Free Essay

The Movements: Rococo Through Surrealism

In: Other Topics

Submitted By mjack87
Words 1521
Pages 7

The Movements:
Rococo through Surrealism
Hum 100 Final

At the end of the Baroque period the neo-classical style Rococo emerge in France. It dealt with elaborate ornamentation. The essence of Romanticism is particularly difficult to describe because it heavily focuses on emotion so you have to see, or hear it to understand it. Art in the modern era from 1860-1914 consists of Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Fauvism, and Expressionism. These movements are closely related to each other, instead of being a carful rendering like in Realism art was freer flowing and had looser lines. Between the world wars art took on new roles these movements were: Cubism, Futurism, Dada, and Surrealism. The old social stratification of classes was beginning to break down in Europe.

The Rococo movement started in France in the early 18th century and is marked by elaborate ornamentation. The Rococo musical style is often viewed as an extension of the Baroque movement, ands characterized by a high degree of ornamentation and lightness of expression. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, born January 27th, 1756 in Salzburg began composing music at the age of five. In 1788 Mozart wrote his final three symphonies nos. 39, 40, and 41. He composed these symphonies for zero commission and at the time had no other source of income. Mozart composed these three pieces of work quite rapidly. Composing came easily to Mozart and he often said that he was a vessel and God poured the music into him from the heavens. Mozart was preparing to hold a series of concerts in the casino. Unfortunately he died December 5th, 1791 at the age of 35 before getting the chance to hear his last symphonies preformed.
As neo-classicism died out in the early 19th century Romanticism took over. Romanticism places emphasis on personal feelings and their expression. Music, art, and literature were all strongly driven by emotion rather than intellect. A perfect example of strong emotion is The Nightmare, by Henri Fuseli painted in 1781. On canvas the painting portrays a sleeping woman and her nightmare simultaneously. This painting can be seen as sexual in nature, in the manner in which she is strewn over the bed. The dramatic contrast between light and dark is indicative of Romantic style paintings. The woman in the painting is in a white gown and in the incubus that is perched on her chest and the horse peering from behind the heavily painted red velvet curtains is painted darker. Henri Fuseli painted three versions of The Nightmare due to its wide popularity and fame.

Impressionism began in Paris in the 19th century. The movements mane actually came from Claude Monet’s painting Impression Sunrise. Characteristics of Impressionist paintings include: small but visible paint strokes, emphasis on light, unusual visual angles and ordinary subject matter such has a boat in the water or a mother and her son walking on a hill. Monet’s, Woman with a Parasol, 1875 is actually a painting of Madame Monet and their son Jean. Light, color, and movement are the focus of this painting. She is standing on a hill with her son at her side, and the wind is gently blowing through her hair and whipping her voluminous skirt around her legs. Shades of violet and brown lurk in the shadows that the two figures cast in the lush green grass.

Post-Impressionist extended from Impressionism. Post-Impressionist painters continued to use vivid color, a thick application of paint, and real-life subject matter. Painters in this movement focused more on geometric forms and used unnatural color choices for things like skin and skies. Vincent Van Gogh’s The Starry Night painted in 1889 is an accurate representation of geometric form and unnatural color. This painting is the night view from his sanatorium room, but was painted completely from memory during the day. Off to the right in the painting is the village Saint-Remy under a swirling sky which creates a sense of rushing speed. In real life unfortunately the sky does not look like that beautiful nor are the stars that large. His color choice for the moon and the stars give contrast and depth between the large cypress trees in the foreground and the small village. In a letter Van Gogh did admit that he was unhappy with the way the painting, saying that it did not speak to him.

Fauvism in French translates to “wild Beast.” Fauve painters broke violently with tradition in their use of color and form. Characteristics of Fauvism are the use of wild brush strokes, exaggerated colors, and their subjects are very simplistic. Henri Matisse is one of the most famous Fauvist artists. His pochoir Icarus, 1947 is of a bold and playful image of a man. It is one of twenty plates Matisse created to illustrate his book Jazz. The figure is presented in a simple almost “cut-out” like form against a blue night sky adorned with bright multi-pointed yellow start bursts’. What really sets this piece off is the little red circle like shape on the figures chest to represent his heart. It shows the true playfulness of the art.

Expressionism was happening in Germany at the same time that Fauvism was happening in France. While Fauve art was mostly cheery and uplifting expressionist art was gloomy, foreboding, and sometimes even chilling. An example of gloomy expressionism is clearly shown in Edvard Munch’s The Scream, 1893. The red sky and the personal separation from the figures in this painting are chilling. This painting is void of all happiness. Munch created several versions of The Scream in different mediums such as: Paint, Pastel, and Lithograph. The Scream original and its other versions have been the target of reoccurring art thefts. All the versions of this painting have been found and are on display in museums around the world.
Cubism was pioneered in the 20th century by Pablo Picasso and George Braque. In cubism art objects are broken up, analyzed, and re-assembled on the canvas in any and all possible angles. For instance, Picasso’s Lady in a Blue Hat is painted from more than one point of view. He gives us a traditional head on view but also shows the viewer the woman’s profile at the same time. The colors are expressive and the space is fragmented. Picasso’s art makes the viewer look at the canvas and think about familiar things in new and different ways.
Great art always has a thrust towards the future. A small group of intellectuals in Italy looked to the future with hope and to the past with contempt. Futurist literature primary focus on seven aspects: Intuition, analogy, irony, abolition of syntax, metrical reform, onomatopoeia, and essential synthetic lyricism. In Marinetti’s 1909 Manifesto of Futurism, he calls for the reawakening of “divine-intuition.” Basically what is being said is you need to free your mind and think clearly without interference or the use of reason.
Dada is a cultural movement that began in Zurich, Switzerland during World War I. The movement primarily involved visual arts, literature-poetry, graphic design, and anti-art cultural works. Marcel Duchamp, one of the most represented Dada artist was well known for his lacerating spoofs of high culture such as L.H.O.O.Q. his famous defacement of the Mona Lisa. Duchamp used a pencil on a post card and gave the Mona Lisa a mustache and beard. He also applied the letters “L H O O Q” when pronounced in French its Ell a chaud au cul which in English translates to “she has a hot ass.” Duchamp however gives the loose translation of “there is a fire down below.”
Surrealism art features the element of surprise and plays heavily into the subconscious. Surrealism developed out of the Dada movement. Surrealism spread around the world affecting the visual arts, literature, film, and music. One such surrealist painter Salvador Dali gave us The Persistence of Memory (melting clocks) 1931. Dali is trying to epitomize the theory of softness and hardness. It’s as if you are walking through a beautiful dream when you suddenly become aware of time, and in an effort to slow time you melt the clocks around you to gain more time. Salvador called this painting a hand-painted dream photograph. As the world grows so does Art, music and literature. It’s how we mark our lives. For those who can’t express themselves through personal relationships the arts is the perfect medium for them. They can tell a story with a paint brush, a poem, or a song. Their stories might be mathematical like in the Rococo or capture real raw emotion like that of the Romantic era. Some might be care free and paint what they see like the Impressionist, and at times the story of our lives may be a sad one and out art often takes on that emotion like Expressionist artist. No matter the story and the artistic medium people with always express themselves in this manner because there is always someone who wants to see it, read it, or hear it.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay


...The early part of the twentieth century ushered in several profoundly evolving styles of painting. Cubism, Expressionism, Futurism, and Dada could assault the senses and offend the viewer’s ideals while simultaneously extracting intense emotions. These movements were based on the beliefs that the artist could express their emotions directly to the viewer through the art, and that art should not be restricted by reason and social limitations. With a kind of nihilistic approach, and an almost selfish attitude, these new styles were the first to present a truly individualist nature. This unique take on artistic expression led to the formation of the Surrealist movement in the 1920’s. Surrealism, as defined by the Collins English Dictionary, is: “a movement in art and literature in the 1920s, which developed especially [sic] from dada, characterized by the evocative juxtaposition of incongruous images in order to include unconscious and dream elements.” Although he was not limited to one particular style, or even one particular medium, no one artist is more identifiable with surrealist paintings than Salvador Dali. His surreal works, which he calls “hand-painted dream photographs,” are filled with images, often grotesque, over stretching landscapes which in and of themselves could send a viewer into a cycle of deep contemplation. Dali’s most famous painting of this type is The Persistence of Memory, oil on canvas, 1931. The small canvas, only 9½ x 13 inches, shows us......

Words: 635 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Dadaism, Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism

...DADAISM * Dadaism is a cultural movement that began in Zurich, Switzerland, during World War I and peaked from 1916 to 1922. It was shared by independent groups in New York, Berlin, Paris and elsewhere. * The movement was a protest against the barbarism of the War; works of anti-art that deliberately defied reason. * Dadaism primarily involved visual arts, literature, poetry, theatre, and graphic design. Its purpose was to ridicule what its participants considered to be the meaninglessness of the modern world. In addition to being anti-war, dada was also anti-bourgeois and anarchistic in nature. According to its proponents, Dada was not art; it was anti-art. For everything that art stood for, Dada was to represent the opposite. Where art was concerned with aesthetics, Dada ignored them. If art is to have at least an implicit or latent message, Dada strives to have no meaning. Interpretation of Dada is dependent entirely on the viewer. If art is to appeal to sensibilities, Dada offends. Perhaps it is then ironic that Dada is an influential movement in Modern art. Dada became a commentary on art and the world, thus becoming art itself.” * The Dadaists channelled their revulsion at World War I into an indictment of the nationalist and materialist values that had brought it about. They were united not by a common style but by a rejection of conventions in art and thought, seeking through their unorthodox techniques, performances and provocations to shock society...

Words: 3548 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Surrealism and Salvador Dali

...Art Movement -Surrealism “Although the dream is a very strange phenomenon and an inexplicable mystery, far more inexplicable is the mystery and aspect of our minds confer on certain objects and aspects of life.” g. de Chirico Surrealism is a style of art in which the artist use the element of surprise and unexpected juxtapositions to evoke the imagination and mystery of the subconscious mind. Its intent was to create a liberated mind by the portrayal of everyday reality in an imaginative, dream-like manner. The surrealism art movement is one that included Freudian theories of the unconscious mind, and defy the standards society dictates through questioning what we know as logic, and exploring the fantasies of our imaginations. The surrealist movement, beginning in the 1920's, was based largely on the Dada movement preceding it and which produced works of art that deliberately defied reason. Surrealism developed primarily from the activities during World War I with the most important center of the movement beingParis. From the 1920s onward, the movement spread around the globe, eventually affecting the visual arts, literature, film, and music of many countries and languages, as well as political thought and practice, philosophy, and social theory. Surrealists feasted on the unconscious. They believed that Freud's theories on dreams, ego, superego and the id opened doors to the authentic self and a truer reality -the "surreal". The surrealist movement was......

Words: 834 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Postwar Modern Movements of the West

...Brooks1 Wilma Brooks Vicki Bean AR 112 26 November 2012 Postwar Modern Movement in the West The Postwar Modern Movements in the West began in the United States in the 1940’s, shortly after World War II. In 1945, with Europe in ruins, millions of people dead, and others suffering from famine and Nazi oppression, many leading artist fled Europe for the United States. and settled in New York in 1945 (ArtForms 397). Devastated and scarred by the aftermath of war the artists settled in New York and joined “The New York School” and became a huge influence to other artist’s in a new art movement called Abstract Expressionism (“ArtForms 397”). There was no certain rules or characterisitics in Abstract Expressionism however, the artist’s shared an interest in painting as a way to express their subconscious. Abstract Expressionism was a movement strongly influenced by Surrealism which was started by Andre Breton in 1924. Andre Breton (1896-1966), was originally a Dadaist, which was a group of artist that painted silly, distorted, non conformed paintings to depict their rage and rebellion against the war. In 1924, Breton founded the Surrealism Art Movement, which were artist’s who based their art on feelings, dreams and memories. In his online article “In Search for Nothingness”, Charles Moffat tells us that the Abstract Expressionist’s like the Surrealist wanted to express their subconscious mind with their art. Brooks 2 Some of the most important figures in......

Words: 849 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Movement

...GLOBAL WARMING J.Cumm. American Intercontinental University Global Warming Global warming is the greatest challenge that our planet is facing. In fact the increase in the temperature of the earth’s air, several current trends clearly demonstrates that global warming is impacting our environment. Many people around the world are debating the facts about global warming. The problem of global warming has been unsolvable; researchers have various problems that we as humans have inflicted on the earth. Because of the fact that we are contributing to the global warming through our activities of burning of fossil fuels, industrial plants, farming and deforestation activities are only phases that the earth is experiencing, besides the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect which is water vapors, carbon dioxide and methane which our all gases and which water vapor accounts for “80 percent of natural greenhouse warming; the remaining 20 percent is due to the other gases that are present in very small amounts (murck, skinner and porter 488)”. Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and water vapors are harmful gases that humanity helps in emitting into the atmosphere. Subsequently there are consequences that society as a whole has to deal with like the rise of sea levels, melting of snow and ice glaciers, climate changes, floods and droughts. All in which can be disastrous (absolute astronomy, 2011). With the significant changes in our climate,......

Words: 452 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Cubism and Surrealism

...Cubism & Surrealism: A Break from Tradition Cubism & Surrealism: A Break from Tradition Since the introduction of perspective during the Renaissance, artists painted in a way that imitated the natural world. Some artists, such as the Impressionists, painted the world as seen through his own eyes. Others, such as the Realists, aimed to paint the world as it actually was by using precise detail and realistic subjects. It wasn’t until 1907 that artists began to look beyond nature and reality and into the creative corners of their minds to depict art that wasn’t based in the natural world.  Cubism pioneered the way for this break from tradition with its unique take on perspective while Surrealism deviated even further through exploration of the subconscious mind. Cubism developed in a time of technological advances. Photography had become common and was threatening painting as a way of documenting the natural world. Art needed to evolve its purpose. (Bewley, 2013) Cubists changed the way they approached painting by rejecting the tradition of painting the world as our eyes see it and, instead, they painted subjects broken up and reassembled in abstract form from different perspectives and viewpoints.  Influenced by African mask carvings, Picasso created Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, the first painting which exhibited cubism elements. (FozzyFozz, 2012) Although not considered a Cubist painting, Picasso’s Les Demoiselles d’Avignon is regarded by many as a pre-Cubist......

Words: 1074 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Re: Surrealism

...enrolled in the Ferrer School in the autumn of 1912, he began a period of intense and rapid artistic development.[4] New York[edit] While living in New York City, Man Ray was visually influenced by the 1913 Armory Show and galleries of European contemporary works. His early paintings display facets of cubism. After befriending Marcel Duchamp, who was interested in showing movement in static paintings, his works began to depict movement of the figures. An example is the repetitive positions of the dancer's skirts in The Rope Dancer Accompanies Herself with Her Shadows(1916).[6][7] In 1915, Man Ray had his first solo show of paintings and drawings after he had taken up residence at an art colony in Ridgefield, New Jersey, across the Hudson River from New York City.[8] His first proto-Dada object, an assemblage titled Self-Portrait, was exhibited the following year. He produced his first significant photographs in 1918. A Night at Saint Jean-de-Luz(1929). Collection of the Modern Art Museum of the City of Paris Man Ray abandoned conventional painting to involve himself with Dada, a radical anti-art movement. He started making objects and developed unique mechanical and photographic methods of making images. For the 1918 version of Rope Dancer, he combined a spray-gun technique with a pen drawing. Like Duchamp, he did readymades—ordinary objects that are selected and modified. His Gift readymade (1921) is a flatiron with metal tacks attached to the bottom, and Enigma of......

Words: 1693 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Dadaism and Surrealism

...Dadaism and Surrealism Dadaism and Surrealism The Dadaism art movement is part of history now. The movement began in Zurich and New York around the time of the First World War. ("Dada," n.d.) Dadaism was aimed at the artists who felt art created spiritual values. There was a focus on the failure of this by the endless days of war, the art of previous era’s had done nothing to create spiritual values in the followers mind. Dada was a protest against what they felt was the root cause of war. Dada was an “anti-art” according to Hans Richter, one of the founders of this movement. Dada was used to offend people; it ignored aesthetics and was generally preposterous in form. Many of the art displays were made of different mediums such as urinals, garbage, bus tickets, even snow shovels. One of the more known pieces from the Dadaism period is from Marcel Duchamp “Fountain” in 1917 it was simply a urinal. This shows us that with Dadaism they were able to create art even from objects that would normally not be considered art. Surrealism as an art movement officially started in 1924. In 1924 The Surrealist Manifesto written by Andre Breton was published. Many of the artistic pieces of this era are dream like. Some type of art to wonder and marvel at, not an art of reason. ("Dada," n.d.) Surrealism is thought to have been formed as a reaction to Dadaism art movement, which was a protest of the carnages of World War 1. Surrealism was more focused on the positive outcomes of...

Words: 1093 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Rococo vs. Neoclassical Art

...c Rococo vs. Neoclassical Art Karina Smith Western Governors University November 25, 2013 Rococo vs. Neoclassical Art Periods Over the years, works of art have developed and varied greatly across genres and time periods. From the cave paintings of the Paleolithic era to the abstract expressionism and Pop Art of the 21st century, we have seen styles of art evolve and develop. These styles and periods of art sometimes reflect past artists and styles and other times introduce an era of completely new art genres and styles. Two different art periods that succeeded each other is rococo and neoclassicism. Rococo is a style of art that began in the early to mid-18th century and was closely followed by the neoclassical art movement. Rococo art originated in France in the early 18th century and was itself an evolution of the earlier style of baroque art. Rococo art emphasized elaborate, detailed, and ornamental elements in sculpture and architecture, and more realistic representations in paintings. Coming off the era of baroque art, which was very much influenced by religion and endorsed by the Catholic Church, rococo art thrived in a time where secularism was becoming a more dominant theme in social attitudes. This Age of Enlightenment saw a shift toward loosened morals and a light-heartedness in the social climate that was, in turn, reflected in the art of that time period. Some characteristics of Rococo art is light, airy colors and delicate, curling themes. In fact,......

Words: 1044 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Rococo and Romanticism

...Antoine Watteau's painting, L'Indifferent, 1716, oil on canvas, 25cm x 18cm and Eugene Delacroix's Paganini, 1831, oil on cardboard on wood panel, approx. 43cm x 28cm have been selected to represent the Rococo and Romanticism periods respectively. Rococo was a style of art that followed on from the Baroque period in the early 18th century. The artists of this style typically depicted themes of "love, artfully and archly pursued through erotic frivolity and playful intrigue". 1 Both the art and interior design of the time displayed a sense of rhythm in which "[e]verything seemed organic, growing, and in motion, an ultimate refinement of illusion". 2 The artists of this period were also starting to express themselves and their feelings about their themes in their work. Some of the works seem to be edging toward the ideals of the Romanticism period, even though they were at opposite ends of the 18th century. Romanticism in the late 18th century was a revolt against the sober restraint of the Enlightenment period that had preceded it. 3 This was a period encompassing the "desire for freedom - not only political freedom but also freedom of thought, of feeling, of action, of worship, of speech and of taste". 4 Artists wanted only to produce pure, truthful art that was "based on the predominance of feeling and imagination." 5 Works in the Romantic period depict not only the Romantic ideal of love but also 'Gothic' horror, as this too could be explored to discover the 'sublime'...

Words: 900 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Surrealism: the Connection of Conscious Meaning and Fantasy

...Surrealism: The Connection of Conscious Meaning and Fantasy Where the Dada movement can be looked at as an instigator for a postwar “against-the-grain” art form and lifestyle, the Surrealist movement is the progression that stemmed from this beginning. Although the Dada movement was a direct response to World War I and its destruction, it was one that seemed negative and depressing in its approach. Their main slogan, “Plus rien, rien, RIEN, RIEN, RIEN” (Nothing more, nothing, nothing, NOTHING, NOTHING, NOTHING), reflected their “nihilism, or lack of belief in anything” (MSN Encarta, 2007). It was more of a politically rebellious action, rather than a solution that delved further to explore other options, as Surrealism was. Surrealism was mainly psychological, philosophical, and positive in its approach. Andre Breton, the founder of the Surrealist movement, explained his idea of Surrealism in his 1929 book Second Manifesto of Surrealism: "Everything leads us to believe that there is a certain state of mind from which life and death, the real and the imaginary, past and future, the communicable and the incommunicable, height and depth are no longer perceived as contradictory" (, 1996). This exploration of the subconscious is much more in-depth than the simple anti-art statement it was once created from. Marcel Duchamp’s Fountain from 1917 ( as well as his piece L.H.O.O.Q. from 1919......

Words: 1194 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Renaissance and Surrealism

...The Renaissance is an art movement that commonly refers to a corresponding historical time period falling in between the 14th and the 17th centuries. It began in the part of Europe which is now known as Italy, during a time when the area was organized into city-states and other political territories formed in the few centuries following the fall of the Roman Republic. This region was a large center of trade and thus, there was much wealth to draw many artists and scholars. However, there was a shift from the scholasticism of earlier mediaeval times to largely focusing on the humanities. There was also an emphasis on realism, attempting to remain as objective as possible when interpreting various works; drawing from studies in form, line, lighting, and the human figure based in Greek and Roman times. Eventually, in the last couple centuries of the period, the influences had spread across Europe partially due to the invention of the printing press. Several examples of Renaissance era artists are Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Hieronymus Bosch.Surrealism is an art movement that officially started in 1924 with the publication of Le Manifeste du Surréalisme (The Surrealist Manifesto), written by André Breton. Surrealism is believed to have been formed as a reaction to the earlier Dadaism art movement, which aimed to be an anti-art protest of the horrors brought about from World War I. Focusing on the more positive side of that protest/revolutionary process, the surrealists......

Words: 1021 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Rococo Art

...Rococo Art This paper defines and illustrates the Rococo movement. Rococo art was a highly sensual, light hearted movement and the art of this period greatly reflected a common way of thinking during this time. Art History II Rococo, meaning literally “embedded pebble” started in France at the beginning of the 18th Century, gaining popularity during the reign of Louis XV. (Rococo 1700 - 1775) Art from the Rococo movement was a reaction to the darker, heavier Baroque movement. The death of Louis the XIV brought about big changes to art and the patronage of art and the Rococo movement was one of these changes. (Kleiner, Fred S., and Helen Gardner) The start of the Rococo movement can be credited primarily to the death of Louis XIV. Upon the abandonment of Versailles by the French Nobility, they moved into Paris, and wanted to move away from the solemn Baroque style of the Palace of Versailles. So when the French court moved back into Paris, they redecorated their homes using the delicate forms and colors which would later be known as “Rococo” (A Brief History of Rococo Art). The Rococo movement started with interior design but soon made its way into other areas of art as well. (Rococo style | design) Rococo art, especially in architecture and interior design features natural elements such as shells, floral or leaf patterns ("Rococo Style," ). The art and architecture of this movement used highly organic forms (Style Guide: Rococo). An important and notable example......

Words: 1026 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Exploring the Relationship Between Dadaism and Surrealism

...Dadaism and Surrealism Mark W. Lewis Western Governors University Exploring the Relationship between Dadaism and Surrealism Dadaism and Surrealism are two distinct art periods that have their origins in Europe in the early part of the twentieth century. The works from both movements would accurately be described as avant-garde. Both presented new and experimental ideas not seen in previous art movements. The earlier period, Dadaism (1916-1924), arose as a protest to the horrors of World War I. Dada presents as a chaotic collection of imagery and ideas. This presentation of imagery in their strange juxtapositions influenced the following Surrealism movement. Both were grounded in their opposition to the rational and logical socio-political ideas that the artists of the time felt contributed to the causes of the calamity that was the First World War. If Dadaism could be described in one word, it would be chaotic. The Dadaism movement began at the Cabaret Voltaire in Zurich in 1916 after the outbreak of World War I as painters, poets and filmmakers fled to neutral Switzerland. Dada art can be in the form of poetry, paintings, and sculpture but the most popular forms are collages, photo-montages and ready-mades. Dada is characterized by random placement of imagery, words or features and the purposeful irrationality in the selection of the imagery. Dada is described as anti-aesthetic, anti-rational and anti-idealistic (Oxford, 2015). Though the term Surrealism......

Words: 1364 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...SURREALISM Appreciation of Art/Craft/Design 2011 Introduction Everybody has concept about Surrealism. But not everybody knows, how and why it has got art movement, when an artist is part of a movement like Surrealism, I ask a question for myself "Did Surrealism enter to our century?", if yes - "How?". In this essay I’ll discuss about social, economic and political influences of the time when movement born, what influenced this movement and what subsequent influence did this movement have on others? Also I discussion about of one artist who made major contribution to Surrealism - Salvador Dali (1904 - 1989) and try discuss about his artwork "Metamorphosis of Narcissus". Social, economic and political influences of time "Surrealism, was officially born in 1924 in Paris and had virtually become a global phenomenon by the time of it demise in the later 1940s" (Hopkins, 2004, p.15). It was difficult time for all world. Two wars: World War I (1914–1918) and World War II (1939–1945), Europe, as well as the United States, Canada, Australia, and Japan, would experience the effects of the Great Depression. "The early 20th century was a period of tumultuous change. The First World War and the Russian Revolution profoundly altered people’s understanding of their worlds. The discoveries of Freud and Einstein, and the technological innovations of the Machine Age, radically transformed human awareness" (Hopkins, 2004, p.20). Art movement - Surrealism There is an......

Words: 1580 - Pages: 7