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The Millennium Development Goals: Global Health Inequities

In: Other Topics

Submitted By JackAllTimeLow
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Health Inquiry, Global Health Inequities

The Millennium Development Goals (or MDG) are a set of 8 goals set by the world’s nations in hope of reducing poverty by 2015. These 8 goals address poverty, education, equality, disease and the environment. Each goal has a targets and indicators we are aiming to achieve by 2015. The purpose of this report is to report on the history, objectives and constitution of the MDG’s and the success and effectiveness of the MDGs.

History of MDGs:
In the 1990’s the United Nation (UN) member states went through a historically extraordinary UN press conference process. This conference was aimed at building consensus on development priorities for the 21st century. However, at the end of the 1990’s the governments of the conference experienced conference fatigue and feared the process launched by the conferences was losing steam.

In September 2000 in New York there was a large gathering of world leaders called the Millennium Summit. This was the largest gathering of world leaders in history including 189 UN member-states. At the Millennium Summit the United Nation Millennium Declaration was adopted as a result of a series of global conferences held during the 1990’s. The UN saw the Millennium Summit as an opportunity to bring back the development of priorities for the 21st century.

It was at this Millennium Summit that the Millennium Declaration set in motion a global partnership and was signed by 147 heads of states. The Millennium declaration had 8 chapters and key objectives. It stressed the observance of international human rights law and international humanitarian law under the principles of UN charter as well as the treaties on sustainable development. From the Millennium Declaration the Millennium development goals evolved.

In September 2005 a General Assembly was held in New York to review the...

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