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The Importance Of Public Health

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Article 47 of the Constitution which reads: “The State shall regard the raising of the level of nutrition and the standard of living of its people and the improvement of public health as among its primary duties and, in particular, the State shall endeavour to bring about prohibition of the consumption except for medical purposes of intoxicating drinks and drugs which are injurious to health”.

The basic principle embodied in the Article very clearly denies the statement to some of the learned authors that initially our Constitution was environmentally blind38 and environment as a subject has been left out of the Constitution. Article 47 calls upon the State to perform the basic duty to look after the health of the citizen and also take necessary and effective steps to improve their standard of living and also raise the level of nutrition. Improvement of public health forms the core of environment because due to various environmental hazards it is the health of the general people which
…show more content…
It was further directed by the Court that, “for industrial development, the people should not become ill on account of collapse of buildings, surface erosion and water pollution .

In Hamid Khan v. State of Madhyapradesh it was held that there was a gross negligence on the part of the state government in not taking proper measure before supplying drinking water from hand-pumps which has resulted in colossal damage to the people, the Court held that the State was responsible and has failed to discharge its primary responsibility. With the objective of affording better protection to the environment, the
Constitution was amended in the year 1976 and a new Article 48-A was inserted into the
Constitution which reads:
“The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and safeguard the forests and wild life of the

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