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The Milgram Experiment Essay

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The Milgram Experiment was conducted by Stanley Milgram who was a psychologist at Yale University. He invented this study to explore the issue of authority. Milgram wanted to understand obedience. Milgram asked the question, “What is there in human nature that allows an individual to act without any restraints whatsoever that allows us to act inhumane and not limited by compassion or conscience.” This experiment allowed insight into the topic of conflict between obedience to authority and conscience. How far would people proceed in obeying authority if it involved hurting another person? In order to conduct this experiment Milgram used male subjects from 20 to 50 years old. The authority figure told the subjects they were testing to see if people …show more content…
The teacher punished the learner by using electric shock. Milgram designed a shock generator that went from 15 volts (Slight Shock) to 450 volts (Danger Severe Shock). When the learner made a mistake the teacher was instructed to implement shock by an authority figure. After each wrong answer from the learner, the teacher was instructed to increase the shock. The victim getting punished was an accomplice of the experimenter and provided many wrong answers so that the teacher would have to shock him. When the teacher became reluctant to administer another shock, the experimenter would say something like, “It is absolutely essential that you continue.” Around two-thirds of participants went on to implement the highest level of shock. This experiment concluded that most people are likely to follow orders from an authority figure and even go as far as kill an innocent person. This under covered that obedience to authority is ingrained in all human beings. People want to appease an authority figure. Milgram found that most people would follow authority if they could pass off responsibility for their own actions to the authority

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