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The Nigerian Constitution in 1960

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The Nigerian Constitution in 1960
There appears to be a consensus among the rulers of Nigeria that the country's Constitution needs review. The review is, in fact, going on and there is not much I can do about that. However, if given the balance of power in the country, a review is the only constitutional development possible at this stage, I would then pay attention to the general character and form of the Constitution rather than its specific contents, which ñ with regards to the power and welfare of the common people no mere review can change appreciably. I am therefore limiting myself to the general features of the present Constitution. But let me first make some clarifications. The Constitution of a sovereign state is, in essence, the basic law by which the ruling blocs of that state say it will rule the citizens of the state. The Constitution is the will of the ruling blocs as limited but only limited by the struggle of the people. This clarification on the essence of a Constitution also applies to every structured organization, except that an ordinary organization is not sovereign, in the sense that it is bound by external laws (usually those of the state), in addition to its own laws. The sovereignty of a particular state is expressed and asserted by the fact that it is bound only by external laws and obligations to which it has subscribed. Otherwise that state is not sovereign.
The Nigerian Constitution, the one promulgated on May 29, 1999 and currently in operation is, like its predecessors (1960, 1963, 1979, 1989, 1995), a very bulky document, a product of efforts by the ruling blocs to accommodate all their major factions. If a new Constitution emerges tomorrow through the ongoing review, it will still be a compromise between the major factions of the ruling blocs. But it will be a bulkier document than the present one, since there will be more ruling…...

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