Premium Essay

The Origin of Blues

In: Film and Music

Submitted By ericahaynes
Words 349
Pages 2
The Origin of Blues

Blues played an important role in the history of music as it heavily influenced many types of music, particularly jazz and rock. It originated around the 1890’s from the Afro-American slaves’ folk music, work songs and spirituals and was typically performed with one person both playing the guitar and singing. The music consisted of stories of family, struggle, sexuality and rural life.

The beginning of the blues-singing period was during the Civil War in America. In 1863, President Lincoln adopted the Emancipation Proclamation into Law, which gave the slaves the freedom not to be bought and sold as slaves, to send their children to school, to be able to live with their families in a house rather than a slave cabin, to attend church and the opportunity to become teachers, preachers, politicians and landowners. This gave them a new attitude towards life. They began to sing openly without concern of white mans punishment, which also allowed them to explore and experiment with white 8 and 16 bar songs. Blues in its early days was a direct decent of African question and answer phrases but now it started to develop when it adopted the 3 line stanza (AAB) then furthermore into 12 bars. Although the blues music was influenced by European music the essential blue chords (I, IV, V) were from American music culture, which was most likely originated from their religious music.

In between 1911 – 1914 W.C. Handy made blues popular. He released “Memphis Blues”(1912) and “St. Louis Blues” (1914) which were two big hits. He was later referred to as The Father of Blues. The first vocal blues song Crazy Blues was recorded by Mamie Smith in 1920 which was an exceptional success. The record industry was keen to record all kinds of blues artists. From then, blues became a national craze and was an established part of the music industry.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Native American Music

...creations of music. Definition and Philosophy Native peoples tend to view their music in a distinctly different way from Euro-Americans. To Natives, music is thought; music appeared to be particularly inclusive into Native Americans’ way of life, and is unique in its origin, meaning, and efficacy. To ask “what is Native American music?” would be a question foreign to Native Americans, especially during the time that Native American music was first discovered. One aspect of music specific to indigenous peoples is its place in daily life. In fact, “its place in human affairs are much more significant to Indians than its mode of construction or technical character.” (Native American Music, 1980, p. 12) Unlike the Euro-American perspective toward music, cultural music itself wasn’t marginalized into any niche or complex art form. Rather, Native Americans used music as a prerequisite or compliment to ceremonies, rituals, dances, stories, narratives, warfare, hunting and gathering, and other aspects of life. Music was a vital part of life and community. For the Native person, music derives from creation and the source of human life. It is not restricted to “creation myths or the idea of traditions reaching back into the origin of society; it is possible for the individual, at any time, to get in touch with higher powers and peak experience.” (Native American Music, 1980, p. 13) Whether it was dreams, revelations, visions, or memorable experiences, such material was received in......

Words: 3317 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Branding Name Origin

...1. Lux: a) Brand Launching: In 1924 b) Country of Origin: UK c) Founder: Lever Brother (Now know as Unilever) founder William Hesketh Lever and his brother James d) Industry: Soap (Health Care) e) Brand Name origin: The name Lux means ‘light’ in Latin, however the name was chosen from the word word ‘luxury’.    2. Lifebuoy: a) Brand Launching: In 1894 b) Country of Origin: UK c) Founder: Same as of Lux d) Industry: Soap (Health Care) e) Brand Name origin: buoy means a device that keeps a sinking man afloat. i.e. protecting life. Buoys ring shaped device that are kept in the ship f) Brand Logo Origin: Buoy is ring shaped and in red color in UK. Lifebuoy logo originates from here. It’s logo is oval shaped which reminds you of ring shape. g) Brand Color: Red as buoy is red in UK 3. Apple: a) Brand Launching: on April 1, 1976. It’s original name was Apple Computer, Inc. But, in 2007, it removed the word ‘Computer’. According to me, this is their branding strategy to thrive into consumer electronics goods. Very soon, they will launch HD TV. b) Country of Origin: California, USA c) Founder: Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Ronald Wayne. d) Industry: Computer Hardware, Computer software, Consumer electronics, etc. e) Brand Name origin: Steve jobs, the founder of Apple, came up with the name ‘Apple Computer’. No significance was behind this name. Many used to say Steve Jobs was working in a community type farm...

Words: 2871 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

The Blues - Traditions and Inspirations

...Contents The Blues – Traditions and Inspirations Origin 2 Musical Format Development Classification Influence References Origin Blues is the name given to both a musical form and a music genre that originated in African-American communities of primarily the "Deep South" of the United States around the end of the 19th century from spirituals, work songs, field hollers, shouts and chants, and rhymed simple narrative ballads. The blues form, ubiquitous in jazz, rhythm and blues, and rock and roll is characterized by specific chord progressions, of which the twelve-bar blues chord progression is the most common. The blue notes that, for expressive purposes are sung or played flattened or gradually bent (minor 3rd to major 3rd) in relation to the pitch of the major scale, are also an important part of the sound. The origin of the term of was most likely derived from mysticism involving blue indigo, which was used by many West African cultures in death and mourning ceremonies where all the mourner's garments would have been dyed blue to indicate suffering. Blues has evolved from the unaccompanied vocal music and oral traditions of slaves imported from West Africa and rural blacks into a wide variety of styles and subgenres, with regional variations across the United States. The musical forms and styles that are now considered the "blues" as well as modern "country music" arose in the same regions during the 19th century in the southern United States.......

Words: 2634 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Real Time Hand Tracking for Human Computer Interaction

...(e.g., B is a disk or a square), and this center is located on the origin of E, then the erosion of A by B can be understood as the locus of points reached by the center of B when B moves inside A. For example, the erosion of a square of side 10, centered at the origin, by a disc of radius 2, also centered at the origin, is a square of side 6 centered at the origin. The erosion of A by B is also given by the expression: Binary Morphology: - In binary morphology, an image is viewed as a subset of an Euclidean space or the integer grid dimension d. , for some . Structuring elements: - The basic idea in binary morphology is to probe an image with a simple, pre-defined shape, drawing conclusions on how this shape fits or misses the shapes in the image. This simple "probe" is called structuring element, and is itself a binary image (i.e., a subset of the space or grid). Basic Operators [6]: - Dilation Erosion Figure 5: Dilation The dilation of the dark-blue square by a disk, resulting in the light-blue square with rounded corners. The dilation of A by the structuring element B is defined by: Figure 4: Erosion The erosion of the dark-blue square by a disk, resulting in the light-blue square. The erosion of the binary image A by structuring element B is defined by: the . The dilation is commutative, also given by: , where Bz is the translation of B by the . If B has a center on the origin, as before, then the dilation of A by B can be understood as the......

Words: 2141 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Sonny's Blues

...Summary of Thorell Tsomondo’s “No Tale to Tell: ‘Sonny’s Blues’ and Waiting for the Rain” In Thorell Tsomondo’s “No Other Tale to Tell: ‘Sonny’s Blues’ and Waiting for the Rain,” Sonny the artist is a historian (Tsomondo 196). Sonny’s history is the experience of society and that of an individual (196). For Baldwin, the artist’s credibility and appeal hinge on his historical knowledge and his success as historian is dependent on his artistic skill (196). Sonny is a kind of poet-prophet committed all together to solitary and communal experience, bound at once to tradition and to change (196). Sonny’s Blues are set in the black ghetto of New York City, and tell a story of a young pianist dogged by heroin addiction and alienated from his family (196). Yet he captures and relates a people’s historical existence, leading his audience to a heightened, shared awareness of their cultural identity (196). In Sonny’s Blues, memory, the return to the past, is motivated by a sense of amassment, but by a sense of necessity (196). Baldwin like other African American writers retains a sense of the past that is acutely unstable (196). Instead of feeling animosity to the past, the African American is in search for the continuity that it can provide (197). Writers like Baldwin are concerned with the reconstruction of an individual tradition and emancipating force that is the art which they transform need into fullness (197). Sonny’s Blues is more than a presentation of a voyage or......

Words: 758 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

How Companies Could Achieve Sustainable Competitive Advantage

...Sustainable Competitive Advantage Gahn, Philip MACFA, ID# 309601 gahnphil@hs-pforzheim.de Kominek, Lukas MACFA, ID# 300953 komluk@hs-pforzheim.de Wenz, Eugen MACFA, ID# 300636 weneug@hs-pforzheim.de th Submission date: November 2 2013 2 Table of Contents 1  Purpose and Structure ......................................................................................... 5  2  Definition and Origin of Competitive Advantage .............................................. 6  3  Approaches and Methods to Achieve Competitive Advantages......................... 8  3.1  The Traditional Approach According to Porter ........................................... 8  3.1.1  Cost Leadership ................................................................................. 10  3.1.2  Focusing on Priorities ........................................................................ 10  3.2  Modern Approaches .................................................................................. 10  3.2.1  The Strategy as a Compilation of Simple Rules ................................ 11  3.2.2  The Blue Ocean Strategy ................................................................... 12  4  Ways to achieve Sustainable Competitive Advantage...................................... 13  5  Conclusion ........................................................................................................ 15  References......

Words: 3103 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Essay

...certain physical characteristic, even when the gene is present in only one copy. Recessive Gene- A gene which must be present on both chromosomes in a pair to show outward signs of a certain characteristic. Examples Dominant Gene- Green or Hazel Eyes, large eyes, Dwarfism Recessive Gene-Blue or Grey Eyes, small Eyes, Normal Growth 3. What is heredity? How important is it in influencing who we are? Heredity helps define us from our parents and who we are. Heredity is the passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetically from one generation to another. 4. Steve Rogers and Eric Grothe were outstanding Rugby League players in 1970 and 80’s. each has a son who has gone on to league at the ‘state of origin’ level. Should we be surprised by this? Give your reasons. Their sons have the ‘state of origin’ level because of their father’s genes and have been passed on to them. They have pass on their genes and they were very sporty and great at Rugby league, so their sons will also be great at a young age from the genes pass down. 5. What are the different options of the eye colour of their children if one parent has blue eyes and the other has brown? Brown, Blue, Dark Blue, Dark Brown 6. How can heredity affect our health? Give some examples of some health problems that can be inherited from out parents (list at least 7). Try www.healthline.com If a certain disease is has happen in your family tree line and most people had it, It would be most likely......

Words: 469 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Simple, Compound, Complex, or Compound-Complex.

...marked the 1960’s influenced many performers, and some began to use their music as a vehicle for protest. - Compound Exercise 31.7: Circle the simple subjects and verbs in the following passage. Place one line under each independent clause and two lines under each dependent clause. (Recall that as independent clause can stand on its own as a complete sentence.) Many argue that the blues and jazz are the first truly American musical forms. With its origins in slave narratives, the blues took root during the 1920’s and 1930’s as African-America composers, musicians and singers performed in the cabarets and clubs of Harlem. Jazz, however, has is origins in New Orleans. Today, we can still appreciate the music of Bessie Smith, Duke Ellington, and B.B. King. Rock and roll is also a distinctively American form of music. Our country’s first “rock star” was without a doubt Elvis Presley, who emerged in the nation’s airwaves in the mid-1950’s with such hits as Heartbreak Hotel, Don’t Be Cruel, and All Shook Up. A decade later, Americans were expressing themselves musically through rhythm and blues, pop, folk rock, and protest music. Today, thanks to recording technology, we have easy access to our country’s rich musical history....

Words: 284 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Endosymboisis

...The theory of Endosymbiosis explains the origin of chloroplasts and mitochondria and their double membranes. This concept assumes that chloroplasts and mitochondria are the result of years of evolution initiated by the endocytosis of bacteria and blue-green algae. According to this theory, blue green algae and bacteria were not digested; they became symbiotic instead. Endocytosis is when a substance gains entry into a cell without passing through its cell membrane. A cell's plasma membrane encloses and fuses to lock foreign material inside. An intracellular vesicle is formed as result .The ribosomes of the inner structure in chloroplasts and mitochondria resemble prokaryotic ribosomes. Evolutionist Lynn Margulis proposed the idea in the late 1960’s. In 1970 she published her argument in The Origin of Eukaryotic Cells. The controversy surrounding theory is that it is not a fact. The endosymbiotic theory is that it proposes no real process and most textbooks show the simple picture of a cell that swallows another cell that becomes a mitochondrion. There is a difference between the process of endosymbiosis and its incorporation in the germ line, necessitating genetic changes. One of the controversies stated by Albert de Roos: What were those changes? What was the host? Was it a fusion, was it engulfment, how did the mitochondrion get its second membrane, how did two genomes in one cell integrate and coordinate? The theory is also strongly teleological, illustrated by the......

Words: 430 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

P-Ralific

...flying objects (UFOs) are best explained as being physical spacecraft occupied by extraterrestrial life or non-human aliens from other planets visiting Earth. Etymology Origins of the term extraterrestrial hypothesis are unknown, but use in printed material on UFOs seems to date to at least the latter half of the 1960s. French Ufologist Jacques Vallee used it in his 1966 book Challenge to science: the UFO enigma. It was used in a publication by French engineer Aimé Michel in 1967,[1] by Dr. James E. McDonald in a symposium in March 1968[2] and again by McDonald and James Harder while testifying before the Congressional Committee on Science and Astronautics, in July 1968.[3] Skeptic Philip J. Klass used it in his 1968 book UFOs--Identified.  In 1969 physicist Edward Condon defined the "Extra-terrestrial Hypothesis" or "ETH" as the "idea that some UFOs may be spacecraft sent to Earth from another civilization or space other than earth, or on a planet associated with a more distant star," while presenting the findings of the much debated Condon Report. Some UFO historians credit Condon with popularizing the term and its abbreviation "ETH". Chronology Although ETH, as a unified and named hypothesis, is a comparatively new concept - one which owes a lot to the saucer sightings of the 1940s–1960s, it can trace its origins back to a number of earlier events such as the now discredited Martian canals and ancient Martian civilization promoted by astronomer Percival Lowell, popular......

Words: 5830 - Pages: 24

Free Essay

Miss

...This was said by empiricist Hume. It means that we can never an idea which is not somehow based on sense experience. It is logical to agree with Hume that our significant knowledge does derive from our sense experience. However there are counter arguments for the origin of all our ideas being derived from sense experience, which this essay will aim to evaluate. Empiricism is the theory that the origin of our ideas is experience. Our concepts are derived from our sensory experiences of sight, touch, smell, taste and sound - and our concepts are consequently copies of these sense experiences. So under empiricism we will point to sense experience to back up our beliefs and ideas. As a result we can never imagine a totally original idea, it will be a manipulation of the composition of and already existing thing. To illustrate when we have an idea of an angel this is not an original idea - in fact it is based on the sense experience of a birds wings and a body of a person. This leads on to the other significant feature of empiricism, this is the use of simple and complex ideas. We learn simple concepts by associating them with experience, then the word/concept becomes meaningful. For example the word "horse" will only become meaningful to a child when the word has been associated to an experience at a petting zoo for example. We then can generate complex ideas from manipulating simple ideas, to illustrate Hume used the example of manipulating the simple ideas of "gold" and......

Words: 794 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Manager

...other uses, see Blue (disambiguation). BlueHow to read this color infobox Color icon blue.svg Spectral coordinates Wavelength 450–495 nm Frequency ~670–610 THz About these coordinates Colour coordinates Hex triplet #0000FF sRGBB (r, g, b) (0, 0, 255) HSV (h, s, v) (240°, 100%, 100%) Source HTML/CSS[1] B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte) Blue is the colour between violet and green on the optical spectrum of visible light. Human eyes perceive blue when observing light with a wavelength between 450 and 495 nanometres. Blues with a higher frequency and thus a shorter wavelength gradually look more violet, while those with a lower frequency and a longer wavelength gradually appear more green. Pure blue, in the middle, has a wavelength of 470 nanometres. In painting and traditional colour theory, blue is one of the three primary colours of pigments, along with red and yellow, which can be mixed to form a wide gamut of colours. Red and blue mixed together form violet, blue and yellow together form green. Blue is also a primary colour in the RGB color model, used to create all the colors on the screen of a television or computer monitor. The modern English word blue comes from Middle English bleu or blewe, from the Old French bleu, a word of Germanic origin, related to the Old High German word blao.[2] The clear sky and the deep sea appear blue because of an optical effect known as Rayleigh scattering. When sunlight passes through the atmosphere, the blue......

Words: 594 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Blue

...Blue is the colour between violet and green on the optical spectrum of visible light. Human eyes perceive blue when observing light with a wavelength between 450 and 495 nanometres. Blues with a higher frequency and thus a shorter wavelength gradually look more violet, while those with a lower frequency and a longer wavelength gradually appear more green. Pure blue, in the middle, has a wavelength of 470 nanometres. In painting and traditional colour theory, blue is one of the three primary colours of pigments, along with red and yellow, which can be mixed to form a wide gamut of colours. Red and blue mixed together form violet, blue and yellow together form green. Blue is also a primary colour in the RGB colour model, used to create all the colours on the screen of a television or computer monitor. The modern English word blue comes from Middle English bleu or blewe, from the Old French bleu, a word of Germanic origin, related to the Old High German word blao.[2] The clear sky and the deep sea appear blue because of an optical effect known as Rayleigh scattering. When sunlight passes through the atmosphere, the blue wavelengths are scattered more widely by the oxygen and nitrogen molecules, and more blue comes to our eyes. Rayleigh scattering also explains blue eyes; there is no blue pigment in blue eyes. Distant objects appear more blue because of another optical effect called atmospheric perspective. Blue has been used for art, decoration and as a clothing dye since......

Words: 543 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Rock and Roll

...Exercise 31.6 1. Simple 2. Simple 3. Compound 4. Complex 5. Compound Exercise 31.7 Circle the simple subjects and verbs in the following passages. Place one line under each independent and two lines under each dependent clause. Many argue that the blues and jazz are the first truly American musical forms. With its origins in slave narratives, the blues took root during the 1920s and 1930s as African-American composers, musicians, and singers performed in the cabarets and clubs of Harlem. Jazz, however, has its origins in New Orleans. Today, we can still appreciate the music of Bessie Smith, Duke Ellington, and B. B. King. Rock and roll is also a distinctively American form of music. Our country’s first “rock star” was without a doubt Elvis Presley, who emerged on the nation’s airwaves in the mid-1950s with such hits as Heartbreak Hotel, Don’t Be Cruel, and All Shook Up. A decade later, Americans were expressing themselves musically through rhythm and blues pop, folk rock, and protest music. Today, thanks to recording technology, we have easy access to our country’s rich musical history. Exercise 32.1 & 32.4 Underline the fragments in the following passage, and identify each as either a phrase (without a subject or verb) or a dependent clause. Pool hustlers deceive their opponents in many ways. Sometimes appearing unfamiliar with the rules of the game, (Dependent Clause) they may try acting as if they are drunk or pretend to be inept. (Dependent......

Words: 544 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Problem Solving Investigation in Analytical Chemistry

...distilled water is preferable, but tap water is also suitable), 70% isopropyl alcohol, measuring cup, piece of scratch paper, coin, timer or clock, and of course red flower petals. You will need at least 2 flower petals from at least 3 different plants. Tip: Larger petals work better than smaller petals. C. Steps/ Procedure Cut the chromatography filter paper into strips that are about 2 cm wide and as long as the large-mouth glass is tall (the strips should all be the same size). You will want to make at least three strips for each flower you want to investigate, or a minimum total of nine strips. Use a ruler and pencil to draw a line across each paper strip, horizontally, 2 cm from the bottom, as shown in Figure 1. This is the origin line, where the sample will later be spotted. Tip: Do not use a pen for writing on the strips because the ink will run when the solvent passes through the strips. In your notebook, assign a number to each different type of flower, starting with the number 1 and going up. Using a pencil, number three strips "1," three other strips "2," and three other strips "3" at the top of the strip, as shown in Figure 1. This is so that you can identify which flower was used with which strip later. (If you are investigating more than three different types of flowers, similarly continue to number the test strips.) Figure 1. Chromatography strip with a pigment sample. In your notebook, make a data table that lists the kinds of flowers you......

Words: 2026 - Pages: 9