The Principle Objectives of Punishment Within

In: Business and Management

Submitted By williams252
Words 1056
Pages 5
The Principle Objectives of Punishment within the Correction System

The Principle Objectives of Punishment within the Correction System

This analysis will cover several topics. The paper will compare objectives of punishment between state and federal. Another part of the discussion will cover how sentencing impacts the state and federal correction system. The last section will cover sentencing models.

What are the state and federal objectives of Punishment?
Each year thousands of individuals appear before a judge for sentencing of a crime one committed. Sentencing for felony offenses normally carries a punishment of incarceration of one year or more. Misdemeanors crimes carry incarceration sentencing of less than one year. Judges must review and consider complicated sentencing laws for each individual’s case, prior to sentencing. Judges of the 21 st century have less discretion in sentencing options than the past. There are mandatory minimum guidelines a judge must follow for sentencing. The judges must also follow the three-strike laws for repeated offenders. There are sentencing for some crimes that have little consideration to personnel factors regarding offenders, their crimes, and the victims.
There are six general categories of sentencing under state penal codes that are available to judges for sentencing options. 1) Economic sanctions – offenders pay a fine or restitution to the victim or complete community service. These are standalone sentences without probation. 2) Probation- a prison sentence is suspended on the condition one is supervised in the community. 3) Intermediate sanctions- a midrange disposition that fall between probation and imprisonment. 4) Short term confinement- a sentence in jail for one year or less. 5) Imprisonment- a sentence in prison for one year or more including life sentencing. 6) Capital punishment- these are the most…...

Similar Documents

Punishment

...How would you define punishment? How do the variations of punishment affect convicted criminals? What recommendations would you suggest regarding sentencing to help reduce recidivism rates? Punishment is a penalty for wrongdoing. Punishment can come in many forms including a verbal warning, probation, monetary fines, or incarceration. The type of punishment in the criminal justice system depends on the crime committed as well as the background of the offender. Convicted criminals may be less likely to commit the same offenses based on the punishments they are facing. If a criminal is facing life in prison, they may make the extra effort to avoid criminal activity. A criminal who is incarcerated and still participates in illegal activities faces further punishments that are meant to shock the inmate into following the rules. Additional time added to the criminal’s sentence, segregation, and loss of privileges are all possible outcomes a criminal faces for committing violations while incarcerated. In order to reduce recidivism rates prison systems could begin programs that slowly introduce inmates back into a society like setting as the end of their sentence draws closer. When a criminal goes to jail they undergo changes to adapt to the prison system in order to survive. They get used to the rules of the prison system and become accustomed to the structure of when to eat, where to go, and how their day to day life functions. Once their sentence is finished they are......

Words: 313 - Pages: 2

The Principle Objectives of Punishment Within

...The Principle Objectives of Punishment within the Correction System The Principle Objectives of Punishment within the Correction System This analysis will cover several topics. The paper will compare objectives of punishment between state and federal. Another part of the discussion will cover how sentencing impacts the state and federal correction system. The last section will cover sentencing models. What are the state and federal objectives of Punishment? Each year thousands of individuals appear before a judge for sentencing of a crime one committed. Sentencing for felony offenses normally carries a punishment of incarceration of one year or more. Misdemeanors crimes carry incarceration sentencing of less than one year. Judges must review and consider complicated sentencing laws for each individual’s case, prior to sentencing. Judges of the 21 st century have less discretion in sentencing options than the past. There are mandatory minimum guidelines a judge must follow for sentencing. The judges must also follow the three-strike laws for repeated offenders. There are sentencing for some crimes that have little consideration to personnel factors regarding offenders, their crimes, and the victims. There are six general categories of sentencing under state penal codes that are available to judges for sentencing options. 1) Economic sanctions – offenders pay a fine or restitution to the victim or complete community service. These are standalone sentences without...

Words: 1056 - Pages: 5

Punishment

..., teaching them ways to cope with financial difficulties can change that person’s life. Rehabilitation is the most useful way to deter criminal recidivism. Societal protection is the last of the four types of punishment. Societal protection is rendering an offender incapable of offenses temporarily through imprisonment or permanently by execution. This particular form of punishment is one that that I can say I only half agree with. My beliefs are that no man should hold the power to tell another person that their life will be over due to any crime. However, I do feel that spending life in prison servers the same purpose yet a life in not being taken off the face of the earth. When deterrence fails, societal protection is surely warranted. Once a person is so out of control that he or she needs to be in a controlled environment, imprisonment is the only place for them. No one should live in society while being a danger or threat to others. Living in fear is no way to live. Once a person is sentenced to imprisonment, he or she should also undergo rehabilitation. Although prison is a control environment, there are still others within that environment that also deserve to live in peace. Rehabilitation can be a lengthy process depending on the person and if a person is sentenced to life in prison, he or she should not be given the option whether they use the services. The punishment that is most effective is a combination of deterrence and rehabilitation. However, when all...

Words: 1115 - Pages: 5

Punishment

...There have been many rules throughout history some choose to follow those rules and some choose to break the rules.   The big question is the product to those who should break the rules.   There was a day when parents could spank their children freely and accepted as simply normal.   As the years went on, society started to see how people would take it too far.   Therefore, laws had to change.   It is the same within today’s prison system.   Individuals are in prison because they broke the rules and would have to serve their time.   Some go to federal prison and some go to state prisons.   It depends on the type of crime that a person commits; because these prisons harbor different types of criminals they also have different guidelines to follow in terms to punishing the inmates.   How does sending one person to state or one person to federal prison affect the correctional system altogether? Each year thousands of individuals appear before a judge for sentencing of a crime one committed. Sentencing for felony offenses normally carries a punishment of incarceration of one year or more. Misdemeanors crimes carry incarceration sentencing of less than one year.   Judges must review and consider complicated sentencing laws for each individual’s case, prior to sentencing. Judges of the 21 st century have less discretion in sentencing options than the past. There are mandatory minimum guidelines a judge must follow for sentencing. The judges must also follow the three-strike......

Words: 270 - Pages: 2

Various Punishment Philosophies Within the Juvenile Court

...Introduction The various mixture philosophies are a great idea. The primary model should be incapacitation. There should not be any television or any activities for criminals that carry a heavy violation. Criminals that are incarcerated have too many luxuries. This paper will discuss the different punishment levels dealing with the juvenile system. These philosophies are used to express a variety of different concerns and arguments regarding the use of appropriate sentencing and treatment. Some of the main philosophies of punishment are retribution, incapacitation, deterrence, and rehabilitation. Retribution is an idea that the people who violate the law by committing a crime, deserves to be punished. People who violate the law should be punished just because they broke the law. Most critics argue that punishment is not always the actual outcome. Deterrence is an idea that those who commit a crime must be punished to serve as an example so that people will think twice about committing a crime. Incapacitation is for an offender who is being punished will not be able to go back into society to commit more crimes. For most offenders being in prison is supposed to allow the prisoner to suffer for his criminal violations. The advantage to this philosophy is that incarceration keeps people from getting hurt, and more importantly takes the offender of the streets. Rehabilitation is seeking the reason that the crime was committed in the first place. Rehabilitation is ranged from......

Words: 287 - Pages: 2

Principle

... professional judgment in the public interest, by requiring preparers to develop financial statements that provide a faithful representation of all transactions and requiring auditors to resist client pressures”. (Jermakowicz & Mcguire, 2002). Principle Based Accounting There is no exact definition of principle based accounting. Most often it is described as a method where an auditor uses professional judgment to apply standards when accounting. These standards are based on rules, or generally acceptable accounting principles (GAAP). By these standards or rules, a guideline for accounting is developed. The goal when following principle based standards is to determine whether the application is fair or reasonable. It is accounting that is generally done by objectives to ensure fair reporting. (Scott, 2012) There are many benefits of using the principle based approach to accounting. One of which is that the principle based approach to accounting is fairly broad and therefore applicable to many different situations. Another benefit is the flexibility that principles give to managers. The principle based approach to accounting allows for managers to manage their revenues and expenses given having a poor year. An example would be whether to use reserve recognition accounting or revenue recognition accounting during a particular year in an oil company. Other ways of revenue management income can include using first in first out (FIFO) versus last in first out (LIFO) and...

Words: 1399 - Pages: 6

Punishment

...The previous measures looked at ways of changing people’s behaviour, either by removing the need or desire for crime or by making it more difficult to do. However, one of the oldest responses has been to punish. Currently in Britain this can involve fines, community service or imprisonment. In the past, imprisonment was simply the precursor to another form of punishment but now it is an end in itself. Punishment can be effective either instrumentally or expressively. It can either reduce crime itself or it can be retributive, expressing society’s outrage. Crime can be reduced in three separate ways. Offenders themselves are discouraged from committing future crimes because they don’t want to undergo the punishment again; Mrs Thatcher instigated the ‘short, sharp shock’ regime in young offenders’ institutions in the 1980s. Some states in America go further and make the time in prison physically unpleasant. The rest of the community is deterred because they see the result of criminality. Prison can also bring about reform or rehabilitation of the prisoner through education, training or behaviour modification courses so that the ex-prisoner can integrate successfully into social life on release. Prison also works because the prisoners are not free to commit crimes against the general public. America uses the ‘3 strikes’ rule to remove habitual offenders from the community. Other countries use other forms of punishment to incapacitate offenders. America also uses...

Words: 680 - Pages: 3

Punishment

... effected, along with teachers, lawyers, judges, and advocates. The people that were not directly involved are affected by the loss of time and the added stress of dealing with things that are outside of their everyday routine. The members of the community where the crime happened were affected the most because of the loss of trust and the feeling of their privacy being violated. Even if the neighbors of the victim did not know about the break in they were still affected by the crime. The insurance rate may be affected and the trust for each other has been compromised. Facilitators are also affected because they are volunteers and are not paid for their time. These people give their time because they believe that dealing with the situation, accountability for your actions and making amends are the best things for all involved as well as the community. Restorative justice is different from contemporary criminal justice in several ways. One of the differences is that it views crime more comprehensively, rather than defining crime as simply lawbreaking, it helps to recognizes that offenders harm the victims, their communities, and even themselves. Also, it involves more people, other than the principles, in responding to the crime rather than giving key roles only to government and the offender, it includes victims, families and communities as well. Finally, it measures the success of the process differently, rather than measuring how much punishment is inflicted, it...

Words: 742 - Pages: 3

Within

...Within-Establishment Wage Inequality and Satisfaction Many authors have analyzed about the determinants of individuals subjective assessment of the utility which gained from their work of environment. Income comparison is important in determining workers job pay satisfaction. The job satisfaction is not only determined by wages only but also by relatives wages. There are two main reason, the first one is the workers preferences may depend directly on their salary relative to their own reference groups. So, the workers derive the well being from their social status and this model will come out a negative relation between well being and the inequality. Secondly indicates the workers may use others wages to help in their own future wage. The more workers earn, then the workers will more happy or satisfaction to their wages. So this model predict workers may appreciate inequality if the signals future potential career improvement. Model the individual utility from pay as a function of a workers own wage and the earnings of all other workers within same establishment, using employee data, and assume incomplete information about others wages and control establishment unobserved heterogeneity. The positive relationship exist between well being and inequality. Review the literature of the models of relative concerns where it will vary positively with the absolute wage level and negatively with the number of hours worked by neoclassical. Next will using......

Words: 333 - Pages: 2

Punishment

...Punishment The one word that comes to my mind after reading George Orwell's “ A Hanging,” is punishment. His weak argument against capital punishment if full of common fallacies. His clever use of descriptive words and phrases appeal to the readers emotions without ever giving us any actual facts of the reason for the hanging. When he describes the prisoner as “ a Hindu, a puny wimp of a man, rather like a comic man on films,” this is an attempt to give the prisoner a more likeable personality without actually giving any evidence or validity to his claim, an obvious Red Herring. His argument is very subtle and very cleverly written, but has no actual facts to back up his anti capital punishment theme. Capital punishment is at the forefront of the news in Oklahoma this week. There are currently two convicted murderers awaiting execution on death row in the state. The controversy that has arisen is the lack of one of the drugs commonly used in lethal injections. The drug Propofol is manufactured in Europe. The European Union is against capital punishment and is refusing to sell the drug for this purpose. This has caused some states to use a different combination of drugs for the injection. There are two prisoners in Oklahoma awaiting execution by lethal injection this month and the state does not have the drug Propafol and could be forced to use a different combination of drugs. The attorneys for murderers Lockett and Warner argue that this is inhumane. They cite a...

Words: 457 - Pages: 2

Punishment

...Punishment is the authoritative imposition of an undesirable or unpleasant outcome upon an individual or group by law enforcement, in response to behaviour that an authority deems unacceptable or a violation of some norm.[1][2][3][4][5] The unpleasant imposition may include a fine, penalty, or confinement, or be the removal or denial of something pleasant or desirable. The individual may be a person, or even an animal. The authority may be either a group or a single person, and punishment may be carried out formally under a system of law or informally in other kinds of social settings such as within a family.[2] Negative consequences that are not authorised or that are administered without a breach of rules are not considered to be punishment as defined here.[4] The study and practice of the punishment of crimes, particularly as it applies to imprisonment, is called penology, or, often in modern texts, corrections; in this context, the punishment process is euphemistically called "correctional process".[6] Research into punishment often includes similar research into prevention. Fundamental justifications or alternatives to punishment include: retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, andincapacitations. The last could include such measures as isolation, in order to prevent the wrongdoer's having contact with potential victims, or the removal of a hand in order to make theft more difficult.[7] Of the four justifications, only retribution is part of the definition of...

Words: 459 - Pages: 2

Objective

...Objectivity Report In today’s society, we go without notice when it comes to using our five scenes. Two of which have become a habit for everyday life. First, is the sense of sight or vision that distinguishes objects, time, or place (Sickels,1868). This allows for people to describe in detail what they see, whether it is a person, place, or thing. Second, is the sense of hearing. Hearing is the sense by which we distinguish sounds to allow us to hear conversations between individuals, music that is playing, and the sounds of everyday life (Sickels,1868). Both of which play a role when defining the main characteristics of objectivity, which goes unnoticed in everyday life. Objectivity is an important concept and practice that is used throughout most professions around the country. However it is most often used in the criminal justice profession. “More often than not, criminal justice professionals are writing reports and findings based on facts. Objective writing means that you are writing only what you observed as factual. When writing reports based on facts, it's important to exclude personal feelings or opinions on the issue. For example, if a police officer or probation officer is writing an incident report, they would not include their personal opinion on the subject's behavior” (Rasmussen,2014). It is not professional or ethical to include personal judgments or biases within an official report. In some cases, there may be a need to include a recommendation...

Words: 548 - Pages: 3

Objective

...Long Term Objectives Dr Pepper Snapple Group has a five-year goal of its corporate social responsibilities. In 2010, Dr. Pepper Snapple Group introduces a five-year goal which called ‘Sustainability ACTION’ to improved environmental and social performance across the company’s operation. Dr. Pepper Snapple Group establishes their long term objectives in the area of public responsibility. They focus on the environmental sustainability, health and well-being, philanthropy, workplace environment and ethical sourcing. The long term objectives of DPS are measurable, understandable and motivating. The long term objective of DPS is to improve the environmental and social performance in 5 year time and its clearly state what will achieved and when it will be achieved. This objective also motivates their employee due to the safety working environment and they will work hard to help the company to achieve the long term objective. In environmental sustainability, Dr. Pepper Snapple Group aim to improve the energy efficiency by 10%, reduce water usage by 10% and recycle 80% of solid waste by 2015. In order to improve the health and well-bring of the society, DPS aim to produce more product that reduce the calories and able to improve the nutrition of the consumer in year 2015. In the area of corporate philanthropy, DPS aim to contribute a total of 100,000 volunteer hours and attain an annual giving level of $10 million in charitable cash donations, with the majority of support focused......

Words: 312 - Pages: 2

Punishment

...Punishment A Discussion Paper Submitted to Chase Porter In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for PSC 205 University of Alabama By Anna Yslava November 17, 2015 Discuss Nietzsche’s explanation for how we derive punishment and what role it serves. Do you agree or disagree with its analysis. We are generally tempted to see things as having inherent meanings. For instance, punishment is at once the act of punishing and the reason behind the punishment. However, Nietzsche argues, these things have had different meanings at different times. For instance, the act of punishment has been at times a celebration of one's power, at times an act of cruelty, at times a simple tit-for-tat. We cannot understand a thing, and we certainly cannot understand its origin, if we assume that it has always held the same meaning. Punishment was not meted out on the basis of guilt, but simply as a reprisal. The concept of punishment, for instance, has an aspect that is enduring and an aspect that is fluid. Contrary to what we might otherwise assume, Nietzsche suggests that the act of punishing is what endures, and the purpose for which we punish is what is fluid. Punishment has such a long history that it's no longer clear exactly why we punish. Nietzsche provides a long list of different "meanings" that punishment has had over the ages. In this list, Nietzsche nowhere mentions the development of "bad conscience," and suggests that even today, punishment does not awaken a...

Words: 614 - Pages: 3

Objective

...Objective As markets become more competitive many companies recognise the importance of retaining current customers and some have initiated a variety of activities to improve customer loyalty. Indeed, the benefits associated with customer loyalty are widely recognised within business. It is known that long-term customers are more likely to expand their relationship within the product range and so the rewards from this group are long term and cumulative. Another widely perceived benefit is that repeat or behaviourally loyal customers are also thought to act as information channels, informally linking networks of friends, relatives and other potential customers to the organisation. Much academic literature has sought to define customer loyalty and many of these reviews are discussed within this paper. However, consensus points to customer loyalty being characterised by the customer’s preference to purchase a product, service or from an organisation consistently when the need arises to purchase. The key issues of this characterisation are preference and consistency. The Discussion of Consumern Loyalty The most widely accepted definition of loyalty is by Jacoby and Kyner (1973), who describe loyalty as the biased, behavioural response, expressed over time, by some decision making unit, with respect to one or more alternative brands out of a set of such brands, and is a function of psychological processes. At a very general level, loyalty is something that consumers may...

Words: 3152 - Pages: 13