Premium Essay

The Pros And Cons Of Artificial Intelligence

Submitted By
Words 833
Pages 4
AI research is highly technical and specialized and is divided into subfields. John McCarthy, who coined the term in 1955, defines it as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines”. AI research is divided by several technical issues. Some subfields focus on the solution of specific problems. Others focus on one of several possible approaches or on the use of a particular tool or towards the accomplishment of particular applications.
Artificial intelligence is used for logistics, data mining, medical diagnosis and many other areas throughout the technology industry. The success was due to several factors: the increasing computational power of computers, a greater emphasis on solving specific sub problems, the creation of new
…show more content…
In reinforcement learning the agent is rewarded for good responses and punished for bad ones. The agent uses this sequence of rewards and punishments to form a strategy for operating in its problem space. The three types of learning can be analyzed in terms of decision theory.
Natural language processing gives machines the ability to read and understand the languages that humans speak. A sufficiently powerful natural language processing system would enable natural language user interfaces and the acquisition of knowledge directly from human written sources, such as newswire texts. A common method of processing and extracting meaning from natural language is through semantic indexing. Increases in processing speeds and the drop in the cost of data storage makes indexing large volumes of abstractions of the user's input much more efficient.
A few selected sub problems are speech recognition, facial recognition and object recognition. Intelligence is required for robots to be able to handle such tasks as object manipulation and navigation, with sub problems of localization, mapping and motion planning or path planning, which may involve compliant
…show more content…
Some of them built machines that used electronic networks to exhibit rudimentary intelligence. Some scientists studied human problem solving skills and attempted to formalize them, and their work laid the foundations of the field of artificial intelligence, as well as cognitive science, operations research and management science. Scientists felt that machines did not need to simulate human thought, but should instead try to find the essence of abstract reasoning and problem solving, regardless of whether people used the same algorithms. This "knowledge revolution" led to development and deployment of expert systems (introduced by Edward Feigen Baum), the first truly successful form of AI software. The knowledge revolution was also driven by the realization that enormous amounts of knowledge would be required by simple AI applications. Neural networks are an example of soft computing they are solutions to problems which cannot be solved with complete logical certainty, and where an approximate solution is often enough. Other soft computing approaches to AI include fuzzy systems, evolutionary computation and statistical tools. The paradigm also gives researchers a common language to communicate with other fields many problems in AI can be solved in theory by intelligently searching through many possible solutions: Reasoning can be reduced to performing a search. Robotics

Similar Documents

Free Essay

What Is Ai?

...Artificial Intelligence Vs Humanity: Why we should think about the threat of Artificial Intelligence? Artificial Intelligence is definitely a touchy subject for the human race. The very mention of the term conjures up images of apocalyptic societies where intelligent super-computers have either enslaved the human race or eradicated the inferior species altogether. For some, the connotation of "artificial intelligence" attacks the very core of the human spirit, the pride of our race. The very thought of an "intelligent" computer that is on par, or more likely superior, to our own brain sends chills down the spine. Are these concerns realistic? Or are they unfounded worries of people who don't understand the issue? Some proponents of artificial intelligence insist that such concerns are the result of semantic misunderstanding. By definition, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the area of computer science focusing on creating machines that can engage on behaviors that humans consider intelligent ("Artificial Intelligence”, Herzfeld Noreen). The ability to create intelligent machines has intrigued humans since ancient times and today with the advent of the computer and 50 years of research into AI programming techniques, the dream of smart machines is becoming a reality (Nonlinear Science and Complexity, M. Marques). Researchers are creating systems which can mimic human thought, understand speech, beat the best human chess player, and countless other feats never before......

Words: 2806 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Artificial Intelligence

...computers can’t replace people. But with artificial intelligence, computers could be trained to think like humans do. Artificial intelligence (AI) is the branch of computer science concerned with making computers behave like humans. Artificial intelligence allows computers to learn from experience, recognize patterns in large amounts of complex data and make complex decisions based on human knowledge and reasoning skills. Currently, no computers exhibit full artificial intelligence (that is, are able to simulate human behavior). AI research is highly technical and specialized, deeply divided into subfields that often fail to communicate with each other. In 1956, John McCarthy, who is thought to be the father of Artificial Intelligence, organized a conference where intellectuals gathered to learn of this phenomenon. This laid the foundation for the advancements in artificial intelligence today. Artificial intelligence has become an important field of study with a wide spread of applications in fields ranging from medicine to agriculture. The central problems of AI traits are reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, communication, perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects. The greatest advances have occurred in the field of games playing. Today artificial intelligence is used in our homes and in sophisticated establishments or businesses. There are many advantages and disadvantages of the use of artificial intelligence in business and in our day to day......

Words: 546 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Ai -Artificial Inteligence

...first introduce what Artificial intelligence means in the world of information systems. I will give points to both its advantages and disadvantages of its uses. Artificial Intelligence is considered the development of machines such as robots and security systems to perform the job of humans. They even have feelings, thoughts, preferences and the ability to understand human speech (Russell, 2009). In 1941, the most intelligent machine was an invention in the form of the electronic computer. Who would have thought 60 years from then that the same computer would be perfected beyond leaps and bounds and be used to control other machines, as well as be part of day to day living? In 1956, John McCarthy, considered the father of Artificial Intelligence, organized a conference where intellectuals gathered to learn of this phenomenon (Lee, 1992). This laid the foundation for the advancements in artificial intelligence today. Today artificial intelligence is used in our homes and sophisticated establishments such as military bases and the NASA space station. NASA has even sent out artificially intelligent robots to grace some planets and to learn more about their atmosphere and habitat, the intention being to investigate if there is a possibility of humans living on other planets. There are many advantages and disadvantages of the use of artificial intelligence in business and in our day to day lives. Some of the advantages of Artificial Intelligence......

Words: 580 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Analysis of Transcendence

...------------------------------------------------- Written assignment 1 Transcendence – a visual take on Science Fiction Dr. Will Caster is a famous researcher in the field of Artificial Intelligence. He is working to create a sentient machine that combines the collective intelligence of everything ever known with the full range of human emotions. His highly controversial experiments have made him famous, but they have also made him the prime target of anti-technology extremists. However, in their attempt to destroy Will, they inadvertently become the catalyst for him to succeed to be a participant in his own transcendence. For his wife Evelyn and best friend Max Waters, both fellow researchers, the question is not if they can but if they should. They realize their worst fears when Will´s thirst for knowledge evolves into a seemingly omnipresent quest for power, to what end is unknown. Dr. Will Caster is a famous researcher in AI. He has spent most of his life in the lab working to create a robot with all human functions. Will lives with his Wife, and together they have created a garden. His purpose to create a garden is that they could be together. During one of Will´s presentation, a member of the anti-technology terrorist group shoots him. His condition gets so bad, that he gets no more than a month to live. Will´s wife, Evelyn Caster is also a scientist and helps him with his projects. When Will dies, Evelyn comes in desperation and upload Will´s consciousness into......

Words: 1297 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Articifial Intelligence

...Jhonatan Robayo English 21 January 19, 2016 Artificial Intelligence Artificial intelligence (AI) is the intelligence exhibited by machines or software created by humans. It is the machine ability to do the same functions as a human thinking. It started in 1956 as philosophical and human reasoning study. Until now a lot of scientists have created robots, that can imitate human acts but it is still a long way to develop real artificial intelligence. When researchers could get to that point, our society is going to face a new paradigm, because we wouldn’t notice the difference between a real human and a humanoid, this statement get us to question us if artificial intelligence is good for the society or not. We have to think that when machineries achieve human mental capacity, those machineries will have characteristics as such learning, adaptation, auto correction, reasoning and implicit improvement. So those high tech artifacts will be able to create and improve our society but also to destroy it because they are going to think like human being. We would have a risk that humanoids take control of the world and replace real humans in any labor like constructions, design, investigation, any job; any task that human being can do now they would do it. Different movies had tried to recreate a possible future when artificial intelligence would be developed. Those movies show us how the life will be with a machineries helping us doing our labors day after day. For......

Words: 515 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Artificial Intelligence

...SCM Research paper | Shreerang Datar Supply Chain Management (SCHM 6210) Spring 2016 RESEARCH PAPER “ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT” By Shreerang Datar (NUID 001649801) 04/14/2016 1 SCM Research paper | Shreerang Datar Table of Contents 1. Executive Summary……………………………………………………3 2. Introduction…………………………………………………………….4 3. Background…………………………………………………………….5 4. Findings………………………………………………………………...6 a. Artificial Intelligence Tools……………………………………..7 b. Business Examples…………………………………………….10 5. Future Trends and Challenges………………………………………...18 6. Conclusion……………………………………………………………19 7. Bibliography…………………………………………………………..20 2 SCM Research paper | Shreerang Datar Executive Summary: Surpassing the limits of business intelligence, artificial intelligence (AI) focuses on developing an algorithmic approach in decision making. This technology has come so far that inculcating human competencies like logic, reasoning, simulation and analytical thinking in a machine seems to be in reach. In the field of Supply Chain Management this technology is placing a strong foot in achieving creative optimization and automation in different supply chain processes. AI has found its applications in various SCM aspects which include Inventory management, Network design optimization, Logistics strategy formulation, demand forecasting, etc. It is designed to generate a step-wise mechanism for problem solving in which it defines the......

Words: 3566 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Pros Of Technological Singularity

...stopped before it can start. While others are very open to the idea, believing it can help in many aspects in human development and daily life. Technology has advanced quickly, from bioengineered skin to genomics, which is the custom building of DNA or RNA strands. Humans need to be able to understand the pros and cons of technology taking over our lives as well as our bodies. There are both benefits and complications with bioengineering and singularity, and both are taken with precise consideration by scientists. Benefits of biomedical engineering and singularity With medical engineering people are afraid of inserting objects into their bodies but what they don’t realize is the advantages that could happen. There are multiple possible benefits of biomedical engineering and singularities. The main singularity is medical benefits. In Progress Accelerates Exponentially, Kurzweil...

Words: 1265 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Factors Affecting Study Habits

...have the Window 8 OS, but there are not details about its release date or price details. 2. When Intel high-end CPUs Hits Market: At CES 2012 Intel was mum about its next generation of CPUs which are dubbed as Ivy Bridge. We hope that even if there is a short delay the Intel's higher-end third generation Core i series of CPUs will become a standard in all new desktops and laptops before this Christmas. The history of market trends shows that there will be a lot of improved mainstream parts in the market after the Intel’s high-end CPU hit the stores. 3. A Refresh to MacBook and Mac Pro: From the past three we haven’t seen any change in MacBook Pros design and we surely expect a refreshed model of MacBook from Apple this year. With the new Intel high-end processors we can dream of a slimmer and more powerful Pro model or a hybrid of Pro and Air is also a possibility. It’s for sure that there will be a major update in MacBook Air as Apple will be having the idea of how Intel’s Ivy Bridge processor will make the ultrabooks grab more market pie. 4. The Buzz of Ultrabooks: 2012 is going to the year of ultrabook, these evolved forms of laptops which calls themselves as ultrabooks are the trend setters of this year. These laptops are sleek, speedy and light weight; some of them carry the Intel patented tag...

Words: 905 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Learning English

...position. The same holds for collisions between agents: on each cell at most one agent is allowed and thus, both agents remain on their positions, if they would collide. This rule implies, that only one agent can pass the small opening at a time! An episode ends either if both agents are situated on their goals region or after imax iterations. Exercises 1. Discuss the following strategies for giving reward and choose one for your model / your implementation: a) Each agent gets an individual reward, i.e. agent Aj gets reward rj when it reaches goal Aj . b) Both agents get an identical reward r if both agents are on their correct goals. 1 Goal A2 Goal A1 1 2 Start A1 Start A2 Figure 1: Mulitagent scenario. What are pro and cons of these strategies? How can they influence the speed and the quality of learning? Justify your choice. Provide values for the reward function: What reward is given for reaching the goal(s), what value is given for other situations, are there intermediate rewards for partially reached goals? [4 p] 2. What is a useful model for this scenario / the...

Words: 810 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Sociology and communication” by Dr.J.A Lueck, argues that the impact of technology can and has troubled families and the work force. (Molitor, 2003) (Lueck, 1998) I personally believe technology has its pros and cons. Technology does make communication easier, but it can cause miss communication. Face to face is always the best while communicating. In today’s society many juveniles are glued to their cell phones as my own thirteen year old is. He would rather text me then to walk into the other room to talk to me. This causes lack of communication in a family. Teens will go to the internet for information that they should be getting from their parents. Technology can be wonderful when used with respect but can be disastrous when misused as many people do. Graham T.T. Molitor feels technology has affected families in many ways successfully. He has proposed computers and other devises have taking the place of personal assistants, as they can handle a vast growing range of activities. Molitor believes problems that once required armies of people working their entire lifetimes to solve now can be solved in seconds. He thinks increased computer speeds pave the way for machines and surpassing the capabilities of the human brain. He also feels that artificial intelligence will be taking over more and more, making it easier to communicate and less stressful for families. (Molitor, 2003) Dr.J.A. Lueck feels that technology alter family roles, families of technology......

Words: 391 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Human Immortality

...possibilities are no longer something of science fiction, but rather science fact. There are many things to consider both pro and con on this subject. Some see it as a great achievement in human evolution and part of the natural progression of our race. Some see it to bring forth the very worst of society and that moral decay will spread, for no longer is the fear of death a factor to consider. There have been many movies and books on this subject, and I will explore the impact of a few of them on society. The ethical questions that are being asked are needed and to plan ahead for this event in human history will need to be closely considered and controlled. There is also religious considerations, will the religious community embrace or repulse this science? Does this make us more Godlike and are we competing with God by bending his natural ways? I will evaluate both sides of this controversy and leave you to decide based on the information I present. Ray Kurzweil, author of “The singularity is near” explores the possibility and firmly believes that the singularity is nearly here. The technological singularity is a hypothetical moment in time when artificial intelligence will have progressed to the point of a greater-than-human intelligence, radically changing civilization, and perhaps human nature. Since the capabilities of such an intelligence may be difficult for a human to comprehend, the technological singularity is often seen as an occurrence (akin to a......

Words: 1578 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Computer Literacy

...Literacy Instructor: Lameika Gupton August 19, 2013 Outline * Introduction * Question: Is virtual reality another tactic organized by the government to control society? * Thesis: Due to the invasion of privacy from tapping into phones to trying to censor the Internet, it is most probable to conclude that virtual reality, which includes altering the mindsets of humans to believe they are in a stable world except they are not, is another allure transpired by governmental forces to control society. * Caution or Control? * Wiretapping * Internet Censorship * Allure * Virtual Reality Tactics * Cons of Artificial Intelligence/Virtual Reality * Scientific and Technical Problems With Virtual Reality * Negation * Pros of Virtual Reality * Comparison to Cons of Virtual Reality * Conclusion Virtual Reality or Virtual Renegade? According to Merriam – Webster online, democracy is defined by “a : government by the people; especially : rule of the majority b : a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections, c. : the common people especially when constituting the source of political authority” (Merriam – Webster, 2013). In each of these definitions, the reader may see that they all include ruling by the “people”, which reveals that the catch......

Words: 2042 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay


...information technology, statistical analysis, quantitative methods, and mathematical or computer-based models to help managers gain improved insight about their business operations and make better, fact-based decisions. Evolution of Business Analytics? •  Operations research •  Management science •  Business intelligence •  Decision support systems •  Personal computer software Application Areas of Business Analytics •  Management of customer relationships •  Financial and marketing activities •  Supply chain management •  Human resource planning •  Pricing decisions •  Sport team game strategies Why Business Analytics? •  There is a strong relationship of BA with: •  profitability of businesses •  revenue of businesses •  shareholder return •  BA enhances understanding of data •  BA is vital for businesses to remain competitive •  BA enables creation of informative reports Global Warming Poll Winner Sales Revenue Predicting Customer Churn Credit Card Fraud Loan Default Prediction Managing Employee Retention Market Segmentation Medical Imaging Analyzing Tweets stylus cbssport debut h2pro pro mac applewatch applepay unlock newipad partnership rumor market releas add usa mophi includ howto pay control appplemac tech might bank usbc httpt enough save juic firm appl still land sport wwdc news nfc......

Words: 952 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Ai Intelligence Science

...Aritficial Intelligence Recently, the media has spent an increasing amount of broadcast time on new technology. The focus of high-tech media has been aimed at the flurry of advances concerning artificial intelligence (AI). What is artificial intelligence and what is the media talking about? Are these technologies beneficial to our society or mere novelties among business and marketing professionals? Medical facilities, police departments, and manufacturing plants have all been changed by AI but how? These questions and many others are the concern of the general public brought about by the lack of education concerning rapidly advancing computer technology. Artificial intelligence is defined as the ability of a machine to think for itself. Scientists and theorists continue to debate if computers will actually be able to think for themselves at one point (Patterson 7). The generally accepted theory is that computers do and will think more in the future. AI has grown rapidly in the last ten years chiefly because of the advances in computer architecture. The term artificial intelligence was actually coined in 1956 by a group of scientists having their first meeting on the topic (Patterson 6). Early attempts at AI were neural networks modeled after the ones in the human brain. Success was minimal at best because of the lack of computer technology needed to calculate such large equations. AI is achieved using a number of different methods. The more popular......

Words: 3187 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Research Google and Discover at Least 5 Technologies Google Is Currently Developing

...Google continually invests huge amounts of resources, whether monetary or people, into their research and development section; where technology is working at its best with projects that range from app developments that are applied to your mobile device to elaborate robotic devices. Some recently introduced technology is the Google Glass that has hit the shoppers market for just under a cool $2300. There are other Google technologies that are not commonly known, but by far are more interesting and have more of a positive future and social impact. Google offers the following technologies which will be discussed; which includes robotics, elevator to space, clean energy, smart thermostat, and smart contact lens are the unique possibilities to the future and mankind. In the past five years, Google has been known for acquisitioning robotic companies in order to develop their own robotics division; this Research and Development (R&D) laboratory is called Google X. Little is known about Google X and their doings, for security and privacy, just what is permitted and released by their Public Relations office. One of their most important acquisitions was Boston Dynamics who formally worked on robotics projects for the Pentagon (Smith, 2014). Google X is focusing on developing robots to perform the most ordinary of simple tasks around the home and workplace (Mack, 2011). But a more positive aspect is Google’s contribution to the War on Terrorism with their AlphaDog which is......

Words: 3424 - Pages: 14