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The Precede-Proceed Model

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Submitted By emelia57
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The PRECEDE-PROCEED model is a comprehensive structure that helps health program planners, policy makers, and evaluators analyze situations and design an efficient health promotion and public health program. PRECEED is an acronym for (Predisposing, Reinforcing, and Enabling Constructs in Educational Diagnosis and Evaluation) while PROCEED stands for (Policy, Regulatory, and Organizational Constructs in Educational and Environmental Development) The model has been used for planning, designing, implementing and evaluating programs for diverse health, quality of life and health need issues. These include screening and education for certain cancers, heart disease/health, maternal and child health, obesity and weight control, tobacco use, alcohol and drug abuse, policy for health education and training for health professionals. The PRECEDE-PROCEED function is a continuous cycle and one of its main purposes is to direct initial attention to outcomes rather than inputs. Hence this model is very valuable in designing an educational program that addresses health promotion for families with school-age children.
The model is composed altogether of nine phases. The first stage in the program planning phase deals with identifying and evaluating the social problems that have an impact on the quality of life of a population of interest. Once a problem is identified that impacts the quality of life for a family with school-age children, the program planners try to gain an understanding of the social problems that might be affecting their quality of life. Each phase of the model is applied and based on priorities, achievable goals and objectives are then put in place. High risk groups are identified, for example, behavioral and environmental issues such as tobacco use among teenagers, parents of teenagers who keep cigarettes at home, teenage pregnancy, and poor nutritional...

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