Free Essay

The Last Leaf

In: English and Literature

Submitted By sabinaK
Words 1526
Pages 7
ПОСЛЕДНИЙ ЛИСТ
Сью и Джонси, два молодых художников, имел свою студию в верхней части трехэтажного кирпичного дома в Нью-Йорке. Одна была из Мэна; другая - из Калифорнии. Они встретились в дешевом ресторане, что на Восьмой Улице, и убедились в том, что их вкусы в искусстве, салате из цикория и широких рукавах настолько близки, что в результате возникла совместная студия.
Это было в мае. В ноябре холодный, невидимый незнакомец, которого доктора прозвали Воспалением лёгких, пробирался по колонии, то и дело прикасаясь к кому-то своими ледяными пальцами. Он сделал Джонси один из его жертв, тоже. И она лежала, едва двигаясь, на ее окрашенной железной кровати, глядя в маленькое окошко на пустой стороне следующего кирпичного дома.
Однажды утром суетливый доктор позвал Сью в прихожую. "У неё один шанс, скажем, из десяти" сказал он, сбивая градусник. "И этот шанс для неё - желание жить. Ваша юная леди вбила себе в голову, что она не поправится. У неё есть какое-то желание?"
"Она - она хотела когда-нибудь нарисовать Залив Неаполя",- сказала Сью.
"Нарисовать?- вздор! Есть ли у неё что-нибудь на уме, о чём бы ей стоило задуматься - какой-то мужчина, например?" "Мужчина?" сказала Сью резко, схожим на варган голосом. Разве мужчина стоит того, чтобы - нет, доктор; ничего такого нет". | |
"Что ж, это плохо," сказал доктор. "Я сделаю всё, что в моих силах. "Но как только моя пациентка начинает считать кареты в своей похоронной процессии, я отнимаю 50 процентов бесполезности. Если у вас получится её спросить хотя бы один вопрос о фасоне плащей в новом зимнем сезоне, я обещаю, у неё будет один шанс из пяти, вместо одного из десяти".
После того, как доктор ушёл, Сью вошла в мастерскую и горько заплакала. Затем перестав плакать она с важным видом пошагала в комнату Джонси со своей чертёжной доской, насвистывая регтайм.
Джонси лежала, повернув лицо к окну. Сью перестала насвистывать, думая, что она заснула.
Она установила доску и начала рисовать пером иллюстрацию к рассказу в журнале. Юные художники должны прокладыватьсвой путь в Искусство, иллюстрируя в журналах рассказы, которые пишут начинающие авторы, чтобы проложить свой путь в Литературу.
Когда Сью делала набросок ковбоя из Айдахо, то услышала тихий звук, повторившийся несколько раз. Она поспешила к постели.
Глаза Джонси были широко раскрыты. Она смотрела куда-то за окно и считала - считала наоборот.
"Двенадцать", сказала она, и чуть позже "одиннадцать"; а потом "десять", и "девять"; а затем "восемь" и "семь", почти сразу.
Сью с надеждой смотрела за окно. Что там было считать? Было видно только пустой, унылый двор, и пустую стену кирпичного дома, стоявшая на расстоянии двадцати футов.
Старая при старая лоза, покрытая шишками и сгнившая возле корней, поднималась до середины кирпичной стены. Холодные осенние ветры сдули почти все листья с лозы.
"О чём ты, дорогая?" спросила Сью.
"Шесть," сказала Джонси почти шёпотом. "Сейчас они опадают быстрее. Три дня назад их было почти сто. У меня болела голова из-за того, что я их считала. Но теперь легко. Вот и ещё один. Теперь осталось только пять".
"Пять чего, дорогая? Расскажи своей Сьюди".
"Листьев. На лозе. Когда упадет последний, мне тоже надо будет уйти. Я уже три дня об этом думаю. Разве доктор тебе не рассказал?"
"О, я никогда не слышала такой ерунды," ответила Сью. "Какое отношение имеют листья старого плюща к твоему выздоровлению? Как раз сегодня утром доктор сказал мне, что твои шансы на десять к одному!" "Ну, это всё равно, что мы бы в Нью-Йорке катались на трамваях или проходили мимо нового здания".
"А сейчас постарайся выпить немного бульона, и позволь мне вернуться к своему рисунку, чтобы я могла продать его в редакцию и купить портвейна и свиных отбивных ".
"Тебе больше не нужно вина," сказала Джонси, глядя застывшим взглядом за окно. "Теперь ещё один. Нет, я не хочу бульона. Всего лишь четыре листа. Я хочу увидеть, как упадет последний до того, как стемнеет. Тогда и я уйду тоже".
"Джонси, дорогая" склоняясь над ней, сказала Сью, "обещаешь мне не открывать глаза и не смотреть за окно, пока я не закончу работу?" "Я должна сдать эти рисунки к завтрашнему дню. Мне нужен свет, или мне всё же придётся опустить штору".
"Не могла бы ты рисовать в другой комнате?" холодно спросила Джонси.
"Я бы лучше побыла здесь с тобой," сказала Сью. "Кроме того, я не хочу, чтобы ты продолжала смотреть на эти глупые листья плюща".
"Скажи мне, как только закончишь," сказала Джонси, закрывая глаза, и лежащая белая, похожая на упавшую статую, "потому что я хочу увидеть, как упадёт последний. Я устала ждать. Я устала думать. Я хочу стать свободной и поплыть вниз, вниз, словно один из этих бедных, уставших листьев".
"Постарайся поспать," сказала Сью. "Мне нужно позвать сюда Бермана, чтобы он позировал мне старым шахтёром. И минуты не пройдёт, как я вернусь. Даже не пытайся двигаться, пока я не вернусь".
Старый Берман был художником, живущим на первом этаже под ними. Он был старше шестидесяти, у него была борода как у Моисея с картины Микель Анджело, волнами ниспадающая с головы сатира вдоль черта. Берман был неудачником в искусстве. Он всё время собирался написать шедевр, но ещё ни разу к нему не приступал. В течение нескольких лет время от времени он рисовал только какую-то мазню в разделе рекламы. Он немного зарабатывал, позируя тем молодым художникам из колонии, которые не могли оплатить услуги профессионала. Он напивался джином до чёртиков, и всё ещё говорил о будущем шедевре. Для остальных он был маленьким свирепым стариком, который страшно насмехался над чьей бы то ни было мягкостью, и который считал себя мастифом, готовым защитить двух юных художниц в студии наверху.
Сью нашла резко пахнущего можжевеловыми ягодами Бермана в его тёмной каморке внизу. В одном углу стоял мольберт с чистым полотном, которое уже двадцать пять лет ожидало первых штрихов шедевра. Она рассказала ему о навязчивой идее Джонси, и о том, что она боится, что она, сама лёгкая и хрупкая как лист, и вправду уплывёт.
Старый Берман, с красными глазами, криком высказал своё презрение и насмешку к таким дурацким вымыслам.
Когда они поднялись, Джонси спала. Сью дёрнула штору до подоконника, и жестом позвала Бермана в другую комнату. Там они испуганно выглянули из окна на плющ. Потом они на мгновение молча посмотрели друг на друга. Шёл, не прекращаясь, холодный дождь со снегом. Берман, одетый в старую голубую рубашку, занял своё место шахтёра на перевернутом котелке вместо скалы.
Когда на следующее утро Сью очнулась от своего часового сна, то застала Джонси, тупо уставившейся широко раскрытыми глазами на задернутую штору.
"Подними её; я хочу посмотреть," приказала она шепотом.
Сью послушалась.
Но, смотри-ка! после сильного дождя и лютого порывистого ветра, продолжавшихся всю ночь, на кирпичной стене всё жевиднелся один лист плюща. На лозе он был последний. он мужественно держался на ветке где-то в двадцати футах от земли.
"Это последний," сказала Джонси. "Я была уверена, что за ночь он упадёт. Я слышала ветер. Он упадёт сегодня, в то же время умру и я".
"Милая, дорогая!" сказала Сью, наклоняя измученное лицо к подушке, "подумай хоть обо мне, если о себе не думаешь. Что я буду делать?"
Но Джонси не отвечала.
Медленно прошёл день, и даже в сумерках они могли видеть одинокий лист плюща, прильнувший к стеблю напротив стены. А потом, с наступлением ночи опять сорвался северный ветер, и дождь стучал в окна и барабаня по Голландским карнизам.
Когда стало достаточно светло, безжалостная Джонси скомандовала, чтобы подняли штору.
Лист плюща всё ещё был там.
Джонси долго лежала, глядя на него. А потом она позвала Сью, помешивающую куриный бульон на газовой плите.
"Я была плохой девочкой, Сьюди," сказала Джонси. "Что-то удержало этот последний лист, чтобы показать мне, насколько я была грешна. Желание умереть - это грех". "А теперь ты можешь принести мне немного бульона, и молока с каплей портвейна, и... нет; принеси мне сначала зеркальце, а потом взбей вокруг меня подушки. Я буду сидеть и смотреть, как ты готовишь"
Час спустя она сказала:
"Сьюди, когда-нибудь я нарисую Залив Неаполя".
Днём зашёл доктор, и у Сью был предлог выйти в коридор, провожая его.
"Шансы равны," сказал доктор, взяв тонкую дрожащую руку Сью в свою. "При условии хорошего ухода вы победите." А сейчас я должен осмотреть ещё одного больного внизу. Берман, так его зовут - художник, если не ошибаюсь. Тоже воспаление лёгких". "Он стар и слаб, а приступ сильный. Он безнадёжен; но он поедет в больницу, там ему будет удобнее".
На следующий день доктор сказал Сью: "Она вне опасности. Вы одержали победу. Правильное питание и уход, вот и всё".
В тот день Сью подошла к кровати, на которой довольная Джонси вязала крайне голубой и крайне бесполезный шарф, и обняла одной рукой её вместе с подушками и всем остальным.
"Я должна кое-что тебе сказать, мышонок," сказала она.
"Г-н Берман умер сегодня в больнице от воспаления лёгких. Он болел всего два дня. В первый день утром его, страдающим от сильных болей, нашёл сторож в его комнате внизу. Его одежда и обувь промокли насквозь и были ледяными. Они не могли представить, где он был в такую ужасную ночь". "А потом нашли фонарь, всё ещё зажженный, и лестницу сдвинутую с места, несколько разбросанных веток и палитру, со смешанными на ней зелёной и жёлтой красками, и... дорогая, взгляни на последний лист плюща на стене. Ты не удивлялась, почему он никогда не трепетал и не колыхался на ветру? Ах, милая, это и есть шедевр Бермана - он написал его в ту самую ночь, когда упал последний лист.

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...The last leaf - Art for Human Life (Literary criticism essay) 08/06/2009 08:17 | 1,819 lượt xem After reading the story, perhapsmany readers can say that American artists’ life is so poor. It seems be totally true. Nothing their property is. Their residences are bad too, “north windows and eighteenth-century gables and Dutch attics and low rents”. Sue and Johnsy are those kind of artist. However, Old Buhrman is the best exemplary one. So is it true that “The last leaf” was written in order toaccuse the misery of American artists? It must be NO. The profound meaning of the story, as the main sound of a song, is the deep-felt love between poor artists. That love wins poverty, disease. That love is more valuable than art. It makes art become alive. The time when that love is revealed is “a cold, unseen stranger” appears and touches his cold fingers on little Johnsy whose blood is going dry by wind from the west. Sue, herfriend, does everything for her with a big heart. Sue draws many more illustrated paintings to earn money to buy soup, wine. She invites doctor to come to see her friend. Shecooks, comforts Johnsy to eat and drink medicine. With Sue, the biggest hope of her is to see Johnsy become happy with her desperation, drawing the Naples guff.So noble that love is. But it is not strong enough to drown Johnsy’s desperation. Reading these pages, readers seem to be nearly strangled by her bigger and bigger desperation: “I want to see the last one fall. I'm tired of......

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The Last Leaf

...The Last Leaf by O. Henry from The Gift of the Magi and Other Stories This Level 1 ELLSA lesson can be accessed on the internet at http://www.rdlthai.com/ellsa_lastleaf1.html Lesson plan and text: Jeffrey Taschner, 1999 Print and web-adaptation: John Morgan, 1999 © USIA, 1999. All rights reserved 1. SYNOPSIS 1a) Synopsis Johnsy and Sue are artists who move into Greenwich Village in New York City. As Winter approaches and the weather gets colder, Johnsy becomes ill with pneumonia. She gets so sick that she believes that when the last leaf falls from the vine outside her window, she will die. An old artist, named Behrman, who lives in the same building as the girls, braves a storm one night to paint a leaf on the wall — a leaf that will never fall. Cold and wet from painting in the icy rain, he catches pneumonia and dies. This gives Johnsy the hope to survive her illness, and it also creates the masterpiece Behrman had always dreamed of painting. 1b) Vocab checkpoint • approaches (verb) To approach is to move towards. It is often used with seasons and special occasions (New Year, Christmas, birthdays) as in the example here, as well as with people and moving objects (vehicles, etc). • becomes (verb) In this example, becomes has the same meaning as "gets". With illnesses, we often use "to fall", or "to be taken": Johnsy fell ill/Johnsy was taken ill • pneumonia (noun) Pneumonia is a serious illness of the lungs. • vine (noun) A vine is......

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The Last Leaf

...Department of State of the site or the opinions presented therein. Photographs © Shutterstock.com 2 THE LAST LEAF PRE-READING ACTIVITY 1: VOCABULARY MATCHING Some vocabulary words from the story “The Last Leaf” are listed below. Each word also has a picture that shows its meaning. In this activity, practice these words before you read. PART 1: MATCH AND REWRITE Directions: Use the pictures below to guess the meanings of the words. Use a dictionary to look them up, when needed, then match each word and picture to the definition provided. Words Definitions A type of disease or illness painter A flat, (usually green) part of a tree or plant growing from a stem or twig painting materials An artist who paints pictures masterpiece A part of a tree that grows out from the trunk sickness Things for painting, such as paint and brushes to get well A person’s best work, a great piece of art leaf To feel better, not be sick anymore branch 3 PART 2: WORDS IN CONTEXT Now practice these new words and phrases. The following sentences are from “The Last Leaf.” Each sentence is missing one word or phrase. Clues are given below each blank. Directions: 1. Read the sentence and the clue below each line. 2. Choose one word or phrase from the box to complete the sentence. 3. Write the word on the line. The first sentence has been completed as an example. leaf sickness painter masterpiece branch painting materials getting well 1. The doctor told me what......

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The Last Leaf

...The Last Leaf by O. Henry This story takes place in New York City where two young women share an apartment. They, like all the tenents in their building, are artists who earn their daily break making drawings for magazine advertisements. All the artists, though, hope to paint a masterpiece, someday. One of the girls has come down with pneumonia. She isn't in a hospital (as she would be today) but is being nursed by her room-mate. The doctor has visited the apartment and advises the healthy girl that her ill friend will only recover if she has the will to live. The sick girl is in bed staring out the window. On this rainy November day, she is staring through the window watching leaves fall from a vine on the opposite building wall. She announces that when the last leaf falls, she will die. The nurse is in a panic. She does her best to bring some cheer, to infuse her friend with the will to live. The sick girl refuses to improve. The healthy girl visits an old artist who lives downstairs. She tells the old drunk that their friend needs a reason to live. He scoffs at this suggestion, and our nurse goes home dejected. The next day, the last leaf is still on the vine. And, the next day, it's still there. Our patient begins to improve. The doctor visits and gives her a much better chance of survival. But, he lets her know that the old man downstairs is now stricken with pneumonia. They found him in his room sick, wet, and cold. Outside was a ladder and his......

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The Last Leaf

...The Last Leaf character analysis The Last Leaf is about a girl suffering from pneumonia, Josie, they have disappointed the most, just begging to the trees in the window of the vine around the vine leaves all fall out, they would be able to leave this world, the Soviet Union Iraq – her roommate, this fee through the brain, hoping to rekindle the hope of life Josey. But all in vain, to hear the news of the Bellman uncle, quietly in a stormy night to risk their lives on that one picture will never fade the vine leaves, that one never out of vine leaves to Josey realize that they should pick up the life of faith, her tenacious survived, but because the storm painting Berman vine leaves and put them pneumonia departed forever. I think this article has three main characters: Bellman uncle, Josie, Sue.  Berman is an uncle for the benefit of others, no regard for the safety of others and their own high-quality a person. Embodied in the article when he learned that the small painter had pneumonia and become very passive, he Poverty and ill health in order to encourage the little artist that tenacious live, the old artist struggling with the stormy night to draw up a permanent wall The ivy leaves are not falling. For his own masterpiece and the price paid with his life, but the young artist has been encouraged so tenaciously against the disease. So I think he is a hero forever, he showed to others the sincerity of love and care, and make a valuable sacrifice, more reflects his......

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The Last Leaf

...apartment. The story begins as Johnsy, near death from pneumonia, lies in bed waiting for the last leaf of an ivy vine on the brick wall she spies through her window to fall. Mr. Behrman, an old man who lives in the apartment below Sue and Johnsy, who enjoys drinking, works sometimes as an artist’s model, and as yet has made no progress over the past 40 years on painting his own masterpiece, becomes in typical authors fashion the hero. The evidence of his heroics is found the day before he dies from pneumonia. JOHNSY - She suffers from pneumonia in this story. Her wish for death and her dialogues reflect her disparity for life. - Her word has no direct relation with Sue’s question, which shows her state of mind, the blank mind. It’s a vivid description of a dying Johnsy. - With her actions and condition we were able to realize that we have hope and we must believe and have a faith. MR. BEHRMAN - Though the hero appears only once and speaks twice in the whole story but he, successfully reveals his affection to two young artists and his noble spirit. - Though he was hard in the outside, he was full of gentle feelings in heart. - His love towards Johnsy and Sue was fraternal or fatherly affections. SUE - Sue who is caring nursing, tolerating, through perseverance and gentleness. - Shows her fondness for her weak friend. - She does her duty as a concerned friend. II. SETTINGS The last leaf takes place in New York City. The largest city in America, the location of......

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