Free Essay

The Jungle

In: Historical Events

Submitted By teda
Words 1992
Pages 8
Throughout the late 1800s to the early 1900s individuals from all over Europe fled to America, the land of opportunity. Many of these European immigrants hailed from Eastern European countries such as Russia, Hungary, Italy, and Lithuania. Unlike the immigrants of the past who came to America educated and with financial resources, this new group of immigrants came to America in search of jobs, political freedom, and to escape the mass poverty in Europe. This new group of immigrants were often poor and uneducated and were likely considered peasants in their own countries. Jurgis Rudkus, a fictionalized character in Upton Sinclair's novel, The Jungle is an example of such a person. Jurgis is from Lithuania and comes to America in search of the American dream. At the beginning of the novel Jurgis comes to America as any other typical European immigrant. He dreams of America as being a land where a man with little can rise through the ranks and ultimately become a man with wealth and prosperity. Jurgis quickly realizes that industrial America is a land of heartache, where a willing man is exploited and used as energy to fuel the never ending industrial machine. At the end of the novel Jurgis learns that the great land of America has its limitations, but at a cost as he loses his wife and child and spends stints in jail for trying to defy the machine. Thus, the novel, The Jungle exemplifies how immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe in the early 1900s could not fully realize and achieve the American dream no matter how hard they toiled and worked in the brutal American factories of the time. A jungle is an area of madness and chaos where animals roam free and one either eats or is eaten. Upton Sinclair titled his novel, The Jungle because urban Chicago exemplified all of the same traits that a jungle possessed except for the fact that the jungle of Chicago was made up of concrete while a jungle in nature is made up of earth, soil and trees. However, the people that make up the streets of Chicago are just as vicious and brutal as any animal in a real jungle. The jungle of Chicago, "was simply a seething cauldron of jealousies and hatreds; there was no loyalty or decency anywhere about it, there was no place in it where a man counted for anything against a dollar" (Ch. 5). Similar to natural jungles where animals vie against each other for supremacy and will do anything to stay on top of the food chain, the characters in the novel will betray each other without a second's thought to human decency or morality. Jurgis also puts as much effort as he can muster into protecting Ona. Ona is Jurgis's wife and everyday he has, "to protect her, to do battle for her against the horror he saw about them" (Ch. 7). Jurgis and the animals of the jungle share many common traits in that one of their main objectives is to protect and provide for their family. The novel was also titled, The Jungle because it relates to the primitive, wild and animalistic side of human nature that still lurks in all mankind. The word "jungle" only appears once on Chapter 22 of the book but the meaning that it portrays is powerful. After the death of Jurgis's wife and child he goes on a hiatus to the countryside. After working in the harvest season in the country, Jurgis has amassed a considerable amount of money and goes to a bar one night. At the bar Jurgis has fun drinking and singing and then notices, "out of the rear part of the saloon a girl's face, red-cheeked and merry, smiled at Jurgis, and his heart thumped suddenly in his throat" (Ch. 22). The animalistic part of Jurgis that had been so long suppressed finally viewed its ugly head as, "he went upstairs into a room with her, and the wild beast rose up within him and screamed, as it has screamed in the jungle from the dawn of time" (Ch. 22). There is a thin line between man and animal and when man reaches his breaking point in life that line disappears. Uncontrolled desires such as these appear frequently throughout the novel as Jurgis descends more into the depths of the urban jungle. Even Jurgis's wife falls victim to the uncontrolled desires of men, when she sleeps with her boss Connor. Ona has sexual intercourse with her boss because she wants to keep her job and also protect the jobs of her family member. Connor is a powerful man and Ona realizes that it is wise to keep him on her side. In summation, Upton Sinclair's novel is titled, The Jungle because it illustrates how poor European immigrants are victimized and exploited by those that are more powerful and cunning. Jurgis and other immigrants like him are preyed upon in the urban jungle of Chicago. They have little chance of achieving the American dream and are trapped much like an animal in a cage by the forces of the industrial jungle. The parallels that exist between urban Chicago and the real jungle are evident such as betrayal, protectiveness and the wild nature that lurks in both men and animals. The immigrants in, The Jungle experience many hardships as they try to establish themselves as Americans. Poverty is an underlying theme throughout the book and displays the hardships that not only Jurgis and his family go through but all immigrants. When Ona is in labor with her second child Jurgis frantically rushes around Chicago looking for a midwife. Jurgis finally finds Madame Haupt, an enormously fat Dutch woman, and rushes her back to the house from which they are renting. The living conditions in which Jurgis's family live are atrocious and Madame Haupt is appalled to find the condition of the attic in which Ona is giving birth to her child. "Vot sort of a place is dot for a woman to bear a child in-up in a garret, mit only a ladder to it?" (Ch. 19) The place in which Jurgis and his family live is due to the poor wages that they receive for completing demanding physical labor each day. When Madame Haupt finally makes it to the top of the ladder Jurgis is shooed out of the house by the other women. When he comes back he is shocked and devastated to find that his wife and baby are dead. To make matters worse Jurgis must pay Madame Haupt twenty-five dollars for her midwife services. Jurgis of course does not have this money and after the tragedy that befalls him goes out to the saloons for the entire day. Jurgis of course needs money for his alcoholic indulgences to ease his sorrows. He obtains the money by taking it from Katrina, Ona's stepsister, after she had been out the previous day selling newspapers. Jurgis lives in a state of perpetual dept and even in this tragic time of great mourning, he is never allowed to escape this constant state of poverty. Instead of being able to properly mourn the death of his wife and child, Jurgis still needs to despair over money. Inequality is also seen frequently throughout the novel and reveals how there is a great disparity between the wealthy and the poor in urban America. One night as Jurgis goes begging for money he meets a drunken young man, Master Frederick, on the Chicago streets. This man turns out to be part of the wealthy elite and Jurgis escorts him home. The house that Jurgis enters with Frederick is a huge mansion that looks to Jurgis as if it is a city hall rather than a house. Jurgis is able to gorge himself with food at Frederick's house and the difference between the wealthy and poor is clearly observed and felt by Jurgis as well as the reader. "There were cold pâtés, and thin slices of meat, tiny bread and butter sandwiches with the crust cut off, a bowl of sliced peaches and cream (in January), little fancy cakes, pink and green and yellow and white, and half a dozen ice-cold bottles of wine" (Ch. 24). In conclusion, poverty and inequality are themes chronicled throughout the novel. While Sinclair chooses to tell the story of Jurgis, his tale could be the same as any of the other millions of immigrants that came to American during the industrial era with brightest of hopes, only to be disappointed by the harsh reality of the urban jungles. The struggles of Jurgis and his family in America portray how hard work and struggle do not always help one make it out of the lower class. Upton Sinclair was one of the great muckrakers of his time. A muckraker was an individual who sought out corruption and would stop at nothing to expose it. Sinclair wrote his novel using fiction so that more people would want to read his exposé and he would reach a wider audience. Individuals are naturally more inclined to read a story dealing with hardship and struggle, than a bland newspaper article citing the facts of the labor abuses occurring in the meat packing industry of Chicago at that time. Sinclair includes elements of disgust and violence in dramatic ways throughout his novel that pull the reader in to the tale. The theme of disgust is depicted when describing the atrocious conditions of the meat packing plants. "There would be meat stored in great piles in rooms; and the water from leaky roofs would drip over it, and thousands of rats would race about on it" (Ch. 14). This scene has resonated with people since The Jungle's publication in 1906. Violence is another theme that is naturally intriguing to the reader. Sinclair makes good use of chronicling violence when Jurgis meets Jack Duane in prison and they team up to rob and pilfer. The reader is introduced to the criminal underbelly of Chicago. "...ripping open, first his overcoat, and then his coat, and then his vest, searching inside and outside, and transferring the contents into his own pockets" (Ch. 25). By writing a novel of fiction Sinclair made the abuses of industrial era America more relevant and accessible to the masses of America. If he had published an exposé only the wealthy and culturally aware individuals of society would have read it. By publishing a fictional account of the Chicago meat packing industry both the wealthy and poor of America were reached by Sinclair's novel. Therefore, Upton Sinclair published a fictional account of the scandalous Chicago meat packing industry and the haves and have-nots of America in hopes of bringing his message to as many people as possible. The Jungle by Upton Sinclair focuses on the hardships that immigrants confront in their pursuit of the American dream. The novel deals with animalistic qualities of human natures such as greed and brutality that sill lie at the heart of every individual. Poverty and loss are also seen in the novel when Jurgis and his family are forced to live in a ramshackle apartment building and Ona dies in childbirth. Inequality between the classes is also prevalent when Jurgis goes to Master Frederick's mansion and feasts upon the food that he has. Jurgis could never afford this food on his own income but is able to bear witness to the feasts of the upper class for a fleeting second of his life. Disgust, violence are likewise seen in the novel and Sinclair includes them to keep the reader interested and compelled by the story. Hence, The Jungle is a novel that chronicles aspects of disparity, loss and sadness among the working class of America and depicts how the American dream was not able to be achieved by the thousands of immigrants who spent their lives working in brutal American factories.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Jungle

...Zenja Jones Eng101 – Smith 2 Nov 2015 Jungle The most significant thing I’ve read does not come from a book, a magazine, or a blog. It comes from a hip-hop song. The song was made by a Canadian rapper, turned singer, named Aubrey Graham. He is well known as Drake in the music industry. The song I am referring to is called ‘Jungle.’ There is one lyric in particular that caught my attention and stuck with me. The lyric itself personally inspires me to be my best and encourages me to keep moving toward success. The song is fairly new. It was released in February of 2015, along with seventeen other songs, on Drake’s album ‘If You’re Reading This It’s Too Late.’ This is his fourth commercial released album. It was randomly available on iTunes on the thirteenth of February. The album has been very successful, as well as his others. The album debuted as number one on the Canadian Albums Chart and the Billboard 200. Because of ‘If You’re Reading This It’s Too Late,’ Drake became the first rapper to top Billboard’s Artist 100 chart. Jungle has the third most plays out of the whole album. Drake has always been one of my favorite artists to listen to. I feel his music is more relatable than others. Jungle really grabbed ahold of my mind and wedged itself in there, continuously playing even when I’m not listening to the actual song. It loops the same part of the song over and over again when I’m in apposition of giving up. It is a rather emotional song though. The meaning of the...

Words: 568 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Jungle

...In 1906, Upton Sinclair's Book The Jungle was published in book form; it had previously been published as a newspaper serial in 1905. Few works of literature have changed history in the United States so much as The Jungle did when it was published. Does Sinclair Lewis make a compelling argument for socialism in his book, The Jungle? I think that the answer to this question is going to be dependent on what you end up believing about socialism. A die hard socialist is probably going to point to Sinclair's ending with zeal and passion because it proves that Jurgis could only find a home when renouncing capitalism and its perverse interpretation of the American Dream. I think that Sinclair believed in the socialist ending of his novel. Yet, I want to pivot the question a bit. While the socialist claim might not be persuasive, like Marx himself, Sinclair is probably more eloquent on suggesting that the current capitalist system, the one being written about at the turn of the century, is in desperate need of repair. His persuasion might lie in his critique of capitalism more than his embrace of socialism. “The Jungle by Upton Sinclair, exposed the nauseating conditions of Chicago’s meat packing industry.” (Goldfield, David R. The American Journey: A History of the United States.) He couldn't have been very happy that the book gained fame for a different reason, but nonetheless it did gain a significant amount of fame and get that message of socialism is better than......

Words: 731 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Jungle

...what happens in their lives and how they adapt to it. In the book, they have to learn to live with the horrible conditions outside, dealing with their working conditions and also their family conditions. These are things that animals do; they adapt to shelter, the weather, and change and also prey on other animals. “He had to fight often on these days to fight for a place near the factory gates, and now and again with gangs on the street.” (Sinclair 215) Chapter 21 . This is an example of how bad they struggled just to stay alive, trying to beat each other to get something and having more power. Animals fight for space food and territory the same way humans fought for theirs. This also ties in with the title of the book. Life is really a jungle; full of competition. Socialism is about the community as a whole being able to make decisions for themselves instead of a group of people doing it for them. The community does not have full on control because things might get out of hand but, they do have an agreeable amount. Sinclair uses socialism as an anecdote for him and his people. They did not have to worry anymore; they could be “free”. “He had been torn out of the jaws of destruction, he had been delivered from the thralldom of despair; the whole world had been changed for him-he was free, he was free.” (Sinclair 330) Chapter 29. Jurgis had already been through so much through the book losing his family, his jobs, getting sent to jail, etc. He knew what the system was......

Words: 1057 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Into the Jungle

...Devi Henn Life science Assigned reading Part I March 3, 2015 INTO THE JUNGLE: Questions from the book CHAPTER 1 QUESTIONS: 1. What experiences of his youth helped to prepare Darwin for the voyage on the Beagle? 2. What geological phenomena and formations did Darwin witness? How did these shape his thinking about the age of the earth or how life changed? 3. What zoological evidence led Darwin to think that species evolved? 4. What were Thomas Malthus’ ideas, and how did Darwin react to them? 5. Why did Darwin delay publishing his species theory? CHAPTER 2 QUESTIONS: 1. Why did Wallace choose to go to the Malay Archipelago? 2. Compare and contrast the animals on Bali, Borneo, and the western islands of the archipelago with those on Lombok, New Guinea, and the eastern islands. What are the differences and why are they important? 3. What observations led Wallace to the idea of a “struggle for existence”? How were Wallace’s observations similar or different from those driving Darwin’s ideas about natural selection? CHAPTHER 3 QUESTIONS: 1. What was the “glimpse” that Bates had “of how nature manufactures her species?” 2. What evidence did Bates assemble to argue that mimicry was due to natural selection and not mere coincidence? 3. Why was Darwin so delighted by Bates’ discovery of mimicry? CHAPTER 4 QUESTIONS: 1. What influence did Thomas Huxley have on Eugene Dubios? 2. Why did Dubios choose to search......

Words: 603 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Jungle

...The book “The Jungle” was published at 1905 and written by Upton Sinclair. The novel’s main characters Jurgis Rudkus was a Lithuanian immigrant lived in U.S., and the book described the life he experienced while he was working in a meat packing house at Chicago. Jurgis’s family and his fiancée’s family immigrated to the United States from Lithuania; they thought they could have a better life after living in the U.S. At the beginning, they were lucky and found the job in a very short time. It look like everything should be better, however things didn’t develop as they expected. In the meat packing house, people had a long working-time and the work environment was horrible; it made some of the worker hurt and even some of them were died. After Jurgis married, in order to support the family, he was working very hard. Unfortunately, Jurgis was hurt in an accident and had to stay home. After he back to the meat packing house, there was someone already did his task which means he lost his job. Everything became worse and worse. Jurgis went to jail because he fights with his co-work; when he got out of the jail, he found his life was totally changed because both his wife and kid were died. After that, Jurgis became weaker and hard to find a job. One day, he was listened a speech about socialism, he was very enlightening. After experiencing so many unfair things, he thought the society need to be changed and socialism brought hope to him. “I aimed at the public's heart, and by......

Words: 895 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Gentlemen of the Jungle

...The Gentlemen of the Jungle is a fable written by Jomo Kenyatta. Kenyatta is famous due to the work he has done with the rights and for the independence of Kenya. He was arrested because he was a member of a radical anti-colonial movement. The British used to call him the African leader to darkness and death. The story is about a man living and speaking with animals, but the animals trick him, even though they pretend that they are his friends. In the end the man kills the animals. In my analysis and interpretation I’ll be focussing on the use of genre and style of writing and at last I’ll talk about the message of the story. The genre is, as said before, a fable. It is a fable because Kenyatta uses animals to represent what he means. The animals are given human feelings and actions and on top of that they are able to speak and think as humans. He also uses sentences as “once upon a time” and “lived happily ever after”, which are typical fable sentences. It is an omniscient narrator seen from another point of view, which is already seen in the first line, where it says “Once upon a time an elephant made a friendship with a man.” In which none of the characters are described as I or we but described from another point of view. This is also a typical thing from a fable, because it often has a deeper meaning, and therefore everyone should be able to relate to it, which can be difficult when using personal characters. The animals are talking to each other with titles......

Words: 1007 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Jungle Book

...The Jungle Book CHARACTERS Who is Shere Khan? A lame tiger who wants to kill the man cub. Who is Mowgli? The man cub that Shere Khan wanted to kill and who was adopted into the Seeonee Wolf Pack. Raksha the Demon is another name for who? Mother Wolf Who is the leader of the Seeonee Wolf Pack? Akela Bagheera is who? The black panther that bought Mowgli’s way into the wolf pack. Who is Baloo? The old brown bear that teaches the wolf cubs the law of the jungle. Who is Kaa? The rock python that helps Baloo and Bagheera rescue Mowgli from the Bandor-log. What is Bagheera’s secret? He was born and raised in captivity. PLOT How did Mowgli come to live with the Seeonee Wolf Pack? Shere Khan tried to eat him but he got away and ended up outside a wolf den. Explain Mowgli’s acceptance by the wolf pack. Bagheera bought Mowgli’s way into the wolf pack with a freshly killed bullock. Why did Bagheera feel Mowgli needed the Red Flower? For protection from Shere Khan and the wolves that were following him when Akela is no longer the leader of the pack. Why do the jungle people hate Mowgli? Because they can not look him in the eyes. What is the Law of the Jungle? The rules that the jungle animals live by. Why is Mowgli forbidden to have anything to do with the Bandor-log? The Bandor-log have no laws, no leaders, and no speech of their own. They are evil, dirty, and shameless. What did the......

Words: 355 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Gentleman of the Jungle

...The Gentleman of the Jungle Power is, and has always been, one of the biggest threats to humans. The fear of being overruled by others is major and can make us sacrifice a lot just to satisfy those whose power is above us. Earlier in the history Great Britain used their power to expand their territory and gain colonies. The story “The Gentleman of the Jungle” is a fable written in 1938 by Jomo Kenyatta, who was a man born in 1894. He was born in British East Africa which today is known as Kenya. He was a lobbyist who had interest in more land to his tribe, Kikuyu, and independence of Kenya. He was arrested and sentenced to prison, but when he finally nine years after got released he became president of Kenya and is therefore today a famous and very honorable man. The fable takes place in a jungle and the protagonist is a man. One day a hurricane came and an elephant asked the man to settle in his hut, although there wasn’t space enough for both of them. The man ended in the rain and grumbled for some time. Short after the community of the jungle was gathered and discussed the situation. The animals manipulated the story and they urge the man to build a new hut. The episode repeats several times, although the man is aware of the fact that the animals are using him. But he can’t refuse to satisfy them because they have sharp teeth and claws. In the end he tricks them all into a huge hut and lighting it up, which kill all the animals. The fable is of course fiction and......

Words: 898 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Gentleman of the Jungle

...The Gentlemen of the Jungle "Peace is costly, but it's worth the expense." The theme of this text could be patience. How patient you can be before doing something for yourself or how far can you go for somebody else without getting anything? The story is about a man living in an animal world; he has a little hut in peace and quiet. One day there is a hurricane and Mr. Elephant seeks shelter at the man's hut, but with no room for them both, the elephant kicks the man out in the hurricane. This leads to a trial where the animals treat the man unfairly and give the hut to the elephant. In most cases, the man would surely win this trial by miles because it was his hut and all he did was help a friend. "The Gentleman of the Jungle" is written by Jomo Kenyatta in 1938. The story takes place at the edge of the forest in a fictitious land where animals and humans can talk. It states, ''Once upon a time an elephant made a relationship to a man. One day a heavy thunderstorm broke out, the elephant went to his friend who had a little hut at the edge of the forest.’’ (Line 1-3, pg. 171) The setting is the base of the story, the jungle laws they use because it takes place in the jungle. The relationships between the characters start out well. The story tells us that the elephant and the man are friends. The man shows patience when getting told by the lion that he will get his opportunity to get his hut back. This shows that the man has respect for the elders and the animals, "wait......

Words: 658 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Jungle Book

...Bridget Boyle Johanson Eng 105-39 23, February 2015 The Jungle Book Disney has the ability to make children out of adults and turn old stories in to movies that are memorable for all.  From Snow White to Frozen, Disney has been capturing audience’s attention no matter what age group.  One of the most notable films is the Jungle Book.  The Jungle Book is an amazing story that takes viewer through the life of Mowgli who was a boy that was raised by wolves.  The young boy must leave from his wolf family in order to escape the man-eating tiger named Shere Khan.  With the Indian boy's fellow companions Bagheera and Baloo the audience experiences a great and positive story, fun songs, amazing animations for the time, and characters that will always be closed to the heart. The Disney version of Rudyard Kipling’s novel takes the audience to experience a great story and makes it into a family friendly animated movie. The story of a young Indian boy named Mowgli, who is a little boy that was separated from his village and was saved by his wolf father from the evil tiger Shere Khan. The boy was raised as a wolf and about 10 years later he grew up and learned that he couldn’t stay because soon Shere Khan would find him. Mowgli teams up with his panther friend Bagheera who will help him journey back to his village. On the way back the two protagonists run into another man-eating beast, Kaa the snake. Both Bagheera and Mowgli eventually meet up with a fun and loving bear......

Words: 1078 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Jungle World

...Bronx Zoo: Jungle World Exhibit General Description: The Jungle world Exhibit at the Bronx Zoo was very interesting. If it wasn’t for this class I probably wouldn’t have ever went there, I am glad that I went because I saw a lot of interesting displays and learned a lot about animals that I have never really known about. My favorite display is the Rainforest display. The display was so real feeling. I saw animals such as ebony and silvered langurs, as well as tree kangaroos, fruit bats, black leopards, tropical birds, toads, and snakes. Jungle World had real plants and full grown trees and flowing water falls, and the only light source came from natural sun light that comes through windows in the ceiling. I learned that Jungle world contains about 90% of all the world’s species of plants and animals live there, but only about half are known to science. The sounds were incredible. The animals made the jungle sound so cheerful and alive. The Jungle was incredible. It was truly amazing to see all of the different animals, and how they all lived in close quarters and kept it alive. When I heard the gibbons singing that was beautiful, I saw how nature alone can make beautiful melodies and duets and flood the jungle with peace and serenity. Display: Description of the Asian Rainforest The Asian Rainforest display was the display that stuck out to me the most. I love the tropics and all of the exotic animals. The sights, sounds and......

Words: 781 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Into the Jungle Chapter 1

...Into the Jungle chapter 1 tells the story of Charles Darwin’s journey as a naturalist aboard the vessel, the Beagle. While on his five year journey Charles Darwin went to places such as Chile, the Galapagos Islands, and Australia where he noticed remarkable things not only about the geography, but also about the animals that inhabited these areas. His most prominent discovery was that of the birds from the Galapagos Islands and Chile. He noticed that the birds from the different islands of the Galapagos seemed to be similar, but had different features, such as different beak shape and length. Upon closer inspection of the specimens, an ornithologist concluded that they were in fact all types of finches. This led Darwin to create the ideas of what we now know as the mechanism of natural selection and the theory of evolution. Darwin was unable to publish his findings in depth for fear of being labeled as a heretic and instead waited for a more opportune time when his findings would be socially accepted. He even left a note to his wife stating that if she were to do anything if he died suddenly, it was to take 400 pounds and publish the rest of his findings. Chapter Questions: 1. The experiences of his youth that helped Darwin prepare for the voyage on the Beagle were not only his curious nature and rebellious spirit, but his connection with his mentor Reverend John Steven Henslow. Henslow further nurtured Darwin’s interest in cataloging and collecting species......

Words: 547 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling

...JUNGLE BOOK by Rudyard Kipling The stories of Jungle Book are stories told in the third person by a narrator, as one might tell bedtime stories to children. Only in "The White Seal" and "Servants of the Queen," is the narrator actually mentioned, and then he is not identified. The reader gets the sense of a wise older narrator, one who is intimately familiar with Colonial Indian and the jungle therein, but not of it, as a British colonial officer would be. The narrator, for the most part, is impartial and allows the stories' characters to tell the story. Only occasionally does he interject, such as at the end of "Tiger, Tiger," when he tells us that the rest of Mowgli's story is a story for grownups. This is also true at the beginning of the "White Seal," where the narrator tells us of the winter wren that originally told him the story. The narrator does not share his opinion of the story and the characters' actions. The reader is left to draw his own conclusion. Kipling is a product of his 19th century British colonial experiences, and the British/ Native and Indian caste class differences are alluded to in several of the stories. In "Toomai of the Elephants," the reader is told that Big Toomai works for the government, but it is to Petersen Sahib, a white man, that he reports. Additionally, whereas Petersen's interaction with the boy, Little Toomai, is undoubtedly well meant, it still carries a vaguely condescending tone. This difference is also evident in......

Words: 2148 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Impact of the Jungle on American Society

...Impacts of The Jungle on American Society As Judith Lewis Herman exhorted in her novel, Trauma and Recovery, "The ordinary response to atrocities is to banish them from consciousness” (“Trauma and Recovery Quotes”). However, a nationwide nerve was struck when the grotesque meat- packing industry was revealed by Upton Sinclair. He blazoned to Americans across the country the lurid details of the industry though his novel, The Jungle, a novel which changed American history. [This scathing review on the meat packing industry with socialist undertones brought an advent of great social and legal change to the United States.] With its stunning entrance into American literature in 1906, The Jungle created an uproar that has endured over a century since its publication. Upton Sinclair was an ardent proponent of socialism in America and yearned to reform the ailing country (Fogel). His novel was produced as a metaphor, comparing a jungle directly to the corrupt meat packing industry based in Chicago. Sinclair sought to expose the unknown atrocities hidden in the meat packing industry, which was not forced to obey any form of regulation (Shafer). Sinclair wrote that, “It was like some horrible crime committed in a dungeon, all unseen and unheeded, buried out of sight and of memory” (Sinclair 56). This fictional piece of literature brought America to a screeching halt. Never before had such a bold statement been made about an industry that affected almost every single American.......

Words: 1435 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

The Jungle: Dluted Dreams

...Andrew Middleton 2/23/15 History 100c The Jungle: Diluted Dreams From the 1880’s though the 1920’s, industries in America were steadily on the rise, followed diligently by its population. Immigrant’s traveled from across the world with a single shared fantasy in mind: that the wealthy and prosperous America, through its abundant opportunities, would provide them with a respectable form of employment and a presentable household for the upbringing of their families. The Jungle is a very distinct type of book that looks at various aspects of the past and modern day inter-workings of the American society. Witten by Upton Sinclair, his main purpose was to raise awareness of his anit-capitalism message by means of specific details and cunning symbolism. The arrangement of the novel depicts the corrupt capitalism in the years of the early 1900's. The book captures the dramatic changes occurring at the turn of the turn of the turn of the century. Its central focus is to portray the unspeakable working conditions in the meat-packing industry in many large cities and specifically in Chicago. Western America was known as the frontier because of its undeveloped landscape but Manifest Destiny was initiating industrial growth that was disperse throughout the country. All these job openings attracted thousands and thousands of immigrants into America and especially into the urban parts of major cities because most of them had no other means of bringing in money. They were unaware of......

Words: 1527 - Pages: 7