
“With this kind of project, I have not come across any higher institution of learning in Nigeria or beyond that offers the course or training. To talk about something that will move on land, sea and fly in the air, it is not a tea party. Even America is still working on the one that will move on the land and sea. No institution can offer this kind of training. I am the one training students now because we want Nigeria to be the first country that would produce such device in the world.
“That’s why I have set up a training institute so that we can impart this knowledge to our youths for the large benefit of the country.
“I have first degree in Electronics and Computer from Lagos State University and I have been doing this even before I gained admission. Do you ever imagine that this type of ‘auto-craft’ could be built by a Nigerian? I try to educate myself a lot of times. I read books a lot of times to upgrade my knowledge. But I can also tell you that what I do is more of natural talent than what you can find in any book. I am not ruling out the fact that you have to be educated. At least, I am a graduate myself, but if you don’t have this in you, you won’t be able to go far.

Another level of insanity?
Obasanjo said inspite of his assured sanity, many people still believe he is mad to be so engrossed in his inventions, saying that much of the assurance and comfort he gets flows from his wife and children.
“I have come across people who told me that I am insane and that I need to have my brain checked by medical experts,” he said with a wry smile.” But I always tell them that if you see an inventor that does not possess a strange attitude to life, then, you have not seen one. Even merely telling people that I want to build an object that can fly, move on the land and sea, the response would be that I am not normal. Such happened to most inventors before me.
“But I have an understanding wife and I have lovely kids. God will always provide somebody that complements you in all that you do. That is just how much I can say about my wife. If I had married a different person today, I would not have recorded the success I have made today.”
Even with the numerous disappointments from those in positions of authority, Obasanjo was optimistic that assistance would still come officially from government, because of the project’s huge economic benefit to the nation.
“There is something about this project; we have to be frank with ourselves. Now that we have achieved the one that can move on the land and sea, I will suggest that we use that one to develop our economy first. To mass produce it globally, it will cost Nigeria between N2.5 billion to N2.8 billion. That will put Nigeria on the track of mass production of the project. But if I want to build a standard one, that will cost only a few millions of naira. I have an idea of what I want to do.
And, if you are going to sell, it will go for N650,000 each,” he said.

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